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Английский язык. Презентация "PRESENT TENSES" (intermediate/upperintermediate level)

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PRESENT FORMS REVISION Преподаватель: Москвитина Наталия Владимировна stepbys...
There are four present tense forms in English: Present simple:	 I work Presen...
statement (+): I/You/They travel… He/She/It travels… negative (-): I/You/The...
Present simple Use Permanent ( more or less) situations or states: She works ...
always every day all the time often usually sometimes seldom never first ......
Present simple Instructions: Read the sentences that use the present simple....
To be (am/is/are) +Ving (V4) statement (+): I am driving… We/You/They are dri...
Present continuous Use Actions happening at or around the moment of speaking:...
at the moment at this moment today now right now Listen! Look! Present conti...
Present continuous Instructions: Read the sentences that use the present con...
Have/has + past participle (V3) statement (+):  I/We/You/They have played …...
Present perfect simple Use puts emphasis on the result: She has written five...
Present perfect simple Been and gone Been We use 'been' (often when we talk...
Time expressions which refer to the recent past: Just; recently Scientists h...
Present perfect simple Instructions: Read the sentences that use the present...
Have/has been + Ving (V4) statement (+):  I/We/You/They have been travelling...
Present perfect continuous Use puts emphasis on the result: She has written f...
Present perfect continuous Use puts emphasis on the result: She has written f...
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Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:

№ слайда 1 PRESENT FORMS REVISION Преподаватель: Москвитина Наталия Владимировна stepbys
Описание слайда:

PRESENT FORMS REVISION Преподаватель: Москвитина Наталия Владимировна stepbystepsmol@mail.ru

№ слайда 2 There are four present tense forms in English: Present simple:	 I work Presen
Описание слайда:

There are four present tense forms in English: Present simple: I work Present continuous: I am working Present perfect: I have worked Present perfect continuous: I have been working

№ слайда 3 statement (+): I/You/They travel… He/She/It travels… negative (-): I/You/The
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statement (+): I/You/They travel… He/She/It travels… negative (-): I/You/They don’t travel… He/She/It doesn’t travel… questions (?): Do I/You/They travel… ? Does He/She/It travel…? ! We can also use do/does in present simple statements for emphasis. -You don't pay much attention to them. -I do pay much attention to them. - You don’t like going by bus, do you? -Actually, I do like going by bus for short distances. Present simple Form

№ слайда 4 Present simple Use Permanent ( more or less) situations or states: She works 
Описание слайда:

Present simple Use Permanent ( more or less) situations or states: She works in a bank. She has three children. I am married. Routines, habits, things we do regularly (often with adverbs of frequency): At the weekend, we usually go to the market. (routine/ habit) They love coffee. (habit) How often do you study English? (regular action) General truth, laws of nature: The sun rises in the east. People need food. It snows in winter. Timetables, programs (future meaning): School begins at nine tomorrow. What time does the film start? The plane doesn't arrive at seven, it arrives at seven thirty. To talk about what happens in books, plays, or films: The hero dies at the end of the film. A young woman travels through Europe, where she meets different people, and finally falls in love. The main character is very pretty and works in a bookshop. Okay, you know how to make the present simple. But how do we use it? In fact, we use this tense in several different situations: First, we need to use this tense for a situation that we think is more or less permanent. Secondly, we use the Present Simple when we speak about habits or things that we do regularly. We often use adverbs of frequency  in this case. The next use is for something that is generally true. Strangely, we can use this tense to talk about the future. When you are discussing a timetable or a program you can use this tense.

№ слайда 5 always every day all the time often usually sometimes seldom never first ...
Описание слайда:

always every day all the time often usually sometimes seldom never first ... then once a month twice a weak four times a year at night/the weekend etc. Present simple Adverbs of frequency (Signal words) Expressions we use to say how often things happen

№ слайда 6 Present simple Instructions: Read the sentences that use the present simple.
Описание слайда:

Present simple Instructions: Read the sentences that use the present simple. Match the reason for using the present simple with the sentences. 1 Swallows fly south for the winter. a Permanent situation 2 I do yoga twice a week. b Routine 4 I always read before I go to bed. d Habit 5 The match finishes at 7:45. e General truth, fact 6 Water boils at 100°C. f Permanent state 7 On Sunday I first clean my room, then do the home task. g Law of nature 8 The sky isn't green. h Timetable / program 9 Johnny Depp acts brilliantly in this film. i To talk about what happens in books, plays, or films

№ слайда 7 To be (am/is/are) +Ving (V4) statement (+): I am driving… We/You/They are dri
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To be (am/is/are) +Ving (V4) statement (+): I am driving… We/You/They are driving… He/She/It is driving… negative (-): I’m not driving… We/You/They aren’t driving… or We’re/You’re/They’re not driving … He/She/It isn’t driving…or He’s/She’s/It’s not driving… questions (?): Am I driving…? Are We/You/They driving…? Is He/She/It driving…? Present continuous Form

№ слайда 8 Present continuous Use Actions happening at or around the moment of speaking:
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Present continuous Use Actions happening at or around the moment of speaking: I am working at the moment. Julie is sleeping. She is looking for a better job Temporary situations: She is staying with her friend for a week. John is working in a bar until he finds a job in his field. Changing and developing situations: I am getting better at playing the piano. The weather is improving. Annoying habits (usually with always, forever, constantly): You are always losing your keys! She is constantly missing the train. He is always sleeping in. For something which is new and contrasts with a previous state: These days most people are using email instead of writing letters. What sort of clothes are teenagers wearing nowadays? Действие происходит "сейчас": возможно в момент речи: "Now we are sitting", а возможно и "сейчас, но не в момент речи": "I'm reading very interesting book at the moment" (действие происходит где-то на заднем фоне, я начал читать книгу, ещё не закончил, но не обязательно читаю именно в момент речи)

№ слайда 9 at the moment at this moment today now right now Listen! Look! Present conti
Описание слайда:

at the moment at this moment today now right now Listen! Look! Present continuous Signal words Expressions we use to say how often things happen

№ слайда 10 Present continuous Instructions: Read the sentences that use the present con
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Present continuous Instructions: Read the sentences that use the present continuous. Match the reason for using the present continuous with the sentences. 1 Please call back as we are eating dinner now. a Changing and developing situation 2 The summers are getting warmer. b Action happening around the moment of speaking 3 They are staying at the Park Hotel at present. c Temporary situation 4 I'm reading a really great book. d Annoying habit 5 They're forever being late. e Something which is new and  contrasts with a previous state 6 What sort of music are young peoplelistening to these days? f Action happening at the moment of speaking Упражнение Pr.S. vs Pr. C https://docs.google.com/document/d/125RXgJlPLPsyBJYwr90fJy0g9A6ghJ0CpqZbw9eO6wU/edit?usp=sharing https://docs.google.com/document/d/1D_ApcssDzB1aCuOPu9NI10VRrY0gNtdoXFwjDSpYw34/edit?usp=sharing

№ слайда 11 Have/has + past participle (V3) statement (+):  I/We/You/They have played …
Описание слайда:

Have/has + past participle (V3) statement (+):  I/We/You/They have played … He/She/It has played … negative (-): I/ We/You/They haven’t played … He/She/It hasn’t played … questions (?): have I/we/you/they  played …? has he/she/it  played …? Present perfect simple Form

№ слайда 12 Present perfect simple Use puts emphasis on the result: She has written five
Описание слайда:

Present perfect simple Use puts emphasis on the result: She has written five letters. action that is still going on: I've liked chocolate since I was a child. action that stopped recently: She has cooked dinner (so you should come and eat). finished action that has an influence on the present: I've lost my keys (so I can't get into my house). action that has taken place once, never or several times before the moment of speaking (personal experience): I have never been to Australia. They have visited Paris three times. With such phrases as “It’s the first/second/etc. time…”: It’ the second time I’ve been on a plane. Changes which have happened: I’ve lost ten kilos. Puts emphasis on the result: She has written five letters. Action that is still going on: I've liked chocolate since I was a child. Action that stopped recently: She has cooked dinner (so you should come and eat). Finished action that has an influence on the present: I've lost my keys (so I can't get into my house). Action that has taken place once, never or several times before the moment of speaking (personal experience): I have never been to Australia. They have visited Paris three times. With such phrases as “It’s the first/second/etc. time…”: It’s the second time I’ve been on a plane. Changes which have happened: I’ve lost ten kilos. 'since' with a fixed time in the past (2004, April 23rd, last year, two hours ago). The fixed time can be another action, indicated with the past simple (since I was at school, since I arrived): I have worked here since I left school 'for' with a period of time (2 hours, three years, six months): I've known Julie for ten years.

№ слайда 13 Present perfect simple Been and gone Been We use 'been' (often when we talk
Описание слайда:

Present perfect simple Been and gone Been We use 'been' (often when we talk about 'life experience') to mean that the person being talked about has visited the place, and come back.Notice the preposition 'to': I've been toParis (in my life, but now I'm in London, where I live). Shehas been toschool today (but now she's back at home). Theyhavenever been toCalifornia. Gone Weuse 'gone' (often when we are talking about an action with a result in the present) to meanthat thepersonis at the placenow: 'Where'sJohn?' 'He's gone to the shops' (he's at the shops now). Juliehas gone to Mexico (now she's in Mexico). They've gone to Japan for three weeks (now they're in Japan). Gone - уехал и не вернулся.               Been - был, ездил и вернулся: Jim is away on holiday. He has gone to Spain (он сейчас находится там или по пути туда) Jane is back home from holiday now. She has been to Italy. (была и вернулась) 

№ слайда 14 Time expressions which refer to the recent past: Just; recently Scientists h
Описание слайда:

Time expressions which refer to the recent past: Just; recently Scientists have recently discovered a new breed of monkey.  We have just got back from our holidays. Time expressions which include the present: Ever (in questions); so far; until now; up to now; yet (in questions and negatives) Have you ever seen a ghost? Where have you been up to now? Have you finished your homework yet? No, so far I’ve only done my history. With unfinished time words: This month, this week, today ! We do not use the present perfect with finished time words  : I have seen that film yesterday. Present perfect simple Signal words

№ слайда 15 Present perfect simple Instructions: Read the sentences that use the present
Описание слайда:

Present perfect simple Instructions: Read the sentences that use the present perfect simple. Match the reason for using the present perfect simple with the sentences. 1 We have never seen that film. a Finished action that has an influence on the present. 2 She's lived in London for three years. b Life experience. 4 The climate has become much warmer recently. c Action that is still going on. 5 I've already done half of the work. d Puts emphasis on the result. 6 They've missed the bus (so they will be late). e With an unfinished time word. 7 She's drunk three cups of coffee today. f Changes which have happened.

№ слайда 16 Have/has been + Ving (V4) statement (+):  I/We/You/They have been travelling
Описание слайда:

Have/has been + Ving (V4) statement (+):  I/We/You/They have been travelling … He/She/It has been travelling … negative (-): I/ We/You/They haven’t  been travelling … He/She/It hasn’t  been travelling … questions (?): have I/we/you/they   been travelling …? has he/she/it   been travelling …? Present perfect continuous Form

№ слайда 17 Present perfect continuous Use puts emphasis on the result: She has written f
Описание слайда:

Present perfect continuous Use puts emphasis on the result: She has written five letters. action that is still going on: I've liked chocolate since I was a child. action that stopped recently: She has cooked dinner (so you should come and eat). finished action that has an influence on the present: I've lost my keys (so I can't get into my house). action that has taken place once, never or several times before the moment of speaking (personal experience): I have never been to Australia. They have visited Paris three times. With such phrases as “It’s the first/second/etc. time…”: It’ the second time I’ve been on a plane. Changes which have happened: I’ve lost ten kilos. Actions started in the past and continuing up to present usually with all day/week/year etc., for, since or how long: He’s been writing a letter for two hours. (He started 2 hours ago and still writing). Actions stopping just before the present moment (with visible result): She’s been crying (her eyes are red). ! Not normally used with ever and never: Have you ever flown in a helicopter before? Have you ever been flying in a helicopter before? 'since' with a fixed time in the past (2004, April 23rd, last year, two hours ago). The fixed time can be another action, indicated with the past simple (since I was at school, since I arrived): I have worked here since I left school 'for' with a period of time (2 hours, three years, six months): I've known Julie for ten years.

№ слайда 18 Present perfect continuous Use puts emphasis on the result: She has written f
Описание слайда:

Present perfect continuous Use puts emphasis on the result: She has written five letters. action that is still going on: I've liked chocolate since I was a child. action that stopped recently: She has cooked dinner (so you should come and eat). finished action that has an influence on the present: I've lost my keys (so I can't get into my house). action that has taken place once, never or several times before the moment of speaking (personal experience): I have never been to Australia. They have visited Paris three times. With such phrases as “It’s the first/second/etc. time…”: It’ the second time I’ve been on a plane. Changes which have happened: I’ve lost ten kilos. Compare the different uses of Present perfect continuous Present perfect simple Present perfect continuous Present perfect simple I’ve been reading for the past two weeks.(how long) I’ve read three articles.(how many) I’ve been writing my essay. (we don’t know if the essay is finished or not?) I’ve written my essay.(the essay is finished) I have worked at the airport for four years = I have been working at the airport for four years. ( no difference in meaning)

Краткое описание документа:

The purpose of this Power Point presentation is to revise Present Tenses for exam preparation. It contains the information about formation and usage of Present Forms as well as some related activities.

 Цель данной презентации помочь учащимся обобщить и консолидировать свои знания в области способов образования и употребления всех форм настоящего времени в английском языке. Презентация содержит не только теоретический материал по теме, но и ряд упражнений, направленных на умение распознавать речевые ситуации и применять соответствующую временную форму в каждой из них. Рекомендуется использовать данную презентацию для подготовки к экзаменам (ГИА, ЕГЭ,IELTS,TOEFL и т. д.)

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Дата добавления 17.11.2014
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Презентации
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