A seal eats fish. Seals usually eat fish. A frog eats flies. Frogs usually eat flies.
There is a fly on the wall. It is a holiday today. I’m happy. We are friends.
(do/does - вопросы, отрицания ) - Do seals usually eat fish? - Yes, they do. What do seals eat? – They eat fish. They don’t eat cakes.
Does a frog eat flies? – Yes, it does. What does a frog eat? – It eats flies. It doesn’t eat sweets.
Is it a holiday today? – Yes, it is/No, it isn’t. When are you (un)happy? We aren’t friends. Is there a fly on the wall? – No, there isn’t. There is no fly on the wall.
am/is/are + V3 (Passive)
Fish is eaten by seals. Is fish eaten by seals? - Yes, it is. Cakes aren’t eaten by seals. What is eaten by seals? When is fish eaten by seals?
Flies are eaten by frogs. Are flies eaten by frogs? – Yes, they are. How are flies eaten by frogs?
am/is/are + Ving (Active)
A seal is swimming after a fish. A seal is chewing a fish. We are celebrating a holiday. A frog is going to eat a fly.
(am/is/are - вопросы, отрицания) – Is a seal swimming after a fish? – Yes, it is/No, it isn’t. Where is a seal swimming? We aren’t celebrating a holiday – we are studying.
am/is/are +being+ V3(Passive)
A fish is being followed by a seal. A holiday is being celebrated.
Have/has + V3 (Active)
Just, already, yet(?,-),ever(?), never, for, since, today, recently, this week (month, year)
A seal has caught a fish. A cat has just caught a mouse. . I have already done my homework.
(have/has - вопросы, отрицания) – Has a seal caught a fish? What fish has it caught? Where has a cat caught a mouse? Hasn’t it caught a mouse yet? A cat hasn’t caught a mouse yet. I have never been in Paris. I haven’t seen him this week.
A fish has (not) just been caught by a seal. A mouse hasn’t been caught by a cat. Has a fly been eaten by a frog?
Present Perfect Continuous
Have/has been + Ving
A seal has been sleeping for two hours.
(have/has - вопросы, отрицания) – Has a seal been sleeping for three hours already? – No, it isn’t. How long hasn’t a spy been watching us? - A spy hasn’t been watching us for a week.
A seal ate fish yesterday. We celebrated a holiday yesterday.
It was a holiday yesterday - We were happy. I was Santa Claus.
(did - вопросы, отрицания) – Did a seal eat fish yesterday? – Yes, it did/No, it didn’t. A seal didn’t eat fish – there was a storm. Did you celebrate a holiday yesterday? - Yes, we did/No, we didn’t. We didn’t celebrate a holiday.
Was it a holiday yesterday? - Yes, it was/No, it wasn’t a holiday yesterday. I wasn’t Santa Claus.
was/were + V3 (Passive)
Fish was(n’t)eaten. A holiday was(n’t) celebrated. – Was fish eaten yesterday? Was a holiday celebrated? Where was a holiday celebrated?
was/were + Ving(Active)
A seal was swimming after a fish when the storm began. A cat was playing with a toy mouse when I opened the door.
(was/were - вопросы, отрицания) – Was a seal swimming after a fish? Where was a seal swimming? A seal wasn’t swimming after a fish. A cat wasn’t playing with a toy mouse.
was/were +being+ V3(Passive)
A fish was being followed by a seal when the storm began. Was a fish being followed by a seal when the storm began?
A seal had caught a lot of fish before the storm began.
(had - вопросы, отрицания) – Where had a seal caught a lot of fish before the storm began? A seal hadn’t eaten a lot of fish before the storm began.
A lot of fish had been caught by a seal before the storm began.
Past Perfect Continuous
A seal had been sleeping for two hours before the storm began.
(had - вопросы, отрицания) – Had a seal been sleeping for two hours before the storm began? How long had a seal been sleeping before the storm began?
He hadn’t been watching us when we found him.
A seal will eat fish tomorrow.
It will be a holiday tomorrow. I’ll be Santa Claus.
(will - вопросы, отрицания) – A seal won’t eat fish. Will it be a holiday tomorrow? Will a seal eat fish tomorrow? A seal won’t eat fish. Where will you go on holidays?
A lot of fish will be eaten tomorrow. A holiday will be celebrated. Will a lot of fish be eaten tomorrow?
A seal will be swimming after a fish tomorrow.
We’ll be celebrating a holiday till midnight tomorrow. A seal won’t be swimming tomorrow.
(will - вопросы, отрицания) – Will a seal be swimming after a fish tomorrow? A seal won’t be swimming tomorrow. Where will you be waiting for me?
A seal will have eaten a lot of fish tomorrow before the storm begins.
A lot of fish will have been caught before the storm begins.
Future Perfect Continuous
A seal will have been sleeping for ten hours already by the time it wants to eat.
Краткое описание документа:
В процессе работы я сочла необходимым, чтобы у всех детей на занятии были одинаковые таблицы времен, которыми они могли бы пользоваться на уроке и, соответственно, при выполнении домашних заданий.
Те таблицы, которые мне попадались в учебниках и пр., ну никак мне не нравились. В итоге я сделала свой "продукт," и результаты были вполне приличными - дети научились ориентироваться в системе английских времен, успешно строили как устные, так и письменные высказывания.
Можно пользоваться вариантом и без Пассива, скажем, для 6 класса. Для них же я пользовалась к тому же вариантом такой таблицы с рисунками - ключевым персонажем стал тюлень, разумеется. Это был хит, правда. Предлагаемая таблица может быть эффективна при работе с 7-11 классами, а так же для студентов и более старших обучающихся.
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