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Christmas in Great Britain

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Christmas Day, December 25, is probably the most popular holiday in Great Britain. It is a family holiday. Traditionally all relatives and friends give each other presents. So, before Christmas all the department stores and shops are crowded, everybody is choosing a present. In general, people get prepared for this holiday very carefully. They decorate their houses in the traditional way, Christmas trees are set up in houses, in the streets and churches. They are always decorated with fairy lights, angels and small toys. In addition, little packets with nuts, candies and special biscuits are hung on the tree. Presents are put around the tree and artificial «frost» is scattered over the branches. The Germans are believed to be the first to use the Christmas tree in their celebrations and Martin Luther was the first to place a star on the top of the tree. This star represents the star appeared over the stable in which Christ was born.

      In Great Britain, the Christmas tree became popular while Queen Victoria ruled the country.

       Besides the Christmas tree, holly and mistletoe are used to decorate the house. Branches of holly are put up behind pictures and mistletoe is hung over doors, so the young people have a chance to kiss the girls under it, plucking each time a red berry from the mistletoe. It is said that the girl who was not kissed under it at Christmas would not get married that year.

      On the eve of Christmas children hang their stockings, so that Santa Claus could put presents into them: oranges, sweets,  nuts and if the child didn’t behave properly Santa Claus can put there a piece of coal as punishment.

      Santa Claus got his name from a man known as St. Nicolas, who lived in the fourth century. He gave his wealth to the poor and often to children. After he died, the Dutch brought this legend to colonial America. Soon the Dutch name Sinter Klaus became Santa Claus.

     Carol singing is an essential part of Christmas. No church or school is without its carol service. Carols may be traditional or with some variations that express different feelings. Carols were used for the first time during Christmas in the fifteenth century.

      Usually children come around in the evening to the front doors and start singing carols and people who live in these houses give children candies, nuts, pies and so on, to thank them for carol singing.

      A typical Christmas lunch includes turkey with cranberry sauce and pudding. Every young woman in each household helps to stir the Christmas pudding, if she wishes to be married that year.

     Usually a coin or two are hidden inside the pudding and part of the fun is to see who finds it.

     After the lunch they go to the sitting room to listen to the Christmas speech of the Queen, shown on TV.

    So, Christmas is a merry family holiday for all the people of Great Britain. Christmas comes but once a year.












VOCABULARY:

relative — родственник; родственница

department store — универсальный магазин

to choose — выбирать, избирать

carefully — тщательно, аккуратно; внимательно; осторожно

Christmas tree — рождественская елка

nut — орех

candy — леденец; амер. конфета; сладости

biscuit — сухое печенье

frost — мороз; иней

to scatter — разбрасывать, раскидывать; рассыпать; посыпать, усыпать

branch — ветка

Martin Luther — Мартин Лютер

stable — конюшня; устар. загон для скота, хлев, овчарня, коровник, свинарник

holly — боярышник

mistletoe — бот. омела (в Англии традиционное украшение дома на Рождество)

to pluck — срывать, щипать, собирать

berry — ягода

еѵе — канун, преддверие

to behave — вести себя, поступать, держаться

punishment — кара, наказание

wealth — богатство

the Dutch — датчане

to bring (past brought, p.p. brought) — приносить, привозить; приводить; доставлять

carol — веселая песня; гимн (обыкн. рождественский)

ріе — пирог; амер. торт, сладкий пирог

turkey — индюк; индейка (тж. кул.)

cranberry sauce — соус из клюквы

pudding — пудинг, запеканка

household — хозяйство; двор, дом

to stir — мешать, помешивать, размешивать; взбалтывать

coin — монета, мелкаямонета

Christmas comes but once a year — поcл. Рождество приходит только раз в году





















  1. Before Christmas all the department stores and shops are crowded, everybody is choosing a present.

  2. Presents are put near the fireplace .

  3. The French are believed to be the first to use the Christmas tree in their celebrations

  4. In Great Britain, the Christmas tree became popular while Queen Victoria ruled the country.

  5. On a Christmas day children hang their stockings, so that Santa Claus could put presents into them.

  6. Watching TV is an essential part of Christmas.

  7. Carols were used for the first time during Christmas in the fifteenth century.

  8.  A typical Christmas lunch includes turkey with cranberry sauce and pudding.

  9.  Usually a ring or two are hidden inside the pudding and part of the fun is to see who finds it.

  10. So, Christmas is a merry family holiday for all the people of Great Britain.



  1. Before Christmas all the department stores and shops are crowded, everybody is choosing a present.

  2. Presents are put near the fireplace .

  3. The French are believed to be the first to use the Christmas tree in their celebrations

  4. In Great Britain, the Christmas tree became popular while Queen Victoria ruled the country.

  5. On a Christmas day children hang their stockings, so that Santa Claus could put presents into them.

  6. Watching TV is an essential part of Christmas.

  7. Carols were used for the first time during Christmas in the fifteenth century.

  8.  A typical Christmas lunch includes turkey with cranberry sauce and pudding.

  9.  Usually a ring or two are hidden inside the pudding and part of the fun is to see who finds it.

  10. So, Christmas is a merry family holiday for all the people of Great Britain.





















Christmas_WordSearch





Dashing __ __ the snow

In a one-horse _____ sleigh

Over the ___ ___ _ we go

Laughing all the__ ___

_____ ___ on bobtail ring

Making spirits ____ ____

What fun it is to ride and ___ ___

A sleighing ___ ____ tonight!



bells! bells!

Jingle all the !

Oh! ___ __ _ fun it is to ride

In a ______ open sleigh! Oh!



A day or ago

I thought I'd take a ride

And soon Fanny Bright

seated by my side

The was lean and lank

Misfortune seemed his lot

We into a drifted bank

there we got upset.

Jingle ! bells!

Jingle all the !

Oh! What___ ___ it is to ride

In a one______ open sleigh! Oh!




Dashing __ __ the snow

In a one-horse _____ sleigh

Over the ___ ___ _ we go

Laughing all the__ ___

_____ ___ on bobtail ring

Making spirits ____ ____

What fun it is to ride and ___ ___

A sleighing ___ ____ tonight!



bells! bells!

Jingle all the !

Oh! ___ __ _ fun it is to ride

In a ______ open sleigh! Oh!



A day or ago

I thought I'd take a ride

And soon Fanny Bright

seated by my side

The was lean and lank

Misfortune seemed his lot

We into a drifted bank

there we got upset.

Jingle ! bells!

Jingle all the !

Oh! What___ ___ it is to ride

In a one______ open sleigh! Oh!




Dashing __ __ the snow

In a one-horse _____ sleigh

Over the ___ ___ _ we go

Laughing all the__ ___

_____ ___ on bobtail ring

Making spirits ____ ____

What fun it is to ride and ___ ___

A sleighing ___ ____ tonight!



bells! bells!

Jingle all the !

Oh! ___ __ _ fun it is to ride

In a ______ open sleigh! Oh!



A day or ago

I thought I'd take a ride

And soon Fanny Bright

seated by my side

The was lean and lank

Misfortune seemed his lot

We into a drifted bank

there we got upset.

Jingle ! bells!

Jingle all the !

Oh! What___ ___ it is to ride

In a one______ open sleigh! Oh!




Dashing __ __ the snow

In a one-horse _____ sleigh

Over the ___ ___ _ we go

Laughing all the__ ___

_____ ___ on bobtail ring

Making spirits ____ ____

What fun it is to ride and ___ ___

A sleighing ___ ____ tonight!



bells! bells!

Jingle all the !

Oh! ___ __ _ fun it is to ride

In a ______ open sleigh! Oh!



A day or ago

I thought I'd take a ride

And soon Fanny Bright

seated by my side

The was lean and lank

Misfortune seemed his lot

We into a drifted bank

there we got upset.

Jingle ! bells!

Jingle all the !

Oh! What___ ___ it is to ride

In a one______ open sleigh! Oh!






Открытый урок английского языка на тему: “Christmas in Great Britain” (8 класс)

http://images.vfl.ru/ii/1356382819/853a49df/1448059_m.jpg

Цель урока:

  • расширение кругозора учащихся, развитие интереса к изучению иностранного языка посредством занимательных форм обучения.

Задачи урока:

1. Развивающая:

  • совершенствование воображения, логического мышления, внимания, памяти у учащихся;

  • развитие познавательного интереса и коммуникативной деятельности у учащихся.

2. Воспитательная:

  • воспитание интереса к культуре стран изучаемого языка у учащихся;

  • формирование положительной мотивации учения, готовности воспринимать культуру другого народа;

  • формирование чувства ответственности, коллективизма, сотворчества, самореализации.

3. Образовательная:

  • знакомство учащихся с традициями и праздниками стран изучаемого языка;

  • расширение с помощью английского языка представления обучающихся об окружающем их мире, как средстве взаимодействия с этим миром.

Оснащение урока: компьютер,раздаточный материал, песня “Last Christmas” и “Jingle Bells”.





Ход урока:

1.Приветствие и организационный момент:

Teacher: Good morning, people! I’m very glad to see all of you here! How are you today? (учащиеся отвечают) I’m in a high spirit, too!

Now I want you to listen to one song and say what we’ll speak about today. (включаю песню “Last Christmas”)

So, what will we speak about today? (учащиеся: We’ll speak about Christmas)

You are quite right! I believe that all of you know a lot about this wonderful holiday, but nevertheless I’m sure that today you’ll learn a lot new information about Christmas at our lesson.

Lets start.

2.Основная часть урока:

1) Работа с текстом

Teacher: You know that the British prepare for Christmas very carefully. So, you’re to read the text about British Christmas traditions and be ready to answer the questions. I give 7 min.to read the text. (раздаю распечатки с текстом)

Christmas Day, December 25, is probably the most popular holiday in Great Britain. It is a family holiday. Traditionally all relatives and friends give each other presents. So, before Christmas all the department stores and shops are crowded, everybody is choosing a present. In general, people get prepared for this holiday very carefully. They decorate their houses in the traditional way, Christmas trees are set up in houses, in the streets and churches. They are always decorated with fairy lights, angels and small toys. In addition, little packets with nuts, candies and special biscuits are hung on the tree. Presents are put around the tree and artificial «frost» is scattered over the branches. The Germans are believed to be the first to use the Christmas tree in their celebrations and Martin Luther was the first to place a star on the top of the tree. This star represents the star appeared over the stable in which Christ was born.

      In Great Britain, the Christmas tree became popular while Queen Victoria ruled the country.

       Besides the Christmas tree, holly and mistletoe are used to decorate the house. Branches of holly are put up behind pictures and mistletoe is hung over doors, so the young people have a chance to kiss the girls under it, plucking each time a red berry from the mistletoe. It is said that the girl who was not kissed under it at Christmas would not get married that year.

      On the eve of Christmas children hang their stockings, so that Santa Claus could put presents into them: oranges, sweets,  nuts and if the child didn’t behave properly Santa Claus can put there a piece of coal as punishment.

      Santa Claus got his name from a man known as St. Nicolas, who lived in the fourth century. He gave his wealth to the poor and often to children. After he died, the Dutch brought this legend to colonial America. Soon the Dutch name Sinter Klaus became Santa Claus.

     Carol singing is an essential part of Christmas. No church or school is without its carol service. Carols may be traditional or with some variations that express different feelings. Carols were used for the first time during Christmas in the fifteenth century.

      Usually children come around in the evening to the front doors and start singing carols and people who live in these houses give children candies, nuts, pies and so on, to thank them for carol singing.

      A typical Christmas lunch includes turkey with cranberry sauce and pudding. Every young woman in each household helps to stir the Christmas pudding, if she wishes to be married that year.

     Usually a coin or two are hidden inside the pudding and part of the fun is to see who finds it.

     After the lunch they go to the sitting room to listen to the Christmas speech of the Queen, shown on TV.

    So, Christmas is a merry family holiday for all the people of Great Britain. Christmas comes but once a year.


VOCABULARY:

relative — родственник; родственница

department store — универсальный магазин

to choose — выбирать, избирать

carefully — тщательно, аккуратно; внимательно; осторожно

Christmas tree — рождественская елка

nut — орех

candy — леденец; амер. конфета; сладости

biscuit — сухое печенье

frost — мороз; иней

to scatter — разбрасывать, раскидывать; рассыпать; посыпать, усыпать

branch — ветка

Martin Luther — Мартин Лютер

stable — конюшня; устар. загон для скота, хлев, овчарня, коровник, свинарник

holly — боярышник

mistletoe — бот. омела (в Англии традиционное украшение дома на Рождество)

to pluck — срывать, щипать, собирать

berry — ягода

еѵе — канун, преддверие

to behave — вести себя, поступать, держаться

punishment — кара, наказание

wealth — богатство

the Dutch — датчане

to bring (past brought, p.p. brought) — приносить, привозить; приводить; доставлять

carol — веселая песня; гимн (обыкн. рождественский)

ріе — пирог; амер. торт, сладкий пирог

turkey — индюк; индейка (тж. кул.)

cranberry sauce — соус из клюквы

pudding — пудинг, запеканка

household — хозяйство; двор, дом

to stir — мешать, помешивать, размешивать; взбалтывать

coin — монета, мелкаямонета

Christmas comes but once a year — поcл. Рождество приходит только раз в году



Teacher: Your time is up. Let’s see how well you’ve understood the text,answering the following questions:

1.   Is Christmas a popular holiday in Great Britain?

2.   How do people get prepared for this holiday?

3.   How is the Christmas tree decorated?

4.   Who was the first to use the Christmas tree?

5.    When did the Christmas tree become popular in Great Britain?

6.    Who was the first to place a star on the top of the Christmas tree?

7.    What do children usually do on the eve of Christmas in Great Britain?

8.    Where did Santa Claus get his name from?

9.    What is the carol?

10.   What does a typical Christmas lunch include?


(Well-done)

The next task is the following. Say which of these sentences are true and which are false. If the sentence is false, correct it. You have 5-6 min.to fulfill this task. (раздаю распечатки)

  1. Before Christmas all the department stores and shops are crowded, everybody is choosing a present.

  2. Presents are put near the fireplace .

  3. The French are believed to be the first to use the Christmas tree in their celebrations

  4. In Great Britain, the Christmas tree became popular while Queen Victoria ruled the country.

  5. On a Christmas day children hang their stockings, so that Santa Claus could put presents into them.

  6. Watching TV is an essential part of Christmas.

  7. Carols were used for the first time during Christmas in the fifteenth century.

  8.  A typical Christmas lunch includes turkey with cranberry sauce and pudding.

  9.  Usually a ring or two are hidden inside the pudding and part of the fun is to see who finds it.

  10. So, Christmas is a merry family holiday for all the people of Great Britain.

Are you ready? Let’s check it up! Listen to each other very attentively! (Very good)















2) Рождественский кроссворд

Teacher: Now I want you to do the Christmas crossword. 7 min.will be enough for you. (раздаю распечатки)

Christmas_WordSearch

Физкультминутка

3) Игра

Teacher: Now I suggest playing “Why game”. First, I want you to divide into 3 groups. You’ll get cards with questions and with answers. There’re 9 questions. Each question begins with the word “why”. Your task is to find the correct answer to each question. The group, which will find as many correct answers as possible, will get the prize. You have 10-15 minutes.

4) Работа с песней “Jingle Bells”

Teacher: The next task will be the following. Listen to one of famous Christmas songs, fill in the missing words and try to remember the title of this song. (раздаю распечатки)

Dashing __ __the snow

In a one-horse _____ sleigh

Over the ___ ____ we go

Laughing all the__ ___

_____ ___ on bobtail ring

Making spirits ____ ____

What fun it is to ride and ___ ___

A sleighing ___ ____ tonight!



bells! bells!

Jingle all the !

Oh! ___ ___ fun it is to ride

In a ______ open sleigh! Oh!



A day or ago

I thought I'd take a ride

And soon Fanny Bright

seated by my side

The was lean and lank

Misfortune seemed his lot

We into a drifted bank

there we got upset.





Jingle ! bells!

Jingle all the !

Oh! What___ ___ it is to ride

In a one______ open sleigh! Oh!




Dashing through the snow

In a one-horse open sleigh

Over the fields we go

Laughing all the way.

Bells on bob-tail ring

Making spirits bright

What fun it is to ride and sing

A sleighing song tonight.





Chorus (припeв):

Jingle bells, jingle bells

Jingle all the way,

Oh what fun it is to ride

In a one-horse open sleigh, O

Jingle bells, jingle bells

Jingle all the way,

Oh what fun it is to ride

In a one-horse open sleigh.

A day or two ago

I thought I'd take a ride

And soon Miss Fanny Bright

Was seated by my side;

The horse was lean and lank

Misfortune seemed his lot,

We ran into a drifted bank

And there we got upset.



Chorus (припeв).

Jingle bells, jingle bells

Jingle all the way,

Oh what fun it is to ride

In a one-horse open sleigh, O

Jingle bells, jingle bells

Jingle all the way,

Oh what fun it is to ride

In a one-horse open sleigh.








Now let’s sing this song (Well-done! You’re the real singers!)



3.Завершение урока











Краткое описание документа:

Открытый урок английского языка на тему: “ChristmasinGreatBritain” (8 класс)

Цель урока:

  • расширение кругозора учащихся, развитие интереса к изучению иностранного языка посредством занимательных форм обучения.

Задачи урока:

1.Развивающая:

  • совершенствование воображения, логического мышления, внимания, памяти у учащихся;
  • развитие познавательного интереса и коммуникативной деятельности у учащихся.

2. Воспитательная:

  • воспитание интереса к культуре стран изучаемого языка у учащихся;
  • формирование положительной мотивации учения, готовности воспринимать культуру другого народа;
  • формирование чувства ответственности, коллективизма, сотворчества, самореализации.

3. Образовательная:

  • знакомство учащихся с традициями и праздниками стран изучаемого языка;
  • расширение с помощью английского языка представления обучающихся об окружающем их мире, как средстве взаимодействия с этим миром.

Оснащение урока: компьютер,раздаточный материал, песня “LastChristmas” и “JingleBells”.

Ход урока:

1.Приветствие и организационный момент:

Teacher: Good morning, people! I’m very glad to see all of you here! How are you today? (учащиесяотвечают)   I’m in a high spirit, too!

Now I want you to listen to one song and say what we’ll speak about today. (включаю песню “Last Christmas”)

So, what will we speak about today? (учащиеся: We’ll speak about Christmas)

You are quite right! I believe that all of you know a lot about this wonderful holiday, but nevertheless I’m sure that today you’ll learn a lot new information about Christmas at our lesson.

Letsstart.

2.Основная часть урока:

1) Работа с текстом

Teacher: You know that the British prepare for Christmas very carefully. So, you’re to read the text about British Christmas traditions and be ready to answer the questions. I give 7 min.to read the text. (раздаюраспечаткистекстом)

(Well-done)

The next task is the following. Say which of these sentences are true and which are false. If the sentence is false, correct it. You have 5-6 min.to fulfill this task. (раздаю распечатки)

1)      Be­fore Christmas all the department stores and shops are crowded, everybody is choosing a present.

2)      Presents are put near the fireplace .

3)      The French are believed to be the first to use the Christmas tree in their celebrations

4)      In Great Britain, the Christmas tree became popular while Queen Victoria ruled the country.

5)      On a Christmas day children hang their stockings, so that Santa Claus could put presents into them.

6)      Watching TV is an essential part of Christmas.

7)      Carols were used for the first time during Christmas in the fifteenth century.

8)       A typical Christmas lunch includes turkey with cranberry sauce and pudding.

9)       Usually a ring or two are hidden inside the pudding and part of the fun is to see who finds it.

10)    So, Christmas is a merry family holiday for all the people of Great Britain.

Are you ready? Let’s check it up! Listen to each other very attentively! (Very good)

2) Рождественскийкроссворд

 

Teacher: Now I want you to do the Christmas crossword. 7 min.will be enough for you. (раздаю распечатки)

Физкультминутка

3) Игра

Teacher: Now I suggest playing “Why game”. First, I want you to divide into 3 groups. You’ll get cards with questions and with answers. There’re 9 questions. Each question begins with the word “why”. Your task is to find the correct answer to each question. The group, which will find as many correct answers as possible, will get the prize. You have 10-15 minutes.

4) Работаспесней “Jingle Bells”

 

Teacher: The next task will be the following. Listen to one of famous Christmas songs, fill in the missing words and try to remember the title of this song. (раздаюраспечатки)

Now let’s sing this song (Well-done! You’re the real singers!)

 

3.Завершениеурока

Общая информация

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