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Colours in English language


Colors in English language

Black: Black is the color of authority and power. The term “black” is often used in the West to denote the race of people whose skin color ranges from light to darker shades of brown. In ancient China, black was the symbol of North and Water, one of the main five colors. In Japanese culture, kuro (black) is a symbol of nobility, age, and experience, as opposed to shiro (white), which symbolizes serfdom, youth, and naivety. Black is a symbol of mourning and bereavement in Western societies, especially at funerals and memorial services.

Black body: In physics, a black body is a perfect absorber of light, but by a rule derived by Einstein it is also, when heated, the best emitter.

Black bloc: Wearing black clothing is also sometimes an anarchist tactic during demonstrations, with a practical benefit of not attracting attention and making later identification of a subject difficult. This strategy is referred to as a black bloc.

Black box: A black box is any device whose internal workings are unknown or inexplicable.

Black flag: The plain black flag is explained in various ways, sometimes as an anti-flag or a non-flag.

Black frequently: Black frequently symbolizes ambiguity, secrecy, and the unknown.

Black hole: The term “black hole” is applied to collapsed stars. This term is metaphorical however, because few properties of black objects or black voids apply to black holes. However, light emitted within a black hole’s event horizon cannot escape, hence a black hole cannot be directly observed.

Black light: Ultraviolet light is called “black light” because, unseen (per se), it causes many minerals and other substances to fluoresce.

Black market: The black market is used to denote the trade of illegal goods, or alternatively the illegal trade.

Black project: A black project is a secretive project, like Enigma Decryption, other classified military programs or operations, Narcotics, or police sting operations.

Black sheep: The black sheep of the family is the never-do-well.

Black sky: Black sky refers to the appearance of space as one emerges from the Earth’s atmosphere.

Blackmail: Blackmail is the act of threatening to reveal information about a person unless the threatened party fulfills certain demands.

Blue: The blue is one of the most popular colors. It causes the opposite reaction as red. Peaceful, tranquil blue causes the body to produce calming chemicals, so it is often used in bedrooms. Blue can also be cold and depressing.

The English language commonly uses “blue” to refer to any colour from navy blue to cyan. The word itself is derived from the Old French word bleu. In the English language blue may refer to the feeling of sadness. Blue often represents the human emotion of sadness. e.g. “He was feeling blue”.

Blue ribbon: In symbolism blue ribbon is a term used to describe something of high quality.

Green: Currently the most popular decorating color, green symbolizes nature. It is the easiest color on the eye and can improve vision. It is a calming, refreshing color. People waiting to appear on TV sit in “green rooms” to relax. Hospitals often use green because it relaxes patients.

Green (Emotion): Sometimes it can also describe someone who is inexperienced, jealous, or sick.

Green (Environment): Green is common in nature, especially in plants.

Green Movement: Recent political groups have taken on the color as symbol of environmental protection and social justice, and consider themselves part of the Green movement, some naming themselves Green parties. This has led to similar campaigns in advertising, as companies have sold green, or environmentally friendly, products.

Grey: Grey symbolizes mediocrity, the background noise of society.

Grey Area: A concept that is in a Grey area is a concept about which one is unsure what category in which to place it.

Grey (Emotion): Grey is often synonymous with things that are dull and boring. Grey represents pessimism whereas its opposite, optimism, is represented by the color rose.

Grey matter: The substance that composes the brain is referred to as “grey matter”, and so the color is associated with things intellectual.

Grey person: A “grey person” is someone who goes unnoticed (Parties).

Grey Hair: Aging hair is often perceived as being grey although it is actually white, because white hairs next to other colors look comparatively darker.

Red: The most emotionally intense color, red stimulates a faster heartbeat and breathing. It is also the color of love. Red clothing gets noticed and makes the wearer appear heavier. Since it is an extreme color, red clothing might not help people in negotiations or confrontations.

The color red is associated with heat, energy and blood, and emotions that stir the blood, including anger, passion, and love. Fire is also strongly connected. Associated with lust, passion, love, and beauty as well. Red is also used as a symbol of courage and sacrifice.

Red-handed: Phrase “caught red-handed”, meaning either caught in an act of crime or caught with the blood of murder still on one’s hands.

Red-light districts: At one point, red was associated with prostitutes, or now, with brothels (red-light districts).

White: Brides wear white to symbolize innocence and purity. White reflects light and is considered a summer color. White is popular in decorating and in fashion because it is light, neutral, and goes with everything. Examples include classic “white” substances such as sugar, foam, pure sand or snow, cotton, clouds, and milk. White is commonly the color of snow and ice.

White elephant: A white elephant is a gift or possession that creates a burden or difficulty for the recipient.

White (Clothe): White is the clothing color of the physicians, surgeons, as well as cricketers.

White paper: A white paper can be an authoritative report on a major issue, as by a team of experts; a government report outlining policy; or a short treatise whose purpose is to educate industry customers. It is called white paper because it was originally bound in white.

White ribbon: The white ribbon is worn by movements denouncing violence against women.

White Rose: The White Rose was a non-violent resistance group in Nazi Germany, consisting of five students from the University of Munich and their philosophy professor.

White (Science): In the science of lighting, there is a continuum of colors of light that can be called “white”. Stars of stellar class A are white.

White Stick: White Stick as a symbol of blindness.

Yellow: Cheerful sunny yellow is an attention getter. While it is considered an optimistic color, people lose their tempers more often in yellow rooms, and babies will cry more. It is the most difficult color for the eye to take in, so it can be overpowering if overused. Yellow enhances concentration, hence its use for legal pads. It also speeds metabolism. Yellow is associated with age and aging, both with people and objects (i.e. yellowed-paper).

Yellow cake: Yellowcake (also known as urania and uranic oxide) is concentrated uranium oxide, obtained through the milling of uranium ore.

Yellow Card: In Association football (soccer), the referee shows a yellow card to indicate that a player has been officially cautioned.

Yellow (Emotion): The term is associated at times with jealousy, as well as cowardliness.

Yellow emperor: The legendary first emperor of China was known as the Yellow Emperor.

Yellow (Graphite): Pencils are often painted yellow, originally because of the association of this color with the orient, where the best graphite was found.

Yellow journalism: “Yellow journalism” was sensationalist journalism that distorts, exaggerates, or exploits news to maximize profit. Lastly, it is associated with sensational journalistic practices, or yellow journalism, and resistance to militant trade unions.


1. WIKIPEDIA (http://en.wikipedia.org/)

2. Color Psychology: Do different colors affect your mood?


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Дата добавления 27.01.2016
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Другие методич. материалы
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