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Critical Thinking and Lesson Planning The Keys to Learning
What is “Critical Thinking?” Thinking about thinking EXAMPLES: Choose which activity involves critical thinking……
What is “Critical Thinking?” Pupils give directions to movie theater Pupils retell the text Pupils read the text and answer questions about it Pupils answer questions USING grammar forms Pupils repeat directions to movie theater Pupils act the text Teacher reads the text and pupils repeat Pupils learn and recite grammar forms
WHY IS CRITICAL THINKING IMPORTANT? Pupils need to be able to COMMUNICATE, not recite New ideas come from independent/critical thinking It makes learning more fun for pupils
How do we use critical thinking in lessons? DON’T… Ask pupils to simply repeat things Ask pupils to simply “retell” texts Ask pupils to do things without thinking Chastise pupils for “wrong” answers DO… Force pupils to think about what they say and do Ask them “open-ended” questions Have them answer questions or act the text Encourage creativity in pupils’ answers
LESSON PLANNING MY OBJECTIVE Teachers will be able to (TWBAT)… Plan and introduce a lesson according to the P1-P2-P3 method Answer questions about critical thinking and lesson planning Write 4-5 sentences using 10 new words
LESSON PLANNING It’s Sunday afternoon. You have a lesson Monday morning at 8:30. You sit down to write your lesson. QUESTION: What’s the first thing you should do?
LESSON PLANNING ANSWER: Choose a lesson objective. *The objective should be CONCRETE Examples… “By the end of the lesson… Pupils will be able to (PWBAT) Write 3-5 sentences using new words” Write 3-5 sentences using new grammar” Speak 2-3 sentences about themselves” Count to 20 and answer 3 questions using numbers”
LESSON PLANNING OBJECTIVE WARM-UP P1 P2 P3 HOMEWORK RESERVE (EXTRA) ACTIVITY
LESSON PLANNING What is “P1”? P1 is one of the 3 P’s – “Presentation” During P1, the teacher gives the pupils new information (words, grammar, etc.) TS Interaction
LESSON PLANNING What is “P2”? P2 is “Practice” TS During practice… Play games, do activities with pupils that help them understand the material CORRECT PUPILS’ MISTAKES
LESSON PLANNING What is “P3”? P3 is “Production” ST During P3, the teacher DOES NOT correct pupils’ mistakes (correct during P2, or at the next lesson)
LESSON PLANNING *Think of a lesson as preparation for a concert. P1 and P2 are like the repetition or rehearsal – here the teacher needs to correct mistakes P3 is the concert – the teacher cannot interrupt the show to correct mistakes. She must just sit and watch.
LESSON PLANNING HOMEWORK Homework should be related to the objective of the lesson Homework should be reasonable (not too much, not too little) Homework should give students a chance to practice what they’ve learned
LESSON PLANNING RESERVE ACTIVITY What is a “reserve activity”? It is an extra activity. Sometimes the teacher finishes a 45-minute lesson in 20 minutes. When this happens, you need a “back-up plan.” If possible, the reserve activity can be related to the lesson objective.
LESSON PLANNING Possible reserve activities… Taboo Who Am I? (What Am I?) Hot Seat G-H-O-S-T (like “Д-У-Р-А-К”) Contact 20 Questions
LESSON PLANNING REVIEW QUESTIONS 1) What is P1? 2) What is P3? 3) Should teachers correct pupils mistakes in P3? 4) What is P2? Here should mistakes be corrected? 5) What’s the first thing a teacher should do when planning a lesson? 6) What is a reserve activity? 7) When should you play games in the lesson? 8) Should lesson objectives be concrete or abstract? 9) What is critical thinking? Why is it important?
SAMPLE LESSON Can you guess the objective? New Terms: (Write!) Shot Slammer That Stinks! Stressed Sucker Take a hike! Totaled Up for grabs Wad (of cash) Yuk!
SAMPLE LESSON Who (What) Am I? Hot Seat Taboo CORRECT MISTAKES!
SAMPLE LESSON Now… Write 5 sentences using the new words we just learned When you’re finished, answer these questions about our lesson: 1) What was the P1? 2) What was the P2? 3) What was the P3? 4) What was the objective?
SAMPLE LESSON By the way, what were the P1, P2, and P3 of our SAMPLE LESSON? What do you think the objective was?
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