Critical Thinking as a Subject of studying
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Выбранный для просмотра документ EDU.docx
Critical thinking is the ability to think clearly and rationally.
It includes the ability to engage in reflective and independent thinking. Someone with critical thinking skills is able to do the following:
understand the logical connections between ideas
identify, construct and evaluate arguments
detect inconsistencies and common mistakes in reasoning
solve problems systematically
identify the relevance and importance of ideas
reflect on the justification of one's own beliefs and values
Critical thinking is not a matter of accumulating information. A person with a good memory and who knows a lot of facts is not necessarily good at critical thinking. A critical thinker is able to deduce consequences from what he knows, and he knows how to make use of information to solve problems, and to seek relevant sources of information to inform himself.
Critical thinking should not be confused with being argumentative or being critical of other people. Although critical thinking skills can be used in exposing fallacies and bad reasoning, critical thinking can also play an important role in cooperative reasoning and constructive tasks. Critical thinking can help us acquire knowledge, improve our theories, and strengthen arguments. We can use critical thinking to enhance work processes and improve social institutions.
Some people believe that critical thinking hinders creativity because it requires following the rules of logic and rationality, but creativity might require breaking rules. This is a misconception. Critical thinking is quite compatible with thinking "out-of-the-box", challenging consensus and purusing less popular approaches. If anything, critical thinking is an essential part of creativity because we need critical thinking to evaluate and improve our creative ideas.
Let’s watch a short YouTube video on critical thinking and express ideas and visions about it:
Helping Your Students Develop Critical Thinking Skills
Teachers strive to help students to develop stronger thinking skills. Better thinking and practical problem solving skills are promised in higher education mission statements, course syllabi, and lists of desired student learning outcomes. There are many ways to talk about thinking skills. Terms such as critical thinking, scientific methods, professional or clinical judgment, problem-based inquiry, decision making, information literacy, strategic planning, and life-long learning represent thinking processes. For almost every profession, scholars and practitioners have put forth models for thinking through problems and offered suggestions for making better professional judgments. Unfortunately, while teachers are aware of many of the skills they would like students to exhibit, the steps between typical student performance and desirable performance often remain unarticulated or vague. This limits teachers’ capacities to understand and enhance skill development.
Steps for Better Thinking
Many of the tasks we assign to students require them to correctly recognize, repeat, or paraphrase information found in their textbooks or class notes. However, effective personal and professional functioning requires dealing with open-ended problems that are fraught with significant and enduring uncertainties about such issues as the scope of the problem, interpretations of relevant information, range of solution options, and potential outcomes of various options. Here are a few examples of open-ended professional, personal, and civic problems:
• What is the best interpretation of a piece of literature?
• What is the best way for a teacher to help students
grow and learn?
• How can a leader most efficiently promote effective
• What should I do to optimize my career development?
• What, if any, vitamin supplements should I use?
• What is the best way to care for my frail grandmother?
• Should I volunteer with a particular nonprofit
• How should I vote on a particular ballot initiative?
• What are the most important things I can do to improve
schools in my community?
CHANGING OF EDUCATIONAL PARADIGMS
We offer you to watch one animated video that involves us into the changing of Educational Paradigms during the long period of time till nowadays.
We’re going to trace and follow the historical changes of educational system in common. We will learn the circumstances of changing Education, its’ good turn and bad ones.
Afterwards some statements prepared for our discussion.
What criteria were singled out in the per iodization of EDU system?
What pros and cons would you promote?
What advantages and disadvantages did you mark in the previous system of Education comparing with the modern one?
What items and principles of EDU from this video do you agree with?
What does “Diverging Thinking” mean? (to be different or to develop in a different way; to go in different directions)
We mind you to choose the most appropriate EDUCATION for your children and work-groups referring on these signs. After you will have made a decision, please protect your idea, substantiate your choice.
Modern Education (Credit System);
Family (Home) Education;
No (Free) Education!;
Gene Pool Education;
Non Academic Education.
For finishing we suggest to you to make the conclusion of our conference today by making the cinquain. “Cinquain” is a French notion that means “five”.
Please, make the conclusion of our work, then present.
Краткое описание документа:
Critical thinking is a type of clear, reasoned thinking. According to Beyer (1995) Critical thinking means making clear, reasoned judgements. While in the process of critical thinking, ideas should be reasoned and well thought out/judged.
The National Council for Excellence in Critical Thinking defines critical thinking as the intellectually disciplined process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and/or evaluating information gathered from, or generated by, observation, experience, reflection, reasoning, or communication, as a guide to belief and action.
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