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Выбранный для просмотра документ Временные формы глаголов группы Indefinite (Simple) Passive.doc

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Временные формы глаголов группы Indefinite (Simple) Passive


Запомните, как образуются времена группы Indefinite (Simple) Passive:


Present

Past

Future

1. The text is translated by the pupils.

2. The text isn’t translated.

3. Is the text translated?

1. The text was translated.

2. The text wasn’t translated.

3. Was the text translated?

1. The text will be translated.

2. The text will not be translated.

3. Will the text be translated?

Запомните падежные предлоги:


of: the book of the boyкнига мальчика

by: the composition was written by the girl – сочинение было написано девочкой

with: the letter was written with a pencil – письмо было написано карандашом

to: give the book to me – дай книгу мне

for: this present is for you – этот подарок тебе

about: I’ll tell you about him – Я расскажу тебе о нем


Тренировочные упражнения


A. Раскройте скобки:


The composition(s) about holidays always (to write) by the pupils.

The composition(s) about holidays is (are) always written by the pupils.


1. The letters often (to write) by him with the pencil. 2. The questions always (to ask) by the teacher. 3. This text usually (to translate) by the students with the help of the teacher. 4. As a rule, this journal (to read) by my sister with great interest. 5. This newspaper rarely (to buy) by my father.


B. Раскройте скобки:


The composition(s) about holidays (to write) yesterday.

The composition(s) about holidays was (were) written yesterday.


1. The letters (to write) by him with the pencil last week. 2. The questions (to ask) by the teacher last Thursday. 3. Yesterday this text (to translate) by the students with the help of the teacher. 4. This journal (to read) by my sister with great interest last Sunday. 5. A day ago that newspaper (to buy) by my father.


C. Раскройте скобки:


The composition(s) about holidays (to write) by the pupils next week.

The composition(s) about holidays will be written by the pupils next week.


1. The letters (to write) by him in a week. 2. The questions (to ask) by the teacher next Thursday. 3. Tomorrow this text (to translate) by the students with the help of the teacher. 4. This journal (to read) by my sister with great interest next Sunday. 5. Tomorrow that newspaper (to buy) by my father.


D. Переведите на английский язык:


Хлеб купили вчера. Туфли купили вчера.

The bread was bought yesterday. The shoes were bought yesterday.


1. Лимоны купили вчера. 2. Овощи принесли вчера. 3. Арбуз был съеден час назад. 4. Кашу съели час назад. 5. Сок был выпит час назад.


E. Переведите на английский язык:


Платье будет куплено мною завтра.

The dress will be bought by me tomorrow.


1. Виноград будет выращен в следующем году моим дедушкой. 2. Мясо будет куплено им через час. 3. Свитер будет связан мамой весной. 4. Молоко будет выпито маленьким ребенком ночью. 5. Сметана будет куплена ею в субботу.


F. Переведите на английский язык:


Масло обычно покупается мамой на рынке.

The butter is usually bought by my mother at the market.


1. Как правило, хлеб покупается нашей бабушкой. 2. Обувь обычно моется мною. 3. Свитер обычно вяжется моей мамой. 4. Кофе часто выбирается моим отцом. 5. Этот журнал, как правило, читается моей сестрой.


Обучающие тесты с ответами


A. Раскройте скобки, выбрав правильный ответ:


1. The pineapple (to eat) by you yesterday.

a) The pineapple was eaten by you yesterday.

b) The pineapple was eat by you yesterday.

c) The pineapple was ate by you yesterday.

d) The pineapple eaten by you yesterday.


2. A big watermelon (to bring) by him from the market an hour ago.

a) A big watermelon brought by him from the market an hour ago.

b) A big watermelon was brought by him from the market an hour ago.

c) A big watermelon will be brought by him from the market an hour ago.

d) A big watermelon is brought by him from the market an hour ago.


3. The raincoat (to buy) next month.

a) The raincoat will be bought next month.

b) The raincoat was bought next month.

c) The raincoat is bought next month.

d) The raincoat bought next month.


4. The girl usually (to feed) by her mother.

a) The girl usually feeds by her mother.

b) The girl is usually fed by her mother.

c) The girl usually feed by her mother.

d) The girl usually fed by her mother.


5. The house (to build) in a year.

a) The house will build in a year.

b) The house will be built in a year.

c) The house was built in a year.

d) The house is built in a year.


Ответы:

1-a

2-b

3-a

4-b

5-b


B. Подберите правильный перевод предложений:


1. Слова повторяются учащимися каждый день.

a) The words were repeated by the pupils every day.

b) The words will be repeated by the pupils every day.

c) The words are repeated by the pupils every day.

d) The words shall be repeated by the pupils every day.


2. Арбуз съели вчера.

a) The watermelon is eaten yesterday.

b) The watermelon was eaten yesterday.

c) The watermelon was eaten by her yesterday.

d) The watermelon were eaten yesterday.


3. Обед будут готовить через полчаса.

a) The dinner will be prepared in half an hour.

b) The dinner be prepared in half an hour.

c) The dinner will prepared in half an hour.

d) The dinner will prepare in half an hour.


4. Кофе был приготовлен моей мамой.

a) The coffee is prepared by my mother.

b) The coffee will be prepared by my mother.

c) The coffee was prepared by my mother.

d) The coffee was prepare by my mother.


5. Горчицу купят завтра.

a) The mustard be bought tomorrow.

b) The mustard will bought tomorrow.

c) The mustard bought tomorrow.

d) The mustard will be bought tomorrow.


Ответы:

1-c

2-b

3-a

4-c

5-d


Тесты для самопроверки


A. Раскройте скобки, выбрав правильный ответ:


1. The juice (to drink) by me some minutes ago.

a) The juice drank by me some minutes ago.

b) The juice is drunk by me some minutes ago.

c) The juice was drunk by me some minutes ago.

d) The juice will be drunk by me some minutes ago.


2. The vegetables (to cut) by my grandmother in some minutes.

a) The vegetables will cut by my grandmother in some minutes.

b) The vegetables will be cut by my grandmother in some minutes.

c) The vegetables were cut by my grandmother in some minutes.

d) The vegetables shall be cut by my grandmother in some minutes.


3. The boots (to clean) by my brother every day.

a) The boots cleaned by my brother every day.

b) The boots clean by my brother every day.

c) The boots are cleaned by my brother every day.

d) The boots shall be cleaned by my brother every day.


4. The fruit ice-cream (to eat) by my younger sister yesterday.

a) The fruit ice-cream was eaten by my younger sister yesterday.

b) The fruit ice-cream shall be eaten by my younger sister.

c) The fruit ice-cream ate by my younger sister.

d) The fruit ice-cream was eated by my younger sister.


5. The questions (to answer) by him at the lesson.

a) The questions was answered by him at the lesson.

b) The questions answered by him at the lesson.

c) The questions shall be answered by him at the lesson.

d) The questions will be answered by him at the lesson.


B. Подберите правильный перевод предложений:


1. Предложения будут переведены с русского языка на английский.

a) The sentences will be translated from Russian into English.

b) The sentences will translated from Russian into English.

c) The sentences be translated from Russian into English.

d) The sentences shall be translated from Russian into English.


2. Задача была выполнена им.

a) The task was performed by him.

b) The task will be performed by him.

c) The task is performed by him.

d) The task performed by him.


3. Магазины обычно открыты в это время.

a) The shops were usually opened at this time.

b) The shops are usually opened at this time.

c) The shops is usually opened at this time.

d) The shops will usually be opened at this time.


4. Окна будут вымыты ею завтра.

a) The windows are cleaned by her tomorrow.

b) The windows were cleaned by her tomorrow.

c) The windows will be cleaned by her tomorrow.

d) The windows will cleaned by her tomorrow.


5. Перчатки были потеряны ею вчера.

a) The gloves were lost by her yesterday.

b) The gloves are lost by her yesterday.

c) The gloves lost by her yesterday.

d) The gloves were lost by him yesterday.









Выбранный для просмотра документ Временные формы глаголов группы Perfect.doc

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Временные формы глаголов группы Perfect


Запомните, как образуются времена группы Perfect:


Present

Past

Future

Active

1. He has worked. You have worked.

2. He has not worked. You have not worked.

3. Has he worked?

1. He had worked.


2. He had not worked.


3. Had he worked?

1. He will have worked.


2. He will not have worked.


3. Will he have worked?

ever – когда-либо

never – никогда

just – только что

already – уже

(not) yet – ещё (не)

since – с

recently - недавно

by 9 o’clock yesterday – к 9 часам вчера

when you came – когда вы пришли

by 7 o’clock tomorrow – к 7 часам завтра

by the first of September – к первому сентября

Passive

1. The text has been translated.

2. The text has not been translated.

3. Has the text been translated?

1. The text had been translated.

2. The text had not been translated.

3. Had the text been translated?

1. The text will have been translated.

2. The text will not have been translated.

3. Will the text have been translated?



Запомните предлоги времени:


on: Come on Monday. – Приходите в понедельник. On the first of April – первого апреля

in: He was born in 1978. – Он родился в 1978. He will come in May. – Он приедет в мае. I’ll graduate from the institute in 5 months. – Я закончу институт через 5 месяцев.

at: at 5 o’clock – в 5 часов

at that moment – в тот момент

before: Don’t come before 6 o’clock. – Не приходите до 6 часов.

after: Come at any time after 5 o’clock. – Приходите в любое время после 5 часов.

until, till: We waited for them until 8 o’clock. - Мы ждали их до 8 часов. We’ll stay here till September. – Мы останемся здесь до сентября.

during: I woke three times during the night. – Я просыпалась 3 раза в течение ночи.

for: for 5 days – в течение 5 дней

since: since Monday – с понедельника


Тренировочные упражнения


A. Раскройте скобки:


He just (to do) his homework.

He has just done his homework.


1. He just (to do) his morning exercises. 2. He just (to have) breakfast. 3. He just (to watch TV). 4. He just (to read) this book. 5. He just (to lose) the key.


B. Раскройте скобки:


The book just (to read) by him.

The book has just been read by him.


1. The film just (to see) by us. 2. The work just (to finish) by her. 3. The supper just (to prepare) by her. 4. The letter just (to write) by her. 5. His telephone number just (to lose) by me.


C. Замените формы глаголов Perfect Active формами глаголов Perfect Passive:


He has just translated this text.

The text has just been translated by him.


1. She has just found an interesting book. 2. Ann has just written a new article. 3. Nelly has already invited us. 4. She has just made tea for all of us. 5. He has just told the truth.


D. Замените формы глаголов Perfect Active формами глаголов Perfect Passive:


They have already translated this text.

The text has already been translated by them.


1. They have already bought a new pair of trousers. 2. We have already met the postman. 3. The students have already shut the door. 4. You have already finished the article. 5. They have already left the town.


E. Замените формы глаголов Perfect Passive формами глаголов Perfect Active:


The text has (had) been translated by them.

They have (had) translated the text.


The text will have been translated by them by the end of the lesson.

They will have translated the text by the end of the lesson.


1. The doctor has been seen by us there. 2. The salad will have been put by Mary on the plates by 6 o’clock. 3. Some water had been brought by Nick when we came into the house. 4. All the cakes have been just eaten by them. 5. A box of chocolates has been brought for her by him.


Обучающие тесты с ответами


A. Замените формы глаголов Perfect Passive формами глаголов Perfect Active:


1. The window had been opened by someone when we entered the room.

a) The window was opened by someone when we entered the room.

b) Someone the window had opened when we entered the room.

c) Someone had opened the window when we entered the room.

d) The window has been opened by someone when we entered the room.


2. The blackboard will have been cleaned by the pupil-on-duty by the end of the lesson.

a) The blackboard will have been cleaned by the pupil-on-duty by the end of the lesson.

b) The blackboard will clean by the pupil-on-duty by the end of the lesson.

c) The pupil-on-duty will have cleaned the blackboard by the end of the lesson.

d) The pupil-on-duty will clean the blackboard by the end of the lesson.


3. The floor has already been cleaned by my sister.

a) My sister has already cleaned the floor.

b) My sister had already cleaned the floor.

c) My sister have already cleaned the floor.

d) My sister has already been cleaned the floor.


4. The door has just been opened by my mother.

a) My mother have just opened the door.

b) My mother has opened the door.

c) My mother has just opened the door.

d) My mother has just open the door.


5. This tape-recorder has been bought by us recently.

a) We has bought this tape-recorder recently.

b) We have bought this tape-recorder recently.

c) We bought this tape-recorder recently.

d) We buy this tape-recorder recently.


Ответы:

1-c

2-c

3-a

4-c

5-b


B. Замените формы глаголов Perfect Active (Passive) формами глаголов Past Indefinite Active (Passive):


1. I have not translated this text yet.

a) I did not translated this text yesterday.

b) I did not translate this text yesterday.

c) I didn’t translated this text yesterday.

d) I had not translated this text yesterday.


2. We have just watched TV.

a) We watched TV yesterday.

b) We just watched TV.

c) We did not watch TV.

d) We did watched TV.


3. My grandfather has played football recently.

a) My grandfather played football many years ago.

b) My grandfather has played football many years ago.

c) My grandfather did played football many years ago.

d) My grandfather was playing football many years ago.


4. This picture has already been bought by them.

a) This picture had already been bought by them.

b) This picture was bought by them yesterday.

c) This pictures were bought by them.

d) This picture did bought by them.


5. I have never played computer games.

a) I was not playing computer games.

b) I did not played computer games.

c) I did not play computer games yesterday.

d) I was not played computer games.


Ответы:

1-b

2-a

3-a

4-b

5-c


C. Подберите правильный перевод предложений:


1. Мы только что посмотрели интересный фильм.

a) We have already seen an interesting film.

b) We have just seen an interesting film.

c) We have not seen an interesting film.

d) We saw an interesting film.


2. Я ещё не прочитал эту книгу.

a) I did not read this book.

b) I have not read this book yet.

c) I was not reading this book.

d) I had not read this book yet.


3. Моя мама уже приготовила завтрак.

a) My mother has just cooked the breakfast.

b) My mother has already cooked the breakfast.

c) My mother cooked the breakfast.

d) My mother cooks the breakfast.


4. Мой брат недавно написал статью.

a) My brother has written an article recently.

b) My brother have written an article recently.

c) My brother wrote an article.

d) My brother was writing an article.


5. Когда он пришел, его сестра уже помыла пол.

a) His sister has already washed the floor when he came.

b) His sister had already washed the floor when he came.

c) His sister was washing the floor when he came.

d) His sister washed the floor when he came.


Ответы:

1-b

2-b

3-b

4-a

5-b


Тесты для самопроверки


A. Замените формы глаголов Perfect Active (Passive) формами глаголов Past Indefinite Active (Passive):


1. She had already written a composition.

a) She wrote a composition yesterday.

b) She already wrote a composition.

c) She wrote a composition tomorrow.

d) She wrote a composition today.


2. The windows will have been cleaned by my sister by Saturday.

a) In a day the windows will be cleaned by my sister.

b) Yesterday the windows will be cleaned by my sister.

c) Long ago window will be cleaned by my sister.

d) On Saturday the windows were cleaned by my sister.


3. The words have already been written down by the students in the notebook.

a) The words will write down by the students in the notebook.

b) The words were written down by the students in the notebook yesterday.

c) The words were written down by the students in the notebook tomorrow.

d) The word is written down by the students in the notebook.


4. The snake has just been killed by him.

a) The snake was killed by him yesterday.

b) The snake were killed by him.

c) The snake will kill by him.

d) The snake has just killed by him.


5. I have just opened the door.

a) I opened the door yesterday.

b) I have opened the door.

c) I has just opened the door.

d) I had just opened the door.


B. Подберите правильный перевод предложений, используя формы глаголов группы Indefinite, Continuous, Perfect действительного и страдательного залогов:


1. Прошлым летом мы ели много фруктов.

a) Last summer we eated a lot of fruit.

b) Last summer we eat a lot of fruit.

c) Last summer we have eaten a lot of fruit.

d) Last summer we ate a lot of fruit.


2. С двух до пяти он сидел в своей комнате.

a) From 2 till 5 o’clock he sits in his room.

b) From 2 till 5 o’clock he was sitting in his room.

c) From 2 till 5 o’clock he is sitting in his room.

d) From 2 till 5 o’clock he sat in his room.


3. Я давно видел этот фильм.

a) I see this film long ago.

b) I watch this film long ago.

c) I have seen this film long ago.

d) I saw this film long ago.


4. Они уже написали проверочную работу.

a) They already write the quiz.

b) They already wrote the quiz.

c) They have already written the quiz.

d) They have just written the quiz.


5. Он уже забыл ее.

a) He has already forgotten her.

b) He have already forgotten her.

c) He has forgotten her.

d) He already forgot her.


6. Об этом человеке много говорят.

a) This man was much spoken about.

b) This man much spoken about.

c) This man is much spoken about.

d) This man has been much spoken about.


7. Его нигде не видели на прошлой неделе.

a) He was nowhere seen last week.

b) He is nowhere seen last week.

c) He was nowhere seen on last week.

d) He has been nowhere seen last week.


8. В следующем месяце я буду посещать эти занятия.

a) Next month I’ll attend these classes.

b) In the next month I’ll attend these classes.

c) Next week I’ll visit these classes.

d) Next month I’ll visit these classes.


9. Она закончит письмо через полчаса.

a) He will finish the letter in an hour.

b) She will finish the letter in half an hour.

c) He finish the letter in an hour.

d) He will have finished the letter in an hour.


10. Вы пели эту песню тогда.

a) You was singing this song then.

b) You will be singing this song then.

c) You had been singing this song then.

d) You sang this song then.


11. Мы недавно купили стиральную машину.

a) We have recently bought a washing machine.

b) We have bought a washing machine.

c) We have already bought a washing machine.

d) We have just bought a washing machine.


12. Весь день идет дождь.

a) It has raining all day.

b) It was raining all day.

c) It has been raining all day long.

d) It rains all day.


13. Мы редко встречаем друг друга.

a) We rarely meet each other.

b) We rarely are meeting each other.

c) We rarely were meeting each other.

d) We rarely meet friend by friend.


14. Мой брат всегда хорошо учился в школе.

a) My brother always studies well at school.

b) My brother always studied well at school.

c) My brother has always studied well at school.

d) My brother had always studied well at school.


15. Как правило, экзамены сдавались им успешно.

a) As a rule, the exams were being passed by him successfully.

b) As a rule, he passes the exams successfully.

c) As a rule, the exams was passed by him successfully.

d) As a rule, the exams were passed by him successfully.


16. Хлеб был куплен моим братом.

a) The bread was bought by my brother.

b) The bread is bought by my brother.

c) The bread has been bought by his brother.

d) The bread was bought by his brother.


17. Он обычно ездит на работу на автобусе.

a) He usually went to his job by bus.

b) He usually has gone to his job by bus.

c) He usually goes to his job on bus.

d) He usually goes to his job by bus.


18. Иногда мы смотрим телевизор на кухне.

a) Sometimes we watched TV in the kitchen.

b) Sometimes we watch TV in the kitchen.

c) Sometimes we see TV in the kitchen.

d) Sometimes we saw TV in the kitchen.


19. Как правило, музей посещается многими студентами.

a) As a rule, the museum was visited by the students.

b) As a rule, the museum has visited by the students.

c) As a rule, the museum is visited by many students.

d) As a rule, the museum has been visited by the students.


20. Завтра его встретят на вокзале.

a) Tomorrow he will be met at the station.

b) Tomorrow he will met at the station.

c) Tomorrow he will meet at the station.

d) Tomorrow he will be being met at the station.














Выбранный для просмотра документ Временный формы глаголов группы Continuous (Progressive).doc

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Временные формы глаголов группы Continuous (Progressive)


Запомните, как образуются времена группы Continuous (Progressive):


Present

Past

Future

Active

1. He is working.

2. He is not working.

3. Is he working?

1. He was working.

2. He was not working.

3. Was he working?

1. He will be working.

2. He will not be working.

3. Will he be working?

now – сейчас

at present – в настоящее время

at this moment – в настоящий момент

all morning yesterday – все утро вчера

from… till… yesterday – сдовчера

all month last year – весь месяц в прошлом году

from… till… tomorrow – сдозавтра

all month next year – весь месяц в следующем году

Passive

1. The text is being translated.

2. It is not being translated.

2. Is it being translated?

1. The text was being translated.

2. The text was not being translated.

3. Was the text being translated?




Запомните предлоги направления:


to: We are coming to the station. – Мы подходим к станции.

into: He is coming into the room. – Он заходит в комнату.

towards: I am running towards the bus-stop. – Я бегу к автобусной остановке.

from: They are coming from the theatre. – Они приходят из театра.

along: I am walking along the street. – Я гуляю вдоль улицы.

out (of): He is running out of the house. – Он выбегает из дома. He is taking the gun out of his pocket. – Он достает пистолет из кармана.

through: A man is walking through the smog. – Мужчина идет сквозь смог.

across: A man is walking across the road. - Мужчина идет через дорогу.


Тренировочные упражнения


A. Раскройте скобки:


He (to get up) now.

He is getting up now.


1. Now he (to do) his morning exercises. 2. Now he (to have) breakfast. 3. Now he (to sit) at the lesson. 4. Now he (to do) his homework. 5. Now he (to watch TV).


B. Раскройте скобки:


The composition(s) (to write) by the girl now.

The composition(s) is(are) being written by the girl now.


The composition(s) (to write) by the girl all morning yesterday.

The composition(s) was(were) being written by the girl all morning yesterday.

1. The cake (to cook) by my mother all evening yesterday. 2. At the moment the pictures (to describe) by the pupils. 3. The heavy bags (to carry) by my brother at that moment. 4. All the districts of our city (to connect) by bus-lines at present. 5. The words (to repeat) by the girl all morning yesterday.


C. Замените формы глаголов Continuous Active формами глаголов Continuous Passive:


The pupils are reading the book at the moment.

The book is being read by the pupils at the moment.


The pupils were reading the book at the moment.

The book was being read by the pupils at the moment.


1. He was writing this exercise from 5 till 6 o’clock yesterday. 2. At the moment the man is waiting for her. 3. The woman is listening to the radio now. 4. He was visiting this museum the whole morning yesterday. 5. They were eating some fruit all summer last year.


D. Замените формы глаголов Continuous Passive формами глаголов Continuous Active:


The supper is being cooked by the mother at this moment.

The mother is cooking the supper at this moment.


The supper was being cooked by the mother at this moment.

The mother was cooking the supper at this moment.


1. A letter is being written by the boy at this moment. 2. A beautiful girl is being described by him. 3. A heavy box is being carried by the workers. 4. The classes are being attended by the students all the term. 5. The exams were being passed by him at the end of the term.


E. Замените формы глаголов Continuous Active формами глаголов Indefinite Active:


It is raining now. It was raining all morning yesterday.

It rains every day. It rained yesterday.


1. It is snowing at the moment. 2. Boris is washing his hands at this moment. 3. The alarm clock is ringing now. 4. They were dancing in the garden all evening yesterday. 5. The wind was blowing from the west from morning till night yesterday.


F. Переведите на английский язык:


Он сейчас сдает экзамен. Он сдавал экзамен вчера.

He is passing an exam now. He was passing an exam yesterday.


1. В данный момент я представляю своих новых друзей родителям. 2. В настоящее время они работают на этом совместном предприятии. 3. Все утро вчера мы работали в саду. 4. Они переводили вчера статью весь вечер. 5. Целый месяц в прошлом году он не посещал лекции.


Обучающие тесты с ответами


A. Замените формы глаголов Continuous Passive формами глаголов Continuous Active:


1. The questions are being asked be the relatives now.

a) The relatives are asked the questions now.

b) The relatives were asking the questions now.

c) The relatives are asking the questions now.

d) The relatives were asked the questions now.


2. The questions are being answered by the doctor now.

a) The doctor are answering the questions now.

b) The doctor is answering the questions now.

c) The doctor was answering the questions now.

d) The doctors are answering the questions now.


3. The dinner was being prepared by my sister from 5 till 6 o’clock in the evening yesterday.

a) My sister were preparing the dinner from 5 till 6 o’clock in the evening yesterday.

b) My sister is preparing the dinner from 5 till 6 o’clock in the evening yesterday.

c) My sister was preparing the dinner from 5 till 6 o’clock in the evening yesterday.

d) My sister was prepared the dinner from 5 till 6 o’clock in the evening yesterday.


Ответы:

1-c

2-b

3-c


B. Замените формы глаголов Continuous Active формами глаголов Indefinite Active:


1. You were wearing a beautiful white dress all morning yesterday.

a) You wore a beautiful white dress all morning yesterday.

b) You wear a beautiful white dress yesterday.

c) You were a beautiful white dress yesterday.

d) You wore a beautiful white dress yesterday.


2. It was snowing the whole day yesterday.

a) It snows the whole day yesterday.

b) It snowed yesterday.

c) It was snowed yesterday.

d) It was being snowed the whole day yesterday.


3. All morning tomorrow Ann will be waiting for Nick.

a) All morning tomorrow Ann will waiting for Nick.

b) All morning tomorrow Ann will wait for Nick.

c) Tomorrow Ann will wait for Nick.

d) All morning tomorrow Ann will be waited for Nick.


4. The cars will be running along this street all day tomorrow.

a) The cars will running along this street all day tomorrow.

b) The cars will run along this street all day tomorrow.

c) The cars will be along this street all day tomorrow.

d) The cars will be run along this street all day tomorrow.


5. The teacher is speaking English now.

a) The teacher speak English now.

b) The teacher spoke English.

c) The teacher speaks English now.

d) The teacher speaks English.


Ответы:

1-d

2-b

3-c

4-b

5-d


Тесты для самопроверки


A. Замените формы глаголов Continuous Active формами глаголов Continuous Passive:


1. The family is watching TV at this moment.

a) TV is watched by the family at this moment.

b) TV was watched by the family at this moment.

c) TV watched by the family at this moment.

d) TV is being watched by the family at this moment.


2. They were eating a lot of apples all autumn last year.

a) A lot of apples was eaten by them all autumn last year.

b) A lot of apples eaten by them all autumn last year.

c) A lot of apples were being eaten by them all autumn last year.

d) A lot of apples were eaten by them all autumn last year.


3. He was visiting this museum the whole morning yesterday.

a) This museum is visited by him the whole morning yesterday.

b) This museum visited by him the whole morning yesterday.

c) This museum was being visited by him the whole morning yesterday.

d) This museum were visited by him the whole morning yesterday.


4. Rostovites are nicknaming the Don river “Father Don”.

a) The Don river is being nicknamed by Rostovites “Father Don”.

b) The Don river was being nicknamed by Rostovites “Father Don”.

c) The Don river are being nicknamed by Rostovites “Father Don”.

d) The Don river were being nicknamed by Rostovites “Father Don”.


5. The fortress was replacing the custom-house at that moment.

a) The custom-house was being replaced by the fortress.

b) The custom-house is being replaced by the fortress.

c) The custom-house were being replaced by the fortress.

d) The custom-house are being replaced by the fortress.


B. Подберите правильный перевод предложений:


1. Завтра утром с 9 до 10 мы будем плавать в бассейне.

a) Tomorrow in the morning we shall swimming in the swimming pool.

b) Tomorrow in the morning we swim in the swimming pool.

c) Tomorrow in the morning from 9 till 10 we shall be swimming in the swimming pool.

d) Tomorrow in the morning we were swimming in the swimming pool.


2. Весь месяц в следующем году мы будем посещать эти занятия.

a) All month last year we shall be visiting these classes.

b) All month next year we shall be visiting these classes.

c) All month we are visiting these classes.

d) All month we were visiting those classes.


3. В будущем году они будут выращивать виноград.

a) Next year they will growing grapes.

b) Next year they grow grapes.

c) Next year they shall be growing grapes.

d) Next year they will be growing grapes.


4. В данный момент статья переводится ими при помощи словаря.

a) At this moment the article is being translated by them with the help of the dictionary.

b) At this moment the article was translated by them with the help of the dictionary.

c) At this moment the article is translated with the help of the dictionary.

d) At this moment the article is translated by them.


5. В настоящее время журналы покупаются им в этом киоске.

a) At present the magazines are being bought by him in this news-stall.

b) The magazines are bought by him in this news-stall.

c) At present the magazines are bought by him.

d) At present the magazines are bought in this news-stall.













Выбранный для просмотра документ Документ Microsoft Office Word (2).docx

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Существительные.

Оборот there is/are

Запомните суффиксы существительных:

-er, -or: worker, director, writer, visitor;

-ist: artist, scientist, physicist;

-ion (-ation, -tion, -sion, -ssion): dictation, expression, invitation, creation;

-ment: agreement, development, movement;

-ing: beginning, building, feeling;

-ness: kindness, darkness, happiness;

-ship: friendship, leadership;

-hood: childhood, neighborhood;

- ance, ence: importance, difference;

-age: language, heritage;

-ity: minority, nationality, university;

-ure: agriculture, architecture, pleasure;

-dom: freedom, kingdom.


Запомните, как образуется множественное число существительных:


-s: pens;

-(e)s: bushes;

y-i: sky-skies (boy-boys);

f, fe – ves: wife-wives;

um-a: datum-data;

non-na: phenomenon- phenomena;

is-es: analysis-analyses;

us-i: nucleus- nuclei;

a-ae: formyla-formylae.

man-men sheep

woman-women swine

child-chidren deer

ox-oxen Chinese

tooth-teeth Japanese

foot-feet Swiss

goose-geese trousers

mouse-mice scissors

louse-lice







Запомните, как образуется притяжательный падеж существительных:


Существительное с апострофом отвечает на вопрос: чей? ( если “s” не является сокращенной связкой). Такая форма указывает на принадлежность,

обладание. Апостроф и “s” могут добавляться к существительным, как в единственном числе, так и во множественном числе:

the girl`s book-книга девочки

the girls` book- книга девочек

children`s book- книга детей


Запомните правила использования оборота there is/are:


Данный оборот используется для обозначения нахождения, наличия, существования чего-то, кого-то в определенном месте:


There is + существительное ( в единственном числе)

There are + существительное (во множественном числе)


Если русские предложения начинаются с обстоятельства места (где?)- в английском языке употребляют there is/are. На русский язык этот оборот, как правило, не переводится. Часто этот оборот соответствует русским глаголам: висеть, лежать, стоять:


There is a book on the table. – На столе лежит книга.

There is a picture on the wall. – На стене висит картина.

There is a bookcase in the corner. – В углу стоит книжный шкаф.


Запомните предлоги места:


in – в

on – на

under – под

above, over – над

in front of – перед

behind – за

between – между

among – среди

in the middle of – посередине

near – рядом

at – у, при, около


Запомните слова по темам:


«Классная комната» , «Квартира» :

Window- окно, window sill – подоконник, floor – пол, ceiling – потолок, wall – стена, blackboard – классная доска;


Chalk – мел, duster – тряпка, lamp – лампа, desk – письменный стол, table – стол, chair – стул, bench – скамейка, door – дверь, clock – настенные часы, alarm-clock – будильник, room – комната.


Flat – квартира, kitchen – кухня, bathroom – ванная, shower – душ.


TV-set – телевизор, armchair – кресло, sofa – диван, carpet – ковер, cupboard – посудный шкаф, furniture – мебель, bookcase – книжный шкаф, wardrobe – гардероб(шкаф для одежды), bed – кровать, shelf – полка, stove – печка, fridge – холодильник, washbowl – умывальник, sink – раковина, tap – водопроводный кран, washing-machine – стиральная машина, vacuum-cleaner – пылесос, rug – коврик;


Fork – вилка, spoon – ложка, knife – нож, plate – тарелка, pan – кастрюля, iron – утюг, vase – ваза, jug – кувшин, glass – стакан, cup – чашка, bottle – бутылка;


Tape-recorder – магнитофон, picture – картина, curtains – занавески, flowers – цветы, corner – угол.


Тренировочные упражнения

(трансформация предложений по образцу)


А.Образуйте множественное число:


There is a table in the room.

There are tables in the room.


1. There is a chair near the table. 2. There is a vase on the window sill. 3. There is book in the bookcase. 4. There is an armchair in front of the TV-set. 5. There is a pencil under the table. 6. There is a cup in the cupboard. 7. There is a folk among the spoons. 8. There is a bench near the blackboard. 9. There is a bottle in the cupboard. 10. There is a jug on the table.


В.Образуйте множественное число:


There was a table in the room.

There were tables in the room.


1. There was a chair near the table. 2. There was a vase on the window sill. 3. There was a book in the bookcase. 4. There was an armchair in front of the TV-set. 5. There was a pencil under the table. 6. There was a cup in the cupboard. 7. There was a folk among the spoons. 8. There was a bench near the blackboard. 9. There was a bottle in the cupboard. 10. There was a jug on the table.

C. Образуйте единственное число:


There are plates on the table.

There is a plate on the table.


1. There are taps above the sink. 2. There are forks on the plate. 3. There are pans in the cupboard. 4. There are knives in the table. 5. There are beds in the room. 6. There are shelves on the wall. 7. There are rugs on the floor. 8. There are spoons among the knives. 9. There are lamps on the ceiling. 10. There are desks in the room.


D. Образуйте единственное число:


There were plates on the table.

There was a plate on the table.


1. There were taps above the sink. 2. There were forks on the plate. 3. There were pans in the cupboard. 4. There were knives in the table. 5. There were beds in the room. 6. There were shelves on the wall. 7. There were rugs on the floor. 8. There were spoons among the knives. 9. There were lamps on the ceiling. 10. There were desks in the room.


E. Раскройте скобки:


There (to be) a book on the table. There (to be) books on the table.

There is a book on the table. There are books on the table.


1. There (to be) books on the shelf. 2. There (to be) flowers in the vase. 3. There (to be) a magazine under the table. 4. There (to be) a fridge between the stove and the sink. 5. There (to be) chairs near the window. 6. There (to be) chair around the table. 7. There (to be) a lamp above the table. 8. There (to be) some syllables in the word. 10. There (to be) some children in the room.


F. Раскройте скобки:

There (to be) a book on the table. There (to be) books on the table.

There was a book on the table. There were books on the table.


1. There (to be) books on the shelf. 2. There (to be) flowers in the vase. 3. There (to be) a magazine under the table. 4. There (to be) a fridge between the stove and the sink. 5. There (to be) chairs near the window. 6. There (to be) chairs around the table. 7. There (to be) a lamp above the table. 8. There (to be) some knives in the cupboard. 9. There (to be) a vacuum cleaner in the corner. 10. There (to be) some children in the room.


G. Переведите на английский язык:


На столе – книга. На столе – книги.

There is a book on the table. There are books on the table.


1. На подоконнике – цветы. 2. Посередине комнаты – стол. 3. Около кресла – пылесос. 4. Над раковиной – краны. 5. В комнате – двери. 6. В тексте – несколько абзацев. 7. На кухне – посудный шкаф. 8. На потолке – лампа. 9. В предложении – несколько слов. 10. На кухне – раковина. 11. На окнах – шторы.


H. Переведите на английский язык:


На столе была книга. На столе были книги.

There was a book on the table. There were books on the table.


1. На подоконнике были цветы. 2. Посередине комнаты был стол. 3. Около кресла был пылесос. 4. Над раковиной были полки. 5. В комнате были полки. 6. В тексте было несколько абзацев. 7. На кухне был посудный шкаф. 8. Над столом была лампа. 9. В предложении было несколько слов. 10. На кухне был холодильник. 11. На окнах были шторы.


I. Образуйте притяжательный падеж существительных:


My grandmother, a flat. Pupils, compositions.

My grandmother’s flat. Pupils compositions.


1. My father, a notebook. 2. His uncle, a bookcase. 3. Her grandfather, a picture. 4. My friend, a tape-recorder. 5. The boy, a dictionary. 6. The students, compositions. 7. The pupil, compositions. 8. Their parents, a flat. 9. My grandparents, room. 10. Our relatives, a fridge.




J. Переведите на английский язык:



Комната моего папы (папина комната).

My fathers room.



1. Квартира моей бабушки. 2. Сочинение его брата. 3. Мамина чашка. 4. Стиральная машина моей тети. 5. Квартира писателя. 6. Магнитофон ее брата. 7. Ваза нашей бабушки. 8. Девочкин словарь. 9. Папина газета. 10. Статья преподавателя.



Обучающие тесты с ответами.



A. Образуйте множественное число, выбрав правильный ответ:



1. There is a folk on the plate.

a) There are a folks on the plate.

b) There is folks on the plate.

c) There are folks on the plate.

d) There are folk on the plate.



2. There is a child in the room.

a) There are children in the room.

b) There are childs in the room.

c) There are childrens in the room.

d) There is children in the room.



3. There is a book behind the bookcase.

a) There is books behind the bookcase.

b) There are some books behind the bookcase.

c) There are some book behind the bookcase.

d) There is a book behind the bookcase.



4. There is a mouse in the wardrobe.

a) There are mouses in the wardrobe.

b) There are mice in the wardrobe.

c) There are a mice in the wardrobe.

d) There is mice in the wardrobe.



5. There is a woman in the kitchen.

a) There is women in the kitchen.

b) There are women in the kitchen.

c) There are womans in the kitchen.

d) There is a woman in the kitchen.



Ответы:

1-с

2-a

3-b

4-b

5-b



B. Образуйте единственное число, выбрав правильный ответ:

1. There are some chairs around the table.

a) There is a chair around the table.

b) There is a chair near the table.

c) There is chair near the table.

d) There is chair around the table.



2. There are fridges in the middle of the kitchen.

a) There is fridges in the middle of the kitchen.

b) There are fridge in the middle of the kitchen.

c) There is a fridge in the middle of the kitchen.

d) There is fridge in the middle of the kitchen.



3. There are taps above the wash-bowl.

a) There a tap above the wash-bowl.

b) There is a tap above the wash-bowl.

c) There are a tap above the wash-bowl.

d) There is tap above the wash-bowl.



4. There are some formulae on the blackboard.

a) There is formula on the blackboard.

b) There is a formulae on the blackboard.

c) There is a formula on the blackboard.

d) There a formula on the blackboard.



5. There are men in the room.

a) There is men in the room.

b) There is a man in the room.

c) There are a man in the room.

d) There a man in the room.



Ответы:

1-b

2-c

3-b

4-c

5-b



C. Раскройте скобки, выбрав необходимую форму глагола:



1. There (to be) a vacuum-cleaner in the middle of the room.

a) has b) was c) were d) are



2. There (to be) beds in the bedroom.

a) are b) was c) is d) have



3. There (to be) mice on the floor.

a) is b) were c) was d) am



4. The sisters’ bookcase (to be) behind the curtains.

a) is b) were c) are d) has



5. My mother’s bag (to be) on the shelf.

a) have b) has c) was d) are



Ответы:

1-b

2-a

3-b

4-a

5-c



D. Подберите правильный перевод предложений:



1. В углу стоит кресло.

a) There is an armchair in the room.

b) There is armchair in the corner.

c) There is an armchair in the corner.

d) In the corner is an armchair.



2. На стенекартина.

a) There is a picture on the wall.

b) There is an picture on the wall.

c) On the wall is a picture.

d) There was a picture on the wall.



3. На полуковер.

a) There was a carpet on the floor.

b) There is a carpet on the floor.

c) There is a carpet in the room.

d) There are carpets on the floor.



4. Креслоперед телевизором.

a) In front of the TV-set is an armchair.

b) There is a armchair in front of the TV-set.

c) There is an armchair in front of the TV-set.

d) An armchair is in front of the TV-set.



5. Сочинениев тетради.

a) A composition is in the notebook.

b) There is a composition on the notebook.

c) There was a composition on the notebook.

d) A composition was in the notebook.



Ответы:

1-c

2-a

3-b

4-d

5-a



E. Подберите правильный перевод словосочетаний:



1. Мамина комната.

a) the mother’s room;

b) the mothers’ room;

c) the mothers rooms.



2. Сочинение ее сестры.

a) her sister’s composition;

b) her sisters’ composition;

c) her sisters’ compositions.



3. Журнал их двоюродного брата.

a) the cousin’s magazine;

b) their cousin’s magazine;

c) their cousins magazines.



4. Тарелки моих родителей.

a) my parents’ plates;

b) her parents’ plates;

c) his parents’ plates.



5. Дедушкина мебель.

a) the grandfather’s furniture;

b) the grandfathers’ furniture;

c) her grandfather’s furniture.



Ответы:

1-a

2-a

3-b

4-a

5-a



Тесты для самопроверки



A. Образуйте множественное число, выбрав правильный ответ:



1. There is a goose in the kitchen.

a) There a geese in the kitchen.

b) There are gooses in the kitchen.

c) There are geese in the kitchen.

d) There were geese in the kitchen.



2. There is a shelf on the wall.

a) There are shelfs on the wall.

b) There were shelves on the wall.

c) There are shelves on the wall.

d) There was a shelf on the wall.



3. There is a boy in the room.

a) There was a boy in the room.

b) There were boys in the room.

c) There are boies in the room.

d) There are boys in the room.

4. There was a flower in the vase.

a) There were flowers in the vase.

b) There are flowers in the vase.

c) There is a flower in the vase.

d) There are a flower in the vase.



5. There was a window in the room.

a) There is a window in the room.

b) There were windows in the room.

c) There are windows in the room.

d) There are window in the room.



B. Образуйте единственное число, выбрав правильный ответ:



1. There were magazines under the table.

a) There is a magazine under the table.

b) There was magazine under the table.

c) There was a magazine under the table.

d) There is magazine under the table.



2. There are teachers in the room.

a) There were teachers in the room.

b) There was a teacher in the room.

c) There is a teacher in the room.

d) There is an teacher in the room.



3. There are some words in this sentence.

a) There were some words in this sentence.

b) There is a word in this sentence.

c) There was a word in this sentence.

d) There is a word in that sentence.



4. There were some titles above the text.

a) There was a title above the text.

b) There are titles above the text.

c) There is a title above the text.

d) There is title above the text.



5. There are cassettes near the tape-recorder.

a) There is a cassette near the tape-recorder.

b) There was a cassette near the tape-recorder.

c) There is cassette near the tape-recorder.

d) There is a cassette on the tape-recorder.



C. Раскройте скобки, выбрав необходимую форму глагола:



1. There (to be) paragraphs in the text.

a) is b) was c) have d) are



2. There (to be) pupils in the room.

a) are b) was c) have d) is



3. Me brother’s book (to be) in this bookcase.

a) was b) are c) were d) has



4. There (to be) a ruler behind the wardrobe.

a) be b) is c) were d) are



5. His daughter’s bag (to be) on the shelf.

a) was b) are c) be d) were



D. Подберите правильный перевод предложений:



1. Мамино кресло стоит в углу.

a) There is an armchair in the corner.

b) The mother’s armchair is in the corner.

c) The mother’s armchair in the corner.

d) There was the mother’s armchair in the corner.



2. Вазана подоконнике.

a) There was a vase on the window sill.

b) There is a vase on the window sill.

c) The vase is on the window sill.

d) The vase was on the window sill.



3. Словарьв книжном шкафу.

a) The dictionary was in the bookcase.

b) The dictionary is in the bookcase.

c) There is a dictionary in the bookcase.

d) There was a dictionary in the bookcase.



4. В посудном шкафу – тарелки и кастрюли.

a) There are plates and pans in the cupboard.

b) There were plates and pans in the cupboard.

c) There is plates and pans in the cupboard.

d) There was plates and pans in the cupboard.



5. В текстенесколько абзацев.

a) There were some paragraphs in the text.

b) There are some paragraphs in the text.

c) Some paragraphs in the text are in the text.

d) Some paragraphs in the text.



E. Подберите правильный перевод словосочетаний:



1. Бабушкин холодильник.

a) the grandfather’s fridge;

b) the grandmother’s fridge;

c) the grandmothers fridges.



2. Картина моего двоюродного брата.

a) my cousins’ picture;

b) mine cousin’s picture;

c) my cousin’s picture.

3. Оценки моей сестры.

a) mine sister’s marks;

b) my sister’s marks;

c) my sister’s mark.



4. Статья ее отца.

a) her fathers’ article;

b) her father’s article;

c) her father’s articles.



5. Диски его друга.

a) her friends’ discs;

b) her friend’s disc;

c) her friend’s discs.










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ПРИЛАГАТЕЛЬНЫЕ И НАРЕЧИЯ.

ЧИСЛИТЕЛЬНЫЕ

Запомните суффиксы и префиксы прилагательных:

-able: comfortable, changeable;

-al ( ical ) : cultural, central, historical, industrial;

-ful: beautiful, careful, useful, joyful, peaceful;

-less: hopeless, useless, helpless, fearless, homeless;

-ous: famous, glorious, dangerous, courageous;

-y: cloudy, frosty, sunny, rainy, windy, healthy;

-ent (ant) : different, abundant;

-ic : economic, climatic, historic;

-an: European, Russian, American;

-ive: legislative, executive;

-un: unhappy, unknown, unpleasant, unusual;

-in: indirect, incapable;

-im: impossible;

-il: illegal;

-ir: irregular

Запомните суффикс наречия:

-ly: quickly

Запомните, как образуются степени сравнения прилагательных и наречий:

high-higher-(the) highest

big-bigger-(the) biggest

dangerous-more dangerous-(the most) dangerous

good-better-(the) best

bad-worse-(the) worst

little-less-(the) least

many/mach-more-(the) most

than-чем

asas …, soas … - как…, так и … ; так же …, как и … , такой же …, как и …

the more … the better … - чем больше … , тем лучше


Запомните следующие числительные:


1- one 11- eleven

2- two 12-twelve

3- three 13-thirteen

4- four 14- fourteen

5- five 15- fifteen

6- six 16- sixteen

7- seven 17- seventeen

8- eight 18- eighteen

9-nine 19- nineteen

10- ten 20- twenty

30- thirty

40- forty first-первый

50- fifty second- второй

60- sixty third- третий

70- seventy fourth- четвертый

80- eighty fifth- пятый

90- ninety thirteenth-13-ый

100- hundred fifteeth- 50-ый

1000- thousand eighteeth- 80-ый


Запомните следующие прилагательные:


White - белый, black - черный, yellow - желтый, green - зеленый, orange – оранжевый, red – красный, blue – голубой, violet – фиолетовый, brown – коричневый, grey – серый, pink – розовый, silver – серебряный, golden – золотой;


small – маленький, big – большой, large – большой, tall – высокий (о человеке), high – высокий, short – короткий, quick – быстрый, fast – быстрый, slow – медленный, loud – громкий, low – низкий, wide – широкий, narrow – узкий, long – длинный, square – квадратный;


bright – яркий, light – светлый, легкий, dark – темный;

easy – легкий, heavy – тяжелый, difficult – трудный;

old – старый, young – молодой, new – новый;

clean – чистый, dirty – грязный;

cheap – дешевый, expensive – дорогой;


busy – занятый, quiet – тихий;

thick – толстый, thin – тонкий;

warm – теплый, hot – жаркий, горячий, cold – холодный;

beautiful – красивый, necessary – необходимый, different – разный, clever – умный, intelligent – умный, brave – храбрый, perfect – идеальный, безупречный;

sad – печальный, fine – замечательный, simple – простой, busy – занятый, happy – счастливый, kind – добрый.


Тренировочные предложения

(трансформация слова и предложения по образцу)


A. Образуйте степени сравнения прилагательных:


Long – longer(the) longest


1. Small. 2. Tall. 3. Cheap. 4. Short. 5. Quick. 6. Fast. 7. Slow. 8. Loud. 9. Low. 10. Dark.


B. Образуйте степени сравнения прилагательных:


Bigbigger (the) biggest


1. Hot. 2. Sad.


C. Образуйте степени сравнения прилагательных:


Large – larger (the) largest


1. Brave. 2. Wide. 3. Fine. 4. Simple.


D. Образуйте степени сравнения прилагательных:


Happy – happier (the) happiest


1. Busy. 2. Dirty. 3. Easy. 4. Heavy.


E. Образуйте степени сравнения прилагательных:


Interesting – more interesting – (the) most interesting


1. Difficult. 2. Expensive. 3. Necessary. 4. Beautiful.


F. Образуйте степени сравнения наречий:


Quickly – more quickly – most quickly


1. Slowly. 2. Beautifully. 3. Kindly. 4. Perfectly.


G. Раскройте скобки:


This pencil is (long) than that one. This book is (interesting) than that one.

This pencil is longer than that one. This book is more interesting than that one.


1. This bag is (heavy) than that one. 2. This book is (expensive) than that one. 3. This dictionary is (thick) than that one. 4. This pencil is (short) than that one. 5. This flower is (beautiful) than that one. 6. This bench is (high) than that one. 7. This room is (big) than that one. 8. This woman is (young) than that one. 9. This washing-machine is (cheap) than that one. 10. This boy is (tall) than that one.


H. Раскройте скобки:


This pencil is (long) one. This book is (interesting) one.

This pencil is the longest one. This book is the most interesting one.


1. This bag is (heavy) one. 2. This book is (expensive) one. 3. This

dictionary is (thick) one. 4. This pencil is (short) one. 5. This flower is

(beautiful) one. 6. This bench is (high) one. 7. This room is (big) one.

8. This woman is (young) one. 9. This washing-machine is (cheap) one.

10. This boy is (tall) one.



I. Переведите на английский язык:

Это окно шире, чем то.

This window is wider than that one.


1. Эта квартира больше, чем та. 2. Эта лампа более яркая, чем та. 3. Этот стул выше, чем тот. 4. Этот ковер толще, чем тот. 5. Этот книжный шкаф красивее, чем тот. 6. Этот коврик меньше, чем тот. 7. Этот мальчик выше, чем тот. 8. Эта женщина моложе, чем та. 9. Эта сумка тяжелее, чем та. 10. Этот телевизор дороже, чем тот.


J. переведите на английский язык:


Это окно самое широкое.

This window is the widest one.


1. Эта квартира самая большая. 2. Эта лампа самая яркая. 3. Этот стул самый высокий. 4. Этот ковер самый толстый. 5. Этот книжный шкаф самый красивый. 6. Этот коврик самый маленький. 7. Этот мальчик самый высокий. 8. Эта женщина самая молодая. 9. Эта сумка самая тяжелая. 10. Этот телевизор самый дорогой.


Обучающие тесты с ответами


А. Образуйте степени сравнения прилагательных, выбрав правильный ответ:


1. cheap

a) cheap-cheaper-(the) cheapest;

b) cheap-more cheap-(the) most cheap;

c) cheap-more cheaper-(the) cheapest;

d) cheap-cheaper-(the) most cheap;


2. hot

a) hot- hoter-(the) hotest;

b) hot-more hot-(the) most hot;

c) hot-hotter-(the) hottest;

d) hot-more hot-(the) hottes.



3. difficult

a) difficult-more difficult-(the) most difficult;

b) difficult-difficulter-(the) difficultest;

c) difficult-difficulter-(the) most difficult.


4. busy

a) busy-more busier-(the) most busiest;

b) busy-busier-(the) most busy;

c) busy-more busy-(the) most busy;

d) busy-busier-(the) busiest.


5. brave

a) brave-more brave-(the) most brave;

b) brave-braver-(the) bravest;

c) brave-braver-(the) most bravest.


Ответы:

1-a

2-c

3-a

4-d

5-b


В.Раскройте скобки, выбрав правильный ответ:


1. This boy is (tall) than my brother.

a) This boy is more taller than my brother.

b) This boy is the most tall than my brother.

c) This boy is taller than my brother.

d) This boy is more tall than my brother.


2. This table is (big) in this room.

a) This table is the biggest one in this room.

b) This table is bigger in this room.

c) This table is the most big in this room.

d) This table the biggest one in the room.


3. This sofa is (wide) than ours.

a) This sofa is the widest than ours.

b) This sofa is more wide than ours.

c) This sofa is wider than ours.

d) This sofa is the most wide than ours.


4. That tape-recorder is (cheap) than mine.

a) That tape-recorder is cheapest than mine.

b) That tape-recorder is more cheaper than mine.

c) That tape-recorder is cheaper than mine.

d) That tape-recorder is the most cheap than mine.


5. This vase is (beautiful) one.

a) This vase is he most beautiful one.

b) This vase is beautifuler one.

c) This vase is most beautiful one.


Ответы:

1-c

2-a

3-c

4-c

5-a

C. Подберите правильный перевод предложений:


1. Его сумка тяжелее, чем ее.

a) His bag is more heavier than hers.

b) His bag is heavier than hers.

c) His bag is more heavy than hers.

d) His bag is the heaviest than hers.


2. Этот мальчик более храбрый, чем тот.

a) This boy is braver than that one.

b) This boy is the bravest than that one.

c) This boy is more braver than that one.

d) This boy is more brave than that one.


3. Моя комната самая светлая.

a) My room is the most light one.

b) My room is the lightest one.

c) My room is lighter.

d) My room is the most light one.


4. Этот словарь самый дорогой.

a) This dictionary is the most expensive one.

b) This dictionary is more expensive.

c) This dictionary is the more expensive.

d) This dictionary is the expensivest one.


5. Твое сочинение самое короткое.

a) Your composition is the shortest one.

b) Your composition is shorter.

c) Your composition is the most shortest one.

d) Your composition is more short.


Ответы:

1-b

2-a

3-b

4-a

5-a





Тесты для самопроверки


A. Образуйте степень сравнения прилагательных, выбрав правильный ответ:


1. sad

a) sadsadder – (the) most sad;

b) sadsadder – (the) saddest;

c) sad – more sad – (the) most sad;

d) sad – more sad – (the) saddest;


2. fine

a) fine – more fine – (the) finest;

b) fine – finer – (the) fineest;

c) fine – finer – (the) finest;

d) fine – more fine – (the) most finest;


3. old

a) old – older – (the) oldest;

b) old – more older – (the) oldest;

c) old – older – (the) most oldest;

d) old – more older – (the) most oldest;


4. young

a) young – more younger – (the) most youngest;

b) young – younger – (the) most youngest;

c) young – more younger – (the) youngest;

d) young – younger – (the) youngest;


5. bad

a) bad – more bad – (the) most bad;

b) bad – better – (the) most bad;

c) bad – worse – (the) worst;

d) bad – more bad – (the) best.


В. Раскройте скобки, выбрав правильный ответ:


1. This flat is (small) than ours

a) This flat is the smallest than ours.

b) this flat is smaller than ours.

c) This flat is more small than ours.

d) This flat is more smaller than ours.

2. This text is (difficult) than that on

a) This text is more difficulter than that one

b) This text is difficulter than that one

c) This text is most difficult than that one

d) This text is more difficult than that one

3. This duster is (dirty) than that one

a) This duster is dirtier than that one.

b) This duster is most dirty than that one.

c) This duster is the most dirty than that one.

d) This duster is more dirtier than that one.

4. This article is (necessary) one.

a) This article is the most necessary one.

b) This article is the more necessary.

c) This article is most necessary one.

d) This article is necessary one.

5. This magazine is (good) one.

a) This magazine is gooder one.

b) This magazine is more best one.

c) This magazine is the most best one.

d) This magazine is the best one.

С. Подберите правильный перевод предложений:

1. Твоя комната холоднее, чем моя.

a) Your room is colder than my.

b) Your room is colder than mine.

c) Your room is more colder than my.

d) Your room is more colder than mine.

2. Бабушкина квартира дороже, чем наша.

a) The grandmother’s flat is more expensive than ours.

b) The grandmother’s flat is more expensive than ours.

c) The grandmother’s flat is most expensive than ours.

d) The grandmother’s flat is the most expensive than ours


3. Сочинение моего друга длиннее, чем мое.

a) My friend composition is longer than mine.

b) My friend’s composition is longer than mine.

c) My friends’ composition is longer than mine.

d) My friend composition is more longer than mine.

4. Его сумка такая же тяжелая, как и ее.

a) His bag is as her.

b) His bag is as heavy as hers.

c) His bag is as most heavy as her.

d) His bag is as heavier as hers.

5. Его статья лучше, чем твоя.

a) His article is gooder than yours.

b) His article is best than yours.

c) His article is better than yours.

d) His article is the best than.









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ВРЕМЕННЫЕ ФОРМЫ ГЛАГОЛОВ ГРУППЫ

INDEFINITE (SIMPLE) ACTIVE

Запомните, как образуются времена группы Indefinite (Simple) Active:

Present

Past

Future

1. You work

He works



2. You don’t work

Does he work?



3. Do you work?

Does he work?

1. You worked

They wrote


2. You didn’t work

They didn’t write


3. Did you work?
Did they write?

1. I shall work
He will work

2. I shall not work
(shan’t work)
He will not work
(won’t work)

3. Shall I work?
Will he work?

Usually-обычно
often-
часто
seldom-
редко
rarely-
редко
always -
всегда
as a rule-
как правило
every day –
каждый день
sometimes-
иногда

Ago-тому назад
last week-на прошлой неделе
last year(month, century)-в прошлом году(месяце, веке)

Yesterday-вчера

Tomorrow-завтра
in a week-через неделю
next week-на следующей неделе



Запомни слова по темам:

«Дни недели», «Время и времена года»
Sunday-воскресенье, Monday- понедельник, Tuesday- вторник, Wednesday-среда, Thursday-четверг, Friday-пятница, Saturday-суббота;

winter-зима, spring-весна, summer-лето, autumn- осень, fall-осень;

in the morning- утро, in the afternoon-днём, in the evening-вечером, at night-ночью;
today-сегодня, tomorrow-завтра, yesterday- вчера;

week-неделя, year-год, month-месяц, century-век.


Запомните, как правильно сказать:



5,2 – five point two

1998 – nineteen ninety eight

at 5 oclock – в пять часов

10 minutes to 5 – без 10 минут 5

6 minutes past 3 – 6 минут четвертого

half past 2 – половина третьего

a quarter to 8 – без четверти 8



Тренировочные упражнения



А. Преобразуйте предложения в соответствии с образцом:



As a rule, my mother knits sweaters.

Yesterday my mother knit a sweater.



1. My friend usually reads books. 2. Sometimes he meets her near the school. 3. She cleans windows every mouth. 4. My father always buys magazines in this news-stall. 5. As a rule, he translates texts very well.



B. Преобразуйте предложения в соответствии с образцом:



As a rule, my father reads newspapers.

Tomorrow my father will read newspapers.



1. He often spends much time in the garden. 2. She seldom writes letters. 3. My brother often gets good marks. 4. He always brings textbooks. 5. Every week he swims in the swimming pool.



C. Преобразуйте предложения в соответствии с образцом:



Some years ago they built a house.

In a year they will build a house.



1. They learnt the words yesterday. 2. They left this town many years ago. 3. A week ago my relatives lost their dog. 4. Last Sunday my friends spent much time in the swimming pool. 5. My grandparents bought a vacuum-cleaner last month.



D. Преобразуйте предложения в соответствии с образцом:



A week ago I (we) sent that letter.

Tomorrow I (we) shall send that letter.



1. Yesterday we met him at the station. 2. Two days ago I read this article. 3. Last year we left that city. 4. Last month we bought a fridge. 5. I saw him long ago.



E. Раскройте скобки:



In two days we (to buy) a TV set. In two days they (to buy) a TV set.

In two days we shall buy a TV set. In two days they will buy a TV set.



1. In a year my friends (to leave) our city. 2. Next summer they (to swim) in this river. 3. Next Thursday I (to bring) that disc. 4. Tomorrow we (to find) that lane. 5. Next year my parents (to buy) a computer.



F. Раскройте скобки:



He often (to see) her. They often (to see) her.

He often sees her. They often see her.



1. Sometimes my father (to buy) magazines in this news-stall. 2. The students usually (to answer) the questions very well. 3. Her daughter rarely (to help) her. 4. Every day they (to watch) TV. 5. As a rule, his grandfather (to read) newspapers in the evening.



G. Раскройте скобки:



Yesterday they (to write) a composition. They often (to write) compositions.

Yesterday they wrote a composition. They often write compositions.



1. An hour ago they (to sing) songs. 2. Last month he (to buy) this rare book. 3. Yesterday she (to find) this book in the bookshop. 4. As a rule, my grandparents (to spend) their time in this green park. 5. The students usually (to learn) English.



H. Раскройте скобки:



They (to watch) TV yesterday. They (to see) this film yesterday.

They watched TV yesterday. They saw this film yesterday.



1. Last year the students (to study) many subjects. 2. Last year she (to teach) many subjects. 3. Yesterday my mother (to wash) windows. 4. Yesterday his brother (to write) a composition. 5. A week ago we (to catch) a mouse.



I. Переведите на английский язык:



Они обычно получают письма. Вчера они получили письмо.

They usually get letters. Yesterday they got a letter.



1. Как правило, они работают в офисе. 2. Они всегда гуляют в этом парке. 3. Вчера мои родители купили картину. 4. На прошлой неделе мы плавали в бассейне. 5. Они часто продают книги.



J. Переведите на английский язык:



Он всегда покупает диски. Они всегда покупают диски.

He always buys discs. They always buy discs.



1. Его сын всегда получает хорошие оценки. 2. Они всегда работают в саду. 3. Мои дедушка и бабушка часто покупают газеты. 4. Наш преподаватель обычно задает много вопросов. 5. Эта девочка редко помогает мне.



Обучающие тесты с ответами



A. Раскройте скобки, выбрав правильный ответ:

1. He always (to put) books on the shelf.

a) He always put books on the shelf.

b) He always puts books on the shelf.

c) Ht always putted books on the shelf.

d) He shall always put books on the shelf.



2. Last month they (to buy) that dictionary.

a) Last month they buy that dictionary.

b) Last month they buys that dictionary.

c) Last month they bought that dictionary.

d) Last month they buyed that dictionary.



3. In a week my parents (to leave) this office.

a) In a week my parents left this office.

b) In a week my parents shall leave this office.

c) In a week my parents will leave this office.

d) In a week my parents leave this office.



4. Tomorrow my sister (to learn) the words.

a) Tomorrow my sister learns the words.

b) Tomorrow my sister learn the words.

c) Tomorrow my sister shall learn the words.

d) Tomorrow my sister will learn the words.



5. Some years ago my grandfather (to play) football very well.

a) Some years ago my grandfather play football very well.

b) Some years ago my grandfather played football very well.

c) Some years ago my grandfather plays football very well.

d) Some years ago my grandfather will play football very well.



Ответы:

1-b

2-c

3-c

4-d

5-b



B. Подберите правильный перевод предложений:



1. Вчера мы плавали в бассейне.

a) Yesterday we shall swim in the swimming pool.

b) Yesterday we swam in the swimming pool.

c) Yesterday we will swim in the swimming pool.

d) Yesterday we swim in the swimming pool.



2. Завтра мы будем писать сочинение.

a) Tomorrow we shall write a composition.

b) Tomorrow we will write a composition.

c) Tomorrow we writes a composition.

d) Tomorrow we write a composition.



3. Как правило, мой дедушка покупает газеты в этом газетном киоске.

a) As a rule, my grandfather buys newspapers in this news-stall.

b) As a rule, my grandfather buy newspapers in this news-stall.

c) As a rule, my grandfather shall buy newspapers in this news-stall.

d) As a rule, my grandfathers buys newspapers in this news-stall.



4. Через неделю они принесут те кассеты.

a) In a week they bring those cassettes.

b) In a week they shall bring those cassettes.

c) In a week they will bring those cassettes.

d) In a week they brings those cassettes.



5. Я читал эту книгу в прошлом году.

a) Last year I readed this book.

b) Last year I will read this book.

c) Last year I shall read this book.

d) Last year I read this book.



Ответы:

1-b

2-a

3-a

4-c

5-d



Тесты для самопроверки



A. Раскройте скобки, выбрав правильный ответ:



1. Two years ago my father (to work) at that joint venture.

a) Two years ago my father work at that joint venture.

b) Two years ago my father works at that joint venture.

c) Two years ago my father worked at that joint venture.

d) Two years ago my father will work at that joint venture.



2. Next year we (to build) a house.

a) Next year we shall build a house.

b) Next year we build a house.

c) Next year we built a house.

d) Next year we will build a house.



3. He seldom (to write) letters.

a) He seldom write letters.

b) He seldom writes letters.

c) He seldom writed letters.

d) He seldom shall write letters.



4. In four days he (to take) these books in the library.

a) In four days he will take these books in the library.

b) In four days he shall take these books in the library.

c) In four days he take these books in the library.

d) In four days he taked these books in the library.



5. Last Thursday I (to spend) much time in the park.

a) Last Thursday I spend much time in the park.

b) Last Thursday I will spend much time in the park.

c) Last Thursday I spent much time in the park.

d) Last Thursday I shall spend much time in the park.



B. Подберите правильный перевод предложений:



1. Вчера он положил этот журнал в книжный шкаф.

a) Yesterday he put this magazine into the bookcase.

b) Yesterday he putted this magazine into the bookcase.

c) Yesterday he will put this magazine into the bookcase.

d) Yesterday he puts this magazine into the bookcase.



2. Три дня назад мы получили письмо.

a) Three days ago we get the letter.

b) Three days ago we got the letter.

c) Three days ago we will get the letter.

d) Three days ago we shall get the letter.



3. Через месяц они покинут наш город.

a) In a month they leaves our city.

b) In a month they left our city.

c) In a month they will leave our city.

d) In a month they shall leave our city.



4. Каждый день он помогает своей маме.

a) Every day he will helped his mother.

b) Every day he shall help his mother.

c) Every day he help his mother.

d) Every day he helps his mother.



5. В прошлое воскресенье я потерял тот диск.

a) Last Sunday I lost that disc.

b) Last Sunday I left that disc.

c) Last Sunday I lose that disc.

d) Last Sunday I losed that disc.




Выбранный для просмотра документ Документ Microsoft Office Word.docx

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Местоимения. Спряжение глаголов BE,HAVE,DO.



Чей?


Кто?

Кого?Кому?Кем?

О ком?

С существительным

Без существительного

Себя, себе,

Сам (а,о,и)

-ся,-сь

I

me

my

mine

myself

he

him

his

his

himself

she

her

her

hers

herself

it

it

its

its

itself

We

us

our

ours

ourselves

you

you

your

yours

yourself

they

them

their

theirs

themselves



This(этот)-these(эти),that(тот)-those(те),some,any-несколько


to be

to have

to do

I

am

was

have

had

do

did

he





is





was





has





had





does





did

she

it

we





are





were





have





had





do





did

you

they





Запомните слова по темам:

«Семья»:

Boy - мальчик, girl - девочка, man - мужчина, women – женщина, son - сын, daughter - дочь, brother - брат, sister - сестра, cousin - двоюродный брат или сестра, father - отец, mother - мать, grandfather - дедушка, grandmother - бабушка, husband - муж, wife - жена, friend - друг, parents - родители, relatives - родственники, people - люди, uncle - дядя, aunt - тётя.

«Профессия»:

student – студент, pupil – ученик, workerрабочий, employeeслужащий, engineerинженер, teacherучитель, doctorдоктор, physicianврач, scientistученый, dentistзубной врач, actorактер, actressактриса, artistхудожник, musicianмузыкант, writerписатель, lawyerюрист, businessmanбизнесмен, managerменеджер, driverводитель, journalist - журналист, tailorпортной, fitterслесарь, carpenterплотник, pensionerпенсионер.

«Школа»:

schoolшкола, lyceeлицей, collegeколледж, quizпроверочная работа, testпроверочная работа, тест, credit-testзачет, markоценка, examэкзамен, classesзанятия, lessonурок, bookкнига, novelроман, textbookучебник, notebookблокнот, тетрадь, bagсумка, magazineжурнал, journalнаучный журнал, newspaperгазета, dictionaryсловарь, compositionсочинение, storyрассказ, articleстатья;

titleназвание, passage – отрывок, extract – отрывок, paragraph – абзац, sentence – предложение, phrase – словосочетание, word – слово, syllable – слог, letter – буква, письмо, sound – звук;

pin – булавка, clip – кнопка, pen – ручка, pencil – карандаш, eraser – резинка, ластик, ruler – линейка, task – задание, cassette – кассета, disc – диск.







Тренировочные упражнения

(трансформация предложения по образцу)

  1. Замените местоимениями:

My father is a teacher. My mother is a teacher. My parents are teachers.

He is a teacher. She is a teacher. They are teachers.

  1. Your sister is a journalist. 2. His brother is a driver. 3. His mother and father are doctors. 4. Her grandfather is a scientist. 5. Their grandparents are pensioners. 6. My mother is a dentist. 7. Our parents are artists. 8. Your cousin is a student. 9. Her grandmother is a pensioner. 10. Your brother is a manager. 11. My cousin is a lawyer.

  1. Раскройте скобки:

I (to be) a student. He (to be) a student. She (to be) a student.

I am a student. He is a student. She is a student.

We (to be) students. You (to be) students. They (to be) students.

We are students. You are students. They are students.

  1. I (to be) a pupil. 2. He (to be) a worker. 3. He (to be) an employee. 4. They (to be) teachers. 5. We (to be) journalist. 6. You (to be) fitters. 7. They (to be) engineers. 8. She (to be) an actress. 9. I (to be) a doctor. 10. We (to be) scientist.

  1. Образуйте множественное число:

He is a student. She is a student. I am a student.

They are students. They are students. We are students.

  1. I am a pupil. 2. She is a manager. 3. He is a businessman. 4. He is a fitter. 5. She is a physicist. 6. I am a musician. 7. She is an actress. 8. I am an artist. 9. He is a carpenter. 10. She is a teacher.

  1. Образуйте множественное число:

This is a book. That is a book.

These are books. Those are books.

  1. This is a notebook. 2. This is a clip. 3. That is a pen. 4. This is an article. 5. That is a ruler. 6. This is a composition. 7. That is a pin. 8. This is a journal. 9. That is a disc. 10. This is a cassette.

  1. Замените абсолютной формой местоимения:

This is my book. This is her book. This is his book.

This is mine. This is hers. This is his.



This is your book. This is our book. This is their book.

This is yours. This is ours. This is theirs.



  1. This is me pen. 2. This is her pencil. 3. This is your dictionary. 4. This is our magazine. 5. This is his newspaper. 6. This is their journal. 7. This is my disc. 8. This is her cassette. 9. This is your composition. 10. This is our ruler.

  1. Переведите на английский язык:

Он учитель. Он был учителем. Они были учителями.

He is a teacher. He was a teacher. They were teachers.



1.Он врач. 2.Его жена-учитель. 3.Их сын-бизнесмен. 4.Их дочь-студентка. 5.Мой папа-юрист. 6.Его брат был музыкантом. 7.Они были музыкантами. 8.Он был студентом. 9.Мои бабушка и дедушка - пенсионеры. 10.Мы были студентами.

  1. Раскройте скобки:

I (to have) a book . He (to have) a book. She (to have) a book.

I have a book. He has a book. She has a book.

We (to have) a book. You (to have) a book. They (to have) a book.

We have a book. You have a book. They have a book.


1.I (to have) a disc.2. You (to have) a cassette. 3.They (to have) a newspaper.

4.We (to have) a magazine. 5.He ( to have) a notebook. 6.She (to have) an

eraser. 7.She (to have) a ruler. 8.I (to have) a clip. 9. You (to have) a

composition. 10.He (to have) an article.

H. Раскройте скобки:

My sister (to have) a book. Our students (to have) books.

My sister have a book. Our students have books.


1.His cousin (to have) a composition. 2.Your pupils ( to have) rulers. 3.Our

parents (to have) magazines. 4.Her mother (to have) journals. 5. My teacher (to have) pencils. 6.My grandparents (to have) newspapers. 7. Their parents (to have) notebooks. 8. My pupils (to have) compositions. 9. Our students (to have) marks. 10. Our sister (to have) discs.


I. Переведите на русский язык:

У меня есть книга. У нас есть книга. У них есть книга.
I have a book. We have a book. They have a book.


У него есть книга. У нее есть книга. У вас есть книга.

He has a book. She has a book. You have a book.


1. У меня есть сочинение. 2. У них есть журналы. 3. У нее есть линейка. 4. У нас есть газеты. 5. У него есть диски. 6. У них есть кассеты. 7. У вас есть карандаши. 8. У меня есть словарь. 9. У нас есть кнопки. 10. У них есть книги.


J.Переведите на русский язык:

У меня была эта книга. У них были эти книги.

I had this book. They had there books.


1. У меня был этот диск. 2. У них были эти кассеты. 3. У нее была эта линейка. 4. У него был этот журнал. 5. У вас были эти сочинения. 6. У нас были эти газеты. 7. У нее был этот блокнот. 8. У него был этот карандаш. 9. У них были эти ручки. 10. У меня были эти булавки.


Обучающие тесты с ответами


А.Замените местоимениями выделенные жирным шрифтом слова:


1. His daughter is a journalist.

a) She b) Her c) He d) His

2. Their son is a businessman.

a) His b) They c) He d) Their

3. Her parents are doctors.

a) She b) They c) Their d) Her

4. My friends are students.

a) They b) Me c) Theirs d) My

5. Your father is an engineer.

a) He b) She c) You d) Your


Ответы:

1-a

2-c

3-b

4-a

5-a


В. Раскройте скобки, выбрав необходимую форму глагола:


1. His son (to be) a businessman.

a) is b) are c) am d) to be

2. Their parents (to be) pensioners.

a) to be b) are c) is d) am

3. Our cousin (to be) an actress.

a) am b) to be c) are d) is

4. My mother (to be) an employee.

a) is b) are c) am d) to be

5. Your teacher (to be) a musician.

a) are b) am c) is d) to be


Ответы:

1-a

2-b

3-d

4-a

5-c

C. Образуйте множественно число, выбрав правильный вариант:

  1. The girl is a student.

a) The girl are students.

b) The girls is students.

c) The girls are students.

d) The girl are a student.

  1. I am a lawyer.

a) We are lawyers.

b) We am lawyers.

c) I am not a lawyer.

d) He is a lawyer.

  1. This is a composition.

a) That is a composition.

b) Those are compositions.

c) These are compositions.

d) These is compositions.

  1. That is a ruler.

a) These are rulers.

b) Those are rulers.

c) This is a ruler.

d) Those is rulers.

  1. She is a physician.

a) They is physicians.

b) He is a physician.

c) They are physicians.

d) I am a physician.

Ответы:

1-с

2-а

3-c

4-b

5-c

D. Вставьте необходимую форму местоимения:

1. This is … dictionary.

  1. theirs b) their c) them d) they

2. … are artists.

a) She b) He c) They d) It

3. These are out compositions, and … are yours.

a) those b) this c) that d) they

4. I am a teacher, these books are … .

a) my b) mine c) me d) I

5. This is … magazine, and that is hers.

a) theirs b) their c) hers d) her

Ответы:

1-b

2-c

3-a

4-b

5-b

E. Подберите правильный перевод предложений:

1. Моя сестражурналистка.

а) My sisters are journalists.

b) My sister is a journalist.

c) Mine sister is a journalist.

d) My sister is journalist

2. Мои дедушка и бабушка были учителями.

a) My grandparents were teachers.

b) My grandmother was a teacher.

c) My grandmother and my grandfather are teachers.

d) My grandparents had teachers.

3. Они юристы.

a) They were lawyers.

b) They are lawyers.

c) They lawyers.

d) They have lawyers.

4. У моей тети есть этот журнал.

a) My aunt has this magazine.

b) My aunt had this magazine.

c) My aunt has a magazine.

d) My aunt have a magazine

5. У моего дяди была эта газета.

a) My uncle have a newspaper.

b) My uncle had that newspaper.

c) My uncle has this newspaper.

d) My uncle had this newspaper.

Ответы:

1-b

2-a

3-b

4-a

5-d































Тесты для самопроверки

А. Замените местоимениями выделенные жирным шрифтом слова:

1. My uncle is a carpenter.

a) She b) I c) He d) His

2. His daughter is a musician.

a) She b) He c) Hers d) It

3. Their aunt is a manager.

a) He b) She c) They d) Her

4. Out parents are physicians.

a) He b) We c) They d) Our

5. My grandfather and grandmother are pensioners.

a) My b) They c) She d) He

B. Раскройте скобки, выбрав необходимую форму глагола:

1. His uncle (to be) a fitter.

a) are b) is c) am d) to be

2. My aunt (to have) those books.

a) have b) to have c) has

3. I (to be) his cousin.

a) is b) are c) am d) to be

4. Their Friends (to be) students.

a) is b) are c) to be d) am

5. His son (to have) this article.

a) has b) have c) to have

C. Образуйте множественное число, выбрав правильный вариант:

1. Their friend is a dentist.

a) Their friends were dentist.

b) Their friends are dentist.

c) Their friend was a dentist.

d) Their friends is dentist.

2. That was an article.

a) That was articles.

b) Those was articles.

c) Those were articles.

d) These were articles.

3. This is a clip

a) Those were clips.

b) Those are clips.

c) These are clips.

d) This are clips.



4. He was a teacher.

a) They were teachers.

b) They are teachers.

c) We are teachers.

d) You are teachers.

5) Your daughter is a pupil.

a) Their daughter is a pupil.

b) Your daughters are pupils.

c) Your daughters are a pupil.

d) Their daughters are pupil.

D. Вставьте необходимую форму местоимения:

1. My friends have … discs.

a) this b) that c) these d) me

2. … were students.

a) We b) I c) This d) That

3. This is my notebook, and that is … .

a) hers b) your c) you d) me

4. … grandparents are pensioners.

a) Me b) Mine c) My d) Hers

5. … are my pencils.

a) That b) These c) This d) We

E. Подберите правильный перевод предложений:

1. У них есть мои кассеты.

a) They had my cassettes.

b) They have mine cassettes.

c) They have my cassettes.

d) They has my cassettes.

2. Мой дядя был музыкантом.

a) My uncle is a musician.

b) My aunt was a musician.

c) My uncle was a musician.

d) My uncle were a musician.

3. Ее братбизнесмен.

a) Her brother is a businessman.

b) Her brother was a businessman.

c) His brother is a businessman.

d) His brother was a business man.

4. У меня был их диск.

a) I had their disc.

b) I have their disc.

c) I has their disc.

d) I had this disc.

Ответы:

A. 1c, 2a, 3b, 4c, 5b;

B. 1b, 2c, 3c, 4b, 5a;

C. 1b, 2c, 3c, 4a, 5b;

D. 1c, 2a, 3a, 4c, 5b;

E. 1c, 2c, 3a, 4a, 5b



































Выбранный для просмотра документ Сложное дополнение (The Complex Object).doc

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Сложное дополнение

(The Complex Object)


Инфинитивная конструкция «Сложное дополнение» является в предложении одним членом предложения – сложным дополнением и представляет собой сочетание местоимения в объектном падеже или существительного в общем падеже с инфинитивом.

I want them to come to me.

Я хочу, чтобы они пришли ко мне.


The boy expected the parents to come at 7o’clock.

Мальчик полагал, что родители придут в 7 часов.


Данная конструкция может употребляться в следующих случаях:


1. После глаголов физического восприятия: to see, to hear, to feel, to watch, to notice и др. Второй элемент сложного дополнения в данном случае может быть выражен инфинитивом без частицы to:

I heard him sing a song.

Я слышал, как он пел песню.


2. После глаголов принуждения, разрешения: to make, to have, to let.

Вторым элементом в этом случае также является инфинитив без частицы to:

She made him do it.

Она заставила его сделать это (что он сделал это).


3. После глаголов умственного восприятия: to find, to consider, to think, to believe, to know и др. Вторым элементом является инфинитив с частицей to:

We know him to study here.

Мы знаем, что он учится здесь.


4. После глаголов to want, to wish. Второй элемент – инфинитив с частицей to:

I want them to do this.

Я хочу, чтобы они сделали это.


5. После глаголов принуждения, разрешения: to order, to tell, to allow.

Второй элемент – инфинитив с частицей to (в пассивном залоге):

She allowed the book to be put on the shelf.

Она разрешила, чтобы книгу поставили на полку.


Тренировочные упражнения


A. Ответьте на вопрос по образцу:


Has Mary filled in the form? (to see) – Yes, I saw her fill in the form.


1. Has Mr. Brown congratulated Jane on her birthday? (to hear) 2. Did Peter come in? (watch) 3. Did John apologize to her? (to hear) 4. Has James done it? (to feel) 5. Did Mary write a composition? (to see).


B. Преобразуйте сложноподчиненное предложение в сложное дополнение (the Complex Object):


We expect that they will come tomorrow.

We expect them to come tomorrow.


1. The parents suppose that their gifted son will pass that exam. 2. The government considers that the vocational education develops good specialists. 3. They believe that the general education transmits cultural heritage. 4. We know that primary school pupils are taught such skills, as reading, writing, and arithmetic. 5. We know that they also receive instruction in different subjects.


Обучающие тесты с ответами


A. Вставьте вместо точек нужную форму Infinitive:


1. They saw him … the street (to cross).

a) to cross

b) to have been crossed

c) cross


2. We think him … a composition (to write).

a) to write

b) write

c) to have been written


3. We think the composition … by him (to write).

a) to have been written

b) to have written

c) to write


4. The mother made her daughter … the text (to translate).

a) translate

b) to translate

c) to have translated


5. The mother supposes the children … TV (to watch).

a) watch

b) to watch

c) to have been watched


Ответы:

1c

2a

3a

4a

5b


B. Подберите правильный перевод предложений:


1. Мы не предполагали, что вы будете учиться заочно.

a) We did not suppose you to study by correspondence.

b) We did not suppose you study by correspondence.

c) We did not suppose you have studied by correspondence.


2. Преподаватель хочет, чтобы они написали сочинение об этом.

a) The teacher wants them write a composition about it.

b) The teacher wants them to write a composition about it.

c) The teacher wants them have written a composition about it.


3. Я хочу, чтобы вы поступили в этот университет.

a) I want you enter this university.

b) I want you to enter this university.

c) I wanted you to enter this university.


4. Мать заставила дочь посещать обязательные курсы.

a) The mother made her daughter to attend compulsory courses.

b) The mother made her daughter attend compulsory courses.

c) The mother made her daughter to have attended compulsory courses.


5. Она заставила его обучаться навыкам письма.

a) She makes him learn writing skills.

b) She made him learn writing skills.

c) She made him to learn writing skills.


Ответы:

1a

2b

3b

4b

5b


Тесты для самопроверки


A. Вставьте вместо точек нужную форму Infinitive:


1. The teacher suppose the students … the material about the educational system in the country (to study).

a) study

b) to study

c) have studied


2. The teacher supposed the material about the educational system … by the students (to study).

a) to be studied

b) to study

c) to have studied


3. Mary allowed the book … into the bookcase (to put).

a) to be put

b) to be putted

c) to put


4. They expected him … the exam (to pass).

a) to pass

b) have passed

c) pass


5. I know her … texts very well (to translate).

a) translate

b) to be translated

c) to translate


B. Подберите правильный перевод предложений:


1. Он предполагает, что она переведет этот текст хорошо.

a) He supposes her to translate this text well.

b) He supposed her to translate this text well.

c) He supposes her translate this text well.


2. Я не ожидал, что они учатся здесь.

a) I did not expect them study here.

b) I did not expect them to have studied here.

c) I did not expect them to study here.


3. Преподаватель заставил студентов посещать лекции.

a) The teacher made the students to attend the lectures.

b) The teacher made the students attend the lectures.

c) The teacher made the students to be attended the lectures.


4. Он заставил ее написать статью.

a) He made her write the article.

b) He made her to write the article.

c) He made her to have written the article.


5. Он разрешил нам ответить на вопросы.

a) He let us answer the questions.

b) He let us to answer the questions.

c) He let us to have answered the questions.




Выбранный для просмотра документ Сложное подлежащее (The Complex Subject).doc

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Сложное подлежащее

(The Complex Subject)


Инфинитивная конструкция «Сложное подлежащее» состоит из личного местоимения в именительном падеже или существительного в общем падеже и инфинитива, которые вместе образуют сложное подлежащее:

He is expected to come back tonight.

Ожидают, что он вернется сегодня вечером.

Данная конструкция употребляется, когда сказуемое выражено:


1. Глаголами to know, to believe, to consider, to expect, to think, to suppose, to say и др. в форме Passive Voice:

He is said to study here.

Говорят, что он учится здесь.


2. Глаголами to seem, to appear, to happen, to prove и др. в форме Active Voice:

He seems to know her very well.

Кажется, что он знает ее очень хорошо.


3. Глаголом to be в сочетании с прилагательными likely, unlikely, certain, sure:

He is sure to come.

Он обязательно придет.


Запомните слова по теме:


«Наука и ученые»:

a science – наука

a scientist – ученый

scientific – научный

to search – искать

a researcher – исследователь

to investigate – исследовать

to explain – объяснять

to prove – доказывать

complicated – сложный

digital – цифровой

to measure – измерять


Тренировочные упражнения


A. Преобразуйте сложноподчиненное предложение в сложное подлежащее (the Complex Subject):


It is expected, that he will enter the university.

He is expected to enter the university.


1. It is known, that the scientific knowledge will grow. 2. It is believed, that the scientific knowledge has become more complicated. 3. It is said, that he will come in a week. 4. It is expected that he will test it experimentally. 5. It is known that he is a good physicist.


B. Ответьте на вопрос по образцу:


Will he take part in the conference?

- Yes, he is certain to take part in it.


1. Will Mr. Brown come to our computer centre? 2. Will he apologize to her? 3. Will he congratulate me on my birthday? 4. Will they buy new computers? 5. Will Mr. Mitchell come to Russia again?


C. Ответьте на вопрос по образцу:


Do you know James Mitchell?

- Yes, I happen to know him.


1. Do you know this researcher? 2. Did you meet him in Moscow? 3. Did you see this new film? 4. Does James know this scientist? 5. Did you see her?


Обучающие тесты с ответами


A. Подберите правильный вариант для заполнения пропусков, образовав the Complex Object:


1. He … to come to the conference (несомненно).

a) is certain

b) is likely


2. She … to know this city better than we (маловероятно).

a) is unlikely

b) is likely


3. Their plan … to change in the future (вероятно).

a) is likely

b) is certain


4. Their teacher … to agree with you (определенно).

a) is unlikely

b) is sure


5. She … to give you this book (вряд ли).

a) is certain

b) is unlikely


Ответы:

1a

2a

3a

4b

5b


B. Подберите правильный перевод предложений:


1. Вероятно, они купят цифровой компьютер.

a) They are likely to buy a digital computer.

b) They were likely to have bought a digital computer.

c) They was likely to have bought a digital computer.


2. Они обязательно измеряют температуру.

a) They are likely to measure the temperature.

b) They are sure to measure the temperature.

c) They are unlikely to measure the temperature.


3. Маловероятно, что они придут сегодня.

a) They are likely to come today.

b) They are certain to come today.

c) They are unlikely to come today.


4. Кажется, он купил компьютер.

a) He seems to have bought a computer.

b) He is supposed to have bought a computer.

c) He proves to have bought a computer.


5. Оказывается, он переводит текст.

a) He proves to translate the text.

b) He seems to translate the text.

c) He is said to translate the text.


Ответы:

1a

2b

3c

4a

5a


Тесты для самопроверки


A. Подберите правильный вариант для заполнения пропусков, образовав the Complex Object:


1. Do you … to know him? (случайно).

a) happen

b) seem


2. He … to be right (оказался).

a) is likely

b) proves


3. He … to be a good researcher (говорят).

a) was said

b) is said


4. He … to have done this experiment (известно).

a) is supposed

b) is known


5. They … to be well-informed citizens (полагают).

a) are known

b) are supposed


B. Подберите правильный перевод предложений:


1. Он определенно сделает это.

a) He is certain to do it.

b) He is likely to do it.

c) He is unlikely to do it.


2. Вряд ли он поступит в этот колледж.

a) He is likely to enter this college.

b) He is certain to enter this college.

c) He is unlikely to enter this college.


3. Он случайно встретил ее на улице.

a) He happens to meet her in the street.

b) He happened to meet her in the street.

c) He is said to meet her in the street.


4. Казалось, что они его уже забыли.

a) He seemed to have forgotten her.

b) They seemed to have forgotten her.

c) They seemed to have already forgotten him.


5. Эксперимент оказался удачным.

a) The experiment proves to be successful.

b) The experiment proved to be successful.

c) The experiment seemed to be successful.









Выбранный для просмотра документ Сложноподчиненные предложения.doc

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Сложноподчиненные предложения


Существуют следующие типы придаточных предложений:

1. Подлежащее придаточное:

What he loved best of all to watch on TV was a sporting events program.

То, что он любил больше всего смотреть по телевизору, была программа о спортивных новостях.


2. Предикативное придаточное:

The fact was that he didn’t like to watch TV.

Дело было в том, что он не любил смотреть телевизор.


3. Дополнительное придаточное:

I listened to how she travelled.

Я слушал о том, как она путешествовала.


4. Определительное придаточное:

It was the best film that he had ever seen.

Это был лучший фильм, который он когда-либо видел.


5. Обстоятельственные придаточные:

He made some notes while he was reading an article.

Он сделал несколько пометок в то время, когда читал статью.


Wherever he was he was thinking about her.

Где бы он ни был, он думал о ней.


I switched on the TV set because I wanted to watch a new feature film.

Я включил телевизор, потому что я хотел посмотреть новый художественный фильм.


They were so disappointed that they stopped watching that TV program.

Они были настолько разочарованы, что перестали смотреть ту телевизионную программу.


I shall explain it once more so that you can understand it better.

Я объясню еще раз, чтобы ты понял лучше.


She did it exactly as he told her.

Она сделала точно так, как он сказал ей.


If it is late, we must stop our work.

Если поздно, мы должны остановить нашу работу.


I enjoyed that day though it was cold and it rained.

Мне понравился тот день, хотя было холодно, и шел дождь.


Запомните слова по теме:


«Средства массовой информации»:

mass media – средства массовой информации

a viewer – зритель

to entertainразвлекать

entertainmentразвлечение

a feature filmхудожественный фильм

a cartoonмультфильм

a fictional serialхудожественный сериал

advertisement, adреклама

to subscribeподписывать(ся)

to pay a feeвносить плату

to deliverдоставлять

to broadcastтранслировать

a satelliteспутник

to transmitпередавать

to receive, a receiverполучать, приемник

a tabloid – газета маленького формата

an editorial – передовая статья


Тренировочные упражнения


A. Преобразуйте в сложноподчиненное предложение в соответствии с образцом:


I am glad to have told you about that.

I am glad that I have told you about that.


1. He is happy to have apologized to her. 2. He is glad to have read this editorial. 3. He is sorry to have come late. 4. You are lucky to have watched this program. 5. I am glad to have bought this tabloid.


B. Преобразуйте в сложноподчиненное предложение в соответствии с образцом:


The article is too long to be read today.

As article is too long, I can’t read it today.


1. The text is too difficult to be translated without your help. 2. The fictional serial is too long to be watched up to the end. 3. The satellite broadcasting is too expensive to be subscribed to. 4. The advertisements are very annoying to be watched. 5. This newspaper is too expensive to be bought.


C. Преобразуйте в сложноподчиненное предложение в соответствии с образцом:


They expect them to arrive tomorrow.

They expect that they will arrive tomorrow.


1. They believe this film to be very interesting. 2. We expect these ads to be very annoying. 3. They suppose Ann to become a famous actress. 4. We believe this material to be used in this article. 5. I want them to come to me.


D. Преобразуйте в сложноподчиненное предложение в соответствии с образцом:


He is said to study here.

It is said that he studies here.


1. They are believed to be good actors. 2. This program is expected to be very interesting. 3. She is said to come here early. 4. TV is known to be one of the most important mass media. 5. She is said to sing very well.


Обучающие тесты с ответами



A. Подберите правильный вариант для заполнения пропусков, образовав сложноподчиненные предложение:


1. I watch this TV program …

a) to know better this problem.

b) because I enjoy it.

c) and I drink juice.


2. I have subscribed to this newspaper …

a) since I like tabloids.

b) to read your articles.

c) and now I am reading the articles.


3. It was the best program …

a) that I have ever seen.

b) and it was on my favourite channel.

c) for me.


4. He was drinking juice …

a) when she came in.

b) and watching TV.

c) and she was drinking coffee.


5. She was his favourite actress …

a) because of her appearance.

b) as she was playing her roles perfectly well.

c) and she was nice.


Ответы:

1b

2a

3a

4a

5b


B. Подберите правильный перевод предложений:


1. Так как она хотела посмотреть художественный фильм, она пришла домой рано.

a) Since she wanted to watch a fiction film, she came home early.

b) When she wanted to watch a fiction film, she came home early.

c) If she wanted to watch a fiction film, she came home early.


2. Так как телевидение – одно из самых важных средств массовой информации, телевизор есть почти в каждом доме.

a) Since the television was one of the most important mass media, there was a TV set almost in every home.

b) There is a TV set almost in every home, since the television is one of the most important mass media.

c) Since the television is one of the most important mass media, there was a TV set almost in every home.


3. Так как он не хотел смотреть рекламу, он вышел из комнаты.

a) As he did not want to watch the advertisement he left the room.

b) Though he did not want to watch the advertisement he left the room.

c) If he did not want to watch the advertisement he left the room.


4. Хотя я был очень занят, я прочитал эту статью.

a) Though I was very busy, I read this article.

b) Since I was very busy, I read this article.

c) While I was very busy, I read this article.


5. Хотя у нас есть радио, я предпочитаю смотреть телевизор.

a) Though we have a radio set I prefer to watch TV.

b) Though we have a radio set he prefers to watch TV.

c) Though we had a radio set I prefer to watch TV.


Ответы:

1a

2b

3a

4a

5a


Тесты для самопроверки


A. Подберите правильный вариант для заполнения пропусков, образовав сложноподчиненные предложение:


1. The fact was …

a) that we did not agree to do it.

b) very important.

c) very important but we did not agree with them.


2. You can watch TV …

a) to learn about this fact.

b) because we have free time.

c) and drink coffee.


3. It is not so expensive …

a) as I expected.

b) to buy.

c) but I do not want to buy it.


4. I like this film …

a) about nature.

b) and I want to watch it again.

c) since it is historical.


5. I shall watch this film once again …

a) as it is very interesting.

b) at the cinema hall.

c) with you.


B. Подберите правильный перевод предложений:


1. Так как я должен был приготовить завтрак, я встал очень рано.

a) Since I had to prepare breakfast, I got up very early.

b) If I had to prepare breakfast, I got up very early.

c) When I had to prepare breakfast, I got up very early.


2. Так как было много интересных передач по телевизору, она не перевела текст.

a) Since there are many interesting programs on TV, she did not translate the text.

b) Since there were many interesting programs on TV, she did not translated the text.

c) Since there were many interesting programs on TV, she did not translate the text.


3. Хотя газета была дорогая, он ее купил.

a) Though the newspaper is very expensive, he bought it.

b) Though the newspaper was very expensive, he bought it.

c) Though the newspaper was very expensive, he buys it.


4. Хотя футбольный матч транслировался очень поздно, он его смотрел.

a) Though the football match was broadcasting very late, he watched it.

b) Though the football match broadcasting very late, he watched it.

c) Though the football match was very late, he watched it.


5. Хотя шел дождь, он пошел в кино.

a) He went to the cinema though it was raining.

b) He went to the cinema while it was raining.

c) He went to the cinema when it was raining.








Выбранный для просмотра документ Согласование времен.doc

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Согласование времен

(The Sequence of Tenses)


В английском языке существует правило согласования времен в сложноподчиненных предложениях в основном с придаточными дополнительными.

Правило согласования времен не действует, если в главном предложении глагол стоит в настоящем или будущем времени.

He says that they were good friends for many years.

Он говорит, что они были хорошими друзьями в течение многих лет.

Правило согласования времен действует лишь в том случае, если в главном предложении глагол стоит в Past Indefinite (Simple) или Past Continuous (Progressive). В этом случае в придаточном предложении употребляется:


1. Для выражения одновременного действия Past Indefinite (Simple) или Past Continuous (Progressive):

He said that they were good friends.

Он сказал, что они хорошие друзья.


2. Для выражения действия, предшествующего действию главного предложения, - Past Perfect.

He said that they had been good friends for many years.

Он сказал, что они были хорошими друзьями в течение многих лет.


3. Для выражения будущего действия, о котором говорилось в прошедшем, употребляется особое время, которое называется Future in the Past (будущее в прошедшем), которое образуется при помощи вспомогательных глаголов should, would и инфинитива смыслового глагола без to.

He said that they would go to Moscow in summer.

Он сказал, что они поедут в Москву летом.


Обратите внимание ещё раз на перевод предложений:

1. I knew that she watched TV every day.

Я знал, что она смотрит телевизор каждый день.

2. I knew that she was watching TV.

Я знал, что она смотрит телевизор.

3. I knew that she had watched TV that day.

Я знал, что она смотрела телевизор в тот день.

4. I knew that she would watch TV.

Я знал, что она будет смотреть телевизор.

По этому же принципу действует согласование времен при переводе повествовательного предложения из прямой речи в косвенную, при этом заменяются следующие указательные местоимения, наречия времен и места:

this – that

these – those

today –that day

yesterday – the day before yesterday

the day before yesterday – two days before

tomorrow – the next day, the following day

next week (month, year) – the following week (month, year)

last week (year) – the previous week (year), a week (year) before

here – there

ago – before

now – then, at that time


Я сказал, что она смотрит телевизор сейчаc.

I said that she was watching TV at that time.



Тренировочные упражнения


A. Преобразуйте предложения в соответствии с образцом, соблюдая согласование времен:


They are listening to music.

I knew that they were listening to music.


1. They are running the commercial TV station. 2. These radio station are competing with each other. 3. The children are playing computer games. 4. They are writing a composition. 5. They are playing football.


B. Преобразуйте предложения в соответствии с образцом, соблюдая согласование времен:


The boy is interested in history.

I was sure that the boy was interested in history.


1. The newspaper is delivered to him. 2. The film is watched by them. 3. He is busy. 4. She is glad to meet them. 5. The money is spent by them.


C. Преобразуйте предложения в соответствии с образцом, соблюдая согласование времен:


They left for Moscow.

I hoped that they had left for Moscow.


1. Ann helped her parents. 2. She wrote a letter. 3. The boy studied the English language. 4. She cooked the dinner. 5. He bought the bread.


D. Преобразуйте предложения в соответствии с образцом, соблюдая согласование времен:


They will go home.

I thought they would go home.


1. You will ask him. 2. They will be late. 3. He will go to the swimming pool. 4. She will bring the book. 5. They will come on Saturday.


Обучающие тесты с ответами


A. Закончите предложения, соблюдая правила согласования времен:


1. Nick said that …

a) he has passed that exam.

b) he had passed that exam.

c) he have passed that exam.


2. We were sure that …

a) she will come late.

b) she would come late.

c) she comes late.


3. My brother forgot that …

a) the TV program began early.

b) the TV program begins early.

c) the TV program begin early.


4. The driver said that …

a) he was in a hurry.

b) he were in a hurry.

c) he is in a hurry.


5. I was afraid that …

a) they will be late.

b) they would be late.

c) they shall be late.


Ответы:

1b

2b

3a

4a

5b


B. Подберите правильный перевод предложений:


1. Я знал, что они часто играют в компьютерные игры.

a) I knew that they often played computer games.

b) I knew that they often play computer games.

c) I knew that they had often played computer games.


2. Они предполагали, что она смотрит телевизор вечером.

a) They supposed that she watch TV in the evening.

b) They supposed that she had watched TV in the evening.

c) They supposed that she watched TV in the evening.


3. Мы были уверены, что он живет в том доме.

a) We were sure that he lives in that house.

b) We were sure that he had lived in that house.

c) We were sure that he lived in that house.


4. Я думал, что они придут в воскресенье.

a) I thought that they would come on Sunday.

b) I thought that they will come on Sunday.

c) I thought that they had come on Sunday.


5. Он сказал, что поедет в Москву завтра.

a) He said that he would leave for Moscow the following day.

b) He said that he will leave for Moscow the following day.

c) He said that he would leave for Moscow tomorrow.


Ответы:

1a

2c

3c

4a

5a


Тесты для самопроверки


A. Закончите предложения, соблюдая правила согласования времен:


1. I was sorry that …

a) I was late.

b) I am late.

c) I will late.


2. She knew that …

a) he is attending the lectures.

b) he was attending the lectures.

c) he were attending the lectures.


3. We decided that …

a) we will subscribe to that magazine.

b) we shall subscribe to that magazine.

c) we would subscribe to that magazine.


4. She was sure that …

a) she was right.

b) she were right.

c) she is right.


5. They told us that …

a) they read that article yesterday.

b) they had read that article the day before.

c) they have read that article yesterday.


B. Подберите правильный перевод предложений:


1. Я знал, что он часто пишет письма.

a) I knew that he often wrote letters.

b) I knew that he often writes letters.

c) I knew that he rarely wrote letters.


2. Мы надеялись, что она часто его навещает.

a) We hoped that she often visited him.

b) We hope that she often visited him.

c) We hoped that she often visits him.


3. Он был уверен, что они всегда гуляют в парке.

a) He is sure that they always walked in the park.

b) He was sure that they always walk in the park.

c) He was sure that they always walked in the park.


4. Я думал, что она напишет письмо.

a) I thought that she will write a letter.

b) I thought that she writes a letter.

c) I thought that she would write a letter.


5. Они сказали, что будут рады видеть нас.

a) They said that they would be glad to see us.

b) They said that they will be glad to see us.

c) They said that they are glad to see us.

















Выбранный для просмотра документ Типы вопросительных предложений.doc

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Типы вопросительных предложений


Изучите схему построения вопросительного предложения:


Вопросительные слова

Вспомогательные глаголы

Подлежащее

Сказуемое

(или его часть)

Другие члены предложения

what (что)

what + сущ. (какой)

where (где, куда)

when (когда)

whom (кого, кому)

whose (чей)

why (почему)

how (как)

how many,

how much (сколько)

do

does

did

shall, should

will, would

can, could


may, might, must

am, is, are, was, were

have, has, had

I

he

she

we

you



the girl

men

people


speak



working

know



do

been


at the lesson



in the street


in the morning


there

here


Запомните, как образуются различные типы вопросов:


а) общие

Is this a book? – Yes, it is.

Это книга? – Да.


Are you a teacher? - Yes, I am.

Вы учитель? – Да.


Was there a TV-set in the room? – Yes, there was.

В комнате был телевизор? – Да.


Have you any flowers? – Yes, I have some.

У вас есть цветы? – Да.


Can you speak English? – Yes, I can.

Вы можете говорить по-английски? – Да, могу.


Do you speak English? – Yes, I do.

Вы говорите по-английски? – Да.


Does he work here? – Yes, he does.

Он работает здесь? – Да.


Did she work here? – Yes, she did.

Она работала здесь? – Да.


Will you work in the garden? – Yes, I shall.

Вы будете работать в саду? – Да.


Will they answer the questions? – Yes, they will.

Они будут отвечать на вопросы? – Да.


б) разделительные

This is a book, isn’t it? – Yes, it is.

Это книга, не так ли (не правда ли)? – Да.


You are a teacher, aren’t you? – Yes, I am.

Вы учитель, не так ли (не правда ли)? – Да.


There was a TV-set in the room, wasn’t it? – Yes, there was.

В комнате был телевизор, не так ли (не правда ли)? – Да.


You have some flowers, haven’t you? – Yes, I have some.

У вас есть цветы, не так ли (не правда ли)? – Да.


You don’t speak English, do you? – No, I don’t.

Вы не говорите по-английски, не так ли (не правда ли)? – Нет.


He works here, doesn’t he? – Yes, he does.

Он работает здесь, не так ли (не правда ли)? – Да.


She wrote a letter, didn’t she? – Yes, she did.

Он написала письмо, не так ли (не правда ли)? – Да.


You can’t speak English, can you? – No, I cannot.

Вы не можете говорить по-английски, не так ли (не правда ли)? – Нет.


They will answer the questions, won’t they? – Yes, they will.

Они будут отвечать на вопросы, не так ли (не правда ли)? – Да.


в) альтернативные

Is this a book or a notebook? – This is a book.

Это книга или тетрадь? – Это книга.


Are you a teacher or an engineer? – I am a teacher.

Вы учитель или инженер? – Я учитель.


Do you speak English or German? – I speak English.

Вы говорите по-английски или по-немецки? – Я говорю по-английски.


Does he work here or there? – He works here.

Он работает здесь или там? – Он работает здесь.


Will you rest or work in the garden? – I will rest.

Ты будешь отдыхать или работать в саду? – Я буду отдыхать.


г) специальные

Where do you live? – In Moscow.

Где вы живете? – В Москве.


When did you go to the theatre? – Tomorrow.

Когда вы идете в театр? – Завтра.

Why will do you it? – Because I like it.

Почему ты будешь делать это? – Потому что мне это нравится.


How can you run? – Quickly.

Как ты можешь бегать? – Быстро.


What is he? – He is a lawyer.

Кто он по профессии? – Он юрист.


Who is he? – He is Volkov.

Кто он? – Он Волков.


Whose book is this? – Mine.

Чья это книга? – Моя.


What book is this? – An interesting one.

Какая это книга? – Интересная.


How old are you? – I am 17.

Сколько тебе лет? – Мне 17.


How much money have you got? – Two dollars.

Сколько у тебя денег? – Два доллара.


What kind of book do you read? – A historical novel.

Какую книгу ты читаешь? – Исторический роман.


What colour is the sky? – Blue.

Какого цвета небо? – Голубое.


How often do you play football? – Every week.

Как часто ты играешь в футбол? – Каждую неделю.


д) вопросы к подлежащему

Who lives here? – My grandmother.

Кто живет здесь? – Моя бабушка.


Who can speak English? – My sister can.

Кто может говорить по-английски? – Моя сестра.


Who will go for a walk? – We will.

Кто пойдет на прогулку? – Мы.


What is there? – A shop.

Что там? – Магазин.


Запомните следующие глаголы:


Во многих случаях употребление того или другого предлога зависит от предшествующего глагола:

to consist ofсостоят из

to depend onзависит от

to divide intoделить на

to name after – называть в честь кого-либо

Некоторые глаголы в английском языке требуют после себя предлог, в то время как после соответствующих глаголов в русском языке предлог не употребляется:

to pay attention toуделять внимание чему-либо

to supply withснабжать чем-либо

to belong to – принадлежать кому-либо, чему-либо

to provide with – обеспечивать чем-либо

to listen toслушать кого-либо

С другой стороны, в английском языке есть ряд глаголов, которые не требуют после себя предлога, тогда как соответствующие им русские глаголы требуют предлог:

to answer the question – отвечать на вопрос

to follow something – следовать за чем-либо

to play computer games – играть в компьютерные игры

to enter the college – поступить в колледж


Тренировочные упражнения


A. Составьте вопросы по образцу:


The text consists of three paragraphs.

What does the text consist of?


1. The sentence consists of ten words. 2. My success depends on this letter. 3. The text is divided into paragraphs. 4. The sentence is divided into words. 5. His mark depends on this exam.


B. Составьте вопросы по образцу:


The students should pay attention to these words.

What should the students pay attention to?


1. The money should belong to this office. 2. This office should be supplied with the documents. 3. They should listen to the tape. 4. This library should provide us with literature. 5. They should pay attention to this building.


C. Задайте общие вопросы к предложениям:


He drank coffee in the morning.

Did he drink coffee in the morning?


1. Yesterday you ate a pineapple. 2. Some years ago my grandfather grew grapes. 3. Your mother brought bread and butter an hour ago. 4. They walked in this park. 5. They asked questions.


Обучающие тесты с ответами


A. Выберите правильный вариант вопроса к подчеркнутым словам:


1. He brought a big watermelon from the shop (what).

a) What did he bring from the shop?

b) What does he bring from the shop?

c) What he bring from the shop?

d) What should he bring from the shop?


2. They will come on Tuesday at half past four (who).

a) Who will come on Tuesday at half past four?

b) Who did come on Tuesday at half past four?

c) Who come on Tuesday at half past four?

d) Who does come on Tuesday at half past four?


3. Yesterday I ate porridge with milk (when).

a) When I eat porridge with milk?

b) When do I eat porridge with milk?

c) When did I eat porridge with milk?

d) When I ate porridge with milk?


4. He can run very quickly (how).

a) How he can run?

b) How can run he?

c) How can he run?

d) How he run?


5. His mother gave him an apple and a sandwich (whom).

a) Whom did his mother give an apple and a sandwich?

b) Whom his mother give an apple and a sandwich?

c) Whom his mother gave an apple and a sandwich?

d) Whom gave his mother an apple and a sandwich?


Ответы:

1-a

2-a

3-c

4-a

5-a


B. Выберите правильный вариант вопроса к подчеркнутым словам:


1. Her blouse is blue.

a) What blouse is blue?

b) What kind of blouse is blue?

c) Whose blouse is blue?

d) Which blouse is blue?


2. In autumn my brother usually puts on a warm red anorak.

a) What do my brother usually put on in autumn?

b) What my brother usually put on in autumn?

c) What my brother usually puts on in autumn?

d) What does my brother usually put on in autumn?


3. They will go for a walk in an hour.

a) When will they go for a walk?

b) Why will they go for a walk?

c) How will they go for a walk?

d) Where will they go for a walk?


4. We have got five pears in the bag.

a) How many pears have we in the bag?

b) How many pears we got in the bag?

c) How many pears have we got in the bag?

d) How much pears have we got in the bag?


5. You have got some money in the pocket.

a) How much money have you got in the pocket?

b) How many money have you got in the pocket?

c) How much money you got in the pocket?

d) How much money have you in the pocket?


Ответы:

1-c

2-d

3-a

4-c

5-a


Тесты для самопроверки


A. Выберите вопрос, ответ на который есть в основном предложении:


1. He usually gets up at seven o’clock.

a) Why does he get up at seven o’clock?

b) How does he get up at seven o’clock?

c) When does he get up?

d) Where does he get up at seven o’clock?


2. For her breakfast she drinks coffee as a rule.

a) What does she drink for her breakfast as a rule?

b) Why does she drink coffee for her breakfast as a rule?

c) Where does she drink coffee for her breakfast as a rule?

d) How does she drink coffee for her breakfast as a rule?


3. I always go to my office by bus.

a) When do you go to your office by bus?

b) Why do I go to my office by bus?

c) How long do you go to your office by bus?

d) How long do I go to my office by bus?


4. I usually come back late in the evening.

a) Why do you usually come back late in the evening?

b) Where do you usually come back late in the evening?

c) When do they usually come back late in the evening?

d) When do you usually come back?


5. In the evening they rarely watch TV.

a) When do you rarely watch TV?

b) When do they rarely watch TV?

c) When do we rarely watch TV?

d) When do I rarely watch TV?


B. Подберите правильный перевод вопросительных предложений:


1. У тебя есть сестра?

a) Have you got a sister?

b) Did you have a sister?

c) Had you got a sister?

d) You have got a sister?


2. У его брата были эти диски?

a) Did his brother have these discs?

b) Do his brother have discs?

c) Does his brother have these discs?

d) Has his brother these discs?


3. Она студентка?

a) She is a student, isn’t she?

b) Was she a student?

c) Is she a student?

d) Is she to be a student?


4. Много слов в предложении?

a) There are many words in the sentence?

b) Are many words in this sentence?

c) Are there many words in the sentence?

d) There are many words in the sentence, aren’t they?


5. В посудном шкафу были чашки, не так ли?

a) There were cups in the cupboard, weren’t they?

b) There are cups in the cupboard, aren’t they?

c) There were cups in the cupboard?

d) Are there cups in the cupboard?


6. Должен я отвечать на вопросы?

a) I should answer the questions?

b) Should I answer the questions?

c) I should ask the questions?

d) Should I ask the questions?


7. Могу я помочь вам?

a) May I help you?

b) Must I help you?

c) I may help you?

d) Maybe I help you?


8. Ты вчера переводил текст?

a) Did you translate the text?

b) You translate the text yesterday?

c) You did translate the text yesterday?

d) Did you translate the text yesterday?


9. На следующей неделе вы будете покупать холодильник?

a) Next week you will buy a fridge?

b) Will you buy a fridge next week?

c) You will buy a fridge next week?

d) Next week you will buy a fridge, won’t you?


10. Когда ты обычно встаешь?

a) When you usually get up?

b) When do you get up?

c) When did you usually get up?

d) When do you usually get up?


11. Что ты, как правило, ешь на завтрак?

a) What you eat for breakfast as a rule?

b) What can you eat for breakfast as a rule?

c) What do you eat for breakfast as a rule?

d) What did you eat for breakfast as a rule?


12. Почему вы не повторяли слова?

a) Why did you repeat the words?

b) Why didn’t you repeat the words?

c) Why don’t you repeat the words?

d) Why do you repeat the words?


13. Какого цвета тот свитер?

a) What colour is this sweater?

b) What colour was this sweater?

c) What colour was that sweater?

d) What colour is that sweater?


14. Какие оценки ты получил вчера?

a) What marks did you get yesterday?

b) What marks do you get yesterday?

c) What marks have you get yesterday?

d) What marks have you got yesterday?


15. Ты пьешь кофе или чай утром?

a) Did you drink coffee or tea in the morning?

b) You drink coffee or tea in the morning?

c) Do you drink coffee or tea in the morning?

d) Have you drink coffee or tea in the morning?


16. Ты любишь фрукты, не так ли?

a) You like fruit, don’t you?

b) You like fruit, aren’t you?

c) You like fruit, won’t you?

d) You like fruit, isn’t you?


17. Кто обычно помогает вашей маме?

a) Who usually helped your mother?

b) Who usually helps your mother?

c) Who helps your mother?

d) Who usually helps our mother?


18. Кто ходит за покупками в вашей семье?

a) Who goes shopping in his family?

b) Who goes shopping in our family?

c) Who goes shopping in your family?

d) Who goes shopping in their family?


19. Сколько денег у вас?

a) How much money you got?

b) How money have you got?

c) How many money have you got?

d) How much money have you got?


20. Какие книги вы читаете?

a) What books do you read?

b) What books you read?

c) What books are you read?

d) What books have you read?






















Выбранный для просмотра документ ключи к грамматике.docx

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  1. Местоимения. Спряжение глаголов BE, HAVE, DO

  1. 1c, 2a, 3b, 4c, 5b;

  2. 1b, 2c, 3c, 4b, 5a;

  3. 1b, 2c, 3c, 4a, 5b;

  4. 1c, 2a, 3a, 4c, 5b;

  5. 1c, 2c, 3a, 4a, 5b.

  1. Существительные. Оборот THERE IS/ARE

  1. 1c, 2c, 3d, 4a, 5b;

  2. 1c, 2c, 3b, 4a, 5a;

  3. 1d, 2a, 3a, 4b, 5a;

  4. 1b, 2c, 3b, 4a, 5b;

  5. 1b, 2c, 3b, 4b, 5c.

  1. Прилагательные и наречия. Числительные

  1. 1b, 2c, 3a, 4d, 5c.

  2. 1b, 2d, 3a, 4a, 5d.

  3. 1b, 2a, 3b, 4b, 5c.

  1. Временные формы глаголов группы Indefinite (Simple) Active

  1. 1c, 2a, 3b, 4a, 5c.

  2. 1a, 2b, 3c, 4d, 5a.

  1. Временные формы глаголов группы Indefinite (Simple) Passive

  1. 1c, 2b, 3c, 4a, 5d.

  2. 1a, 2a, 3b, 4c, 5a.

  1. Временные формы глаголов группы Continuous (Progressive)

  1. 1d, 2c, 3c, 4a, 5a.

  2. 1c, 2b, 3d, 4a, 5a.

  1. Временные формы глаголов группы Perfect

  1. 1a, 2d, 3b, 4a, 5a.

  2. 1d, 2b, 3d, 4c, 5a, 6c, 7a, 8a, 9b, 10d, 11a, 12c, 13a, 14b, 15d, 16a, 17d, 18b, 19c, 20a.

  1. Типы вопросительных предложений

  1. 1c, 2a, 3a, 4d, 5b.

  2. 1a, 2a, 3c, 4c, 5a, 6b, 7a, 8d, 9b, 10d, 11c, 12b, 13d, 14a, 15c, 16a, 17b, 18c, 19d, 20a.

  1. Сложное дополнение (The Complex Object)

  1. 1b, 2a, 3a, 4a, 5c.

  2. 1a, 2c, 3b, 4a, 5a.

  1. Сложное подлежащее (The Complex Subject)

  1. 1a, 2b, 3b, 4b, 5b.

  2. 1a, 2c, 3b, 4c, 5b.

  1. Сложноподчиненные предложения

  1. 1a, 2b, 3a, 4c, 5a.

  2. 1a, 2c, 3b, 4a, 5a.

  1. Согласование времен (The Sequence of Tenses)

  1. 1a, 2b, 3c, 4a, 5b.

  2. 1a, 2a, 3c, 4c, 5a.

Краткое описание документа:

«Дистанционный курс « Подготовка к ЕГЭ по английскому языку»

Предмет: Английский язык

Класс: 10 – 11

Автор: Каверзина А.Ю.

Назначение курса:

Обеспечить поддержку традиционного обучения

Цель курса:

Повышение качества подготовки учащихся, сдающих выпускной экзамен в формате ЕГЭ по английскому языку по разделу грамматика.

Курс дает учащимся возможность:

♦ Спланировать индивидуальную траекторию подготовки к экзаменам;

♦ Самостоятельно освоить довольно большой материал и ликвидировать пробелы в языковой подготовке;

♦ Перейти от практики «натаскивания на экзамен» к практике активного формирования широкого спектра умений через систему тренировочных упражнений.

Автор
Дата добавления 10.12.2014
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Другие методич. материалы
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