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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Конспекты / HEALTH IS BETTER THAN WEALTH
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  • Иностранные языки

HEALTH IS BETTER THAN WEALTH

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HEALTH IS BETTER THAN WEALTH


Цель:

развивать речевую компетенцию

тренировать в аудировании с полным пониманием услышанного

совершенствовать навыки диалогической речи

развивать умение работать в режиме «ученик-ученик»

повторить английские пословицы о здоровом образе жизни

обобщить знания по теме «Healthy Way of Life»

учить давати советы

развивать культуру здорового образа жизни

воспитать желание заботиться о своем здоровье


Оснащение: тексты для чтения

телефон

медицинские халаты

медицинские приборы

аудиозапись

постеры на тему «Healthy Way of Life»

диаграммы

карточки с заданиями

кроссворд

Procedure:

I. Warming up

1. Think a little, remember the words and make up the mind-map according to the topic of the lesson.

?

?

?

?




Medical Service



?

?

?

?




Key: medicine, doctor, ambulance, patient, treat, treatment, sick-leave
(sick-list), prescription, hospital, nurse, chemist, etc.

2. Pronounce and transcribe the words:

ambulance, patient, temperature, health, cough, headache, stomach, sore,
pulse, prescription, diet.

3. Read aloud and give Russian equivalents of the following:

sick-leave, examination, chemist, to have a bad cough, to have a pain in
the chest.

What is the trouble?

What's the doctor's diagnosis?

II. Main part of the lesson

1.Vocabulary revision

1) Translate into English:

Осматривать больного, ставить компресс, вызвать врача, прописать
микстуру от кашля, аптека.

Ты болеешь?

У меня болит голова.

Я чувствую себя хорошо.

Где болит?

Не дышите.

2) Complete the sentences.

If you have a toothache you consult a...

If something has got into your eye you go to see an...

If you have a sore throat you consult a...

If you have a heart attack you call a…

If your little sister or brother has a high temperature you send for a…

On Saturday I went out without my warm coat on and now…

The doctor took the patient’s temperature and said…

I can hardly breathe because…

When she came home she complained of a headache and her mother…

The patient said that…

It hurts me when I swallow because…

The best remedy for it is…

When I have a splitting headache…

This medicine will work wonders if…

If you follow the doctor’s instructions you’ll…

You must give up smoking…

She looks very thin…

She looks the picture of health…

She is losing weight…

As soon as you think you are getting a cold…

If you are taking antibiotics don’t stop until…

Please, don’t ask a doctor to visit you at home unless…

Never leave medicines in the bathroom in case…

If you think someone has taken an overdose…

Read instructions on medicine very carefully in case…

It is better not to drive when you…

- If you have problems with insomnia…

3) Give all possible answers. (See Table 1).




What do you do (feel) when (if)…


you witness an accident?

I ask about the health of the victim.

I telephone for an ambulance.

I rush off to the hospital.

I offer all kinds of medicine



your friend has a heart attack?

I ask. "How do you feel?"

I nurse her (him).

I give her (him) some drops.

I put a compress on her (his) heart.

I call a doctor



you cut your finger?

I send for a doctor.

I bandage it.

I ask to be put on a sick-list.

I take my temperature.

I stay in bed.


4) Ask and answer.

What do you say if you want:

to make a remark on somebody’s health?

to ask the doctor what you are ill with?

to ask about somebody's health?

to know how to use the medicine?

5) Answer these questions using the words: lame, blind, long-sighted, deaf and dumb.

When is a man unable:

to play football?

to read a newspaper at a short distance?

to cross the street alone?

to become a sportsman?


2. Pair work

1) What are the questions to which the following sentences are the answers?

I was ill last February.

Yes, I did. I kept my bed.

Yes, 1 was. I was put on the sick-list.

No ambulance was called; the local doctor was sent for.

I complained of a bad headache, a pain in the back and a feeling of sickness.

He prescribed powders for the headache and mustard plasters for the pain in the back.

2) Comment on the following situations:

-You are visiting your doctor. Make up a conversation with him giving your complaints. The doctor advises you to change your way of life (to change your eating habits, to give up smoking, not to keep late hours, etc.)

-Imagine that you are a doctor who is treating a patient for the flu. Write a dialogue in which you tell your patient what he/she should do to get well.

-Imagine that while you were hiking in a big city park your friend has broken his leg. Telephone the First Aid Station and ask for a doctor.

-You are about to leave for school. You tell your sick brother who has caught a cold and is staying in bed, what he has to do while you are at school.

-You are not feeling quite well. You go to the chemist's and ask to give you some medicine.

-Your parents are going to send you to a recreation house. You have to see your school doctor and answer her questions about your health.

3) Making up dialogues

Now you’ll get cards and do some creative work. Read the task carefully and then play out your dialogues “At the doctor’s”.

Примеры диалогов.

1 At the dentist’s

Good morning, doctor. I have a very bad toothache. I can’t eat and I can’t sleep at night.

Sit down in the arm-chair here and open your mouth. Which tooth hurts you?

It’s a big tooth at the back on the left. Uh! That hurts badly.

Yes, that tooth has a big cavity, but I think I can stop it for you. Why didn’t you come earlier?

Well, you know, it’s not quite a pleasure to go to the dentist’s. And every time I decided to come, I got better.

I will put a filling in this one, but there is another tooth near it which I’ll have to extract. Don’t be afraid, it will not hurt. I’ll give you an injection.

2

--Doctor, I have a bad headache and I have no appetite.

Open, you mouth. Show me your tongue. Yes, you have a very nasty tongue. Have you got pain in the stomach?

Yes, doctor, sometimes, especially after meals. I have a temperature after meals, too.

I must examine your stomach. Lie down, please. Does it hurt here?

No, not there.

Here?

Oh, yes.

You have digestion trouble. But it is not serious. I will prescribe some pills. You must take 2 pills before each meal. Do not eat roast meat or spicy food. Eat boiled vegetables and milk puddings. Do not overtire yourself. If you follow my instructions you will feel much better and in 3-4 days you’ll be quite well again. Next patient, please!


3

Doctor – Good morning. I’m a doctor, doctor Pill. I treat the patients who are ill.

Mother – Good morning, doctor. I’m glad you have come.

Doctor – Now, what’s the matter?

Mother – It’s my son. The weather was cold. He played football and caught a cold. He is hot and shivering, so I sent him to bed.

Doctor – Well, let’s go and see him.

Mother – This way, please. Sonny, it’s Doctor Pill.

Doctor – How are you, my boy?

Boy - I’m sneezing. I’m coughing.I’ve got a bad headache. It hurts me to swallow.

Doctor -Open your mouth. Say “ar…!” Yes, you have a sore throat. Let me feel your pulse and measure your blood pressure. Take your temperature. Let me have a look. What is it?

Boy -It’s 38,2.

Doctor -Well, strip to the waist. Take a deep breathe. Cough a bit. Nothing serious,just the flu.

Boy -What shall I do, doctor?

Doctor -I will prescribe you some pills. Take pills regularly 3 times a day after meals. You should gargle your throat. Stay in bed. Come to see me in 5 days. Do not go to school.

Boy - Oh, thank you, doctor.

4) Role play

Imagine you are doctors. The patients come to you with different symptoms and illnesses. What medicines should you prescribe your patients? What pieces of advice should you give to them? I'll give you cards with different Illnesses. Use such patterns:

My patient should...

I advise my patient to...

I'll prescribe him...

P1. My patient has a terrible headache...

P2. My patient has a sore throat...

P3. My patient has a heartache…

P4. My patient has a stomachache...

P5. My patient has a pain in lungs...

P6. My patient has a pain in the back...

P7. My patient has a cold...

P8. My patient has a high temperature…

T. I see that you are real specialists in medicine. I think your pieces of advice will help your patients to recover soon.

5.Writing

1. Find the word that does not go with the others in meaning and underline it.

fever, headache, treatment, insomnia;

drops, pain, hurt, ache;

surgeon, therapeutist, ambulance, physician;

medicine, appointment, pills, mustard plasters;

examine, prescribe, consult, cough;

give injections, measure blood pressure, gargle throat, get complications.

2. Choose the appropriate reply (А, В or C) to complete the following conversations.

1) Is there a doctor here? 6) What's troubling you?

a) Get a doctor, quick! a) I want to consult the doctor.

b) No, he isn’t a doctor. b) I'm taking my temperature.

c) Yes, I m a doctor. c) I have a sharp pain in my knee.

2) Where's the nearest 7) Where did you buy this

chemist's shop? medicine?

a) I'd like to buy medicine for a a) At the chemist's.

headache.

b) Just round the corner. b) At the ambulance.

c) It's in the corner. c) At the therapeutist's.


3) How's your son? 8) What are you doing?

a) Fine, thanks. a) I gargle my throat

b) Four months old. b) Yes, I'm gargling throat.

c) With his father. c) I'm gargling my throat.

4) What do you complain of? 9) Have you already taken your temperature?

a) I feel better. a) Not yet.

b) It hurts here. b) Yes, I am.

c) It's not serious, is it? c) No, you have not.

5) When did you first feel ill?

a) In my stomach.

b) When I was on holiday.

c) When the doctor examined

his patient.

6.Complete the sentences

Complete the following sentences and then use them in the situations they could be used.

______________________ because I've got a bad headache.

______________________ because I went out in the rain and caught a cold.

______________________ because she's gone down with flu.

______________________ because she wants to be fit.

______________________ because he was not careful.

______________________ because it is dangerous.

______________________ whenever you can.

______________________ no matter how much.

______________________ no matter what medicines he takes.

______________________ whatever he likes.

______________________ no matter what you say.

______________________ no matter what hospital to go.

7.Reading.

During the average lifetime (75 years) we will suffer about 210 colds, each lasting five or six days. On any one day, 50 million people worldwide have a cold, and on average we each spend three years of our lives coughing and sneezing. Children have more colds than adults; as many as eight a year.


---The next point we are to talk about is bad habits and wrong life stile. This diagram will help you to understand what they are (see sheme 1).

Our reality show will convince us how harmful they are.

Reality Show

P1. We’ll show you our Reality Show. It's the way we understand how bad habits and wrong lifestyles influence our body. Meet our guests! Ladies Lungs! You are welcome! Miss Liver! Mr. Stomach! Sorry, but where is Mr. Stomach? I've forgotten. He is late.

Mrs. Blood! Mr. Brain! Everyone will tell us about their problems. They will tell us about their owners and about their bad habits. Ladies Lungs!

Ladies Lungs. We are chocking! We are covered with a thick lay dust, we are coughing.We sent signals to the owner, but in vain. He goes on smoking these awful cigarettes. We ask you try to persuade him to give up smoking or we'll die.

Miss Liver. My owner is not better. She treats me badly. She eats a lot of sweets, chips, fast food. She drinks alcohol. I suffer. I have a bad pain, but she thinks everything is OK. And I'm feeling worse and worse. Please, I beg you, my hostess!

P1. Dear friends! Let's have a break and watch an advertisement.

Our cigarette company "Try and Die" offers you three new kinds of cigarettes. The first one. Lungs are filled with smoke. The second one. Lungs have become black. The third one. Lungs have fallen down.

P1. We continue our show. Mrs. Blood, you are welcome!

Mr. Stomach. Wait a moment! I'm here!

P1. Oh!

Mr. Stomach. Sorry for being late. My owner is a business lady. She has too little time to eat proper healthy meal. I can't swallow the food she eats.

Mrs. Blood. My hostess doesn't go in for sports. The way I go through is getting narrower and narrower. It's difficult for me to push the way through.

P1. We invite our respectable Mr. Brain.

Mr. Brain. I look like an old man. But actually I'm young. My owner is only 14 but he takes drugs. It makes me silly. Sometimes he tries to use me and I think with all my might, but without a result.

P1. Thank you very much Mr. Brain. At last we invite our doctor.

Doctor. There are so many cars in the streets. Oh, those people, they are always in a hurry. They stopped eating food for pleasure, they just gulp it down! They have no time for proper meal. Taking drugs and smoking make their health worse and worse. They care only about their career and money. They forget that the most precious in our life is Health.

On the blackboard you can see a puzzle.

In the puzzle, find the words that fit the definitions below. Nine words are in vertical position and eleven words are in horizontal position in the puzzle. Circle the letters as you use them. The remaining letters will form a well-known English proverb.

C

D

H

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A

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A

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O

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C

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The stage of fitness of the body.______________________________________

A client of a doctor, dentist, etc., whether sick or not._____________________

A special vehicle for transporting sick or injured people.__________________

Having little physical strength._______________________________________

An unpleasant sensation caused by the stimulation of certain nerves, especially as a result of injury or sickness.______________________________________

One of the hard white things in your mouth that you use for eating.__________

Small amounts of liquid to measure medicine.___________________________

To wash the throat with antiseptic liquid kept in motion in the mouth.________

A piece of paper where a doctor writes what medicine you need.____________

To become well or happy again after you have been ill or sad._____________

A doctor who does operations.______________________________________

The condition resulting from the coincidence of two diseases, where the second disease may or may not be attributable to the first._________________

A small ball of medicine usually coated with sugar, which is swallowed whole.__________________________________________________________

To give medical attention to a patient; to try to cure the disease.____________


Let’s try to find the Russian equivalents of the proverbs:

While there is life, there is hope.

Diet cures more than lancet.

Never say die!

Good health is better than good medicine.

A merry heart is a good medicine.

- Early to bed, early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise.

Better be safe than sorry.

What can’t be cured must be endured.


The most important thing for each person is to find the real values of life while young and stick to them throughout our lives.

So, what are the most important values?

Ps. They are Health, Love, Happiness.

T. Right! And the topic of our discussion today was ’’Health’’ and the motto is ’'Lead a Healthy life’’.

Let’s sum up.

So, what does the meaning ’’Healthy life’’ include?

P1 P2, P3, P4… - Healthy life means healthy way of living,

trips, tracks, journeys,

doing regular exercises,

...taking a cold shower,

healthy food,

...life without alcohol, drugs and smoking,

...success in studies,

...kindness, tolerance, friendship, love, respect, help.

To lead a healthy way of living, is

...to go in for sports,

to ride a bike,

to be useful,

to eat dairy products,

...to keep to a diet,

to swim,

to walk a lot,

...to play outdoor games,

to be fond of jogging,

...to feel really well (nice),

...to keep fit,

to look fantastic (healthy),

...to avoid illnesses,

...to follow the rules,

...to overcome difficulties,


III. Summing up


T. Our lesson comes to an end. I want to make the conclusion. We can be healthy and strong if we follow the Golden Rules of ethic and live in accord with nature and such things as Love, Friendship, Respect, Happiness will help us to be healthy not only physically but spiritually as well. As an ancient proverb says: A sound mind in a sound body. What proverbs do you know about health?

Ps. Health is above all,

Health is better than wealth,

A healthy mind in a healthy body,

Eat at pleasure drink with measure,

Early to bed, early to rise makes a man healthy,wealthy and wise,

An apple a day keeps the doctor away.


2. Home task

Read the text «Mr. Martin» and do the tasks


MR MARTIN

Mr. Martin had never married. He lived alone in a small house in a village situated in the south of Wales. Mr. Martin never felt lonely. He was very much interested in many different things. He tried to get as much information as possible about the United Kingdom, the Royal family and its history.

He wanted to know what the government was doing about the lives of poor people in big industrial cities. Mr. Martin studied law seriously and often had long talks about the problems of power in the country with his neighbor, a former lawyer. He had very interesting plans to offer, plans bow to make the work of the Parliament better. But he was especially interested in the problems of health.

Mr. Martin had enough knowledge about health and medicine. He led a regular life and was always very careful about what he ate and drank. He hardly ever went out when the weather was cold because he was always afraid that he would fall ill. He was afraid of getting some terrible illness.

So he often went to see his doctor whom he respected very much and whom he definitely believed. But the doctor was getting very tired of Mr. Martin’s permanent visits and his imagined illnesses. In fact Mr. Martin was a healthy man, he seldom caught a cold, never had a headache, an earache or pains in the stomach. But he thought he had all the illnesses imaginable.

One day Mr. Martin hurried into the doctor's office and told him he was sure he had some terrible illness which he had read about in the newspaper. He showed the doctor the paper.

The doctor read it carefully and then said: «I'm surprised, Mr. Martin, that you think you are having this illness. There are no signs that you have it. As it is written here, people don't know when they have this illness. There are no symptoms and people usually feel very well. They don’t cough or sneeze, they have no pains in the head or in any other part of the body, their pulse is normal, so is their blood pressure. It doesn’t hurt them to move, to breathe or to swallow. So, please, don’t be silly. You shouldn’t worry».

Mr. Martin was offended:- «But that’s just how I feel, doctor. I don’t suffer from all these things either»


TASKS

1 level

Find and read out from the text all the words and word combinations referring to the topic «Health».

2 level

Ask questions on the text for your classmates to answer them.

3 level

Give a short summary of the text in English.

4 level

Read the text and give a short summary of the text in English and say why Mr. Martin often went to see his doctor.


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Дата добавления 01.04.2016
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Конспекты
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