Муниципальное Общеобразовательное Учреждение «Елизаветинская средняя общеобразовательная школа Адамовского района Оренбургской области»
Сборник текстов для проведения экзамена по английскому языку
( 9 класс)
Составил: учитель английского языка Кузьмин Сергей Александрович
2006/2007 учебный год
1. English in my life ................................................3
4. The Russian character........................................6
5. My story................................................................7
6. A Frenchman in England....................................8
7. The learning revolution.......................................9
8. American sports and games...............................10
9. Live Aid.................................................................11
10. Holiday in the USA............................................12
11. Benjamin Britten...............................................13
12. Nature problems in the past.............................14
Список литературы…………………………… 15
Список использованной литературы
1. Кузовлев В.П. Английский язык для 7 класса общеобразовательных учреждений. М.- Просвещение.- 2003
2. Кузовлев В.П. Английский язык для 8 класса общеобразовательных учреждений (рабочая тетрадь). М.- Просвещение.- 2001
3 Материалы Интернета.
4.Материалы журнала “Hello!”
People like to think that life was better in the past. The air was cleaner, the water was purer, life was safer &, certainly, it was cheaper. But were the good old days really so good? Probably not. Many of today’s problems existed in the past, & there were other problems then that we rarely face today.
Pollution was a very important problem for city governments in the last century, particularly with regards to water supplies. They had some idea that water could be polluted, but they didn’t know how. Trying to get pure water was a big problem.
The cities of the 19th century were dirty. There was a lot of pollution from horses & other animals. And people were careless about throwing out litter. Communicable diseases were a big problem. There was malaria, cholera & typhoid. A lot of children died when they were very young. While there were no cars to kill people, there were many fatalities & injuries caused by horses.
The old days were not as good as some people think they were.
English in my life.
My name is Olga Arsalan. I am more than 80 years old. This is a picture of me when I was about your age. I would like to tell you about the great role that English has played in my long life.
When I was about your age, in the early 1920s, I happened to come across an English book of stories published in a strange way. The first line was written in English, the second line gave the pronunciation in Russian letters and the third line gave the translation into Russian .It was really fun to read and soon I began to understand simple phrases without looking at the translation and I even learned many of the phrases by heart. The results of this language game were very successful. At age 15, I started working as a cashier at the hotel "Europe" in a seaport, Novorossyisk. First I went by car (yes, by car!) to foreign ships docked at the port and invited their crew to visit the hotel's restaurant and to taste its delicious dishes and wines.
At the same time, I was asked to teach elementary English to the crew of an ice-tanker, which was going to England. So, my first English class consisted of a group of lively seamen enjoying their short rest at the seashore. We held our classes at the seaman's club. After some time, they learned about 20 useful sentences and were sure they knew English well.
After this interesting experience, I decided to become a teacher. I began studying in Leningrad. Then, in 1940, I graduated from the Moscow Institute of Foreign Languages. Since that time, I have been teaching, teaching and teaching English. I've taught English to school children, writers, composers, scientists and even the staff of the Ministry during WWII.
In the 1960s and 1970s, because of my knowledge of English, I was able to work as an interpreter with different delegations of peace activists from many different countries. I interpreted for many well-known people from Moscow and all over the country. Believe me that even now after 30 years of fruitful work, many of these people still send me letters and would like to meet again.
You just love collecting! That's the result of the YT Perfect Pastimes survey that we conducted a few weeks ago. 72% of you said that you were fond of collecting— and far and away the most popular collection was stamps, with stickers coming next. The survey showed that 77 out of 100 of you preferred. outdoor activities to staying indoors. You also said that you liked sports. Swimming came, top. Swimming, football and cycling are the most popular activities but when it came to taking up a new pastime, twenty-three per cent of you wanted to try horse-riding. You all said you spent time reading — and most of you said you read between three and seven hours a week. Not everyone watched TV though — just over 80 per cent — and you're quite choosy about what you watch! 33 per cent of you spend almost four hours each day in front of the television. 50 per cent of you spend five hours a week playing video games.
Benjamin Britten was a famous English composer whose name is known in many countries of the world.
He was born in 1913. He was only five when he started to play the piano and to compose music. By the time he was nineteen, he was already both a musician for a film company and a composer. He wrote music for the plays of several English writers.
In 1962 Benjamin Britten finished a very great musical work: the "War Requiem". In it the composer shows-how much he wanted peace for all peoples.
Britten had musical contacts with musicians, singers and composers in the Soviet Union. He visited our country several times.
Benjamin Britten became vice-president of the peace organization of musicians. So,you see, he did not only write music, compose operas and symphonies. He also took an active part in the struggle for peace.
Benjamin Britten also wrote songs and operas for children. He wrote a piece of music called "The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra". It can be taken as a handbook on all the instruments of the orchestra. A teacher can use this music to teach children how to understand each of the instruments in an orchestra. Benjamin Britten's name was so popular that the title of an article in the Morning Star on one of his birthdays was "Great Britten".
He died in 1976.
Columbus Day: October 12. Christopher Columbus discovered America on October 12, 1492. At that time, many people in Europe thought that the world was flat that if a ship sailed to the edge of the world, it would fall off. But Columbus believed the world was round and made the journey to America.
Halloween is one of the best holidays for children. American children celebrate Halloween on October 31. Children wear masks and colorful costumes. The most popular costumes are ghosts, witches, and skeletons. The children walkdoorto door in the neighborhood and shout "trick or treat!" Most people give them a treat - candy or fruit. We also decorate our houses and schools in the traditional Halloween colors: orange and black. Popular decorations are witches, ghosts, skeletons, black cats and jack-o-lanterns. Jack-o-lanterns are pumpkins we carve to look like faces. Everyone tries to look scary on Halloween!
Americans celebrate Christmas on December 25. Christmas is a religious holiday and one of the happiest holidays of the year, because it is the day that Christians celebrate the birth of Jesus I Christ. We prepare for Christmas weeks ' before. We buy gifts for our family and friends. We choose a tree and decorate it with ornaments and lights. And we prepare special foods and cookies. Christmas is also the day that Santa Claus visits us and brings us presents in bright paper and ribbons. He delivers them on Christmas Eve, the night before Christmas, when we are sleeping. How does he get into our house? He climbs down the chimney and leaves the presents under the Christmas tree. In the morning, we open our presents together and then we go to church. People wish each other a "Merry Christmas!"
In order to stay healthy it's important to have a balanced diet- in other words, food that contains three main groups of food- protein, fat & carbohydrates.
You find protein in lots of food-meat, fish, nuts, cheese & milk. It helpsyour body grow & be healthy & it gives you energy. Fat gives you energy but don't eat a lot- it's bad for you. There are a lot of fatty foods that come from animals- milk, cheese, butter & meat. Carbohydrates give you more than 70% of your energy. Bread, pasta, cereals, fruits, & vegetables such as potatoes & cabbage all contain lots of carbohydrates. Fruits, vegetables, beans & nuts, brown bread all have fibre. It does not give you energy but it fills your stomach when you are hungry.
There are many different vitamins & minerals. They help your body behealthy. You can get all vitamins & minerals from fresh fruits & vegetables.
THE RUSSIAN CHARACTER
Russians are fond of small things, of intimacy, but they may suddenly get bored of them.
They can be surprisingly frank and also very secretive.
They look forward to open spaces, yet they like mysterious things.
There is so much to be said of Russia as a land of contrasts.
In love & angry they can be excited & enraged.
When you get to know a Russian well, you will often find that he thinks of himself as having not just one RODINA but two- Russia as a whole & some little place of it where he was born. And he has a special word for a man from that place- ZEMLYAK.
Symbols of Russia
The Russians are known as a hospitable people. According to old traditions, a guest should always be welcomed with the symbol of lifegiving food- bread and salt.
Russian winter! These words to a Russian are like a call to fun. The ^ Russian winter is full of poetry & magic. And what Russian does not like a fast ride in a troika with three horses!
Novgorod is the heartland of Russian culture. The beauty of the ancient towns, their historical & architectural monuments, cathedrals, the gold of the forests attract tourists from all over the world.
In picturesque miniatures the artists show the sights of their native country, their people, folk traditions, their celebrations, songs of hope & optimism.
The singing of chastushkas is a main part of Russian village holidays. In many places they are still popular today.
It was Saturday, July 13th 1985. The sun was shining and I was on my way to Wembley Stadium to the greatest pop concert of all — Live Aid, the concert for Africa. Wembley Stadium was full — there were seventy-two thousand people there. The atmosphere inside the stadium was fantastic — everyone was happy, everyone was excited because of all the music they were going to hear and everyone wanted to do some thing for Africa. At 12 o'clock the biggest pop concert in the world began. Everyone was dancing to the music. Everybody shouted and waved. Wembley Stadium is a big place and not everyone could get close'to the stage. There were big TV screens on each side of the stage so that you could see the singers' faces close-up.-As the concert continued people started to give money to Live Aid. All the time during the concert they told us how much money were donating to Live Aid.
The whole Live Aid concert finally finished at about 4.30 in the morning. What a concert! They collected 50 mln pounds for helping the needy people in Ethiopia. It made me feel good to be involved.
American Sports and Games
Sports and games in the USA take different forms. Some sports are commercial and professional, with players and athletes who are paid a lot of money if they win and much less if they lose.
Baseball is the most popular game in the US. It is played throughout1 the spring and summer by schools, colleges and professional teams.
Football is the most popular game in the autumn. There are professional football teams in all the main cities of the United States. In American football there are eleven players in each team, as in ordinary football, but the rules are different. Players are often hurt in American football. So the teams wear special clothing and helmets2 as in hockey..
Basketball is a popular game in American schools and colleges. It is especially popular in high schools, both among boys and girls. Boys also play the same games as men do, especially baseball and football.
The game of golf is very popular with businessmen and professional people.lt is played by both men and women. There are now more golfers than tennis players. Workers do not play golf, nor do they play tennis.
Swimming, water skiing, and skin diving3 are popular summer sports. In winter, many people, go in for ice-skating, skiing, and hockey if they live in the Northern and Central states.
Other sports include wrestling,4 boxing and horse-racing5.
There are some games that are played only by children. The most popular one among boys is marbles 6 which is played mainly in the spring. For girls there is hopscotch7.
1 throughout – все время; 2 helmet ['helmit]—шлем;3 skin diving—подводное плавание; 4 wrestling ['reslin]— 6opь6a; 5 horse-racing—скачки; 6 marbles— игра в шарики; 7hopscotch ['hopskotf]—классики.
My name is Philip Hensel. I was bom on December 27, 1980. I live in Alpharetta, Georgia, in the U.S.A. I go to a private school called Fellowship Christian Academy. As you can tell by the name, it is a Christian school. My favorite subject is geography. The teacher has really fun ways to teach the subject by letting us play games called simulations. This is where you simulate occasions in history. Right now we are pretending that we are a Muslim caravan going to the city of Mecca. Every time we answer a question the teacher asks us, we get a little bit closer to our destination.
My favorite things to do are: play sports, shoot basketballs on my own, read, watch television and movies, camp, canoe, go on trips, walk the dog, hang out with friends, and eat I My favorite food is steak with a baked potato and a roll. For a drink I like Coca-Cola, and for dessert I like cake. I guess my favorite kind of music is rock, though I like it all, except country.
My favorite sport is football. Football is a game where the object is to get the ball into the opponent's goal, by running with the ball or throwing it to a person on your team. The people on the other team try to tackle (or take down) the man with the ball before he reaches your goal. There are blockers to keep the tacklers from tackling the man with the ball. Although I am usually a blocker, my favorite position is linebacker, which is a tackier. (We wear protective pads while playing.)
When I grow up, I want to be an archeologist and JooJc for ancient Greek artifacts.
Sincerely, Philip Hensel
A Frenchman in England.
When Xavier Dupont came to Britain, his friends in Paris said he'd hate it. However, Xavier, a 26-year - old chef says they were wrong: "French people imagine that Britain is cold country where everyone dresses badly, you can't see anything for fog, and the food is worst on the planet. I don't agree."
Xavier insists that the British look good because they don't follow fashion so seriously. He enjoys shopping in Britain because there are so many fresh things in the supermarkets. He especially likes the street markets.
However he has some complaints. He thinks that British men don't pay enough attention to women. Also he doesn't like British bathrooms where you must stand or sit in the bath. Last of all, he feels that shops and restaurants close far too often and far too early.
The Learning Revolution
Erin and Jessica Ferguson, 4-year-old twins, sit in a chair in front of the computer their parents bought last month. Erin is at the keyboard, and the game is "Mickey's ABCs". On the screen, Mickey Mouse is sleeping. Erin presses the letter V. "V is for violin," says the computer, and Mickey gets up and plays the violin. Later Mickey sees a pig. To find out what the pig will do, Erin finds the letter P and presses it. The pig grunts and rolls in the mud puddle. The girls giggle.
More and more kids are improvirig their reading, writing, and arithmetic when they use a computer. Elementary students are spendin hours with geography software programs; They look up answers to geography questions to catch a globe-trotting thief. Some high school students even study biology on the computer.
American students love to use computers. They say the computer makes learning fun! The fun, such as shooting at a space ship, usually comes after serious work, like solving mathematical equations or correctly spelling a list of words.
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