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Экзаменационные билеты по английскому языку с рекомендациями

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Муниципальное Общеобразовательное Учреждение «Елизаветинская средняя общеобразовательная школа Адамовского района Оренбургской области»








Экзаменационные билеты по английскому языку с рекомендациями

( 11 класс)








Составил: учитель английского языка Кузьмин Сергей Александрович





2007/2008 учебный год




2 Содержание

Содержаиие……………………………………………………….2

Билеты по английскому языку за курс 11 класса…………….3-4

Билет 1 (1)………………………………………………………...5

Билет 1 (2)………………………………………………………...6

Билет 1 (3)………………………………………………………...7

Билет 2 (1)………………………………………………………...8

Билет 2 (2)………………………………………………………...9

Билет 2 (3)……………………………………………………… .10

Билет 3 (1)………………………………………………………..11

Билет 3 (2)………………………………………………………..12

Билет 3 (3)………………………………………………………..13

Билет 4 (1)………………………………………………………..14

Билет 4 (2)………………………………………………………..15

Билет 4 (3)………………………………………………………..16

Билет 4 (1)………………………………………………………..14

Билет 4 (2)………………………………………………………..15

Билет 4 (3)………………………………………………………..16

Билет 5 (1)………………………………………………………..17

Билет 5 (2)………………………………………………………..18

Билет 5(3)………………………………………………………...19

Билет 6 (1)………………………………………………………..20

Билет 6 (2)………………………………………………………..21

Билет 6 (3)………………………………………………………..22

Билет 7 (1)………………………………………………………..23

Билет 7 (2)………………………………………………………..24

Билет 7 (3)………………………………………………………..25

Билет 8 (1)………………………………………………………..26

Билет 8 (2)………………………………………………………..27

Билет 8 (3)………………………………………………………..28

Билет 9 (1)………………………………………………………..29

Билет 9 (2)………………………………………………………..30

Билет 9 (3)………………………………………………………..31

Билет 10 (1)………………………………………………………32

Билет 10 (2)………………………………………………………33

Билет 10 (3)………………………………………………………34

Билет 11 (1)………………………………………………………35

Билет 11 (2)…………………………………………………… . 36

Билет 11 (3)………………………………………………………37

Билет 12 (1)………………………………………………………38

Билет 12 (2)………………………………………………………39

Билет 12 (3)………………………………………………………40

Билет 13 (1)………………………………………………………41

Билет 13 (2)………………………………………………………42

Билет 13 (3)………………………………………………………43

Билет 14 (1)………………………………………………………44

Билет 14 (2)………………………………………………………45

Билет 14 (3)………………………………………………………46

Билет 15 (1)………………………………………………………47

Билет 15 (2)………………………………………………………48

Билет 15 (3)………………………………………………………49

Список литературы…………………………………………… 50





51






































50

Список литературы

1. Журина Т.И. Английский язык. Тематический сборник для подготовки к экзамену по английскому языку за курс основной школы.- М.: Дрофа, 2000

2. Кузовлев В.П. и др. Английский язык. Учебник для 7 класса общеобразовательных учреждений.- М.: Просвещение, 2003

3. Кузовлев В.П. и др. Счастливый английский. Учебник для 7 класса общеобразовательных учреждений. - М.: Просвещение, 2000

4. Кузовлев В.П. и др. Английский язык. Учебник для 8 класса общеобразовательных учреждений.- М.: Просвещение, 2001

5. Кузовлев В.П. и др. Английский язык. Учебник для 9 класса общеобразовательных учреждений.- М.: Просвещение, 2000

6. Кузовлев В.П. и др. Английский язык. Учебник для 10-11 классов общеобразовательных учреждений.- М.: Просвещение, 2003

7. Немыкина А.И., Ракова К.И. 120 устных тем по английскому языку. 5-11 класс.- Киров: ГИППВ, 1997

8. Островский Б.С. Английский язык. Факультативный курс.- М.:

Просвещение, 1992

9. Ощепкова 0.0., Шустилова И.И. О Британии вкратце.- М.: Лист,

1997

10. Тихонов А.А. Английский язык. Интенсив.-М.: ВАКО, 2004















3

Билеты для сдачи экзамена по английскому языку за курс полной (средней) общей школы

Билет №1

  1. Прочитайте текст и кратко изложите его основное содержание.

  2. Расскажите о роли спорта в жизни людей.

  3. Обсудите в беседе с преподавателем, каким видом транспорта лучше путешествовать: самолетом, поездом или автобусом. Поинтересуйтесь мнением преподавателя и аргументируйте свою точку зрения.

Билет №2

  1. Прочитайте текст и кратко изложите его основное содержание.

  2. Расскажите о себе и своих увлечениях.

3.Обсудите в беседе с преподавателем, где приятней и интересней отдыхать: у моря, в горах или в деревне. Поинтересуйтесь мнением преподавателя и аргументируйте свою точку зрения.

Билет №3

  1. Прочитайте текст и кратко изложите его основное содержание.

  2. Расскажите о стране изучаемого языка.

3. Обсудите в беседе с преподавателем, является ли книга в наше время лучшим подарком и какие подарки предпочитают дети различного возраста. Поинтересуйтесь мнением преподавателя и аргументируйте свою точку зрения.

Билет №4

  1. Прочитайте текст и кратко изложите его основное содержание.

  2. Расскажите о роли СМИ в обществе.

  3. Обсудите в беседе с преподавателем, как лучше использовать полученный школой грант: купить компьютер, музыкальный центр или книги в школьную библиотеку. Поинтересуйтесь мнением преподавателя и аргументируйте свою точку зрения.

Билет №5

  1. Прочитайте текст и кратко изложите его основное содержание.

  2. Расскажите о том, что может привлечь иностранца в вашей стране.

  3. Обсудите в беседе с преподавателем, нужна ли школьная форма. Поинтересуйтесь мнением преподавателя и аргументируйте свою точку зрения.

Билет №6

  1. Прочитайте текст и кратко изложите его основное содержание.

  2. Расскажите об известном деятеле науки или искусства в вашей стране или стране изучаемого языка.

  3. Обсудите в беседе с преподавателем, какие хобби бывают у людей и что увлекательней: заниматься фотографией, спортом или коллекционированием. Поинтересуйтесь мнением преподавателя и аргументируйте свою точку зрения.

Билет №7

  1. Прочитайте текст и кратко изложите его основное содержание.

  2. Расскажите о заинтересовавшем вас празднике страны изучаемого языка.

  3. Обсудите в беседе с преподавателем, все ли виды спорта полезны для здоровья. Поинтересуйтесь мнением преподавателя и аргументируйте свою точку зрения.

Билет №8

  1. Прочитайте текст и кратко изложите его основное содержание.

  2. Расскажите, как вы проводите свое свободное время.

  3. Обсудите в беседе с преподавателем, зачем люди изучают иностранные языки. Поинтересуйтесь мнением преподавателя и аргументируйте свою точку зрения.


4

Билет №9

  1. Прочитайте текст и кратко изложите его основное содержание.

  2. Расскажите об экологических проблемах в мире и в вашей стране.

  3. Обсудите в беседе с преподавателем, что молодежь предпочитает смотреть по ТВ: новости, музыкальные передачи, сериалы, художественные фильмы. Поинтересуйтесь мнением преподавателя и аргументируйте свою точку зрения.

Билет №10

  1. Прочитайте текст и кратко изложите его основное содержание.

  2. Расскажите о проблемах молодежи.

  3. Обсудите в беседе с преподавателем, какие газеты и журналы популярны у молодежи. Поинтересуйтесь мнением преподавателя и аргументируйте свою точку зрения.

Билет №11

  1. Прочитайте текст и кратко изложите его основное содержание.

  2. Расскажите о системах образования в вашей стране и стране изучаемого языка и о выборе профессии.

  3. Обсудите в беседе с преподавателем, какие газеты и журналы популярны у молодежи. Поинтересуйтесь мнением преподавателя и аргументируйте свою точку зрения.

Билет №12

  1. Прочитайте текст и кратко изложите его основное содержание.

  2. Расскажите о молодежной культуре.

  3. Обсудите в беседе с преподавателем, почему семья и семейные отношения важны для человека. Поинтересуйтесь мнением преподавателя и аргументируйте свою точку зрения.

Билет № 13

  1. Прочитайте текст и кратко изложите его основное содержание.

  2. Расскажите о здоровом образе жизни.

  3. Обсудите в беседе с преподавателем, какие достопримечательности США было бы увидеть своими глазами. Поинтересуйтесь мнением преподавателя и аргументируйте свою точку зрения.

Билет №14

  1. Прочитайте текст и кратко изложите его основное содержание.

  2. Расскажите о роли английского языка в жизни людей.

  3. Обсудите в беседе с преподавателем, почему между родителями и подростками не всегда есть полное понимание. Поинтересуйтесь мнением преподавателя и аргументируйте свою точку зрения.

Билет №15

  1. Прочитайте текст и кратко изложите его основное содержание.

  2. Расскажите о кино и театре в России и в стране изучаемого языка.

  3. Обсудите в беседе с преподавателем, какие качества вы цените в друзьях. Поинтересуйтесь мнением преподавателя и аргументируйте свою точку зрения.







49

Билет 15 (3)


What shows that you are friends with...?

We...


Get

together...

Try to

understand

each

other...

Care

about

each

other

Worry

about

each

other

What is your

friend like?

In general

he/she is...

brainy

Fun to be

with

Easy to

get alone

with

Boring to

be with

What is

special

about your

friend?

As a friend

he/she is...


considerate

supportive

responsible

loyal

Why do you

make friends

with this boy/girl?

I make friends with ... because we...

errtttyt

ha

rt




Для полной информации смотри: Кузовлев В.П. и др. Аглийский язык. Учебник для 7 класса общеобразовательных учреждений.- М.: Просвещение, 2003




48

Билет 15 (2)


Theatre & cinema in Britain, USA & Russia.


  1. Today many people in GB, USA & Russia are very busy, they spend all their time working, with their families & friends. Some of them don’t go to cinema, theatre, don’t read books. But there is a group of people who think that theatre & cinema are very important.

  2. The history of the cinema began in 1895 in France when the Lumiere brothers demonstrated the first film “ Arrival of the train”. But the capital of the film entertainment is America. In 1911 the first film studio appeared in Hollywood, in Los Angeles. First films were silent & black & white. The first colour film appeared in 1939 (“Gone with the wind”). In Russia the first film was demonstrated in 1896 in Moscow & St. Petersburg. Sound films appeared in 1920-s.

In GB film production is not so popular as in USA & Russia. When British producers want to make films they usually go to America.

3. There are many genres of films: As for me, I like… because…

I don’t like…(B 10-11 pp. 184-185).

  1. Cinema is also associated with different professions:


We all know the names of famous B., A., R. actors & producers: ( B10-11 pp. 1180-181, Reader pp 68-69, 75-77).

  1. Theatre is also a popular way to spend free time. There are a lot of different theatres in A., R., & GB.: Covent Garden , The National Theatre (GB), The Bolshoi Theatre, The Sovremennik, The Lenkom (R).

  2. The history of theatre is very rich & long. The first British theatre was “ The Globe” in London. It was associated with the name of Shakespeare & his plays. Theatre in the USA is influenced by European drama. The first performances in R. appeared in the times of Ivan the Terrible.

  3. Theatrical genres are different: opera , operetta, ballet, musical & so on. I love (dislike) theatre… because… I especially prefer…( B 10-11 pp. 185,190). But I don’t have a chance to watch films & plays in the cinema & theatre very often, that’s why I watch them on TV.





5 Билет 1 (1) ARTHUR CONAN DOYLE

(1859-1930)

Arthur Conan Doyle was born in the capital of Scotland, Edinburgh. His father, Charles E. Doyle, was an artist and architect by profession, but he worked as a clerk in an office. The father died young and the Doyle family was very poor. Arthur's mother was a very good story-teller and her fantastic stories he remembered all his life. The talent of story-telling Arthur inherited from his mother and it helped him as a writer. During his school years he read much, and he often told his school friends long and interesting stories, getting cakes and sweets.

After finishing school Conan Doyle became a student of the medical faculty m the University of Edinburgh, in his third year of studies he went as a ship's doctor to the Arctic and after graduating from the University, he again went in a ship to Western Africa.

He began his medical practice in a small English town Southsea, where he spent eight years. Here in 1887, he published his first detective story "A Study in Scarlet". Its main characters were Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson, and they became the most popular characters of a great many of Conan Doyle's stories. "A Scandal in Bohemia" opened a collection of detective stories under the title "The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes". The story was published in 1891 and soon after that Baker Street became the well-known address of Sherlock Holmes.

The readers asked for more and more stories about Sherlock Holmes and for two years Conan Doyle wrote them. When he had written about twenty stories with Sherlock Holmes as the main detective, he was so tired of these stories that he decided "to kill Sherlock Holmes". He wrote a story, which he named "Holmes's Last Case" (1893). In this story Holmes was killed during a struggle with Professor Moriarty. The writer hoped that after that he could begin writing other books.

But the readers did not wish to lose their favourite character, and ten years later the famous detective appeared again.

In 1901-02 one of Conan Doyle's best stories "The Hound of the Baskervilles" was published.

In 1891 Conan Doyle gave up his medical work and devoted all his time to his literary activity. He also travelled much. He visited Europe, the USA and Egypt. In Norway be met Jerome K. Jerome, who wrote about this fact in one of his books. Besides detective stories, Conan Doyle also wrote historical novels and war books. His two fantastic stories "The Lost World' (1912) and "The Poisoned Belt" (1913) were quite successful.

All his life Conan Doyle liked sports; he skied, played golf, and went for boxing.

He died in 1930. After his death, the famous detective Sherlock Holmes, together with his friend Dr. Watson, continued to be among the favourite characters of English literature and tourists coming to London always go to visit Baker Street to see the house where Sherlock Holmes lived.

6 Билет 1(2)

SPORTS IN BRITAIN, RUSSIA & IN MY LIFE

Sport plays a very important role in our life. It is popular with old & young people. People all over the world enjoy watching & taking part in the Olympic Games. There are also “paralympics”- competitions among disabled people. But sport can be not only professional but amateur. Every morning some of us do exercises, visit sport clubs, take part in school competitions. In fine weather schoolchildren play sports in the open air. Boys enjoy football, basketball, hockey. Girls like gymnastics, tennis, etc.

Russia & Britain have rich sport traditions.

Britain is a home of many sports- football, tennis, cricket, golf.

The British like sport- to play it & to speak about it.

Football is played professionally & at schools, stadiums. Cricket & golf are aristocratic sports. Every summer there are competitions in golf.

Tennis is associated with Wimbledon. Every June millions of people watch it at the Central Stadium or on TV.

Oxford & Cambridge are connected with boat- racing. Every March two teams go boating on the river Thames.

We must also remember about Highland Games in Scotland. Sportsmen toss the caber, put the weight, etc.

Sport is also very popular in Russia. Millions of people go to sport centers. Many sports are popular in Russia: football, hockey, figure skating, volleyball, etc. Russian sportsmen toke part in European, World & Olympic Championships. They regularly win gold, silver & bronze medals.

We must be proud of such sportsmen as: Tretyak, Korbut, Fetisov, Kafelnikov, Safin, Kabaeva, Zaitsev.



And what about you? Do you like sports? Speak about it according to the plan:

  1. What sport do you go in for?

  2. Where do you play sports?

  3. Are you good at it?

  4. How often do you go in for sport?

  5. Why do you like this sport?

  6. What is better- to play sports or to watch it?

Use: Book, 8, pp. 119-120, 125, 127, 128-129, 139,142, 147;


47

Билет 15 (1) Oxbridge The foundation of the great schools which were named Universities was everywhere throughout Europe a special mark of the new impulse that Christendom had got from the Crusades. A new desire for study sprang up in the West from its contact with the more cultured East. Oxford and Cambridge are the oldest universities in England. Both of these universities are very beautiful. They have some of the finest architecture in Britain. Some of their colleges, chapels and libraries are three, four and even five hundred years old, and are full of valuable books and precious paintings. Of the early history of Cambridge little is known, but enough remains to enable us to trace the early steps by which Oxford gained its intellectual glory. The history of Cambridge is believed to begin in 1209 when several hundred students and scholars arrived at the little town of Cambridge after having walked 60 miles from Oxford. According to the custom they joined themselves into "Universitas" or a society of people with common employment. Only later they came to be associated with scholarship.Cambridge won independence from the Town rule in 1500. Students were of different ages and came from everywhere. Gradually the idea of the College developed and in 1284 Peter-house, the oldest College in Cambridge was established. In 1440 King Henry VI founded King's College, and other colleges fol­lowed. The first college of Oxford University was founded in 1249. At that time with the revival of classic studies many teachers became enemies of parliament, and the Church. The lectures of Vicarious on the Civil Law at Oxford were prohibited by the English king. Now the university of Oxford has thirty-five colleges and about thirteen thousand students. There were no women students at Oxford until 1878, when the first women's college, Lady Margaret Hall, was up. Now, most colleges are open to men and women. Oxford is famous for its first-class education as well as its beautiful buildings. Many students want to study there. It is not easy to get a place at Oxford University to study for a degree. But outside the university there are many smaller private colleges which offer less difficult courses and where it is easy to enrol.








46

Билет 14 (3)



  1. Teens’ problems are associated with generation problems

( problems of the young & adults). There are many reasons of it:

    1. adults always complain that the young are selfish & useless;

    2. the young want to be free & enjoy life;

    3. adults always teach the young how to live;

    4. the young know what they want & don’t need their parents and teachers’ advice;

    5. teens prefer to make their own mistakes & to live their own life;

    6. adults think that they know best because they are older;

    7. teens are treated badly at school & at home;

    8. teens are not taken seriously;

    9. adults want teens to change their lifestyles;

    10. adults forbid young people to have friends, free time, hobbies, etc.












7

Билет 1 (3)



Travelling by... has some advantages and disadvantages...


PLANE:


  • it’s fast and comfortable;

  • there is no dust and dirt;

  • you can book your tickets beforehand;

  • it’s expensive;

  • you must register at the airport;

  • you can get air sick.


TRAIN:


  • you can see interesting places while travelling;

  • modern trains have comfortable seats;

  • there are also sleeping cars;

  • it’s slower than a plane;

  • there are many passengers.


BUS:


  • it’s cheap;

  • it’s comfortable when it rains;

  • you can relax and enjoy the views;

  • you can listen to guide and learn interesting things about a place (city);

  • the buses are stuffy;

  • you can’t sleep in a bus;

  • you can’t stop and enjoy the view.




8

Билет 2 (1)

Britain

Britain is only a small country, but every part is different. Scotland is a land of mountains, lakes and romantic castles. The winters are cold, with plenty of snow, but the summers are often warm and sunny. Deer live in the hills, and the rivers are full of salmon. Edinburgh, Scotland's capital, is very beautiful. The heart of the city is the castle, where the kings of Scotland lived for centuries. Edinburgh has a busy cultural life. Every year, in August, the International Festival takes place. Musicians, actors and singers come from all over the world and thousands of visitors fill the city, In the evening, the opera house, the theatres and concert halls are full. In cafes and pubs, small groups sing, act and read poetry. The castle is at its best in Festival time. Every night there is a magnificent military «Tattoo». Highland soldiers wearing «kilts» play the bagpipes and march to the music. Tartans, the patterns of the kilts, have an interesting history. Since the fifteenth century, each Scottish family (or 'clan') has worn its own tartan as a kind of badge. It was a useful way of recognising people, especially in times of war. Many tartans date only from the nineteenth century, but some of the old patterns still exist. «Dress» tartans, worn on special occasions, have light, bright colours. Hunting tartans are usually green, blue, or brown.

Wales is a country of high mountains and pretty valleys. But Wales has plenty of industry, too. There are many factories and coal mines there. The people of Wales are very musical. Every year they have a festival of Welsh music and poetry called an «Eisteddfod».

A hundred years ago the north of England was the industrial heart of the country. The old factories have gone now and the workers have to look for jobs in the new «high-tech» industries. The centre of England (the «Midlands») is also an important industrial area, especially near the huge cities of Coventry and Birmingham, the centre of car industry. The west of England is a rich farming country. It produces milk, cream, butter, cheese and apples. Northern Inland is beautiful too. In the warm, wet climate much of the land is farming.

Britain is an island and there is no place to be too far from the sea. Some of the coast, especially in the west, is wild and rocky, with small, sandy beaches, and romantic harbours.






45

Билет 14 (2)

Studying foreign languages


The English language is now the most popular language in the world. It’s the second widespread tongue after Chinese. 456 mln of people speak English on the planet. It’s the language of business, traffic, politics, sports, new technologies, communication, etc.

Many students study English at schools & universities. I & my classmates also study it because we want to…(like…, it is…) / 5 ideas, Book-9, p. 156, table 1/.

English is not a very difficult language to learn but you must know how to make your studying useful. Many things can help you. / 4-5 ideas, Book-9,p. 156, table 3/. There are also different ways to learn English. You should…/ 5-6 ideas, Book-9,p. 156, table 2/

A good result of studying is a good student. A good language learner is a person who…/ 4-5 ideas, Book-9,p. 156, table4/.























44

Билет 14 (1)

A GREAT CHARACTER

Life is not always easy. Sometimes it presents serious problems that make people sad and cause despair. At such times it might be good to think about the example of Helen Keller, born in America in 1880. She never gave in.

There was nothing wrong with Helen when she was born. Her parents were very proud of their pretty baby. She was able to walk when she was one and could even say a few words. But one day she refused to eat and started crying. She had a high temperature and they had to call the doctor. When she recovered, it was clear that little Helen would never again be able to see or hear. Before Helen Keller was even two she was blind and deaf.

Her parents were very upset and at first decided to let her grow up untaught. But soon they understood that their pity could not help her, but could do her a lot of harm. They did their best to find a good teacher from the Institution for the Blind in Boston. It was a wonderful day for Helen Keller when Ann Sullivan came to their place. Ann by great effort and patience taught Helen the meaning of words.

When Ann arrived she was only 20, and Helen — 7. From the first day they became good friends. Helen turned out a very capable pupil: she quickly learned to communicate through sign language and later was good at reading, writing and typing in Braille. For fifty years they were good companions till 1936, when Ann died. It was due to the patience and skill of Ann Sullivan that Helen Keller developed into one of the most remarkable women of our time.

Miss Sullivan loved her pupil who was so quick to learn. She lived with Helen, played with her, and worked with her every hour of the day. By means of the hand language, Helen and her teacher were able to talk to each other. By this time she was also able to go on a vacation trip, to swim, to ride a pony, and to do many of the other things that any other child might do.

Helen was determined that she would learn to speak, too. At first she had difficulty with her speech, but Anne Sullivan understood what she was trying" to say. Helen practised speaking day after day until at last she developed a clear voice. Later she was able to speak before large crowds which came to hear her whenever she lectured.

When Helen Keller completed formal schooling she went on to college. She graduated from Radcliff with honours. One of Helen Roller's professors was so pleased with the things that she wrote for her English classes that he suggested she write the story of her life. Helen did write «The Story of My Life» while she was in college. It was such a cheerful account of how this young girl was able to live a happy, useful life in spite of terrible difficulties. In her writings and lectures Helen Keller did everything possible to help and encourage those who were blind.


9

Билет 2 (2)

My story

  1. Personal information

My name is… I was born in… on…

I am… I live in…

  1. School

I go to… I am in the… form My favourite subjects are…

  1. Appearance

I think I look… I am… ( good-looking, cute, tall, short)

I have… eyes ( nose) My hair (face) is…

  1. Hobbies

I love (enjoy, like)…ing I especially like…

I find it really interesting to… My favourite… is…

I also…After school I prefer…

My hobbies are… I am good at…

  1. Friends

I have many ( only one, few)… My best friend is…

He/she is very… Together we…

  1. Problems

I have problems with… I am not good at…

I wish I were… I need help in…

  1. My plans

I’d like to…I am going to…I will…

















10

Билет 2 (3)


HOME PARTY WITH RELATIVES:


  • It’s good to see all relatives at once;

  • Relatives usually give good presents;

  • Oh? It’s so boring! You can never have real fun with

grown-ups.


HOME PARTY WITH FRIENDS:


  • That’s great! We can do what we like;

  • I think my flat is not big enough. Besides, the neighbours are mad about the noise we make.


A DISCO BAR:


  • I like the idea. All sorts of music, a lot of dancing;

  • Oh, no! It’s so crowded? Stuffy in there, a lot of drinking;

  • You can’t choose the music you like;

  • It can be too expensive.












43

Билет 13 (3)

Poetry reading


I find this idea a little bit old-fashioned.

Do you know many students who are keen on poetry, especially among boys?



I like this idea. We can organize an evening where everyone will be welcomed to read her/his favourite poem

Besides, we can light the candles to make the atmosphere very romantic

A picture exhibition

I don't really like this idea. It seems to me childish

It takes a lot of time first to collect the pictures then to place them on the wall.

I think everyone likes to draw since her/his childhood. So this idea might be supported by other students.


A musical

The idea is not bad, but many people should be involved; rehearsals, music, costumes will take a lot of time.


We could stage some extract from one of famous musicals. They are very popular now. I think everybody will like it.

A disco

I think we all are bored to death with school discos.


I am in favour of this idea. We could invite some pop group and dance to live music.

A photo competition

I am not sure that this idea will encourage our schoolmates.


A fresh idea. I am sure that everyone has got an album with exciting pictures that will be interesting to look at.


42

Билет 13 (2)

My health



Health is a very important thing for all people. It’s necessary to take care of health. There are many ways to be healthy.

1). First you must think about your daily routines. You must…(spend a lot of time in the open air; not sleep too much/too little; eat regularly; not skip breakfast; exercise; do things in time);



2). Then you must give up bad habits (smoking, drinking alcohol, drugs) because…/ 5 arguments/;



3). You must also take care about the food you eat. Obesity is a serious problem. Eat more/less…(cut down…/ use…/ follow…);



4). Some foods can help you to be healthy. (3-4 examples);



5). Sports is also good for your health. Play…;

















11

Билет 3 (1)

Contemporary American Society In the past fifty years American society changed much. Fifty years ago most Americans lived in small communities. They seldom moved from one place to another. And usually, knew their neighbors well. Life was so personal that people often joked about it. It was difficult to have privacy in a small community like that. Some people dreamed about moving to big cities, but most people were happy to live all their lives in the same place.

Now people often move from place to place. It is rare to find people who have lived all their lives in one community. Americans are used to leaving friends and making new friends.

The American family changed too. Until the 1960s divorce was uncommon. Between 1962 and 1981 the number of divorces increased. Americans are not likely to remain in a marriage that has problems. They are not forced by economic, social or religious pressure to stay married. Since 1960s the number of single-parent families increased.

Americans bring up their children to be independent. It is a part of American culture. Small children learn to do things on their own. They learn to take care of themselves, clean their rooms, help with the dishes and the laundry, spend time away from their parents in daycare, with a baby sitter or alone. Most teenagers try to find summer or after-school jobs, so that they can have their own money. Students usually work part-time and during summer vacations.

Young people get married later than they used to. Women usually get married at the age of 24, men - at the age of 26. Newly married couples often postpone having children, while they are establishing their careers.






12

Билет 3 (2)

What do you associate with Britain?


When I think of Britain I think about:

  1. the official name of Britain (….);

  2. the countries and their capitals;

  3. the biggest cities, lakes, rivers;


I know that G.B. is populated by…


I also picture in my mind the British weather.

It is…

The British like to speak about it.


I associate every country with its symbol.

England with… Wales with…

Scotland… Ireland with…


Of course I think about the people of Britain.

I imagine them as…


From books, TV, newspapers I know that British people…

are fond of… …like talking about…

live in… … are associated with…

are known as… …like…


We must also say about London.

L. is a very…city.

It’s a centre of…

There are a lot of places to go & see:……

L. is also associated with…( double deckers, lollipop lady, policemen, red telephone boxes).


Literature:

1.Book-7, pp. 227, 229-231, 240-241






41

Билет 13 (1)


The Role of Women in the United States

It is difficult to generalize about American women. A "typical " American woman may be single. She may also be divorced or married. She may be a home-maker, a doctor, or a factory worker. They have one thing in common - their attitude about themselves and their role in the American life.

American women were always very independent The first colonists who came to New England were often young couples. The women were alone in a new, undeveloped country with their husbands. They worked with their husbands and children to establislish themselves in this new land. They felt free because they were in a new land without the influence of other members of society. Women became the supporters of the family. The children of these early Americans grew up with many examples of working women around them.

In the 20th century industrialized America the role of women was not so strong and dramatic as in the early days of the century. Some women were active outside the home; others were not. When American men went to war in the 1940s, women stepped into the man's jobs as factory and business workers. Some women stayed in these positions after the war.

When men returned from the war and the post war "baby boom" began. Americans began to move to the suburbs. A new model of a traditional family developed and women were separated from men. Men usually went to the city to work and there was a strong division between work and home. Houses in the suburbs were far from each other, there were no stores or business. Women had to drive to buy food and to visit family and friends. The family was isolated from the outside world. At the same time life became easier for American homemakers because dishwashers, vacuum cleaners and frozen foods helped much to save time. With more time on their hands American women began to want to become more involved. American women are working now to reestablish their strong role in American life.













40

Билет 12 (3)

You and the student are discussing how to spend four hours you have before leaving for the airport. These are your ideas about each option:

Museum

photos and then show them to my family and friends;

- You know, I'm fond of visiting museums;

- I like the atmosphere there, it's so relaxing;


Park

- I guess parks look the same almost everywhere.

- I don't think there is anything special about them.

- What if the weather changes for the worse?

English weather is so unpredictable

    • It sounds terrific! We may enjoy the sunny

weather and have a nice time there.

    • It's so nice to be in the open air for a change.

- We have already visited so many museums.


Cafe

-1 don't feel like eating.

- I'd rather see more of the town than while the time away in a cafe.

- I'm afraid I don't have enough money for a cafe.

- That's a good idea. I'm tired and hungry.

- We may try new foods.


- What about going to a tea shop? They are beautifully ' decorated.

We could have delicious English tea there










13

Билет 3 (3)

Can a book be a good present? Arguments:

We learn many things from books. • They help us in self-education.

We can solve our problems with the help of books.

They make our life richer. What else can people give as a present? On what occasion?

All the kids like toys very much. Babies like funny toys that make sounds and toy animals. Girls play with dolls, doll houses. Boys prefer toy cars, models, guns. Both boys and girls enjoy puzzles, blocks and board games.

OCCASIONS

a friend's birthday

a religious ceremony

a party

a new baby

a meal at her friends'

a meal at her friends'

a house-warming party

graduation

getting a new job

buying a new house PRESENTS

flowers

a box of chocolates books records decorations for the house a photo album a CD computer games a video cassette baby toys stuffed animals religious books or objects hand-made gifts perfume


14

Билет 4 (1) THE SAILOR WHO WALKED ACROSS RUSSIA John Dundas Cochrane was born in 1786. He became a captain in the British navy when quite a young" man and fought in sea battles against the French during the Napoleonic wars. After Waterloo the navy did not need so many officers, and Cochrane found himself without a ship to command.

He wanted to lead an expedition to discover the source of the African river Niger, but his idea was rejected by the government. So, in February 1820, the captain decided to make a journey of his own -" on foot.

He walked from Paris to Berlin, through Poland to Lithuania, and on to Novgorod and Moscow. It was now late autumn.

From Moscow, Cochrane walked along the winter roads to Kazan, and then across the Urals to Tobolsk. Here, because of much snow and the vastness of the territory, the local governor gave him horses and a guide.

At last Cochrane reached Irkutsk and, after a short rest, went north.

After exploring the Kolyma area, on the East Siberia Sea, and making notes about what he had seen, the captain began the journey to Okhotsk.

In June 1821, Cochrane reached Okhotsk and from Okhotsk he went to Kamchatka by sea. He spent eleven months in Kamchatka, travelling and making notes... and falling in love with a Russian girl.

After their marriage Cochrane and his wife went back to England. They arrived in London in 1823.

In London, the captain wrote a book about his journey through Russia,

During his journey Cochrane met a lot of people who helped him and asked nothing in return. They were uneducated but they were kind and friendly. That is why he wrote in the end of his book: " I have received food from people who had almost nothing to eat... Those people who are called 'uncivilized' are the most hospitable and friendly".





39

Билет 12 (2)

CULTURE OF THE YOUTH

  1. Culture (C) has many meanings. Usually we speak about 3 types of C.:

    • elite C

    • folk C

    • popular C

Elite C. includes painting, sculpture, literature, music.

Folk C. is the C. of everyday life, traditions & customs.

Popular C. is mass C. It gives people, especially young, standards of life.

  1. Many young people are influenced by popular C. They…

    • follow examples of TV, cinema, music;

    • imitate their idols;

    • are sports & music fans;

    • visit stadiums& concert halls;

    • follow their idols in tours;

    • like disco(rock, jazz, pop, heavy metal…) music & dance;

    • are fond of science fiction literature, love stories, detectives;

But some young people prefer…

-reading serious books;

  • listening to serious music;

  • going to theatres;

  • working in the Internet etc.

Task: And what about you? What do you like?

  1. Beside 3 types of C. there is also the type, very different & unusual—subculture.

Sub-C. is the culture of people who disagree with society. There are many S-C.: ….

They are different in their clothes, appearance, music styles, hobbies. But they all have common features. They want…

Task: Choose 1 S-C. & speak about it. Use the plan:

  1. when appeared;

  2. appearance;

  3. music;

  4. clothes;

  5. opinions, views;

  6. your opinion about it.

Use:

    1. Book 10/11, pp. 70-72, 75, 84-89;

    2. Reader, pp. 31-32,34;

    3. LCG.





38

Билет 12 (1) Wimbledon—as Unusual Club


People all over the world know Wimbledon as the centre of lawn tennis. But most people do not know that it was famous for another game before tennis was invented. Wimbledon is now a part of Greater London. In 1874 it was a country village, but it had a railway station and it was the home of the All-England Croquet Club. The Club had been there since 1864. A lot of people played croquet in England at that time and enjoyed it, but the national championships did not attract many spectators. So the Club had very little money, and the members were looking for ways of getting some. This new game of lawn tennis seems to have plenty of action, and people like watching it", they thought. 'Shall we allow people to play lawn tennis on some of our beautiful croquet lawns? In 1875 they changed the name of the Club to the 'All-England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club', and that is the name that you will still find in the telephone book. Two years later, in 1877, Wimbledon held the first world lawn tennis championship (men's sin­gles). The winner was S.W. Gore, a Londoner. There were 22 players and 200 spectators, each paid one shilling. Those who watched were dressed in the very latest fashion—the men in hard top hats and long coats, and the ladies in dresses that reached to the ground! Wimbledon grew. There was some surprise and doubt, of course, when the Club allowed women to play in the first women's singles championship in 1884, But the ladies played well—even in long skirts that hid their legs and feet.

The Wimbledon championships begin on the Monday nearest to June 22, at a time when England often has its finest weather. It is not only because the people like to go there. When the weather is good, it is a very pleasant place to spend an afternoon. The grass is fresh and green, the players wear beautiful white clothes, the spectators are dressed in the latest fashion, there may be members of the royal family among them, and there are cool drinks in the open-air cafes next to the tennis courts.

Millions of people watch the championships on television.






15

Билет 4 (2)

The way we learn about the world

There are a lot of sources of information: libraries, museums, history clubs, zoos, galleries, traveling & media(TV, newspapers & magazines, radio, Internet).

Historical club

Museums & galleries

Libraries

make projects the stories of people, books, textbooks,

discover secrets cities, musical instruments, leaflets which help

of the past machines etc. to discover& create;

make historical cassettes which

outings fine collections of arts, help to imagine;

learn about the clothes, pictures, photos, encyclopedias about

history of peoples costumes etc. everything.

Z Zoos and national

parks

Travelling

Media

Internet

< helps to> < tell a lot about>

learn more about discover new famous people find interesting

plants, birds & places; events, politics, information for

animals; study languages; teenager’s lessons;

feed & take care make friends; problems, the rest know up-to-

of them; relax; of the world; date facts;

do scientific < it also> find people

experiments; teaches people discover new with the same

art & culture. things; interests;

educate; explore practise English ;

new ideas; play educational

games.

articles on

sport, fashion,

pop& rock stars,

school, parents.








16

Билет 4 (3)

hello_html_m685d5d1e.png

It is like a typewriter and address book for me and it is also used for checking my spelling.

Besides I can go on the Internet and discover everything about anything, it's a brilliant source of information.

I can design my own website and I get loads of information for school.

Besides some websites are packed with quizzes, games and competitions, it's all you need for hours of fun on your computer.

You can play and leam on it. It is absolutely essential.

hello_html_mb56889a.png

books help...

discover new things

explore new ideas

expand outlook

educate

leam more about...

solve problems

escape from everyday life problems books can tell us a lot about... lives of famous people politics

ancient times the arts and fashion ' teenagers' problems gardening latest discoveries plants and animals interesting thing's the rest of the world cookery


37

Билет 11 (3)

"..." are popular magazines/newspapers with young people because they...

contain political, industrial and cultural news

devote pages to finance matters and business

have an undramatic design with long articles

compress news

contain sensational stories

use large headlines and photographs

have more writing than pictures

report in detail on serious news

have less to say and more to show in pictures

are (not) interested in foreign news

have detailed articles about the arts and sports

have short articles about less important events

have short articles about the private lives of famous people

give information about films, concerts

devote large sections to business and sport

have a more sensational reporting style

report the latest scandal or gossip in the private lives of famous people

provide readers with articles about theatre and cinema performances















36

Билет 11 (2)

EDUCATION IN RUSSIA & BRITAIN & FUTURE PROFESSION

1.The systems of education in Russia & Britain are different but they have some common features.Both Russian & British systems of education have several levels:

Nursery schools/Primary schools/Secondary schools/ Schools of higher education

In B. children first go to… school at… In R.- at…

At… British children go to… As for Russian pupils they go to… at…

After finishing… school British & Russian children go to…school at…

2. Schools in B.& R. are different. Some of them are optional (nursery, higher education schools), others are compulsory ( primary & secondary schools), some schools are free ( primary, secondary), some are paid ( grammar schools in Britain, colleges, gymnasiums, private schools in Russia). In every kind of school you must pass exams.

3. After finishing school pupils have several ways: …,…,…,…

But all of them want to have a good job in the future.

4. When choosing a future career B. & R. young people think about different factors: ….

Besides, they think about prestige of the job. The most popular jobs in R. & B. are…

5. As for me, I’d like to be a… I like this profession because it

  • involves offering a service to other people;

  • involves helping other people with their problems;

  • helps to use my artistic abilities;

  • includes working with computer/ solving mathematical problems/ figures;

  • includes making things with my own hands/machines;

  • involves working with plants/ animals/children;

  • helps me to be physically active;

  • involves travelling around the world;

  • is a highly- paid job;

  • has good conditions of working;

  • will help me to discover new things & ideas;

  • will help me to find new friends.

6. To get qualifications I will enter… I have to take… exams:… I will study there for … years.

I hope that I’ll be happy in my profession.


Book-9, pp128,130,132,136,137,143






17

Билет 5 (1)

Christmas If you try to catch a train on 24th of December you may have difficulty in finding a seat. This is the day when many people are travelling home to be with their families on Christmas Day, 25th December. For most British families, this is the most important festival of the year, it combines the Christian celebration of the birth of Christ with the traditional festivities of winter.

On the Sunday before Christmas many churches hold a carol service where special hymns are sung. Sometimes carol-singers can be heard on the streets as they collect money for charity. People are reminded of Charles Dickens story (Christmas Carol). Most families decorate their houses with brightly-coloured paper or holly, and they usually have a Christmas tree in the corner of the front room, glittering with coloured lights and decorations. There are a lot of traditions connected with Christmas but perhaps the most important one is the giving of presents. Family members wrap up their gifts and leave them at the bottom of the Christmas tree to be found on Christmas morning. Children leave a long sock or stocking at the end of their beds on Christmas Eve, 24th December, hoping that Father Christmas will come down the chimney during the night and bring them small presents, fruit and nuts. They are usually not disappointed! At some time on Christmas Day the family will sit down to a big turkey dinner followed by Christmas pudding. They will probably pull a cracker with another member of the family. It will make a loud crack and a coloured hat, small toy and joke will fallout! ,

Later in the afternoon they may watch the Queen on television as she delivers her traditional Christmas message to the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth. If they have room for even more food they may enjoy a piece of Christmas cake or eat a hot mince pie. 26th December is also a public holiday. Boxing Day, and this is the time to visit friends and relatives or watch football.









18

Билет 5 (2)

What can you advise foreigners to see in Russia?

1 .First I would advise foreigners to begin their visit with 2 most famous Russian cities- the capital Moscow & St. Petersburg. They can find many things to see & go to.


If they are interested in culture & art If they love theatre If they enjoy science& literature If they want to rest If they want to know Russian history

They can see (visit, enjoy)...


In St. Petersburg : Summer Gardens,The Hermitage, The monument to Peter the Great,The Russian Museum The Winter Palace; In Moscow: The Gorky Park,The Gorky Park, The Kremlin,The Tsar Bell (Canon), Red Square,The Tretyakov Gallery, St. Basil's Cathedral, The monument to Minin& Pozharsky, The Lenin Library, Moscow University, The Bolshoi Theatre,The Pushkin Museum, the Arbat, the Luzhniki Stadium.

2.Then I will tell them about Russian traditions:

a) they must know about Russian traditional clothes ( shawls, fur hats & coats, sarafans etc.)

b) they will like Russian food (caviar, soups- borsch, schi-, pirozhki,potatoes). If they want they may try Russian vodka.

c) Of course, they must buy Russian souvenirs: bright matryoshkas, coloured spoons, samovars etc.

d) They will find Russian people generous, kind, friendly. They like to sing songs, love holidays, countryside, etc.

3. If they want to know more about Russia they may visit the oldest Russian cities ( Suzdal, Vladimir, Yaroslavl, Novgorod, etc.), enjoy beautiful Russian rivers (the Volga, the Don, the Ural...), mountains, forests, symbols (the national flag, anthem, St. George the Victorious ). 4. I hope they will be glad to visit my country.






35

Билет 11 (1)

DOCTOR WHO IDENTIFIED SARS BECOMES ITS VICTIM The new virus that broke out in East Asia claims the life of the Italian doctor who named it.

SARS is like flu. It is also a virus but it is much more dangerous than flu. It has now killed hundreds of people in different parts of the world. It has also infected thousands of other people. Recently the doctor who first identified SARS, Dr Carlo Urbani, died from SARS. Dr Urbani worked for the World Health Organisation in Vietnam. An American businessman was taken to hospital in Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam, with a strange illness. Dr Urbani was the first person in the world to notice that this was a new disease. He called it SARS, which means 'severe acute respiratory syndrome'.


The SARS virus can move very quickly. People who suffer from SARS have a high temperature, a cough and difficulty in breathing. Dr Urbanfs colleague Pascale Brudon said: "Carlo was the first person to see that this was something strange. When people became very worried in the hospital, he was there every day, collecting samples, talking to the staff and trying to control the infection."



In a statement, the World Health Organisation praised Dr Urbani, an expert in infectious diseases. "Because of Dr Urbanfs work with SARS, we were able to identify and isolate many new cases before they infected hospital workers," they said in the statement.

The virus is still spreading very quickly across East Asia. Most of the cases are in China, Hong Kong, Singapore and Vietnam.

Hong Kong has closed schools for a million students for 10 days, but some doctors say they should be closed for a month. Normal daily life has changed completely for the people of Hong Kong. They do not go to restaurants or theatres and they do not take taxis. They wear special face masks and even chemical protection suits when they go out.

The Chinese government now publishes a daily report on the spread of the disease, but some experts in Hong Kong say the Chinese government did not provide enough information about SARS and how quickly the disease can spread.

When the virus reached Hong Kong, it infected a lot of hospital workers. A doctor from Guandong province in China first brought SARS to Hong Kong in February.








34

Билет 10 (3)


"..." are popular magazines/newspapers with young people because they...

contain political, industrial and cultural news

devote pages to finance matters and business

have an undramatic design with long articles

compress news

contain sensational stories

use large headlines and photographs

have more writing than pictures

report in detail on serious news

have less to say and more to show in pictures

are (not) interested in foreign news

have detailed articles about the arts and sports

have short articles about less important events

have short articles about the private lives of famous people

give information about films, concerts

devote large sections to business and sport

have a more sensational reporting style

report the latest scandal or gossip in the private lives of famous people

provide readers with articles about theatre and cinema performances














19

Билет 5 (3)



There are different opinions about school uniform.

Different clothes distract students' attention from learning.

Not all students have enough money to buy different clothes.

Students' clothes are sometimes bright or untidy.

Dress codes help students understand what is more important for them-clothes or learning.

Through clothes students express themselves.

Students may wear what they want but they should dress reasonably: no gold things, ripped jeans, sneakers, shorts, athletic caps, etc.
















20

Билет 6 (1) The history of New York

In 1605 the first Europeans came to Manhattan island from Holland. In 1626, Peter Minuit, governor of the Dutch settlements in North America known as New Amsterdam bought the island from the Native Americans for a few glass necklaces, valued about twenty-four dollars today. In 1609 Henry Hudson entered the River of the Mountains. In 1613 the Dutch built only four small houses on Manhattan as a fur trading station. It was not until 1623, ten 41 years more, that they started a real settlement, town of New Am­sterdam in honour of the capital of their country in Europe. In 1644, when the English acquired the island, the village New Amsterdam was renamed New York. Today Manhattan is the heart of America's business and culture. It is the most important banking centre in the world. Fewer than two million of the city's eight million people live on the island.In 1789 on the steps of Federal Hall George Washington took the oath of office when he became the first president of the United States of America. During the years 1785 to 1790 New York was the capital of the United States. Due to its natural advantages as a harbour, and the rising tide of immigration from all parts of the world the role of New York as the leading city accelerated. Villages grew throughout the entire area. For the visitor New York means skyscrapers, tremendous traffic, dazzling neon advertisements. Manhattan is full of parallel rows of buildings, those running from north to south are called avenues while those running from east to west are called streets. The avenues and streets have only numbers instead of names. Wall Street from its very beginning became the market place of money. It was here that a walled stockade was erected to repulse the Indians, hence its name. As the city expanded the stockade was dismantled as of no further use, but the market place for the purchase of bonds and securities remained. Like every big city. New York has its own traffic system. Traffic jam can be terrible, and it is usually quicker to go by subway. It goes to almost every corner of Manhattan. New York is an international city, the place to try something new. It may be an experience you will never forget.

33

Билет 10 (2)

PROBLEMS OF THE YOUTH

  1. Youth is the time when a person tries to find his place in the world. And during this process young people face different problems. Today it’s very fashionable to speak about youth problems. We can choose three main problems: school, family & love problems.

  2. Family & school problems are associated with generation problems ( problems of the young & adults). There are many reasons of it:

    1. adults always complain that the young are selfish & useless;

    2. the young want to be free & enjoy life;

    3. adults always teach the young how to live;

    4. the young know what they want & don’t need their parents and teachers’ advice;

    5. teens prefer to make their own mistakes & to live their own life;

    6. adults think that they know best because they are older;

    7. teens are treated badly at school & at home;

    8. teens are not taken seriously;

    9. adults want teens to change their lifestyles;

    10. adults forbid young people to have friends, free time, hobbies, etc.

  3. Teens & the youth also have problems with their friends & beloved. They idealise first love & believe in it. But very often their love ends dramatically & it causes personal problems.

  4. Beside these problems the young face many other problems- with education, appearance, money, employment, free time, communication, housing, changes in our society.

  5. All these problems & conflicts have negative & sometimes dramatic results:

    1. many young people have drinking problems, they take drugs & smoke;

    2. many of them are arrested for criminal actions;

    3. they become violent & aggressive;

    4. some of them are upset & depressed;

    5. they rebel against the society;

    6. they live their homes & live in the streets;

    7. some teens even commit suicide (sju:isaid).

  6. To solve these problems people must unite. Parents & teachers must help teens in difficult situations. Teen must feel that they are cared for. Government must help them to find a job, to get good education. The young & adults should be patient to each other. The young must have the life of their own , meet friends, discuss their problems, enjoy their hobbies. They must think that being young is great.

Use:Book 10-11, Unit 4


32

Билет 10 (1) To Educate And To Amuse American films which we can see in our cinemas or on TV, are only those films which are popular. That's why, when we form an opinion on American films based only on these, we think that they all consist only of blood, pornography, fights, explosions and corpses.

I also wasn't favourably impressed by the celebrated, challenging Basic Instinct. During the whole film, the main character enters somewhere, smokes and shows his buttocks. I am interested in the English language, so I prefer to watch films in English. West Side Story hasn't merely impressed me; it has shaken me. I really enjoyed the wonderful acting, dancing and songs, though this is surprising to me.

Having watched My Fair Lady, I am sure that my favourite kinds of films are musicals. Even when I'm watching an "ordinary" picture, I am waiting for a suitable song for the moment.

I also like historical films, such as Shakespeare in Love. Though its plot isn't based on real historical events, the film is full of details of that time: unusual dances, houses, the life of poor people, the details of cloth, the manners of behaviour. We learnt, for example, that women weren't allowed to play on stage. These many details make the times better known and closer to us.

I don't agree with the person who wrote : "It would be better to keep your mind clear, fresh and open to new impressions in real life. It's not healthy when a person thrives on virtual artificial impressions (TV or computer)." There are millions of people in our country who don't have any access to a theatre, a museum or a gallery. They often don't have an opportunity to go to foreign countries and to have "impressions in real life". But everyone wants to relax, to rest from the routine of the everyday life and everyday problems. So, films are simply necessary for them.

Of course all people are different and everyone has a right to choose. Some people prefer old Soviet films. But there is nothing so unrealistic as old Soviet films. The characters are always laughing and singing. They are shown to live in prosperity. I'm sure that such films are at fault for our present inability to adopt to the real circumstances of life.In my opinion, all films have to fulfill two aims: to help in education and to amuse a person. The best film is the one which does both.




21

Билет 6 (2)


Famous people of Russia & Britain


In Britain/Russia there are a lot of famous people-

Scientists: Darwin/A. Bell/I. Newton/A. Flemming/ etc.

Writers & poets:

Musicians:

Actors& actresses:

Sportsmen & sportswomen:M. Jordan/A. Agassi/

D.Backham,etc.



I’d like to tell you about…


PLAN:



  1. Who is/was he/she?

  2. Where & when was he/she born?

  3. What kind of person is/was he/she?

  4. What does/did he/she do?

  5. What are/were his/her famous books/plays/musical works/inventions/records?

  6. What do you think about him/her?

  7. How do/did people honour him/her?

  8. When did he/she die?

  9. Where does he/she live now?



You may use:



  1. Book-7, pp. 133-135,136,148-151;

  2. Book-9, topics “Reading”, “Music”, LCG;







22

Билет 6 (3)



What is more interesting- photography, spotrs or collecting?

Photography:

You can keep your memories alive.

You can capture special family moments, holiday events.

You can shoot sharp, colourful pictures.

Modem cameras are compact and easy to use.


Sports:


It builds character.

It teaches you to win and to lose.

It makes you strong and fast.

It's a good way to meet people and make friends.

It teaches you to be disciplined.


Collecting:


You can collect different things, it doesn't take much money.

You can leam different things about history, animals, painting, famous people.

It's not a waste of time.

You can communicate with people while exchanging different things.

You can take part in competitions and exhibitions.











31

Билет 9 (3)

Young people enjoy watching...

prefer to watch...

prefer... to...


documentaries, feature films creative entertainment

discussions, interviews informative specialised

plays, serials, operas clever children's

pop/rock music concerts funny live

comedies, police series serious educational

sports, news, cartoons lovely political

game/quiz/talk shows

lives of famous people

romance and love stories

gardening/cookery is about

the arts and fashion

pop/rock hits

the rest of the world

the world of business

scandals and gossip

It is the story of/about/on ...

The story centres on ...

It is set in ...

The main characters of... are

The story line is ...

The acting is (pretty) good ...

It's good in the way it shows...

it deals with the lives of... people.

it gives you an opportunity to phone in.

it offers dancing and singing competitions and quizzes.

it is with fun and game we can take part in.

it combines live music and interviews with famous people.

it is hosted by well-known TV presenters.

it features all kinds of music.

it keeps you informed about the rest of the world.

it helps to escape from boring school life/stress/problems.

on "..." people talk about, play, sing live, win prizes,...

it is a mixture of...

30 Билет 9 (2)

Environmental protection The problems of the environment is much spoken about on TV, radio, in newspapers.In the 20 th century & during the first years of the 21 st century the problems of ecology became more important.

1. Why, how do you think?

Because of: - new technologies; - a lot of cars; - plants & factories; - hunting birds & animals; - cutting down trees; - a lot of litter;

- chemicals; - radiation;

2. How do they harm the nature? The result is that….

- the forests are cut down; - the animals are killed/ hurt;

  • the birds are sold in pet shops; - litter is left; air/ water is polluted; - fires are started; -trees are damaged; - people become ill;

  • acid rains fall;

3. How can/do governments help nature?

To keep the planet healthy governments can…

They also…

  • reduce production of paper; - start clean technologies;

  • start nature organizations - publish special magazines

(“Green peace”, “Friends of the Earth”); about nature problems;

  • protect rare animals/plants in national - stop hunting rare animals/

parks/zoological gardens( the Lake fish/birds;

District in England; the Yellowstone - stop putting litter into

Park in the USA; Valday Park inRussia); rivers/ seas;

4. What do people do to protect nature?

I think people… I’m sure they can… People must/ should…

- raise money to help animals; -not to throw rubbish into rivers

  • not to smuggle wild animals/birds; - organize nature centers;

  • help wild animals/plants; - collect litters in the parks;

- celebrate Earth Day (April, 22); - plant trees/ flowers & water them;

  • start environmental programs at school;

  • become vegetarians(not to eat animal food);

5. What do you/your family/classmates do to help nature?

As for me, I… I & my classmates… My classmates…

- clean parks/ gardens; - reuse plastic bottles;- reduce water/energy; - recycle old newspapers/ cans/ paper;- plant & water trees/flowers; - take care of animals; - learn about nature; - visit nature centers;

- collect litter; - make bird-feeders;- enjoy wild animals in national parks; - organize meetings against water/ air/ forest pollution;

If we do these activities we’ll save our planet & will keep it healthy& strong. I want to live in a better world.

23

Билет 7 (1)

English in my life.

Dear friends,

My name is Olga Arsalan. I am more than 80 years old. This is a picture of me when I was about your age. I would like to tell you about the great role that English has played in my long life.

When I was about your age, in the early 1920s, I happened to come across an English book of stories published in a strange way. The first line was written in Eng­lish, the second line gave the pro­nunciation in Russian letters and the third line gave the translation into Russian .It was really fun to read and soon I began to understand simple phrases without looking at the transla­tion and I even learned many of the phrases by heart. The results of this language game were very successful. At age 15, I started working as a cashier at the hotel "Europe" in a seaport, Novorossyisk. First I went by car (yes, by car!) to foreign ships docked at the port and invited their crew to visit the hotel's restaurant and to taste its delicious dishes and wines. Late at night they paid their bills in currencies of different nations, such as Great Britain, Greece, Turkey and others. To tell you the truth, they never cheated me in any way.

At the same time, I was asked to teach elementary English to the crew of an ice-tanker, which was going to England. So, my first English class consisted of a group of lively seamen enjoying their short rest at the seashore. We held our classes at the seaman's club. After some time, they learned about 20 useful sentences and were sure they knew English well.

After this interesting experience, I decided to become a teacher. I began studying in Leningrad. Then, in 1940, I graduated from the Moscow Institute of Foreign Languages. Since that time, I have been teaching, teaching and teach­ing English. I've taught English to school children, writers, composers, scien­tists and even the staff of the Ministry during WWII.

In the 1960s and 1970s, because of my knowledge of English, I was able to work as an interpreter with different delegations of peace activists from many different countries. I interpreted for many well-known people from Moscow and all over the country. Believe me that even now after 30 years of fruitful work, many of these people still send me letters and would like to meet again.

Why do you need to know English? English is becoming a global language. At least a half a billion people in the world use English at home or work. Prob­lems of the 21st century, such as problems of war and peace, ecology, demog­raphy, and democracy, can not be solved if people do not speak the same lan­guage. Interpreters take time and now time is as precious as never before. So, dear boys and girls, don't waste time. Go on studying English each and every day. And finally, I'd like to wish you all a long, fruitful, happy life in peace, brotherhood and friendship.



24

Билет 7 (2)


Holidays in Russia & Britain

Holidays... They make a nation special. Some of them are old & many people . don't remember them. Some of them are still popular today. In Russia & Britain we celebrate holidays all over the year.

In January we celebrate New Year. In R. we also celebrate Christmas. In February, 14 St. Valentine's Day comes. In March we give presents to our Mums. Easter is in April. In October.31 British people celebrate Hallowe'en & Christmas in December,25.

There are also many special holidays: a birthday, September, 1, Victory Day, Guy Fawkes Day, etc.

We celebrate religious days too: Easter, Maslenitsa, etc.

TASK

Choose 1 British or 1 Russian holiday & speak about it according to the plan:

1. What is the holiday?

2. When is it celebrated?

3. What is it associated with ?

4. What do people do on this holiday?

5. Are there any traditions?

Use these phrases

New Year/Xmas: visit friends/a lot of dancing(eatmg)/"First Foot/give & receive presents/New Year's tree/Father Frost/Snow Maiden/decorate with toys, light, stars/Happy New Year/Merry Christmas !/buy & put a tree in the living room/put presents under a tree/put presents into the stocking/turkey/ Pudding/visit church;

St. Valentine's Day : make "valentines"(cards)/send...to people/holiday of love/ heart-shaped cards(boxes)/send flowers(sweets)/write poems;

Hallowe'en: ghosts/witches/make lantems(Jack O'Lantern) out ofpumpkins/parties/dress funny costumes/make tricks/sing songs/Trick or Treat!" Maslenitsa: say goodbye to winter/cook pancakes/eat pancakes with fish(caviar, honey )/visit friends/celebrate the beginning of spring/spend time in parks/make fires/burn the scarecrow of winter/old Russian tradition;

1. Book-5, pp.101-103;

2. Book-8, pp. 81-85,94-95,97,102-103, Linguistic & Cultural Guide;




29

Билет 9 (1)

Choosing a career

Everyone needs at least one profession in his life. So when you begin spending sleepless nights thinking about a job and money, when you think longingly of the plans for the future it’s no doubt about it you’re ready to choose most suitable career for you.

So in the world there are very and very many different professions: you can work with people as a doctor, a lawyer, a receptionist, a teacher, etc.; on the enterprise, bank, school, state institution. And what kind of a profession you choose is mainly depends on yourself. And I think it’s very difficult task for everybody.

And now there is such situation in the life that it is very difficult to find some worthy job especially suitable for you. So if you want some-how to get a job, you can make plans for the future when you study still at school. It’s a good idea to take different factors into account: job satisfaction – your future job must satisfy you; money – it’s important that your future profession must be well-paid or you must have a high salary to support the family, etc; good conditions; training; travelling and so on; the place of work -in the office, from home, in the open area, abroad, etc.

In the past, when I was at age of 10, I dreamt of becoming a lawyer because I wanted to be like Mason from the Santa-Barbara. He was very energetic, talkative, inventive, enterprising, creative, adventurous and enthusiastic. I wanted to work with people and help them. But now I can say that I made up my mind what to do in the future. I think I have an aptitude for working with figures and solving financial problems and I am interested in knowing how money is made. So I think I can work as an economist in the financial field. I think that it is more in demand now especially in banks where a really good specialist can have a lot of money. The success of this profession depends mainly on my education. So I want to enter the Vyatka State Technical University on the social-economics faculty in spite of the very high competition. I think I’ll be able to enter there because I have a good knowledge of English and mathematics to pass the exams. So when I finish the University I’m going to work in the father’s office as a financial consultant and specialist in this field. I think I will not disappoint my father about this job because I’m energetic, communicative, enterprising and quick by nature.












28

Билет 8 (3)


Why?

to study at a university (college)

to communicate with people of the world

to do business

to understand films and songs in English

to get a better job

to like the language

to want to live in an English-speakmg country

to have to study it at school

it's easier than other subjects you could study

to like the teacher

useful when you travel

gives a chance to meet new people






















25

Билет 7 (3)

You are discussing how to make a pleasant surprise for your Mum on March, 8th. This is what you think about each option.

COOKING A HOLIDAY DINNER:

- We are not good cooks, we may spoil it.

- We may need a lot of money and time to prepare,

-That may be a rather boring event in the end -just sitting at the table and having a meal.

- We could cook something special, like Mum's favourite dish and a holiday cake.


TYDYING UP A FLAT:

- But that's part of our household chores, so it's not going to surprise our Mum.

- You know I hate tidying up. Our "surprise" will last only for an hour and then the flat will turn into a mess again.

-When tidying up we may hide a small gift and leave some notes where to find it.

-While tidying up we may rearrange some furniture to create some special holiday spirit.


MAKING A SELF- MADE PRESENT:

-That may need some money and a lot of time, and it's March, 7th today

-It's difficult to make something really worthy

-I hate all those do-it-yourself activities. I'm not good at them.

-Do you remember Mum's old hat? You know she likes wearing it at our dacha very much. We could make it look like a new one.

- We might repaint a wall in Mum's bedroom and decorate it in a special way to remind her of this nice holiday every day.

26

Билет 8 (1) Youth problems The problems American teenagers face daily reflect problems in American society: drugs, guns, violence, poverty & depression. However, there are a few problems, which are prevalent mainly among American youth. For example, teenage pregnancy, underage drinking (drinking alcohol under the age 21), gang membership, & the lack of the "voice" in today's society are among the many issues teenagers must deal with. Not all Americans have good clothing, adequate food & vitamins & housing. So, some American children are raised in poverty. Many of these children find other means of supporting themselves or their families. Many times poor or underprivileged children are forced to sell drugs or join gangs. Gangs, violence & drugs are issues which go hand in hand. In other words, where one finds a gang, one is most likely to also find drugs, guns & violence. As a result many young girls & boys are brutally murdered in drive-by shootings, ambushes & gang wars. While these problems of poor teenagers are immeasurable & harsh, middle class & wealthy American teenagers also face many problems. Drugs, underage drinking & smoking are prevalent among teenagers. Drugs are destroying minds, family & friend relationships, & are killing America's youth. These drugs are a problem, which must be destroyed.

Violence in schools has been an increasing problem in America in the past few years. Occasions when American students have shot & killed their classmates no longer sounds unfamiliar. Guns have no place in the hands of American children. Children should not have to fear going to school, & should not have to fear their classmates.

Yet another problem of American youth is vehicular homicide. Because teenagers drive at the age of 14, & because many are careless or perhaps drunk drivers, the number of deaths behind the wheel continue to grow. Teenage drivers no longer have to worry about having a parent drive them around or parking them after school, but need to worry about driving safely.

Teenage pregnancy is also a problem relevant to the topic of teenage problems. Children having children- teenage mothers & fathers- can't provide for their babies, because they still need to be cared for. Teenage parents don't have adequate education & monetary means to support babies in today's world. And while teenagers continue to have sex at earlier ages, it's also necessary to address the problem of STDs (sexually transmitted diseases). STDs such as AIDS are incurable & are devastating to teenagers who are just beginning to enjoy life. In order to address these problems of youth teenagers need to discuss their problems. In today's society it's difficult for a teenager to be taken seriously. However, in the next few years, adults must take the time to hear the problems of these young Americans so that solutions can be found to eliminate the problems.







27

Билет 8 (2)

My free time In their free time British & Russian teenagers prefer doing what they like. These activities are different.

1). Some teenagers in their leisure time enjoy listening to music. And what about you? What music do you like? Why? (Book, 9, p.40);

2). Many boys & girls are fond of sport. If you like sport, tell about your favourite kind of sport. Why is sport important to you? (Book, 8, pp. 128-129);

3). A lot of young people are keen on dancing. Do you like to dance?

Why? Where do you dance?

4). Teenagers also like to talk with their friends in free time. They speak about their problems & secrets. And you? What do you speak with your friends about? Why? (Book, 7, p. 206);

5). Some young people in Britain & Russia spend much time watching TV. Do you? What programmes do you watch? Why? (Book, 7, p. 207-208; Book, 9, p. 76);

6). In their spare time teenagers get pleasure from reading. Do you enjoy reading? Why? What books? (Book, 9, p. 16,19,21-22);

7). In Britain & Russia boys & girls devote their time to hobbies (collecting, cycling, cooking, fishing, photography, etc.). Do you have a hobby? What is it? Why do you choose it?

8). Teenagers can help their parents about the house too. How do you help your parents? - go shopping; - wash the car;

- wash dishes; - clean up; etc.

I think that my free time is interesting & busy.

Phrases/words you may use.

LIKES WHY?

I’m fond of… It’s relaxing. It’s enjoyable. It’s amusing.

I get pleasure from… It’s a change from school. It’s special.

I’m keen on… it’s exciting. It’s not boring.

I’m mad (crazy) about…

I prefer (love, like, enjoy)…

I’m never bored…

TIME

Free time after school In the evening (morning)…

Leisure time When I’m free… on my weekends…

Spare time on Sundays

Hobbies I

gardening playing musical instrument I usually…

playing with a pet writing poems/letters I also…

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Дата добавления 07.11.2015
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Подраздел Другие методич. материалы
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