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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Тесты / Экзаменационный материал для 8 класса в формате ОГЭ

Экзаменационный материал для 8 класса в формате ОГЭ

  • Иностранные языки

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Раздел 1. Аудирование


В1


Вы услышите 5 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего 1-5 и утверждениями, данными в списке A-F. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей буквой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение.
Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.


A

Novels are good for improving language skills.

B

Novels make my life more exciting.

C

Novels teach me how to act in certain situations.

D

Novels are a good subject of conversation.

E

F

Novels increase my knowledge of other countries.

Novels allow me to travel through time.


Говорящий

1

2

3

4

5

Утверждение







Вы услышите интервью с доктором Джоунз. В заданиях A1-A6 обведите цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному вами ответу. Вы услышите запись дважды.






А1


The topic of this programme is


1)

having a healthy lifestyle.

2)

following a healthy diet.

3)

treating diet related diseases.



А2

According to the interviewer, he


1)

sticks to a healthy diet.

2)

is ready to switch to a healthy diet.

3)

is not ready to do with junk food.



А3

Which is NOT a healthy diet tip given by Dr. Jones?


1)

Substitute olive oil for butter.

2)

Reduce the amount of food you eat.

3)

Start with counting calories.



А4

For eating out Dr. Jones suggest that customers should


1)

share one dish between them.

2)

take home some of their meal to eat later.

3)

avoid all kinds of starters.



А5

The Dr. Jones’s general recommendation is


1)

eat more often, but smaller portions.

2)

have no more than tree regular meals.

3)

eat only food that your body wants at the moment.


А6

Dr. Jones believes that having a meal with others is beneficial because


1)

Your friends will help you to stick to your diet.

2)

People who eat alone normally eat more.

3)

Conversation at the table helps you to digest food better.


По окончании выполнения заданий В1 и А1 – А6 НЕ ЗАБУДЬТЕ ПЕРЕНЕСТИ СВОИ ОТВЕТЫ В БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! ОБРАТИТЕ ВНИМАНИЕ, что ответы на задания В1, А1 – А6 располагаются в разных частях бланка. В1 расположено в нижней части бланка.
При переносе ответов в задании
В1 буквы записываются без пробелов и знаков препинания.


B2

Раздел 2. Чтение



Установите соответствие тем  H текстам 1 – 7. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании одна тема лишняя.


1.

A MAGIC JOURNEY

5.

A FAMILY WEEKEND

2.

FREDOM OF CHOICE

6.

IDEAL FOR BEGINNERS

3.

A TRIP AROUND THE WORLD

7.

AN ALL-INCLUSIVE TRIP

4.

AN UNUSUAL MEANS OF TRANSPORT

8.

ACROSS THE CONTINENT


A.

Everyone knows that cycling is a nice and healthy way to travel. It offers you independence. You don’t depend on timetables. You can go where and when you want. You can stop at a restaurant when you please, stay in the places you like and leave if you get bored. The world is yours.


B.

Learn the basics of rock climbing with Cliffs and Ice. It is a perfect choice for those who decide to take up climbing for the first time. After a week in Cornwall you will learn the main skills necessary to become a competent climber. We will give you an experience that you can use in different climbing areas in the UK.


C.

It is situated close to the Lake District, which is known for picturesque scenery. The ingredients that will help you make an unforgettable winter holiday with your nearest and dearest are: the welcoming fireplaces, delicious food, cosy rooms and different sports facilities. It’s perfect for a weekend trip with children. Take the people you love to our delightful hotel in the country.

D.

A journey through a wild and faraway desert – by camel! This is a wonderful choice for anyone who wants to forget the modern means of travelling. You’ll be on top of a camel and part of a desert caravan. Camel drivers will accompany you, providing good company, as you admire the golden sand and bright blue sky.


E.

If you take a train tour to the lakes, you’ll have nothing to worry about. You will leave London in a comfortable train; travel through the small picturesque towns and into the green hills. There will be no problems with the trip. The price already includes a return ticket, afternoon tea at Linden Hotel, a beautiful lake cruise, a visit to the medieval village and Hill Top, home of a famous English writer.


F.

The Hogwarts Express plays a big part in the adventures of Harry Potter. A trip to the Scottish Highlands can be your chance to sit in the same carriage and dream about your own trip to the mysterious world. The journey goes through some of Scotland’s most splendid scenery. The best part of the journey is when the train crosses the Glenfinnan viaduct, a railway bridge.


G.

Are you ready for Africa? Say yes and take a Safari Holiday. It is a mystery, wonder and …adventure! Our safari experts will take you through Africa from east to west. We offer views of dunes, mountain ranges, untouched beaches and open fields. You will see the amazing wildlife and beautiful nature. Let us make your African safari an experience you will never forget!


1

2

3

4

5

6

7
















B3

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 1 – 5 частями предложений
A – F. Одна из частей в списке А – F – лишняя. Перенесите ответы в таблицу.

hurricane

Hurricanes are the biggest, most dangerous and most destructive storms on Earth. The word ‘hurricane’ comes from ‘Hurican’, 1___________. There are about 10 hurricanes around the world each year 2__________. As hurricanes get close to the land they suck up water from the sea. the winds can make waves as tall as a skyscraper! Hurricanes only break 3__________.

A hurricane, cyclone and typhoon are all the same thing – a swirling storm; 4__________, a cyclone above the Indian Ocean and a typhoon above the Pacific Ocean.

5__________, they are important because they transfer heat and energy from the equator to the poles.

Since 1954 names have been given to hurricanes in alphabetical order, so people don’t get confused when they listen to the weather forecasts.

  • * suck up – поглощать

  • * swirling – вращающийся

A.

and they all start over warm, tropical oceans

B.

though hurricanes begin all of a sudden

C.

who is the Carib god of evil

D.

although hurricanes can cause a lot of damage

E.

when they reach cold water or land

F.

but a hurricane occurs above the North Atlantic Ocean

1

2

3

4

5






Прочитайте текст и выполните задания А8 – А14, обводя цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа.



Scientists have noticed that the weather is getting worse and worse and the so-called extreme weather events are becoming more and more frequent. the explanation is short: the reason is global warming.

What is global warming? “Greenhouse effect” is a natural feature of our atmosphere without which the life on our planet would be impossible. Certain atmospheric gases work as a kind of a blanket, keeping the Earth warm. The amount of these ‘greenhouse’ gases used to be more or less the same for centuries. But the industrial revolution broke this balance. The amounts of CO and other gases have increased by 30%.

Climate experts predict that by 2050 the global average temperature will rise by 2-3 degrees. What would happen then? Northern regions will be wetter and warmer, southern regions will be drier and hotter. Snow will melt in the Alps and other mountains and the water will cause floods. Sea levels will rise and lots of areas will disappear under the water. So will some species of animals and plants.

What shall we do? We can’t just sit and wait. People should use clean energy, such as wind, solar and wave power. If we recycle cans and paper, take public transport and switch off unused lights at home, we’ll reduce the threat of global climate change.



A8

What kind of weather conditions changes have the scientists noticed recently?


1)

No changes

2)

Little changes

3)

Unimportant changes

4)

Extreme changes



A9

What works as a kind of a blanket keeping the Earth warm?


1)

The sun

2)

Greenhouses

3)

Atmospheric gases

4)

Clouds

A10



When will the global average temperature rise by several degrees?


1)

By 2050

2)

By 2015

3)

By 2005

4)

By 2025



What will cause floods?


A11

1)

Rivers and lakes

2)

Seas and oceans

3)

Rains and hurricanes

4)

Snow-melting in the mountains


A12



What energy should people use to prevent the global warming?


1)

Energy of cars

2)

All kinds of clean energy

3)

Energy of water

4)

Energy of sun


What is a natural feature of or atmosphere?


A13

1)

Atmospheric gases

2)

Greenhouse effect

3)

CO and other gases

4)

A blanket



A14


Why will some species of animals and plants disappear?

1)

Because of the greenhouse effect

2)

Because of the floods

3)

Because of the global warming

4)

Because of us


По окончании выполнения заданий В2, В3 и А8  А14 НЕ ЗАБУДЬТЕ ПЕРЕНЕСТИ СВОИ ОТВЕТЫ В БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! ОБРАТИТЕ ВНИМАНИЕ, что ответы на задания В2  В3, А8  А14 располагаются в разных частях бланка.




Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика


Прочитайте приведённые ниже предложения. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами после номеров B4 – B10 так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы B4 – B10.




B4

My mother was such an _______person, always, busy in a hurry.

ENERGY





B5


I made a stupid _________ and so things didn’t turn out as planned.

CALCULATE




B6


I’d like to do it________ this time. I hope you don’t mind.

DIFFERENT





B7


If you ate more _______ food, you wouldn’t have all these problems with your skin.

HEALTH



B8



I want to be an important ________ when I grow up.

SCIENCE



B9



He’s ________ at mending things. I’ll just have to do it myself.

USE





B10


It is almost impossible to actually measure_________.

INTELLIGENT








Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами после номеров B11 – B16 так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы B11 – B16.


The word ‘google’ has many issues.



B11


It is an adjective, __________ to describe very large numbers. It is also a proper noun. “Google” is the name of a popular Internet search engine.

USE



B12


It is also _____ a new meaning. The writers of a new edition of a dictionary have listed ‘google’ as a verb.

HAVE



B13


It ________ to search the Internet. This makes terms like “google me” part of the English language. If you want to know more

MEAN




B14


about volcanoes you ______ it. ‘Google’ is now an official part of the English language. The dictionary’s editors say that this


GOOGLE



B15


just means that the public _______ the term.


ADOPT



B16


Google” is one of 100 new words that __ in the new dictionary. Many other words are based on technology.

Mouse potato” is someone who spends a lot of time in front of a computer. “Ringtone” is the sound of a cell phone ringing. Many new technology words have become common.

INCLUDE






Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами А22 – А28. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям А22 – А28, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.

One of the A15 ______programs on television in Britain is called “That’s Life”. The main job is to draw attention to ways in which the public may be cheated by companies. The program is so popular that millions of people watch it every Sunday night. and the team running it gets 2.000 letters A16 ______ week from people complaining about ___ A17 bad products and tricks used by salesmen to make people A18 ______ things they don’t really want. For example, salesmen often A19 ______ to pay for the improvements to their houses, A20 ______means that if improvements are badly carried out, the owner still cannot A21 ______. Since the program began, such techniques have suddenly stopped.

A15


1)

more popular

2)

most popular

3)

popularer

4)

popularest



A16


1)

by

2)

in

3)

the

4)

a



A17


1)

such things like

2)

Such things as

3)

the things such as

4)

the things as



A18


1)

buy

2)

to buy

3)

buying

4)

that they buy



A19


1)

lend people money

2)

borrow people money

3)

lend the people money

4)

borrow money to people



A20


1)

what

2)

that

3)

which

4)

it



A21


1)

to avoid to pay

2)

to avoid paying

3)

avoid to pay

4)

avoid paying

По окончании выполнения заданий В4 – В16, А15 – А21 НЕ ЗАБУДЬТЕ ПЕРЕНЕСТИ СВОИ ОТВЕТЫ В БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ №1! ОБРАТИТЕ ВНИМАНИЕ, что ответы на задания В4 – В16, А15  А21 располагаются в разных частях бланка. При переносе ответов в заданиях В4 – В16 буквы записываются без пробелов и знаков препинания.


Раздел 4. Письмо

Для ответов на задания С1, С2 используйте Бланк ответов № 2.

При выполнении заданий С1 и С2 особое внимание обратите на то, что ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в Бланке ответов № 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом.

При заполнении Бланка ответов № 2 вы указываете сначала номер задания С1, С2, а потом пишете свой ответ.

Если одной стороны Бланка недостаточно, вы можете использовать другую сторону Бланка.


Write a short story of 100-120 words. The story must end with these words: …and then I woke up and realized that the whole thing had been a dream.

C1

Use these questions to help you write your story.


Background

  • Where were you?

  • Were you with anyone?

  • What were you doing?

  • When did it happen?

Main event

  • What happened?

  • Howdid you feel?

  • What did you do next?

How did you feel afterwards?


You have 30 minutes to do this task.



C2


You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Pamela who writes:

...I don't think it’s fair to make children do household chores because we're too busy at school. Do you help your Mum about the house? What kind of things do you have to do? Do you have enough time to do chores?


Write a letter to Pamela.

In your letter answer her 3 questions.

Write 80 - 100 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.

You have 30 minutes to do this task.


Раздел 5. Говорение


Вы получите карточку, на которой представлены два задания для устного ответа: С3 – тематическое монологическое высказывание,
С4 – диалог с целью обмена оценочной информацией. Окончание выполнения каждого задания определяет экзаменатор. Во время проведения этой части экзамена идет постоянная запись на аудиокассету.



Задания для экзаменуемого



C3

STUDENT CARD

Task 1

Give a talk about the Internet.

Remember to say:


  • why the Internet is important in modern society

  • what you use the Internet for

  • whether the Internet can be harmful for users, why


You have to talk for 1.5 – 2 minutes. The examiner will listen until you have finished. Then he/she will ask you some questions.


C4


STUDENT CARD

Task 2

You and your sister/brother are choosing a birthday present for your father. There are three options to choose from.

You have to decide on one of them:

  • a camera;

  • new stamps for his collection;

  • tickets for the important football match.


You begin the conversation. The teacher will do the role of your sister/brother.


Remember to:

  • be active and polite;

  • come up with ideas;

  • give reasons;

  • agree or disagree with your sister/brother;

  • invite your sister/brother to come up with suggestions;

  • find out your sister/brother's attitudes and take them into account;

  • come to an agreement.



















Карточка экзаменатора-собеседника задания C3


Warm up


  1. What’s your favourite season? Why do you like it?


INTERLOCUTOR CARD


Task 1 (2.5 – 3 min)


Let the student talk for 1.5 – 2 minutes.

Ask only those questions which the student has not covered while giving a talk.


1. Why is the Internet important in modern society?

2. What do you use the Internet for?

3. Can the Internet be harmful for users, why?

All of these ideas must be covered.

Finally, you must ask each student the following question:

  1. How much time a day do you spend browsing the Internet?

  2. How can the Internet help you to improve your English?


SKILLS TO BE TESTED


The student is expected to demonstrate her/his ability to:


  • speak at length elaborating on the topic;

  • produce coherent utterances;

  • give reasons;

  • use accurate grammar structures and a good range of vocabulary

  • appropriate to the context and function.







Карточка экзаменатора-собеседника задания C4


INTERLOCUTOR CARD


Task 2 (2 - 3 minutes.)

You and your sister/brother are choosing a birthday present for your father.

There are three options to choose from. You have to decide on one of them.

Start the conversation.

Your opinion on the ideas produced.

Questions

Your arguments

Attitude

Advice

What do you think what present to choose?

What about a new camera?

Will he like a new stamp for his collection?

Tickets for the football match are unusual?

Aren’t they?

Explain interests and hobbies of the father and how necessary the present is.

Consider the price of the present.

Consider father’s hobbies and interests.


To finish the conversation say: “OK. We could agree on our choice”.

SKILLS TO BE TESTED:


The student is expected to demonstrate her/his ability to

  • elicit the needed information by asking questions

  • maintain and conclude the conversations

  • be active and polite

  • make decisions


Приложение 1.


Тексты для аудирования

Вы сейчас будете выполнять тест по аудированию. Во время его выполнения перед каждым заданием дана пауза с тем, чтобы вы смогли просмотреть вопросы к заданию, а также паузы после первичного и повторного предъявления аудиотекста для внесения ответов. По окончании выполнения всего раздела «Аудирование» перенесите свои ответы в бланк ответов.


Задание В1


Вы услышите 5 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего 1-5 и утверждениями, данными в списке A-F. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей буквой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение.
Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.


Now we are ready to start.


Speaker 1.

Oh, I love novels, especially if they have a good plot. I started reading them when I was 12. And I still read at least one novel a week. My own life isn't terribly exciting. Apart from my work, which is very interesting, nothing much happens. In the novels I read there's always a lot going on, lots of thrilling events, and I can share in the experiences and problems of the characters.


Speaker 2.

Well, I used to read only short stories. That changed when I moved to a new city and found myself in a job I didn't really enjoy. I would get back home at about 5 p.m., make some supper and sit down to read a novel for the rest of the evening. Many of them are pretty unbelievable stories, and not particularly well-written. It's not as if you can imagine yourself in any of those situations, but the thing is they take my mind off whatever's worrying me. I've had long conversations about this with friends who think I should read better quality stuff, but I know what I'm doing.


Speaker 3.

Reading is an activity that keeps me occupied: I love novels, especially historical novels and science fiction. It's like living in another world. Historical fiction and science fiction move me back and forth in title. I am particularly captivated by characters who go through dangers to complete their mission. It's a pity we won't be able to see the future. Novels make it possible for us.


Speaker 4.

Why do I like reading novels? I used to read novels just so as to see how my favourite characters solved their problems. I thought I could then apply that to my own problems! I always choose novels that are in a clear style, because I find complicated language difficult. And also I like the stories to be about countries and cultures I know well, because then I can understand the characters better.

Speaker 5.

I think reading novels is helping me a great deal in my studies, and although I haven't got much spare time, I always make a point of reading a couple of hours in the evening. I'm in my last year at secondary school, and frankly, reading novels is an excellent way of learning how people live in other countries, how they communicate with each other, what problems they have.


You have 30 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 30 seconds)

Listen to the text again and check your answers. (Repeat)

This is the end of the task.

hello_html_15d3bb29.png

hello_html_2b9ac621.pngПриложение 2.


Ответы.


Раздел 1. Аудирование

Раздел 2.

Чтение

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика

задания

Ответ

задания

Ответ

задания

Ответ

А1

2

А8

4

А15

2

А2

3

А9

3

А16

4

А3

3

А10

1

А17

3

А4

2

А11

4

А18

1

А5

1

А12

2

А19

1

А6

2

А13

2

А20

1



А14

3

А21

4

Аудирование

В1

BDFCE

Чтение

В2

15462

B3

CAEFD


Грамматика и лексика


В4

energetic

В5

calculation

В6

differently

В7

healthy

В8

scientist

В9

useless

B10

intelligence

B11

used

B12

has

B13

means

B14

Will google <или> ‘ll google

B15

has adopted

B16

were included <или> are included



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Дата добавления 10.12.2015
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Тесты
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