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The 22nd of November Embassy language School
New words: Holland - [ˈhɔlənd] – Голландия Indian – Индия Peseta - [pəˈsetə] – песета Pound [paund] – фунт (ағылшын ақшасы) Franc [frᴂƞk]– франк Rupee [ru:’pi:]– рупи Wider[waid] – зор, мол Effort [‘efәt] – күш салу Tongue [tᴧƞ] – тіл
National Flag of the Republic of Kazakhstan The National Flag of the Republic of Kazakhstan is a piece of right-angled cloth of a sky-blue color with a picture of a golden sun, with 32 rays in the center, sitting above a soaring steppe eagle. The flagstaff has a vertical line of national ornamentation. The picture of the sun, its rays, eagle and ornament are gold in color. The width/length ratio of the flag is 1:2.
The national flag of the United States of America, often referred to as the American flag, consists of thirteen equal horizontal stripes of red (top and bottom) alternating with white, with a blue rectangle in the canton (referred to specifically as the "union") bearing fifty small, white, five-pointed stars arranged in nine offset horizontal rows of six stars (top and bottom) alternating with rows of five stars. The 50 stars on the flag represent the 50 states of the United States of America and the 13 stripes represent the thirteen British colonies that declared independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain and became the first states in the Union.
Flag Name Capital Currency Official language Austria Vienna Euro German Belarus Minsk Belarusian ruble Belarusian Russian Belgium Brussels Euro Dutch French German France Paris Euro French Germany Berlin Euro German Italy Rome Euro Italian Poland Warsaw Złoty Polish
Russia Moscow Russian ruble Russian Spain Madrid Euro Spanish Catalan India New Delhi IndianRupee Hindi English Urdu Gujarati Japan Tokyo Yen Japanese Kazakhstan Astana Tenge Kazakh Russian Turkey [Europe] Ankara Turkishlira Turkish
Ex: 1 – which languages are spoken in these countries? 1. Australia Turkish 2. Austria Greek 3. Canada Japanese 4. Egypt German 5. Greece Welsh, English 6. Holland English 7. Japan Arabic 8. Turkey Dutch 9. Wales English
The adverbs ever and never express the idea of an unidentified time before now e.g. Have you ever visited Berlin? 'Ever' is used in questions. e.g. Have you ever been to England? Has she ever met the Prime Minister? in negative questions e.g. Haven't they ever been to Europe? Haven't you ever eaten Chinese food? and in negative statements using thе pattern nothing ... ever, nobody ... ever e.g. Nobody has ever said that to me before. Nothing like this has ever happened to us. 'Ever' is also used with 'The first time.... e.g. It's the first time (that) I've ever eaten snails. This is the first time I've ever been to England.
'Never' means at no time before now, and is the same asnot ..... ever: I have never visited Berlin BE CAREFUL! You must not use never and not together: I haven't never been to Italy. I have never been to Italy.
Already refers to an action that has happened at an unspecified time before now. It suggests that there is no need for repetition, e.g. a. I've already drunk three coffees this morning. (and you're offering me another one!) b. Don't write to John, I've already done it. It is also used in questions: Have you already written to John? Has she finished her homework already? already can be placed before the main verb (past participle) or at the end of the sentence: I have already been to Tokyo. I have been to Tokyo already. Yet is used in negative statements and questions, to mean (not) in the period of time between before now and now, (not) up to and including the present. e.g. Have you met Judy yet? I haven't visited the Tate Gallery yet. Has he arrived yet?
Exercise 4. SCRAMBLED SENTENCES. Make up sentences with the correct word order. 1. has, for, years, England, he, lived, in, fifteen. 2. read, they, all, books, have, since, these, year, last. 3. well, exercise, you, have, this, done, very. 4. John, a telegram, brother, has, his, sent, to, already. 5. student, English, the, already, translated, into, Russian, text, has, this, from. 6. for, Mary, seen, I, have, ages, not. 7. a foreigner, spoken, you, have, to, ever? 8. they, about, have, not, the accident, informed, me. 9. you, have, a holiday, this, had, year? 10. to, she, been, never, has, New York.
Ex 5. Fill in the gaps with ‘have’ or ‘has’. 1. I _________ answered the question. 2. She________ opened the window. 3. They _______ called us. 4. You __________ carried a box. 5. The girls _______visited the museum. 6. He _________closed the window. 7. John and Sophie ________helped in the garden
Take your homework: Essay “Why Do We Learn the English Language?” Say the people these countries are famous for? Example: The Austrian are famous for their music. The French make good wine. Chinese - Germans – Kazakhs – Russians –
The lesson is over! Good bye!
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