Тема урока: English-speaking countries: the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The English language. Англоговорящие страны: Объединённое королевство Великобритании и Северной Ирландии.
Цель урока: формирование критического мышления учащихся через выполнение мини-проектов по теме.
познавательный аспект – ознакомление с ранее неизвестными фактами из истории страны изучаемого языка;
развивающий аспект – формирование способностей к воображению, сопоставлению, осуществлению репродуктивных и продуктивных речевых действий; способности к поиску и обработке информации, представлению её в виде небольшой заметки или буклета, формирование способности к критическому мышлению;
воспитательный аспект – формирование интереса к истории и культуре страны изучаемого языка, формирование понимания необходимости изучения иностранного языка;
учебный аспект –формирование лексических навыков чтения (с извлечением нужной информации и использование полученных сведений в работе над мини-проектом), письма (составление письменного документа требуемого формата) и говорения.
Тип урока: урок – взаимодействие
Технологии: технология развития критического мышления, метод проектов
Учебные материалы и оборудование: проектор, экран, индивидуальные листы с текстами и заданиями.
Hello, boys and girls! I’m glad to see you! I hope our work will be successful and interesting. It’s wonderful that we can communicate. By the way, how people can understand each other?
Мотивирующее коммуникативное задание.
What can you see ? (a picture) What do I mean? (It’s great!) We can communicate with help of pictures and gesture. And what am I doing now? (You are speaking)
What language am I speaking? (English)
Is it important to speak English? Why?
Let’s make a claster
Идет фронтальный опрос учащихся, после чего на экране появляется изображение кластера.
Have we missed anything?
Let’s remember where people speak English. Name the countries
На экране появляется изображение кластера
We have an unusual lesson today. We are going to invite our friends to one of these countries and tell about it some interesting facts. You will get the information from the texts and make some kind of projects.
Вместо кластера появляется на экране изображение Великобритании.
What country is it? (the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland)
Who can say anything about this country?
Рассказ учащихся о стране
Look at the screen. What can you see on it? (What we know) Is it enough? (No, it isn’t) What do you want to know? (Some additional interesting facts)
Well, you have in the files texts with additional information about the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The text is the same but each group has its own task. There are 2 steps to do it. The first one is to get information. I’ll give the model:
What is the name of the national British flag? We know it.
What do you want to know? Why does it look so?
The National Flag of the UK
The national flag of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the most obvious symbol of the United Kingdom. It is called the Union Jack.
Union Jack is a mixture of several overlaid flags. It combines three flags representing England, Scotland and Ireland.
These flags are the crosses of the Patron Saint of England (St. George's Cross — red cross on a white ground), the flag of the Patron Saint of Scotland (St. Andrew's Cross — white diagonal cross on a blue ground) and the flag of the Patron Saint of Nothern Ireland (St. Patrick's Cross — red diagonal on a white ground).
What have we learnt ?Union Jack is a mixture of several overlaid flags. It combines three flags representing England, Scotland and Ireland.
You will work this way.
Учащиеся работают в группах. Текст один, необходимо извлечь нужную информацию для составления синквейна (1 уровень), буклета (2 уровень), статьи (3 уровень).
Группа с синквейном
Группа с газетной статьей
Группа с буклетом
We see that we can invite our friends to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: you have got many interesting facts about the country and represented them in different ways.
Thank you very much for this lesson. I think your work was successful and you were great! And what is your opinion?
Приложение. Текст для чтения
The United States of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
How did English history start?
Аbout three thousand years Before Christ (ВС) [bi'fo: kraist] people сame from the north of Spain (the Iberian Peninsula) to many parts of Europe including the British Isles.
So, those people who lived on the territory of Great Britain in heearliest times were of the Iberian origin. The Iberians used stone weapons and tools.
One of the mysterious monuments of prehistoric Britain is Stonehenge. It was constructed before 2000 ВС and is a trace of e ancestors of the British people. Stonehenge is a circle of huge stone slabs. It is situated in the southern part of England.
Why exactly it was built is unknown, but it may have religious and political significance. No one can tell for sure how these large stones were moved or from what places they were brought. Stonehenge is still a mystery to scholars and to all the descendants.
National symbols of the UK (plants)
The Tudor rose (the Rose of England) was adopted as a national emblem of England around the time of the Wars of the Roses (1455-1485) as a symbol of peace. It is a syncretic symbol in that it merged the white rose of the royal house of York and the red rose of the royal house of Lancaster. As such, it is seen on the dress uniforms of the Yeomen Warders at the Tower of London, and of the Yeomen of the Guard. It featured on the British Twenty Pence coin.
The thistle has been the national emblem since it was adopted by King James III, in the 15th century. In the language of flowers, the thistle (like the burr) is an ancient Celtic symbol of nobility of character as well as of birth, for the wounding or provocation of a thistle yields punishment. For this reason the thistle is the symbol of the Order of the Thistle, a high chivalric order of Scotland.
The daffodil and the leek are symbols of Wales. The origins of the leek can be traced to the 16th century, while the daffodil became popular in the 19th century, encouraged by David Lloyd-George. There are many explanations of how the leek came to be adopted as the national emblem of Wales. One is that St David advised the Welsh, on the eve of battle with the Saxons, to wear leeks in their caps to distinguish friend from foe. As Shakespeare records in Henry V, the Welsh archers wore leeks at the battle of Agincourt in 1415. And the daffodil is traditionally worn on St David's Day each 1 March.
The national flower of Northern Ireland is the shamrock, a three-leaved plant similar to clover. An Irish tale tells of how Patrick used the three-leafed shamrock to explain the Trinity. He used it in his sermons to represent how the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit could all exist as separate elements of the same entity. His followers adopted the custom of wearing a shamrock on his feast day.
London - The Capital of Great Britain
London is situated upon both banks of the River Thames, it is the largest city in Britain and one of the largest in the world. Its population is about 7 million people.
London consists of three parts: the City of London, the West End and the East End.
The City extends over an area of about 2.6 square kilometres in the heart of London. About half a million people work in the City but only less than 6000 live here. It is the financial centre of the UK with many banks, offices and Stock Exchange. But the City is also a market for goods of almost every kind, from all parts of the world.
The West End is thecentre of London. Here are the historical palaces as well as the famous parks. Hyde Park with its Speaker's Corner is also here. Among other parks are Kensington Gardens, St.James's Park. In the West End is Buckingham Palace. Which is the Queen's residence, and the Palace of Westminster which is the seat of Parliament.
The best-known streets here are Whitehall with important Government offices. Downing Street, the London residence of Prime Minister and the place where the Cabinet meets.Fleet Street where most newspapers have their offices, Harley Street where the highest paid doctors live, and some others.
Trafalgar Square is named so in commemoration of Nelson's great victory. In the middle stands the famous Nelson Column with the statue of Nelson 170 feet high so as to allow him a view of the sea. The column stands in the geographical centre of the city. It is one of the best open air platforms for public meetings and demonstrations.
One of the "musts" for the sightseer are the Houses of Parliament, facing the Thames, on one side, and Parliament Square and Westminster Abbey, on the other. The House of Commons sits to the side of the Clock Tower (Big Ben), the House of Lords - to the Victoria Tower side.
Westminster Abbey is the crowning and burial place of British monarchs. It has its world famed Poet's Corner with memorials to Chaucer, Shakespeare, Milton, the Bronte's sisters. Tennyson. Longfellow, Wordsworth, Burns, Dickens, Thackeray, Hardy, Kipling and other leading writers. Only a few however, are actually buried there.
The name "West End" came to be associated with wealth, luxury, and goods of high quality. It is the area of the largest department stores, cinemas and hotels. There are about 40 theatres, several concert halls, many museums including the British Museum, and the best art galleries.
It is in the West End where the University of London is centred with Bloomsbury as London's student quarter.
The Port of London is to the east of the City. This is the East End of London, unattractive in appearance, but very important to the country's commerce.
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