HISTORY OF AMERICAN EDUCATION 3
HISTORY OF AMERICAN EDUCATION
The period 1779-1890 is well-known as the time of establishing the so-called ‘common schools’ throughout the whole territory of the United States of America. People must have taken upon themselves the education of the whole people and paid for it. Each district of the one-mile square should have had a school, founded not by a charitable person, but built with the help of the public expense of society (Adams, 1785).
After the Revolution the was a high demand for America independent from The Great Britain completely. The idea of uniting the thirteen colonies arose in some intelligent minds. The most influential leaders promoting the public education were Thomas Jefferson, Horace Mann, and other people who dreamed about the public school as a place where they would raise the new American man. An American person entirely different from a British one – that was the primary goal of the mentioned before a period. Moreover, it was demanded to eliminate all British sources to make the education national, so in 1803 the first American textbook – American Dictionary of English Language was issued. Before this time, the schoolchildren, attending the school, were given a printed copy of the Bible with the short prayers. New England Primer was another favorite standard book (2011).
American idea was firm in its desire to come true, and in 1778 Thomas Jefferson signed a document guaranteed that all children, no matter, what social status their family had, could attend the public schools without any charge if they were ready to participate in the process of studying.
“Educate, educate, educate!” Thomas Jefferson appealed to the investors and businesspeople who did not want to provide any donations and funds for the public schools and preferred to place their children in the private schools. The common schools were in a dangerous condition – uncomfortable benches in the classrooms and even empty rooms where kids were to sit on the floor or to stand in front of the teacher of minimum 40-60 children.
Non-professionals, unskilled adults without a unique background taught the schoolboys and schoolgirls. Educated people did not want to teach their children. Moreover, only after taking up the new tax system document stated the common schools and individuals working there to make free from taxes, the job of a teacher became a respected and adorable.
American idea was firm in its desire to come true, and in 1778 Thomas Jefferson signed a document guaranteed that all children, no matter, what social status their family had, could attend the public schools without any charge if they were ready to participate in the process of studying for three years.
“Free education for everyone – we, in the USA, have no nobles any longer! Our aim is equality!” (2011). All people from the son of the Vice-President to the homeless child should have sat at the same desk to get their education. The studying at public schools was becoming more than just education – it became the process of creating one new nation.
In 1837 Horace Mann started his course of lectures, explaining to people how to improve the regular schools. Also, Mann recommended resources for classrooms: a blackboard, standardized textbooks, chairs with backs on them, and in general, more teacher regulation. He got free, tax-supported education, to be available to every class. Each citizen was to be equal to any other in politics and rights. The Education Convention stated for free from the charge education for everyone who could not afford to pay for the school.
In 1852 in the American state Massachusetts free education became totally available for everyone desiring to gain knowledge.
Of course, America faced with lots of difficulties and hassles – religious issues and race discrimination. Black people could not attend the schools not because they had nothing to say, but because of the society attitude. Moreover, nonchristian people set a question of non-using the Bible at the public schools, for instance.
America was educating its population and itself regarding cultural aspects and political correctness. Coming through lots of hardships, American people managed to unite and stay together.
Nowadays, the public schools are the desired place of working due to the increased salary for teachers, an opportunity to attend the college or the university as well as the place where the great nation was born.
Adams, J. (2014). Retrieved 2016, from https://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/johnadams
[ELC381site]. (2010). The History of American Education 1770-1890- Part 1 of 3.rm. Retrieved 2016, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3gXNZ0xZzaQ
[ELC381site]. (2010). The History of American Education 1770-1890- Part 2 of 3.rm. Retrieved 2016, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3gXNZ0xZzaQ
[ELC381site]. (2010). The History of American Education 1770-1890- Part 3 of 3.rm. Retrieved 2016, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3gXNZ0xZzaQ
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