North Caucasian Institute of Business,
Engineering and Information Technologies,
Formation of humanistic values of student in educational system of higher education institution.
Key words: humanistic values, humanity, education, personality.
The problem of education of youth in modern conditions can be referred to the category of the most complicated social problems. The current social situation causes the urgent necessity of creation of new educational systems of students which are satisfying modern requirements.
In any higher education institution the educational system has to be realized by means of objective educational process which represents broad, multilateral interaction with environment, first of all with teachers, tutors.
We understand the organizational functional structure as educational system of higher education institution, occurring during successful activities of uniform educational collective for realization of overall objectives of education of the personality which contents is formation of the valuable relation to the cultural and moral wealth, determining formation of persons of composition social the valuable relations and social experience of students.
The main objective of educational system of higher education institution is the social education of students aimed at the development of social activity, appearing in "taste" development to social activity, in education of spirit of solidarity, ability to rise over personal, egoistical plans.
One of the most important problems of modern education, and first of all of natural-science is the humanistic relation to world around. The beginnings of humanistic pedagogics are connected with P. P. Blonsky, K. N. Venttsel, J. Dewey, Ya. A. Komensky, V. A. Sukhomlinsky, L. N. Tolstoy, K. D. Ushinsky's names, etc. Philosophical bases of humanity were developed by N. A. Berdyaev, V. S. Bibler, V. S. Solovyov, etc.; in psychology - A. G. Asmolov, B. S. Bratus, L. S. Vygotsky, A. V. Petrovskim, A. Maslou, K. Rogers, etc.
Humanity in human relationship belongs to a number of those eternal questions which penetrate itself all history of development of human thought, getting during each historical era the new concrete contents.
Humanity in our times became an unusual occurrence, and in modern Russia it is a topical problem. The reason of that is a change of values of society. Moral changes which our society met as a result of political changes, make negative impact, first of all on children, teenagers and youth.
The humanity representing set of views, expressing respect of advantage and human rights on freedom, happiness, harmonious development, manifestation of its civic duty and creative abilities, is the crucial principle of preparation and development of future teacher. Modern dictionaries don't give a definition for "humanistic values", however it should be noted that in scientific literature a certain substantial set of values, priorities, numerous humanistic representations, ideals is met. It is considered that the concept "humanity" is a component of a concept "humanistic values". "Humanus" means from Latin humanity, philanthrophy. The questions connected with his emergence are taken in details up, the stages of development of humanistic thought, historical forms of humanity are analysed in scientific literature (V.P. Bezdukhov, V.A. Blyumkin, V. Cherkasov) The humanity was the central theme in antique ethics where it was considered as the fundamental principle of morals. From an ethical position at the heart of humanity belief in infinities of opportunities of the person and his ability to improvement, the requirement of freedom and protection of dignity of the personality, idea about a human right for happiness and that the satisfaction of his requirements and interests has to be an ultimate goal of society are lied(231, p.63). "Golden rule" of humanity is expressed in Confucius's words – "Don't do people such things that you don't wish to yourself".
There is a close concept of "Humane" in S. I. Ojegov's dictionary: “directed on the benefit of others, philanthropic and sympathetic” (177, p. 150). It means that without such values as the personality, the advantage, human rights, the principles of equality, justice, the benefit of the person, the category "humanity" loses the essence and value. Humanity is understood as the integrated characteristic of the personality which includes the attitude of the person towards the person. According to V.A. Kuvakin, the representative of modern humanity, humanistic values are based on the value of the person, human lives, health, advantage and personal freedom, independence. At their structure there is a social and political nature. Society, family, the people, the state, social institutes and structures belong to social values. Legal values belong to social humanistic values (legality, a law and order, legal security of citizens, law-abiding, fair court) also. These values grow from positive and neutral qualities of the personality (justice, tolerance, responsibility, a debt, a duty, freedom). Informative values belong to values of humanistic outlook (reason, feelings, thinking), results of informative process (truth, opening, invention). The beauty, the harmony reflected in works of painting, architecture, music and other art forms belong to esthetic humanistic values. Meeting them, the person becomes even more human and kinder, his positive human qualities reveal. The structure of humanistic values includes moral values: good and mercy. Political values of humanity include a political freedom, responsibility, national security, patriotism, cosmopolitism, the international security, the world, cooperation.
The humanity subject also is an eternal theme in the world literature. Literary artists of all times and nations addressed to it. They not simply showed life etudes and tried to understand the circumstances which have induced the person on this or that act. The questions which are brought up by writers, are various and difficult. It is impossible to answer them simply, monosyllabically. They demand constant reflection and search of answer. The problem of humanity was raised in the immortal work "Faust" by the ingenious German writer Goethe. It showed that the person becomes actually happy only when devotes itself to work in favor of others. So, it is possible to tell that humanity is extremely rare gift which should be protected as, having it, the person truly becomes the Man.
In pedagogic it is recognized that the personality has to possess three qualities - an active living position, moral and desire to serve society. The student can be engaged in that to what has a big tendency. Proceeding from it, the involvement of students into socially significant public work which is carried out in extracurricular time is one of organizational forms in formation of humanistic values. Socially significant activity is turned outside, to other people or communities; participation in it has to be only on a voluntary basis. In social activity there is a intense accumulation of the personal humane experience.
In formation of humanistic values of students independent work of students in study group, club, studio activity, in charitable programs in extracurricular activities where the student is not simply a participant, but also the active organizer and the head, the teacher. The student has the right to choose independently an activity form, age group which most of all suits him. The participants of their activity can be pupils, students, adults, therefore the student himself defines with whom it will be more interesting and more comfortably to be engaged. The help of the teacher in such activity consists in consultation, pedagogical support, in need of timely correction.
Promotion of the humane relation to HIV-infected is an important thing nowadays. Now many activists of the university centers carry out campaign to support by sick AIDS.
Also, one of examples of manifestation of humanity is volunteering. Volunteering is just such a kind of activity which allow young people to realize and estimate itself to get confidence of own importance. Besides, it is an excellent opportunity of professional self-determination of young men, their adaptation and socialization in society. Being engaged in creative and responsible work, students have satisfaction from the importance, expand horizons, find new friends and get valuable life experience. Attraction of youth to volunteer activity creates new opportunities for humane, labor education and development of the personality.
Like values like a society and the personality. It isn't surprisingly that the problem of values always acts in general on the first place in transition periods of social development. Humanistic values always have social character. They are formed on the basis of public practice, individual activity of the person, the tolerant attitude towards another, within certain public relations and forms of communication of people.
Summing up the results, one might say that the formation of humanistic values is an integral part of development of the identity of the person as valuable orientations are rather steady, selective relation of the person to set of the material and spiritual benefits and ideals which are considered as subjects, the purposes or means for satisfaction of requirements of activity of the personality. All life experience which has been saved up in individual development of the person, defining his relationship with other people, transformations of the personality, including in relation to itself, being of lifestyle of the individual accumulates in values.
According to humanistic approach, education is directed on formation of basic culture of the personality which is a basis for definition and the description of the content of education and includes combination of "cultures", namely: culture of vital, educational and professional self-determination, political and legal culture, economic and labor culture, intellectual, moral, art, physical, and also culture of the family relations and communication. Thus, an important condition of education of humanity is the organization of collective educational, socially useful activity, especially in such types where students are set in a situation of direct manifestation of care of others, rendering the help and support, protection of people in need.
List of references
1. Bezdukhov V.P., Bezdukhov A.V. Antinomichnost Adaptive and humanistic
functions of pedagogical activity//Pedagogics. – 2002 . – No. 9.
2. Grigoryeva-Golubeva V. A. Valuable orientations of modern youth//Person and Universe. – 2001 . – No. 9.
3. Gazman O. S. Neklassicheskaya pedagogics: from authoritative pedagogics to freedom pedagogics. M.: MIROS, 2002.
4 .Slastenin V. A., Isayev I. F., Shiyanov E. N.; Under the editorship of Slastenin V.A. - M.: Publishing center "Akademiya", 2002. - 576 pages.
5. Cherkasov O. V. Humanistic schools of the XX century. – Samara: Samara
university, 2005. – 231 pages.
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