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Four types of conditional clauses made by Garina Tatiana school # 80 specialized in English Yaroslavl 2015
zero conditional We use the so-called zero conditional when the result of the condition is always true, like a scientific fact. If you heat ice it melts. The important thing about the zero conditional is that the condition always has the same result. We often use when instead of if, for example: When I get up late, I miss my bus. We can use unless=if (I/he/you)don't/doesn't +V1 Unless he asks you politely, refuse to do any more work on the project.
If + Present Simple, Present Simple. If ____ V1/ Vs _ _ _ _______ V1/ Vs _ _ _ . If you visit London, go on the London Eye. If ____ don't/doesn't + V1_ _ _ _____ V1 _ _ _. If people don't eat, they get hungry. When Ann doesn't help about the house, her mother gets angry. What do you usually do when/if the weather is cold?
Put the verbs in zero conditional If you _______ (to drive) along the river bank it _______ (to be) twenty miles out of your way. If you _____ (to take) your mobile phone into class, it __________ (must) be turned off. We ________ (not use) calculators when we ________ (write) tests. If you ______ (to push) this button, the volume __________ (to increase). If you __________ (to close) the door, it _________ (to lock) automatically.
Put the verbs in zero conditional I_________ (to wear) my old boots when I ______ (to work). When I ___________ (to cook) salads, I ________ (to use) only olive oil. When I ___________ (to concentrate), please ____________ (not to make) so much noise. Unless prices ________ (to rise), it ________ (not to be) a good investment. Unless someone_________ (to ask) you politely, ___________ (to refuse) to do anything.
first conditional for real possibility We are thinking about a particular condition in the future, and the result of this condition. There is a real possibility that this condition will happen. If it rains, I will stay at home. Sometimes, we use shall, can or may instead of will. If it's sunny this afternoon, we can play tennis.
if +Present Simple, will + base verb If ____ V1/ Vs _ _ _ ____ will + V1 _ _ _. If it's a nice day tomorrow, I'll go swimming. If ___ don't/doesn't V1_ _ _ , ____ will not (won't) + V1. If you don't tell us the truth, we won't trust you anymore.
Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense. If Peter______(do) lots of exercise he'll be fit and healthy. Please call me if you ______(need) any help. ______Sarah______(be) angry if we don't go to her party? Cathy will be able to go on holiday if she )______(save)enough money. Unless it______(rain) we'll go for a walk.
Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense. If you _____(work) hard you may be promoted. ____you____(give) me a call if you have time tomorrow? If you don't do your homework I ______(not/let) you match TV. Mary won't go to Australia unless I _____(pay) for her tickets. If he ______(arrive) on time we'll have dinner before we go out.
Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense 1. A: I'd like a cup of coffee B: Well, if you ____(hold) the baby for five minutes, I______ (make) it for you. 2. A: I must go to the bank. B: If you ____(leave) now, you ____(get )there before it closes 3. A: I can't do everything myself B: Well, if you ____(wash) the dishes, I ___(cook) the meal
Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense 4. A: Are you going on holiday this year? B: Yes, I _____(go) to Spain for two weeks, if I (have) some time off work. 5. A: I want to cook something special tonight B: Great, if I _____(finish) work early, I _____ (give) you a hand. 6. A: Could I have a chocolate biscuit, please? B: Yes, if you_____(look) in a cupboard, you ______(find) some cakes as well.
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