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Future Time Prediction Will is used to make predictions. It is often preceded by / think or by opinion words like perhaps. A time expression is also necessary. I think it‘ll rain tomorrow. Perhaps she'll be late. Tomorrow will be warm with some cloud in the afternoon. Who do you think will win? You’ll never finish that book.
Future Continuous 2. It is also used to predict a future state or habit at a particular time in the future. In ten years time I expect I'll be living in London. And I'll probably be cycling to work. Professor Asher will be giving another lecture at the same time next week. I’ll be seeing you one of these days. I expect.
Future Perfect The future perfect looks back from a point in the future and refers to indefinite time up to that point. By the time we get there, the film will have started. The builder says he’ll have finished the roof by Saturday. The car will soon have done 100.000 miles. This means that at the future time when we get there, we can say: The film has started.
Future Time Clauses After time expressions when,if, until and as soon as a present tense form is used, although this refers to future time. I‘ll wait for you here until you get back. If I’m there tomorrow. I’ll phone you. When it’s ready I’ll give it to you. 2. The present perfect can be used to emphasise the completion of an event. I'll wait here until you have finished.
Plans and Facts The present continuous is used to describe plans and arrangements which are definite. Such arrangements may be written in a diary. Sorry, I can't help you, I'm leaving in the morning. The present continuous is used to describe fixed arrangements, and to ask about social arrangements. Are you doing anything this evening?
we often give the time, date, and / or place when we talk about future personal arrangements and fixed plans. What are you doing this evening?’ ‘I’m washing my hair.’ My car’s having a service next week. We’re going to Spain in June. Did you know I’m getting a new job? What are we having for dinner?
2. The present simple is used to describe future events which we cannot control. They may be facts, such as events in a timetable, or a law. The plane for Paris leaves at 9.45. 3. The present simple and present perfect can also be used to refer to future time. I‘ll tell you the news when I see you. Call me when you have finished.
We can often use more than one structure to talk about the same future event. Present forms emphasize present ideas like intention, certainty and plans. We prefer will / shall when we are not emphasizing present ideas. Compare: Next year is going to be different - I promise. Next year will probably be different. What are you doing next year? You haven’t told me your plans. What will you do next year - do you know?
In predictions, we prefer present forms when there is outside evidence for what will happen - when we can see something coming. Look out - we’re going to crash! (I can see it coming.) We prefer will when we are talking more about what is inside our heads: our beliefs, guesses, knowledge etc. Don’t lend him your car - he’ll crash it. (I know him.)
In polite enquiries the future progressive suggests 'What have you already decided?‘ giving the idea that we are not trying to influence people. Compare: Will you be staying in staying in this evening? (just asking about plans) Are you going to stay in this evening? (perhaps pressing for a decision) Will you stay in this evening? (request or order)
is to, are to, was to We can talk about the future by saying that something is to happen.We often use this structure to talk about official plans and fixed personal arrangements. The President is to visit Scotland in September. We are to get a wage rise. I felt nervous because I was soon to leave home for the first time.
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