Грамматические упражнения для подготовки к ОГЭ
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Грамматические упражнения для подготовки к ОГЭ

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1. Поставьте глаголы из скобок в необходимую форму, обращая внимание на тип условных предложений. Conditionals 0,1,2,3

0 тип   

1. When my sister … (come) to town we … (go) to the cinema together. (Когда моя сестра приезжает в город, мы ходим вместе в кино.)

2. If my kids … (run) in the playground they … (become) very thirsty. (Если мои дети бегают на игровой площадке, они очень хотят пить.)

I тип

1. If it … (cost) too much I … (not take) it. (Если он стоит слишком много, я не возьму его.)

2. She … (be) angry if you … (lose) this photo. (Она разозлится, если ты потеряешь эту фотографию.)

3. If you … (not eat up) the bread we … (feed) the birds in the garden. (Если вы не съедите хлеб, мы покормим птиц в саду.)

II тип

1. If I … (have) free time now I … (watch) my favourite film. (Если бы у меня было свободное время сейчас, я бы посмотрел любимый фильм.)

2. If I … (be) you I … (not eat) fast food. (На твоем месте я бы не ел фаст фуд.)

3. His job … (be) so hard if he … (not have) a secretary. (Его работа была бы такой тяжелой, если бы у него не было секретаря.)

III тип

1. If you … (not smoke) so much you … (not be) in hospital now. (Если бы ты не курил столько, ты бы сейчас не лежал в больнице.)

2. If we … (meet) him yesterday we … (call) you. (Если бы мы встретили его вчера, мы бы позвонили тебе.)

Упражнения

1. Michael would not agree even if you (to ask) him.

2. If they (mention) this yesterday, everything would have been done.

3. If I (to find) that letter, I’ll show it to you.

4. If I meet him, I (to invite) him.

5. Would they come if we (to invite) them?

6. The boss (be) very disappointed if you aren’t at the meeting tomorrow.

7. The teacher said, “I’ll begin the lesson as soon as Jack (stop) talking.”

8. The old gentleman doesn’t go out in winter. He (go) out if the weather gets warmer.

9. She’s flying to Cairo tomorrow. She’ll send her family a telegram providing she (arrive) with a delay.

10. If the plane had left on time, they (be) in Minsk now.

11. If they hadn’t walked 40 km, they (not / be) exhausted now.

12. What would have become of us, if I (come) to you then!'

13. He would have been scrupulous — if he (can)!

14. What is the answer if you (add) 17 to 75?

 

1. If you (to heat) iron, it (to start) to get red hot and then white hot.

2. If Molly and Paul (be not) misinformed about the train times, they (not be) late.

3. If Ioannis (stay) longer at the party, he (have) a good time.

4. If the government (lose) the next election, the Prime Minister (resign) from politics.

5. If we (not go) to your friend's party, I never (meet) Alan.

6. If train fares (be) cheaper, more people (use) them.

7. If Molly (get) that job she's applied for, she will be delighted.

8. It (be) a disaster if it the explosion had happened in the middle of the day.

9. If the talks (be broken) down again, there (be) a war between the two countries

10. If Ali (know) anything about mechanics at that time, I'm sure she (help) us.

11. He (have) a bad accident last Friday if he (not / drive) more carefully.

 

Wishes and regrets

Wish в предложениях, относящихся к настоящему и буд.

  • Past Simple

I wish it was not raining now. –  Хотелось бы, чтобы сейчас не шел дождь. (Жаль, что сейчас идет дождь.)

I wish I could speak. French. –  Хотелось бы,  чтобы я мог говорить по-французски. (Жаль, что я не могу говорить по-французски.)

I wish he were here now.  – Хотелось бы, чтобы он был здесь. (Жаль, что его нет здесь сейчас).

Wish в предложениях, относящихся к прошлому.

  • Past Perfect,

·         I wish I had met him earlier. = If I had met him earlier, it would have changed my life. — Как жаль, что я не встретила его раньше. Если  бы только я встретила его раньше...

wish в предложениях, относящихся к будущему.

  • would + инфинитив выражает раздражение или желание изменить что-либо в настоящем или будущем
  • I wish he would stop lying.  –  Хотелось бы, чтобы он перестал лгать.

wish / if only: упражнения

 

 

Упражнение 1. Put the verbs given in brackets into the correct form.

  1. I wish I __________ (be) taller so that I could be in the basketball team.
  2. I wish I ___________ (can drive) a car and we could go travelling.
  3. The Browns live in the city, but they wish they ________ (live) in the suburbs.
  4. Robert can’t dance very well, but he wishes he ________ (can dance) better.
  5. Kate is having a hard time learning English at the University. She wishes she ________ (study) it better at school.
  6. Mike didn’t go to college after school. Now, he wishes he ________ (go) to college.
  7. The weather was hot while we were there. I wish it _________ (be) a bit cooler.
  8. I wish you ________ (stop) watching TV while I am talking to you.
  9. I wish she _________ (can come) yesterday but she had an important meeting.
  10. I wish I __________ (know) someone to whom I could have gone for advice when I was 18.

Упражнение 2. Раскроите скобки, употребляя требующуюся форму сослагательного наклонения после «I wish».

  1. The weather was awful. I wish it __________ (to be) better.
  2. I wish I __________ (to know) Sue’s telephone number.
  3. I wish it__________ (not to rain) so much in England last week.
  4. Do you wish you __________ (to study) science instead of languages last year?
  5. I feel sick. I wish I __________ (not to eat) so much.
  6. It’s crowded here. I wish there __________ (not to be) so many people.
  7. I wish I __________ (to be) taller.
  8. I wish you __________ (stop) shouting. I am not deaf you know.
  9. I wish he__________ (to borrow) that book from the library last week.
  10. I wish you__________ (to give) him my phone number at that party.
  11. I wish it __________ (to stop) raining.
  12. I wish I ________ (can speak) several languages.
  13. If only I _______ (to have) the chance to study when I was younger.

14.  Упражнение 3. Подчеркните верный вариант.

15.  1) I wish he... (will get/got/would get) on better with his parents.

16.  2) I wish you... (stopped/will stop/ would stop) talking at the lessons.

17.  3) I wish I... (have/ had/had had) more money.

18.  4) If only I... (was having / have had / had had) the chance to study when I was younger.

19.  5) If only I... (would keep / kept / had kept) my appointment with the dentist yesterday. I wouldn't have toothache now.

20.  6) If only you... (will/would/ wouldn't) make less noise.

21.  7) I wish I ... (had been / hadn't been / weren't) disappointed after such an inspiring speech yesterday.

22.  8) If only you ... (had been / would be / were) tolerant of each other's moods in your family! You would get on better.

23.  9) I wish I... (had learnt / learnt / have learnt) to trust my own judgments in my childhood.

 

 

 

ОГЭ грамматика

1.Tim woke up later than usual. It was Sunday and he ___HAVE___ lots of plans for the day. He was in the bathroom cleaning his ___TOOTH___ when he heard some unfamiliar voices from the veranda.  “Who could they be?” Tim ___THINK___. When he came into the room, his mum and two other women ___CHAT___ happily and didn’t notice him. Tim coughed to attract ___THEY___ attention. “Oh, Tim, you’re up already!” his mother sounded excited. “Meet my school friends, Linda and Emma.” Linda shook his hand, Emma smiled and said: “We ___BE___ happy to meet you, Tim.” Your mum showed us your photo, but you are much ___YOUNG___ there. Join us for tea. I wish we ___CAN___ talk about our school days for ages, but we have some other business to discuss with your mother. It’s going to be interesting for you, too.” Tim sat at the table. Emma had some papers in her hands but Tim couldn’t read what ___PRINT___ there – the letters were too small.

 

2.It was about 6pm when I heard a knock on the door. It ___BE___ Jason, my teenage neighbour. He looked cold and upset.

“What’s wrong, Jason?”

“I ___LOSE___ my key and I can’t get into my house.”

“Come in. Today’s not a day for long walks, or long waits,” I looked out the window. It ___SNOW___ hard and it was windy. The weather was getting ___BAD___ every hour.

Jason ___TAKE___ off his coat and boots. His ___FOOT___ were wet and I gave him a pair of socks to change into. A cup of hot tea and some biscuits soon made the boy feel warm.

“Where are your parents, Jason?”

“I ___NOT/KNOW___. I can’t call them because of this,” he pulled his phone out of his pocket and showed it to me – the screen ___BREAK___ and the phone was obviously dead.

Jason focused on the food again. He took his ___FOUR___ biscuit and said: “I wish my mum could make biscuits like this.”

It was about 6pm when I heard a knock on the door. It ___WAS___ Jason, my teenage neighbour. He looked cold and upset.

“What’s wrong, Jason?”

ОГЭ лексика 

1.Thousands of tourists visit Edinburgh every year. The capital of Scotland is ___FAME___ for its history and architecture. It’s one of the ___CULTURE___ centres of the country. The main ___ATTRACT___ of the city is Edinburgh Castle. It was built in the 12th century but it still looks magnificent and very ___IMPRESS___.  There are many historic monuments in Edinburgh. One of them is an unusual monument to Walter Scott, a well-known ___WRITE___. The city streets are usually full of noisy tourists with cameras but if you want a quiet holiday, you can have it too — the beautiful and ___PEACE___ countryside is just round the corner. 

2.There are pills for everything. If you can’t sleep you take a pill. If you’re depressed or just ___HAPPY___, you also can take a pill. These days scientists are developing a new pill that you can use for improving your ___FIT___. It will have the same effect on people’s bodies as doing sports. The ___SCIENCE___ experiments on mice have given wonderful results. The animals got stronger and healthier without any exercise. However, some doctors think that such pills can be ___DANGER___ for health, especially in certain situations. The problem is that there will be people who may use the pill unwisely. For example, young girls who want to lose weight and get slim may take several pills at once. It will be very ___HARM___ for their health. That’s why our government should think a lot before making the ___DECIDE___ that allows the medicine to be produced.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Учебник: «Английский язык», Ваулина Ю.Е., Дули Д., Подоляко О.Е. и др.
Тема: Grammar
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