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Инфоурок Английский язык Другие методич. материалыГрамматический практикум для студентов 1 курса СПО.

Грамматический практикум для студентов 1 курса СПО.

МИНИСТЕРСТВО НАУКИ И ВЫСШЕГО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ

РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ

Федеральное государственное автономное образовательное

учреждение высшего образования

«КРЫМСКИЙ ФЕДЕРАЛЬНЫЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ имени В.И. Вернадского»

(ФГАОУ ВО «КФУ им. В.И. Вернадского»)

ТАВРИЧЕСКИЙ КОЛЛЕДЖ

(Структурное подразделение)














Грамматический практикум по английскому языку

для студентов 1 курса



ОУД.03 Иностранный язык




















Симферополь, 2020

Грамматический практикум по английскому языку учебной дисциплины ОУД.03 «Иностранный язык» разработан для студентов направления подготовки 09.00.00 Информатика и вычислительная техника по специальностям 09.02.03 Программирование в компьютерных системах и 09.02.01 Компьютерные системы и комплексы.

Организация-разработчик: Таврический колледж, Федеральное государственно автономное образовательное учреждение высшего образования «КРЫМСКИЙ ФЕДЕРАЛЬНЫЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ ИМЕНИ В.И.ВЕРНАДСКОГО» (ФГАОУ ВО «КФУ им. В. И. Вернадского»)

Разработчик: Кудрявцева Наталья Петровна, преподаватель английского языка высшей категории





































Пояснительная записка

Данный грамматический практикум предназначен для студентов 1 курса направления подготовки 09.00.00 Информатика и вычислительная техника по специальностям 09.02.03 Программирование в компьютерных системах и 09.02.01 Компьютерные системы и комплексы.

Практические занятия - это важный этап изучения дисциплины "Иностранный язык". Они обеспечивают достижение студентами следующих результатов:

  • личностных:

– развитие интереса и способности к наблюдению за иным способом мировидения;

– осознание своего места в поликультурном мире; готовность и способность вести диалог на английском языке с представителями других культур, достигать взаимопонимания, находить общие цели и сотрудничать в различных областях для их достижения;

– готовность и способность к непрерывному образованию, включая самообразование, как в профессиональной области с использованием английского языка, так и в сфере английского языка;

  • метапредметных:

– умение самостоятельно выбирать успешные коммуникативные стратегии в различных ситуациях общения;

– умение организовать коммуникативную деятельность, продуктивно общаться и взаимодействовать с ее участниками;

– умение ясно, логично и точно излагать свою точку зрения, используя адекватные языковые средства;

  • предметных:

– сформированность коммуникативной иноязычной компетенции, необходимой для успешной социализации и самореализации, как инструмента межкультурного общения в современном поликультурном мире;

– достижение определенного уровня владения английским языком, позволяющего общаться в устной и письменной формах как с носителями английского языка, так и с представителями других стран, использующими данный язык как средство общения;

– сформированность умения использовать английский язык как средство для получения информации из англоязычных источников в образовательных и самообразовательных целях.

Грамматический практикум представляет собой сборник заданий по грамматике английского языка и включает в себя теорию и практические упражнения по следующим темам: глагол to be, местоимения, 16 времен активного залога.

ГЛАГОЛ TO BE(THE VERB TO BE)

Глагол to be используется в именных предложениях, когда и подлежащее, и сказуемое выражены именем (существительным, прилагательным, местоимением, числительным). В нашем предложении отсутствует такая часть речи, как глагол. Например, Катя врач, или мы в кино.
Глагол
to be изменяется по временам(Present Simple, Past Simple, и Future Simple). Рассмотрим спряжение этого глагола по временам.
Так,
в настоящем времени(Present Simple) TO BE будет представлен 3 формами: am, is и are в зависимости от лица и числа подлежащего. В скобках указаны используемые сокращения глагола to be. Глагол to be в настоящем времени чаще не переводится.


Множественное число

(plural )

1 лицо

I am (I’m)

We are (we’re)

2 лицо

You are (you’re)

You are (you’re)

3 лицо

He (she, it) is (he’s, she’s, it’s)

They are (they’re)


For example:

am a doctor — я врач,

We are colleagues — мы коллеги,

You are my friend — ты мой друг,

He (She) is the president — он (она) президент,

It is your job — это твоя работа,

They are our children — они наши дети.

В прошедшем времени (Past Simple) глагол to be представлен 2 формами was и were в зависимости от числа. Сокращения глаголов не используются. А сам глагол to be переводится как «был, была, было, были».


Единственное число

Множественное число

 1 лицо

was

We were

 2 лицо

You were

You were

 3 лицо

He (she, it) was

They were

For example,

was your teacher — я был вашим учителем,

We were soldiers — мы были солдатами,

You were my classmate — ты был моим одноклассником,

She was your nanny — она была твоей няней,

They were friends — они были друзьями.


В будущем времени(Future Simple) перед глаголом to be прибавляется will, который никак не изменяется в зависимости от числа или лица. Таким образом, глагол to be в будущем времени всегда будет представлен формой will be.

Единственное число

Множественное число

 1 лицо

will be (I’ll be)

We will be (we’ll be)

 2 лицо

You will be (you’ll be)

You will be (you’ll be)

 3 лицо

He (she, it) will be (he’ll be)

They will be (they’ll be)

Примеры:

will be patient – Я буду терпелив.

You will be happy – Вы будете счастливы.

Mark will be busy tomorrow – Марк будет завтра занят.

Для образования вопросительных предложений подходящая форма глагола to be выносится на 1 место в предложении.


Единственное число

Множественное число


Настоящее время

1 лицо

Am I …?

Are we ..?

2 лицо

Are you ..?

Are you ..?

3 лицо

Is he (she, it) ..?

Are they ..?


Прошедшее время

1 лицо

Was I ..?

Were we ..?

2 лицо

Were you..?

Were you..?

3 лицо

Was he (she, it) ..?

Were they ..?


Будущее время

1 лицо

Will I be ..?

Will we be ..?

2 лицо

Will you be ..?

Will you be ..?

3 лицо

Will he (she, it) be ..?

Will they be ..?

For example,
Are you busy? (Present Simple)- Ты занят?
Were you busy yesterday?- Ты был(а) занят(а) вчера?
*
Will you be busy tomorrow?- Ты будешь занят(а) завтра?

*Обратите внимание на то, что в вопросительном предложении будущего времени только глагоk WII выносится на первое место!

Отрицания с to be строятся по простому шаблону, в настоящем и прошедшем времени после to be нужно поставить отрицательную частицу not, в будущем not ставится между will и be (will not be).

В отрицательной форме тоже можно сокращать, например: I’m not… , we’re not.

* отрицания с are, you, могут сокращаться двумя способами:

  1. You are not = you’re not; we are not = we’re not,

  2. You are not = you aren’t, we are not = we aren’t.

Оба способа равнозначны по смыслу, оба используются в устной речи (для письменной сокращения вообще не характерны), но обычно используется первый, потому что его проще выговорить, и он понятнее для собеседника, в нем not звучит отчетливее.

Единственное число

Множественное число


Настоящее время

 1 лицо

am not

We are not

 2 лицо

You are not

You are not

 3 лицо

He (she, it) is not

They are not


Прошедшее время

 1 лицо

was not

We were not

 2 лицо

You were not

You were not

 3 лицо

He (she, it) was not

They were not


Будущее время

 1 лицо

will not be

We will not be

 2 лицо

You will not be

You will not be

 3 лицо

He (she, it) will not be

They will not be

For example,

I am not busy today.

I was not= wasn’t busy yesterday.

I will not be = won’t be busy tomorrow.




Ex.1 Insert an appropriate present form of the verb to be.

A: Hi, Alex. How (1)  _________ you?

B: Hello David. I (2) _________  fine and how (3) _________  you doing?

A: I (4)  _________doing fine.

B: How (5)  _________ your sister? Where (6) _________she now?

A: She (7)  _________ in London. She (8) _________learning English there.

B: Really? That (9) _________wonderful! How about your parents?

A; They (10) _________ fine too. They (11) _________ in Cyprus now.

B: (12) _________ you busy tonight?

A: Not really, why?

B: We (13) _________ having a party. Would you like to come?

A: I’d love to.

B: Then come to our place at 7:00 p.m.

 

Ex.2 Write in is / isn’t, are / aren’t, am / ’m not.

  1. I __________ lazy.

  2. My friend ___________ naughty.

  3. My granny___________ kind.

  4. My granddad ___________clever.

  5. My teachers___________ funny.

  6. I___________ a bad pupil.

 

Ex.3 Fill in is, are, He’s, She’s, I’m, They’re.

  1. How _____ your mum? — _______ fine, thanks.

  2. How _____ your parents? — _____ OK.

  3. How _____ you? — _____ very well, thank you.

  4. How _____ your uncle? — _____ fine, thanks.

  5. How _____ your children? — _____ OK.

  6. How _____ Liz? — _____ fine, thanks.

  7. How _____ your cousin? — _____ very well, thank you

 

Ex.4 Write in am /’m not, is / isn’t or are / aren’t.

  1. I _____ a businessman.

  2. I _____ a pupil.

  3. My friends_____ teachers.

  4. My uncle_____ a driver.

  5. My parents _____ doctors.

  6. My cousins _____ vets.

  7. My mum _____ a shop-assistant.


Ex.5 Insert was or were.

  1. I … ill last week.

  2. My parents … rather democratic some years ago.

  3. He … in Great Britain last month.

  4. My little sister … very naughty 2 years ago.

  5. Our dogs … so angry yesterday.

  6. you in the Ukraine last year?

  7. We … not there the day before yesterday.

  8. My Dad bought a new car last week. It … so dirty.

  9. Our uncle … so young 7 years ago.

  10. she also so attractive last year?


Ex. 6 Complete the text with the correct form of TO BE:

Stan Laurel and Oliver Hardy …were….. two of the most popular film comedians of all

time. They were born in 1890 and 1892 respectively.

Stan Laurel’s real name ………………. Arthur Jefferson. He …………….. form England.

Oliver Hardy ……………… English, he was from Georgia, USA.

Laurel and Hardy ……………… in their late 30s when they met. Their first film together

……………… Putting Pants on Philip (1927). They ………………. funny because they were so

different. Laurel ……………… small and thin. Hardy ……………. big and fat. Their most

famous films …………………. Way Out West (1937) and Blockheads (1938). They ……………

in any serious films, only comedies.


Ex.7 Use the text to help you write questions for the answers:

Example: Who was Oliver Hardy’s famous comic partner?

Stan Laurel.

1. ………………………………………………………………………………

In 1890 and 1892 respectively.

2. ………………………………………………………………………………

Arthur Jefferson.

3. ………………………………………………………………………………

England.

4. ………………………………………………………………………………

No, he wasn’t. He was American.

5. ………………………………………………………………………………

Putting Pants on Philip.

6. ………………………………………………………………………………

Because they were so different.


Ex.8 Write questions and answers. Use the past tense of BE:

1. A: We had a nice holiday.

B: (you / with your whole family?) …….. Were you with your whole family?…

A: (no / my daughter / in Montreal) …….. No, my daughter was in Montreal….

2. A: I bought these new shoes yesterday.

B: (they / on sale ?) ……………………………………………..

A: (yes / they / only $25) ……………………………………………..

3. A: (you / at home / last night ?) ……………………………………………..

B: (no / I / at the library) ……………………………………………..

4. A: (the guests / late for the party ?) …………………………………………….

B: (no / they / all on time) …………………………………………….


Ex.9 Make the questions to this sentence.

They will be happy to see their friend.

  1. Will ….?

  2. Who… to see a friend? (вопрос к подлежащему)

  3. Who … to see?

  4. Why…?

  5. How happy … ?


Ex.10 Insert the verb TO BE in the appropriate form.

Susan  _____ the director of a firm. She _____ always on business trips. Yesterday she ______ in Geneva. But tomorrow she may ______ in London. Last week she ______ in Chicago. Next week she _____ in New Orleans. At the moment she _____ in Amsterdam. But in two hours she _______ in Paris. At the end of every trip she _____ always tired. She ____ glad to come back home. Now she ______ with her family. Her children _____ very excited. They _____ happy together.

PRONOUNS (МЕСТОИМЕНИЯ)


Personal

pronouns

Object pronouns

Possessive

adjectives

Possessive pronouns

Reflexive pronouns

Demonstratives

I

He

She

It

We

You

They

me

him

her

it

us

you

them

my

his

her

its

our

your

their

mine

his

hers

its

ours

yours

theirs

myself

himself

herself

itself

ourselves

yourself/yourselves

themselves

this

that

these

those


Личные местоимения отвечают на вопросы «кто, что?» и в предложении выступают в роли подлежащего.

I like icecream.
He drives a car.
She has got a sister.
They
live in Simferopol.

Объектные местоимения являются склонениями личных местоимений и используются после глаголов и предлогов.
This present is for him.
She likes them.

Look at me.

Притяжательные местоимения отвечают на вопрос «чей, чья, чьи?». В английском языке притяжательные местоимения бывают двух видов: основной формы(те, после которых используются существительные- Possessive adjectives) и абсолютной(те, что подразумевают принадлежность и само существительное-Possessive pronouns).
She is my friend.
My car is red. What is the colour of yours?

Their house is very cosy. Mine is not so.
Возвратные местоимения используются после возвратных глаголов(т.е. тех глаголов, которые заканчиваются на –ся, -сь), а также при указании, что человек выполняет какое-либо действие самостоятельно.
They like to cook themselves.
I enjoyed myself at the party.

The have known each other for ages.

Указательные местоимения указывают на то, какой объект имеет в виду говорящий, а также на расположение объекта относительно него.

This pen is red.

That pen is black.

These girls are my friends.

Those boys live in my house.


Ex.1 Choose the correct pronoun.

  1. My sister’s car isn’t black. I t / He / Its is white, but its / is / it is windows are black.

  2. Their daughter is so beautiful and her / she / hers is very modest.

  3. Our teacher is very nice. Her / Its / She children are also in their / our / you class.

  4. Tom is in my school. He / His / My is a really good student: Hers / His / He grades

are very good.

  1. These aren’t my shoes. Where are my / me / mine?

  2. Look at me / he / her! I am talking to your / you / yours.

  3. Pay attention to you / him / your teacher or you won't understand he / him / hers.

  4. Every week I visit my / me / I grandparents. I love their / mine / them.

  5. My sister lives in Paris; she / her / hers house is so big.

  6. My friend has got two kids; they / them / their names are Lea and Daniel.


Ex.2 Fill in the blanks with the appropriate personal pronouns and possessives.


  1. Dad, have you seen __________ money-box? I'd like to put a couple of coins in it.

  2. "He met a girl yesterday, and says that he loves __________ deeply."

  3. "Is there anything __________ can do to help you"

  4. That dog is almost never in __________ kennel. __________ doesn't like __________.

  5. Gareth and __________ family do not live in London. __________ live in Portsmouth.

  6. Can you lend __________ __________ rubber, please? I've lost mine.

  7. __________ house is very small, but comfortable. We love __________.

  8. __________ son is a very bad student, but __________ daughter is brilliant.

  9. "Please send __________ a postcard when you are on holiday?"

  10. He's faster than __________ but I'm stronger than __________ .


Ex.3 Put in a reflexive pronoun: myself, yourself etc.

  1. Did you cut your hair ____________________ ?

  2. David and Mary built their house ____________________ .

  3. I type all the articles for my blog ____________________ .

  4. Can you do it, or must we do it ____________________ ?


Ex.4 Use the pronouns to complete the following exercise. Please read the following information first. Geraldine is telling the story. Geraldine thinks Mary has taken her coat.


Two days ago, .................. saw Mary wearing .................. coat. .................. knew .................. was .................., because .................. had a coffee stain on the left sleeve. .................. explained to .................. that .................. was .................., but .................. said .................. was .................., refused to give .................. back and stormed off. .................. followed .................. as .................. took the liberty of going shopping in .................. coat. First of all, .................. purchased cigarettes and put .................. in the pocket of .................. coat. Ugh! How dare ..................! .................. hate the smell of cigarettes!


Next, .................. popped into a "Greasy Spoon" cafe. (Due to the greasy atmosphere and rancid cooking smells, all working men's cafes have that nickname, because all .................. food is fried in oil or lard.) .................. peered in through the window and noticed .................. was sitting down on one of the greasy chairs. Oh, no! Not only is .................. coat going to stink of fried food, but .................. is also going to have greasy stains on ..................!


As .................. watched, .................. started to undo .................. coat and then took .................. off. .................. waited until .................. had removed .................. and hung .................. up with some grubby workmen's coats on coat hooks in the corner. .................. decided .................. would be a good idea to wait until .................. wasn't looking, then .................. could rush in and grab the coat. .................. glanced away for a few minutes to blow .................. nose and when .................. looked back, the coat had gone. Racing into the cafe, .................. looked frantically about .................. and noticed an old tramp limping out of another door with .................. coat gracing .................. rounded shoulders. .................. desperately shouted, "Stop! Thief!" Mary looked up in surprise. "Quick Mary, " .................. yelled, "That tramp has walked off with .................. coat!"


"No, .................. hasn't," she replied. ".................. looked so cold, poor thing, .................. told .................. .................. could have ..................."


"What! .................. gave .................. coat away!"


"Of course not! Although .................. coats are similar, that was a green coat; .................. one is brown, so that one was definitely not ..................! Can't .................. get special glasses or tablets for .................. colour-blindness?"













































ВРЕМЕНА АНГЛИЙСКОГО ГЛАГОЛА В АКТИВНОМ ЗАЛОГЕ

(ACTIVE VOICE TENSES)

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Present Simple and Present Progressive (Continuous) tenses

для описания привычек, постоянно повторяющихся действий, законов природы и наук, действий, совершаемых по расписанию

для описания действий, происходящих в данный момент, запланированных на ближайшее будущее

образуется:

I, we, you, they + V1,

he, she, it + V+s(es)

I am+ Ving

he, she, it is+ Ving

we, you, they are+ Ving

вспомогательные глаголы, используемые для образования вопросов и отрицаний:

do, does+Ving

am, is, are+ Ving

временные наречия:

always, usually, often, never, every…

now, at the moment, tomorrow, in…

пример предложения


She loves icecream.
We live in Simferopol.

She is eating an icecream.

They are leaving for Moscow tomorrow.


Ex.1 Fill in the blanks with the Present Simple or Present Continuous:

  1. Ted ____________ (take) a shower right now.

  2. What ____________ (we / have) for dinner tonight?

  3. My brother __________________ (have) a daughter and a son.

  4. I __________________ (not / solve) some math problems at the moment.

  5. My grandfather often _________________ (come) over for dinner at the weekends.

  6. My school _________________ (begin) at nine every day.

  7. What time ________________ (you / wake up) on weekdays?

  8. What ________________ (you / do) tomorrow night?

  9. I usually ____________ (not / work) on Sundays but today I _______________ (work).

  10. She _______________ (not / sleep) now, she _______________ (study).

  11. How often _________________ (you / review) your lessons?

  12. I _________________ (not / go) on holiday this summer.

  13. Can you speak slowly please, I ___________________ (not / understand) you.

  14. She _________________ (work) as a secretary in a big company.

  15. Miss Clara __________________ (take) a violin class every Wednesday.

  16. It _______________ (be) usually so humid here in summer time.

  17. Don’t forget to take your coat, it ___________________ (be) cold outside.

  18. This flower __________________ (smell) so good.

  19. That coat over there ___________________ (not / belong) to me.

  20. Where _________________ (you / live)?


Ex.2 Use the right tense: Present Simple or Present Continuous.

A Trekking Journal

November 12th, 2006

Today is the second day of my trek around Mount Annapurna. I am exhausted and my

legs _______________ (shake); I just hope I am able to complete the trek. My feet

_______________ (hurt) me and my toes _______________ (bleed), but I

_______________ (want) to continue. Nepal is a fascinating country, but I have so much

to learn. Everything is so different, and I _______________ (try) to adapt to the new way

of life here. I _______________ (learn) a little bit of the language to make communication

easier; unfortunately, I _______________ (not learn) foreign languages quickly. Although

I _______________ (not understand) much yet, I believe that I _______________

(improve). Now, I _______________ (travel) with David, a student from York University.

He is a nice guy, but impatient. He always _______________ (walk) ahead of me and

_______________ (complain) that I am too slow. I _______________ (do) my best to

keep up with him, but he is younger and stronger than me. Right now, David

_______________ (sit) with the owner of the inn. They _______________ (discuss) the

differences between life in England and life in Nepal. I_______________ (not know) the

real name of the owner, but everybody calls him Tam. Tam _______________ (speak)

English very well and he _______________ (try) to teach David some words in Nepali.

Every time Tam _______________ (say) a new word, david _______________ (try) to

repeat it. Unfortunately, David also seems to have difficulty learning foreign languages....


Ex.3 Use the correct tense

  1. Look! Jane ………………………… (sing) again. She often …………………….. (sing)

this song.

  1. My father ………………………………(have) a lot of work to do every weekend.

  2. The girls …………………………………….. (not / talk) now. All of them

………………………… (watch) a film.

  1. …………………… you …………………….. (like) watching TV?

  2. He …………………………………….. (usually / go) at 9:00 o’clock, but this morning

he ………………………………….. (leave) home late.

  1. I ……………………………………. (visit) my grandparents every Friday. My sister

………………………………………. (often / visit) them.

  1. The boys …………………………………….. (swim) in the pool now but they

………………………………………… (usually / swim) in the sea.

  1. She ……………………………….(write) a letter to her pen-friend at the moment.

  2. They …………………………………….. (sometimes / have) lunch at work, but today

they …………………………………. (have) at a restaurant.

  1. She can’t talk to you. She ………………………………………. (have) a shower.

  2. Where …………………………… Alex ……………………… (live)?“In France.”

  3. Tom ………………………………………… (like / ride) a horse in his free times.

13. The children ………………………… (play) the piano and ……………………… (sing)

a song at the moment.

  1. My mother ………………………………………. (always / cook) in the morning.

  2. What …………………………………………… (you / usually / do) at weekends?

  3. Jane ………………………………………… (give) a party today because it

………………………… (be) her birthday.

  1. The lesson …………………………… (start) at 9 o’clock every morning.

  2. Adam is in his room now. He …………………………………. (write) a letter to his pen- friend. He …………………………………….. (always / write) him a letter.


Ex.4 Circle the correct answer:

  1. Look! Thomas is bringing / brings his little sister to class.

  2. My older sister is often listening / often listens to pop music.

  3. We are writing / write an exercise now.

  4. Mmmm! Mum is making / makes a cake.

  5. Our teacher is giving / gives us a test every month.

  6. Listen! Dad is reading / reads a story to Ricky.

  7. Mr. Michael usually is growing / grows roses in his garden.

  8. They are building / build a new house on the hill now.

  9. Maria is drinking / drinks milk every morning.

  10. Look! Nick is running / runs down the hill.


Ex.5 Find and correct the mistakes in each sentence.


  1. I see my boss tomorrow morning.

__________________________

  1. Are you believing in God?

__________________________

  1. I'm thinking this is your coat. Am I right?

__________________________

  1. They are wanting to go abroad.

__________________________


Present Perfect and Present Perfect Continuous(Progressive) tenses

для описания действий, начатых в прошлом и до сих пор продолжающихся(важен результат); действий, не ограниченных во времени; действий, совершенных в прошлом, но имеющих результат в настоящем

для описания действий, начатых в прошлом и до сих пор продолжающихся(важен процесс)

образуется:

I, we, you, they + have+ V3

he, she, it + has+ V3

I have+ been+ Ving

he, she, it has+ been+ Ving

we, you, they have+been+ Ving

вспомогательные глаголы, используемые для образования вопросов и отрицаний:

have, has+ V3

have, has+been+ Ving

временные наречия:

ever, never, just, already, yet, recently, so far, today, this…

for, since

пример предложения


They have been to China.

I have eaten a full cake.

She has written 5 books.

They have been writing an essay for an hour.

She has been reading since 5 p.m.


Ex.6 Make the present perfect - choose positive, negative or question:


  1. (I / go / to the library today)

_______________________________________________________________

  1. (you / keep a pet for three years)

_______________________________________________________________

  1. (you / eat Thai food before?)

_______________________________________________________________

  1. (it / rain all day?)

_______________________________________________________________

  1. (who / we / forget to invite?)

_______________________________________________________________

  1. (we / not / hear that song already)

_______________________________________________________________

  1. (he / not / forget his books)

_______________________________________________________________

  1. (she / steal all the chocolate!)

_______________________________________________________________

  1. (I / explain it well?)

_______________________________________________________________

  1. (who / he / meet recently?)

_______________________________________________________________

  1. (how / we / finish already?)

_______________________________________________________________

  1. (he / study Latin)

_______________________________________________________________

  1. (I / know him for three months)

_______________________________________________________________

  1. (where / you / study Arabic?)

_______________________________________________________________

  1. (what countries / they / visit in Europe?)

_______________________________________________________________

  1. (he / hurt his leg)

_______________________________________________________________

  1. (she / leave her phone in a taxi)

_______________________________________________________________

  1. (we / not / lose our tickets)

_______________________________________________________________

  1. (she / call her mother?)

_______________________________________________________________

  1. (he / take a taxi?)

_______________________________________________________________

Ex.7 Fill in the gaps with the forms of Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous


  1. ___________________ (you / buy) your train ticket yet?

  2. The kitchen is a complete mess! What ___________________ (the children /

do)?

  1. Julie ___________________ (learn) to drive for six years!

  2. Amanda ___________________ (already / have) lunch, so she’ll meet us later.

  3. How much coffee ___________________ (she / drink) this morning?

  4. Simon ___________________ (write) three books.

  5. I ___________________ (do) everything I needed to do today! Hurray!

  6. It ___________________ (not / rain) all summer, so the garden is dead.

  7. I ___________________ (read) your book. Here it is, thank you.

  8. She ___________________ (forget) how to get to my house.

  9. I ___________________ (work) in the garden all day and I need a rest.

  10. She ___________________ (make) three cakes. They look delicious!

  11. David feels great these days. He ___________________ (get) up early lately.

  12. We ___________________ (always / hate) rush hour traffic.

  13. Recently, I ___________________ (study) a lot. My exams are in a few weeks.

  14. We ___________________ (write) this book for months and months.

  15. I ___________________ (always / love) chocolate.

  16. I ___________________ (want) to go back to university for a long time.

  17. What’s that delicious smell? ___________________ (you / cook)?

  18. I ___________________ (watch) seven films this week!


Ex.8 Use Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous tenses to fill in the blanks:

  1. I’ve bought / have been buying a new pair of shoes.

  2. Have you finished / Have you been finishing reading that book yet?

  3. They’ve eaten / have been eating fruit all afternoon, ever since they came from school.

  4. I’ve been reading / have read this book now, so you can have it back.

  5. I’ve been writing / have written eight pages already.

  6. Your exam paper is completely blank! What have you been doing / have you done?

  7. Oh, no! There’s nothing to eat. My sister has been eating / has eaten everything I left in

the kitchen.

  1. Oh, no! There’s no wine to drink. They have drunk / have been drinking all the wine.

  2. No wonder your eyes hurt. You’ve been playing / have played computer games ever since you had your breakfast.

  3. I haven’t seen / haven’t been seeing you for ages.

  4. God! Hakan has scored / has been scoring.

  5. They have danced / have been dancing for an hour.

  6. I have been waiting / have waited for you for ages.

  7. I’ve finished / ‘ve been finishing my work.

  8. I’ve been writing / have written this letter for an hour.

  9. He has visited / has been visiting ten museums this week.

  10. I’m very tired. Because I have travelled / have been travelling around Istanbul all day.

  11. She has found / has been finding a good job.

  12. I’m hot because I have been running / have run.

  13. I have written / have been writing letters for weeks.


Ex.9 Use Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous tenses to fill in the blanks:

  1. I’m tired. We ………………………………………………. (walk) for over an hour. Let’s stop and rest for a while.

  2. The zoo isn’t far from here. I ………………………………………………… (walk) there many times.

  3. I …………………………………………………. (write) my friends at least a dozen

letters since I left home and come home.

  1. Sally is writing a letter to her boyfriend. She ……………………………………….

(write) it since she got home from class. It’s going to be a long letter.

  1. The telephone …………………………………………….. (ring) four times in the last

hour, and each time it has been for my roommate.

  1. The telephone ……………………………………………… (ring) for almost a minute.

Why doesn’t someone answer it?

  1. She is 80 and she ………………………………………… (never / read) a book in her life.

  2. The secretary is very tired. She ………………………………………………… (type) all

morning.

  1. Tom is reading a book. He started two hours ago and he is on page 53 He

……………………………………….. (read) for two hours.

  1. Hello! I …………………………………………… (clean) the windows. So far I

………………………………………… (clean) five of them and there are two more to do.

  1. My grandfather ……………………… (died) 30 years ago. I ……………………..never / meet) him.

  2. A: Is your father at home?

B: No, I’m afraid he ……………………………………………… (go) out.

A: When exactly ………………………………………………… (he / go) out?

B: About ten minutes ago.




Past Simple tense and Present Perfect tense

для описания действий, начатых в прошлом и до сих пор продолжающихся(важен результат); действий, не ограниченных во времени; действий, совершенных в прошлом, но имеющих результат в настоящем

для описания фактов прошлого

образуется:

I, we, you, they + have+ V3

he, she, it + has+ V3

I, we, you, they, he she, it+ V2(Ved)

вспомогательные глаголы, используемые для образования вопросов и отрицаний:

have, has+ V3

did+V1

временные наречия:

ever, never, just, already, yet, recently, so far, today, this…

yesterday, last..., …ago, in 2000

пример предложения


They have been to China.

I have eaten a full cake.

She has written 5 books.

They were in China in 2000.

I ate a full cake yesterday.

She wrote an essay 2 hours ago.



Ex.10 Make Past Simple positive and negative sentences or question:

  1. I _________________ (not / drink) any beer last night.

  2. She _________________ (get on) the bus in the centre of the city.

  3. What time _________________ (he / get up) yesterday?

  4. Where _________________ (you / get off) the train?

  5. I _________________ (not / change) trains at Victoria.

  6. We _________________ (wake up) very late.

  7. What _________________ (he / give) his mother for Christmas?

  8. I _________________ (receive) £300 when my uncle _________________(die).

  9. We _________________ (not / use) the computer last night.

  10. _________________ (she / make) good coffee?

  11. They _________________ (live) in Paris.

  12. She _________________ (read) the newspaper yesterday.

  13. I _________________ (not / watch) TV.

  14. He _________________ (not / study) for the exam.

  15. _________________ (he / call) you?

  16. _________________ (I / forget) something?

  17. What time _________________ (the film / start)?

  18. He _________________ (have) a shower.

  19. Why _________________ (you / come)?

  20. _________________ (he / go) to the party?


Ex.11 Complete the man’s statement with the Past Simple form of the verbs in brackets:


Last night I ……………… (go) to my favorite restaurant in West Street. I ……………..

(leave) the restaurant at about 11 o’clock. It …………….. (be) a warm evening and I

……………….. (decide) to walk along the beach.

Suddenly, I ………………… (hear) a noise. I ……………….. (turn) and ………………

(see) three boys aged about eighteen. One boy ……………… (come) up to me and

……………….. (ask) me the time. When I ………………. (look) down at my watch,

he ……………… (hit) me and I ……………… (fall) to the ground. Another boy………………. (take) my wallet. I ……………….. (shout) for help. Then they ………………(run) away.


Ex.12 Fill in the blanks with the PAST form of the verbs:

Benjamin Franklin …… was born ….. (be born) in Boston in 1706 He ………………… (be)

the fifteenth of the seventeen children of a poor candlemaker. He …………………(go ) to

school only one year. He …………………………… (begin) to work when he was twelve. At

the age of fourteen he …………………………… (decide) to be a writer. He ………………….

(copy) the great stories of famous writers and later he …………………………… (become) the

best known writer in his time.

When he ………………….. (be) seventeen, he ………………………… (leave) Boston and

…………………………… (arrive) in Philadelphia with only a few pennies in his pocket. He

……………………… (get) a job as a publisher of a newspaper and ……………………. (retire)

from business as a very rich man at forty-two. Then he ………………………. (spend) the next

forty years for his government. He ………………………. (play) an important role in the

founding of the USA.

Franklin ……………… (be) also an important scientist and inventor. He ……………. (draw)

electricity from a cloud on a kite string. He ……………………… (write) one of the first text

books on electricity. He ……………………… (invent) a simple lightning rod and many other

practical tools. He ……………………… (make) a study of water and ……………………….

(discover) many principles of hydrodynamics. He even ………………………… (invent) bifocal

glasses when he was seventy-eight and ……………………… (need) them himself.

Franklin ……………… (do) all these things and many more because he …………….………

(believe) he ………………………… (can).


Ex.13 Put the verbs in the correct tense. Use Past Simple or Present Perfect tenses:

  1. ……………………….. Tim ………………………. (finish) his work yet?

  2. ……………………….. he ………………………… (finish) it ywsterday?

  3. They ……………………………………. (just / go) out.

  4. They ……………………………… (go) out a minute ago.

  5. …………………… Ann …………………………. (study) yesterday afternoon?

  6. …………………… you …………………………. (send) the letters yet?

  7. …………………… she ………………………….. (call) him a week ago?

  8. They ………………………………………. (not / see) the film yet.

  9. The train ……………………………………………… (just / arrive).

  10. ………………………. you ……………………………. (ever / be) in a TV studio?

  11. …………………… you and Tom ………………………… (enjoy) the party last night?

  12. …………………… you ………………………………. (not / finish) school last year?

  13. I ………………………………………. (lose) my dictionary. I can’t find it anywhere.

  14. His hair looks short. He ………………………………………….. (have) a haircut.

  15. When ………………………………………………. (he / give up) smoking?

  16. Jane …………………………………….. (buy) her car two weeks ago.

  17. My bicycle isn’t here. Somebody ……………………………………………. (take) it.

  18. Why ……………………………………… (Jim / not want) to play tennis last Friday?

  19. The car looks clean. ……………………….. you ……………………….. (wash) it?

  20. When we were on holiday, the weather …………………………… (be) terrible.


Ex.14 Use Past Simple or Present Perfect tense to fill in the blanks:

1. What ………………………………………… (you / learn) since you ………………

(come) here? How many friends ………………………………………. (you / make)? I hope you ……………………………………... (already / meet) a lot of interesting people.

2. Last night my roommate and I ……………………….. (have) some free time, so we

………………………….. (go) to a show.

  1. I ………………………………….. (just / have) lunch, but I ……………………………

(not / have) lunch yesterday.

  1. Who …………………………………. (write) the play “Hamlet”?

  2. How many games …………………………………… (the team / win) so far this season?

  3. I don’t know Carol’s husband. I ………………………………………. (never / meet) him.

  4. It ………………………………… (rain) a lot last week, but it ……………………………(not / rain) much so far this week.

  5. How many letters ……………………………………….. (you / write) since the beginning of the month?

  6. When we were on vacation, the weather ……………………………… (be) terrible.

  7. In her whole lifetime, Mary …………………………………………… (never / see) snow.

  8. I don’t know where Ammy is. ………………………………………….(you / see) her?

  9. When I ……………………………. (get) home last night, I ……………………….. (be)

very tired and I …………………………… (go) straight to bed.

  1. Your car looks very clean. ……………………………………. (you / wash) it?

  2. George …………………………………….. (not / be) very well last week.

  3. Mr. Clark …………………………… (work) in a bank for 15 years. Then he gave it up.


Ex.15 Use Past Simple or Present Perfect tense to fill in the blanks:

  1. The young man ……………………………… (never / be) to Paris, but he ……………..

(read) a book about this city last year.

  1. …………………… you …………………… (decide) where to go yet?

  2. A: Have some tea, please.

B: No, thank you. I …………………………………. (just / have) two cups of tea.

  1. Susan …………………………. (do) her homework before 10 o’clock but Jane …………….. (not /write) a word until now.

  2. Her mother ………………………………… (buy) her a pair of new shoes yesterday.

  3. The Prime Minister …………………………. (leave) for the USA an hour ago.

  4. A: …………….. the plane ……………………. (land)?

B: Yes, it ………………………… (land) ten minutes ago.

  1. It ………………………………. (not / rain) for a long time.

  2. ……………… you ……………… (see) my dog? It ………………………… (run away)

this morning.

  1. We …………………………. (meet) at a party a long time ago, but I …………………

(not / see) her since then.

  1. I ………………………… (see) an interesting book in a bookshop yesterday, but I

…………………………… (not / buy) it.

  1. My friend …………………………… (fall) from the bicycle because he ……………….…(not / ride) one for ages.

  2. His father ………………………………… (die) in 1970, but he ………………………

(never / visit) his father’s grave since that time.

  1. They …………………… (go) to America years ago, but none of them …………………...(come) back since then.

  2. A: …………….. you ……………….. (speak) to an Englishman?

B: Yes, I …………………….. (have) a short conversation with one last night.

  1. A: ………………. you ever ………………….. (be) to Tatilya?

B: Yes, I ………………………. (go) there two years ago.

  1. A: ………………. you ……………….. (see) Jane recently?

B: No, I ……………………………. (see) her for a long time.


для описания фактов прошлого

для описания длительных действий в прошлом, часто являющихся фоном для другого действия в прошлом

образуется:

I, we, you, they, he she, it+ V2(Ved)

I, he, she, it was+Ving

We, you, they were+Ving

вспомогательные глаголы, используемые для образования вопросов и отрицаний:

did+V1

was+ Ving, were+ Ving

временные наречия:

yesterday, last..., …ago, in 2000

while, at, during

пример предложения


They were in China in 2000.

I ate a full cake yesterday.

She wrote an essay 2 hours ago.

They were writing an essay at 5 o’clock yesterday.

While he was working, she was cooking.


Ex.16 Fill in the blanks with a correct form of Past Continuous tense:

  1. Alice hurt herself while she ……………………………………………. (skate).

  2. I met my neighbor while I ………………………………………. (walk) home from work.

  3. Sally saw a friend while she …………………………….. (ride) her bicycle along Park Street.

  4. Peter fell asleep while he …………………………………… (study).

  5. Bob stepped on Jane’s feet while they ………………………………….. (dance) together.

  6. I cut myself while I ……………………………………. (shave).

  7. Mr. and Mrs. Brown burned themselves while they …………………………... (bake)

cookies.

  1. Tommy had a nightmare while he …………………………….. (sleep) at a friend’s house.


Ex.17 Fill in the blanks with a correct form of Past Continuous tense:

  1. It was very cold. The sun ………. was not shining. …………………. (not / shine)

  2. It wasn’t a stormy night. The wind ……………………………………. (not / blow)

  3. He wasn’t sleeping. He …………………………………….. (look) at the ceiling.

  4. They were having a rest. They …………………………………….. (not / work).

  5. They were very happy. They …………………………………. (enjoy) the party.

  6. He was at home. He ………………………………. (watch) a movie on TV.

  7. He was getting worse. He …………………………………… (not / recover).

  8. We …………………………………. (travel) in the north of Turkey when we were on

holiday.

  1. She …………………………………. (drive) so fast when the accident happened.

  2. I …………………………………(not / sleep) when you came in.


Ex.18 Fill in the blanks with a correct form, Past Simple or Past Continuous tense:

  1. He ………………………………….. (talk) with Mary, when Mrs. Smith came in.

  2. They ………………………………… (study) two hours last night.

  3. Jane …………………………………. (sleep) when the telephone rang.

  4. As I …………………………………. (walk) to the lab, I met my friend.

  5. We ………………………………….. (watch) TV last night.

  6. The customer ………………………… (pay) his cheque when he dropped his credit card.

  7. The barber …………………………………. (cut) my hair yesterday.

  8. She ………………………………. (dance) when she hurt her ankle.

  9. It …………………………………. (rain) hard when I got up.

  10. It …………………………………. (rain) hard last night.




Ex.19 Complete the sentences with the words in parentheses using Past Simple or Past Continuous tenses:

  1. Sally …………………………… (eat) dinner last night when someone …………………..(knock) on the door.

  2. I began to study at seven last night. Fred …………………………… (come) at seven-

thirty. I ……………………………… (study) when Fred ……………………….. (come).

  1. While I ………………………………. (study) last night, Fred ……………………………(drop by) to visit me.

  2. My roommate’s parents …………………………………. (call) him last night while we

…………………………………….. (watch) TV.

  1. My mother called me around five. My husband came home a little after five. When he

……………………………….. (come) home, I ………………………………….. (talk) to my mother on the phone.

  1. Yesterday Tom and Janice ……………………… (go) to the zoo around one. They

………………………… (see) many kinds of animals. They stayed at the zoo for two

hours. While they …………………………… (walk) home, it …………….…….. (begin)

to rain, so they …………………………….. (stop) at a small café and ……………………(have) a cup of coffee.

  1. Yesterday afternoon I ………………………… (go) to visit the Parker family. When I

…………………….. (get) there around two o’clock, Mrs. Parker ………………….. (be)

in the yard. She ………………………………… (plant) flowers in her garden. Mr. Parker ……………………….. (be) in the garage. He ……………………………….. (work) on their car. He …………………………….. (change) the oil.



Ex.20 Complete the sentences with the words in parentheses using Past Simple or Past Continuous tenses:

  1. While they ……………………………… (travel) to China, Marco …………………….

(keep) a diary.

  1. Mrs. White …………………………………. (drive) past a house in Main Street when she ……………………… (see) the ground floor on fire.

  2. While he ………………………………. (fly) off the Miami Coast, the pilot ……………..(see) sharks approaching the swimmers.

  3. The fireman ……………………………… (fight) the fire on a balcony below when he

………………………… (hear) someone’s shouts.

  1. She …………………… (die) while she ………………………….. (run) after a bus.

  2. We ……………………………….. (have) dinner when the electricity ……………………(go) off.

  3. She ………………………………… (think) of something else while you ………………..(talk) to her.

  4. I ……………………….. (see) her while I …………………………………. (look) out of

the window.

  1. While the teacher ………………………………….. (talk), the students …………………..(look) at an insect on the ceiling.


Ex.21 Supply a suitable form, Past Simple or Past Continuous tense:

  1. I ………………………. (worry) a lot about her before I ……………………….. (hear)

that she was safe.

  1. I I didn’t like the flat. It …………………….. (be) much smaller than I …………………..(think) at first.

  2. He told us he ………………………….. (shoot) a big tiger.

  3. They ……………………….. (drink) tea after they ………………………………. (finish) dinner.

  4. She ……………. just ……………….. (fold) the pink apron and placed it in a table

drawer when the door …………………………… (open) and Joe ………………. (enter).

  1. The police wanted to know why he …………………………….. (bring) a gun to school.

  2. After he ………………………………. (work) at the hospital for two years he …………..(decide) to give up the job.

  3. When I …………………………. (arrive) at the party John ……………. already ………..(go) home.

  4. We ………………………… (wait) until the match …………………………….. (finish).

  5. They …………………………… (leave) the room before the meeting ……………………(finish).

  6. I ……………………………….. (buy) a new camera before I …………………. (go) to

London.

  1. I ……………….. just ………………… (turn off) the lights when the telephone …………(ring).



Ex.22 Complete the sentences with the words in parentheses using Past Simple or Past Continuous tenses:

  1. …………. he …………….. (know) her for a long time before they ………………………(get) married?

  2. He ………………………………. (drive) down the hotel where they …………………….(spend) their honeymoon years ago.

  3. When we ………………………… (get) to the station the train …………………………...(already / leave).

  4. He …………………………. (sit) at a table by the window where he ……………………..(have) a meal with Jane.

  5. Why ………………. he ………………… (not / ask) her to wait and think again before

she ………………………….. (leave) Paris.

  1. He was wondering why he ………………………………… (let) her leave so easily.

  2. He knew he ………………………………… (earn) that money with a great difficulty.

  3. After they …………………………… (go), he …………………….. (sit) down and

……………………… (light) a cigarette.

  1. He ………………………….. (have to) go to work by bus because his car ……………….(break) down.

  2. He …………………………… (angry) before he ……………………… (hear) my offer.


Past Simple and Past Perfect tenses

для описания фактов прошлого

для описания действий, законченных до другого действия в прошлом или к определенному времени в прошлом

образуется:

I, we, you, they, he she, it+ V2(Ved)

I, he, she, it, we, you, they had+V3(Ved)

вспомогательные глаголы, используемые для образования вопросов и отрицаний:

did+V1

had+ V3

временные наречия:

yesterday, last..., …ago, in 2000

by

пример предложения


They were in China in 2000.

I ate a full cake yesterday.

She wrote an essay 2 hours ago.

They had written an essay by 5 o’clock yesterday.

By 6 he had learnt to read.



Ex.23 Use Past Simple or Past Perfect tense:

  1. They ……………………………. (go) home after they ………………………….. (finish) their work.

  2. She ………………………………….. (just / go) out when I called her.

  3. My brother ………………………………. (eat) all the pie before we got back.

  4. He wondered why I …………………………………………. (not / visit) him before.

  5. She said that she ……………………………………………. (already / see) the Pyramids.

  6. The fire ………………………………………….. (spread) to the next building before the

firemen ………………………………………….. (arrive).

  1. They drank small cups of coffee, after they ………………………………………. (finish)

dinner.

  1. He told me he ……………………………………………….. (catch) a young lion.

  2. His mother …………………………………………. (worry) a lot about him before she

……………………………………… (hear) that he was asfe.

  1. He ……………………………………………….. (already / learn) English before he

…………………………………………. (leave) for England, but before he arrived in

England, he ……………………………………… (forget) some.

  1. Mary ………………………………………….. (go) swimming after she …………………(come) home. After she ………………………………… (swim), she …………………….(call) her friend Judy.

  2. I ……………………………………… (go) to the theatre with my friends yesterday. I

……………………………… (not / go) to the theatre for a year. We ……………………..(have) a very good time.

  1. After they ……………………………… (finish) their breakfast, they ……………………(leave) for school.

  2. Linda ……………………………………. (play) tennis after she …………………………(do) her homework.

  3. My father ……………………………. (water) the flowers after he ……………………….(clean) the car. After he ………………………………….. (water) the flowers, he …………………………….. (have) dinner.


Past Perfect and Past Perfect Continuous (Progressive) tense

для описания действий, законченных до другого действия в прошлом или к определенному времени в прошлом

для описания длительных действий, законченных до другого действия в прошлом или к определенному времени в прошлом

образуется:

I, he, she, it, we, you, they had+V3(Ved)

I, he, she, it, we, you, they had+been+ Ving

вспомогательные глаголы, используемые для образования вопросов и отрицаний:

had + V3

had+been+ Ving

временные наречия:

by

by

пример предложения


They had written an essay by 5 o’clock yesterday.

By 6 he had learnt to read.

They had been writing an essay for 2 hours by 5 o’clock yesterday.

By 6 they had been reading for 2 hours.


Ex.24 Fill in the following sentences by using Past Perfect Continuous tense :

  1. I was tired because I …………………………………………. (type) for a long time.

  2. Her boss was very angry with her because she ………………………………………….

(come) to work very late.

  1. I didn’t know about the earthquake because I ……………………………………… (not /

watch) television.

  1. She was too fat because she …………………………………………….. (not / keep) her

doctor’s advice.

  1. I took my car to the garage because the brakes ………………………………………….

(not / work).

  1. She had to go to the dentist because she ………………………………………. (not / clean)her teeth.

  2. He got bad marks because he …………………………………………… (not / study) hard.

  3. She wasn’t at home. She ……………………………………………. (go) out with her

boyfriend.

  1. I thought I …………………………………………………… (behave) like an ididot.

  2. He ……………………………………………….. (study) English) very hard for the last

few days.



Ex.25 Open the brackets, putting the verbs into Past Simple, Past Continuous or Past Perfect tenses:

1. By eight o’clock yesterday I____________ (to finish) my work and at eight I _________(to play) the piano.
2. By six o’clock father___________ (to come) home and at six he___________ (to have) dinner.
3. By nine o’clock yesterday grandmother_________ (to wash) the dishes and at nine she__________ (to watch) TV.
4. When I____________ (to meet) Tom, he _____________(to eat) an ice-cream which he___________ (to buy) at the corner of the street.
5. When father_____________ (to come) home, we__________ (to cook) the mushrooms which we_____________ (to gather) in the wood.
6. When I______________ (to see) Ann, she____________(to look) at the flowers which she ___________(to pick) in the field.
7. When I _____________(to come) home yesterday, I____________ (to see) that my little brother__________ (to break) my pen and_________ (to play) with its pieces.
8. When I_____________ (to open) the door of the classroom, I _________(to see) that the teacher already ___________(to come) and a student_________ (to write) a test.
9. When I_____________(to come) home my sister____________ (to read) a book which she ____________(to bring) from the library.
10. When mother __________(to come) home, the children __________(to eat) the soup which she__________ (to cook) in the morning.
11. When I_______________ (to ring) up Mike, he still_________ (to learn) the poem which he___________ (to begin) learning at school.
12. When I____________ (to look) out of the window, the children_________ (to play) with a ball which Pete___________ (to bring) from home.

13. There___________ (to be) two men in the room. One of them__________ (to write) something while the other____________(to read) a newspaper.

14. He____________ (not to tell) me that he_________ (to receive) a telegram from her.
15. She ______________(to say) that he____________ (to give) her the wrong address.
16. I___________ (to ask) him where he___________ (to put) my hat.
17. He______________ (to tell) us that they_____________ (to spend) all the money.
18. I________ (to sit) in an armchair and___________ (to think) of my coming trip across the North Sea when the door suddenly _________(to open) and an old friend of mine whom I__________ (not to see) for a very long time_________ (to enter) the room.
19. She___________ (to come) to see us just at the time when we__________ (to have) dinner.
20. I___________ (to see) him when he___________ (to leave) the hotel.
21. He____________ (to leave) the house before I_________ (to have) time to ask him anything.
22. I________ (to find) the old man in the garden. He___________ (to talk) to some children who____________ (to stand) around listening to him.
23. He___________ (to tell) me that he ___________(to learn) it from the newspaper.
24. He____________ (to enter) the room,____________ (to take) something from the desk and ___________(to go) out.

  1. Ann _______ (not/ to pick up) the phone because she _______ (to deal with) another customer when it rang.

  2. While he ______ (to travel) in South Africa, he ______ (to get) the idea for his new movie.

  3. It ______ (to rain) yesterday.

  4. It ______ (to rain) all day yesterday.

  5. When we returned from London it ______ (to rain) for 3 hours.

  6. When we returned from London it ______ (not/to rain) any more.

  7. He ______ (to graduate from) the University before he ______ (to move) to Moscow.

  8. He ______ (to graduate from) the University last year.

  9. When he came home his family ______ (to wait for) him.

  10. They ______ (to drive) all night when finally they saw the lights of a big city.

  11. They____________(to get) to the airport as the plane was landing.

  12. She wore the shoes she ___________ (to buy) the previous day.

  13. I fell as I_____________ (to run) for the bus.

  14. What __________she____________ (to say) when he asked her to marry him?

  15. When I was a student, I _______________(not to have) much money.

  16. I was happy to see her, because we _______________ (not to see) each other for years.


Non-Continuous Verbs

Некоторые глаголы в английском языке не используются во временах группы Continuous. В таблице ниже приводится список этих глаголов


Sense


Communication


Other States


(выражение эмоций и мыслительных процессов)

(чувства)


(общение)


(другие состояния)


believe

dislike

doubt

imagine

know

like

love

hate

prefer

realize

recognize

remember

suppose

understand

want

wish


appear

hear

see

seem

smell

sound

taste

agree

astonish

deny

disagree

impress

mean

please

promise

satisfy

surprise


be

belong

concern

consist

contain

cost

depend

deserve

fit

include

involve

lack

matter

need

owe

own

possess


Non-Continuous Meanings


feel = 'have an opinion' - He feels he should get a second chance.

see = 'understand' - I see what you mean.

think = 'have an opinion' - I think we should leave immediately.

appear = 'look like' - That appears to be stale.

look = 'seem' - It looks impossible!

taste = 'have a taste' - That tastes yummy!


Continuous Meanings


feel = 'feel physically' - I'm feeling awful this afternoon.

see = 'visit' - She's seeing a doctor this morning.

think = 'use the brain' - He's thinking hard about the problem.

appear = 'be on stage / perform' - Jack Daniels is performing at the Paramount tonight.

look = 'stare at' - I'm looking at that strange man.

taste = 'use the mouth' - The cook is tasting the sauce!



Ex. 26 Apply Present and Past Tenses and Non-Continuous Verbs

1.a. Look, I (have) ................................. two tickets for the circus.

1.b. Look, I (hold) ................................. two tickets for the circus.

2.a. We (be) ................................. there for more than half an hour by the time the show began.

2.b. We (wait) ................................. there for more than half an hour by the time the show began

3.a. Sam (sit) .............................. in the seat next to me when the clown threw a bucket of water at me.

3.b. Sam (be) ............................. in the seat next to me when the clown threw a bucket of water at me.

4.a. One clown was juggling while he (balance) ................................. a glass of wine on his head.

4.b. One clown was juggling while he (have) ................................. a glass of wine on his head.

5.a. I (love) ................................. the circus ever since I was a child.

5.b. I (go) ................................. to the circus ever since I was a child.

6.a. Right now, I (see) ................................. two elephants doing tricks in the ring. 6.b. Right now, I (look) ................................. at two elephants doing tricks in the ring.


Ex. 27Apply Present and Past Tenses

Lars: Excuse me, which movie are you waiting for?

Tony: We (wait) ................................. for the new Stars Wars Phantom Menace movie. In fact, we (wait) ................................. here for more than five hours.

Lars: Five hours? When did you arrive?

Tony: We (get) got here at 6:00 o'clock this morning. More than forty people (stand,already) ................................. here waiting for tickets when we arrived.

Lars: I can't believe that! Are you serious?

Tony: Yeah, people (take) ................................. Star Wars movies seriously. In fact, this particular showing has been sold out for over a week. We (wait, just) ................................. in line to get a good seat in the theater.

Lars: When did you buy your tickets?

Tony: I (buy) ................................. them last week by phone. I (know) ................................. tickets would be hard to get because I (hear) ................................. on the news that a group of people in Los Angeles (wait) ................................. in line for almost a month to buy some.

Lars: I don't believe that!

Tony: It's true. They (camp) ................................. out in front of Mann's Chinese Theater in Los Angeles for about a month because they (want) ................................. to be the first people to see the movie.


Ways to Express the Future

Present Simple tense

выражает действие, выполняемое по расписанию.

Образуется по формуле:

V1, V+s (es)

Present Continuous(Progressive) tense

выражает действие, запланированное на ближайшее будущее.

Образуется по формуле:

am, is, are+ Ving

Be going to+V1

выражает намерение совершить какое-либо действие, планы, которые могут подвергнуться изменениям.

Образуется по формуле:

am, is, are+ going to+V1

Future Simple tense

выражает спонтанное действие, реакцию на раздражитель,

используется также для выражения личного мнения.

Образуется по формуле:

will+ V1

Future Continuous(Progressive) tense

выражает длительное действие в будущем.

Образуется по формуле:

will be+Ving

Future Perfect tense

выражает будущее действие, которое завершится к определенному моменту будущего.

Образуется по формуле:

will+have+V3

Future Perfect Continuous(Progressive) tense

выражает длительное будущее действие, которое завершится к определенному моменту будущего.

Образуется по формуле: will +have+been+Ving


Ex.28 Complete each sentence. Use going to and the verb in brackets:

  1. ………………. Are you going to buy …………………………. (you / buy) a new bike?

  2. Tom …………………………………………………………………… (not / be) a doctor.

  3. I …………………………………………………………………... (buy) some new shoes.

  4. ………………………………………………………………….. (Helen / catch) the train?

  5. Who ………………………………………………………… (carry) the shopping for me?

  6. Jim and Dinah ………………………………………………………… (not / get) married.

  7. Sam ……………………………………………………………………… (take) a holiday.

  8. What time …………………………………………………………….. (you / phone) me?

  9. Where ………………………………………………………………… (we / eat) tonight?

  10. I …………………………………………………………… (not /give) a birthday present!

Ex.29 Rewrite each sentence or question with going to:

  1. Joe plans to buy a new computer next year.

Joe is going to buy a new computer next year. ………………………………………..

  1. We don’t plan to play tennis this weekend.

………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. Does Nick plan to join the sports club?

………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. What are your plans for next summer?

………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. Look! That tree is about to fall over!

………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. Do you plan to work hard this year?

………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. I don’t intend to get a new car.

………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. The forecast for tomorrow is rain.

………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. Do Mike and Pat plan to make sandwiches for the party?

………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. I think it’s about to snow.

………………………………………………………………………………………………


Ex.30 Fill in the blanks with the correct FUTURE forms:

(Will / Going to / Present Continuous / Simple Present)

  1. A: What ………………… you …………………… (do) when you grow up?

B: I ……………………………………………… (be) an acrobat in a circus.

  1. I haven’t seen him for a long time but I think I ………………………………………

(recognize) him.

  1. A: I need some tokens to telephone my friend.

B: I ……………………………………………… (give) you some.

  1. I got the plane tickets. I ………………………………………. (fly) on Sunday.

  2. A: Have you got any plans for the summer?

B: Yes, we ……………………………………………. (go) to Italy in June.

  1. Don’t play with those matches; you ………………………………………. burn yourself.

  2. A: Whose is that night dress?

B : It’s mine. I ………………………………………… (wear) it at John’s graduation

party.

  1. A: Why did you call your grandma?

B: I ……………………………………………….. (visit) her at the weekend.

  1. If your passport isn’t valid any more, you ………………………………………………

(not / be able to) go abroad this month.

  1. A: What are you doing with that brush?

B: I ………………………………………………… (paint) my room.

  1. A: Why are you wearing your anorak?

B: I ………………………………………………… (go) out.

  1. I don’t know the meaning of this word so I …………………………………………

(look) it up in the dictionary.

13. Look out! You …………………………………………… (hurt) yourself with that knife.

14.A: I’ve got a terrible headache.

B: Have you? Wait there and I …………………………………………. (get) an aspirin

for you.

15.Mother: Your face is dirty.

Child : All right. I …………………………………………………. (wash) it.

  1. A: What time ……………………the next bus ………………………. (arrive)?

B: 13 minutes later.

17. ……………………. you …………………….. (open) the door for me, please?

18. We’re early. The film ……………………………… (start) at 2:30. Why don’t we go

and have something to drink?

19. He ……………………………………… (call) the police as soon as he gets home.

20. A: What …………………….. you …………………………… (do) with that dress?

B: I …………………………………………………. (shorten) the skirt.


Ex.31 Fill in will or be going to:

  1. A: Why do you need so much sugar?

B: I ……………………………………… make a cake.

  1. A: Oh no! I’ve left my purse at home and I haven’t got any money on me!

B: Don’y worry. I …………………………………………. lend you some.

  1. A: I don’t know how to use this mixer.

B: That’s OK. I ………………………………….. show you.

  1. A: Why are all these people gathered here?

B: The Prime Minister ……………………………… open the new hospital ward.

  1. A: Did you remember to buy the magazine I asked for?

B: Sorry, I didn’t. I …………………………………. buy it when I go out again.

  1. A: What’s that on your curtains?

B: It’s a stain. I ………………………………….. take them to the dry cleaner’s

tomorrow.

  1. A: These bags are very heavy. I can’t lift them.

B: I ………………………………… carry them for you.

  1. A: I hear you’re going to Leeds University in September.

B: Yes, I ……………………………………. study French and German.

  1. A: Why don’t you tidy your room?

B: I …………………………………….. play football in ten minutes, so I haven’t got

time.

  1. A: How can we get all this home?

B: I ………………………………………. ask James to come and help.

  1. She has bought some wool. She ……………………………. knit a sweater.

  2. A: This problem is very difficult.

B: I ………………………. help you to solve it.

  1. A: Why are you taking down all the pictures?

B: I ……………………………….. paint the room.

  1. I ………………………… climb that mountain one day.

  2. Look at that young man. He looks very pale. He ……………………………. faint.

  3. A: Why are buying that spade?

B: I ……………………………… plant some trees in my garden at the back of the house.

  1. She …………………………….. get better. There are positive signs.

  2. I’m hungry. I ………………………………. have something to eat.


Ex.32 Put the verb in to the correct form using will or going to:

  1. A: Why are you turning on the television?

B: I …………………………………………… (watch) the news.

  1. A: Oh, I’ve just realized. I haven’t got any money.

B: Don’t worry. That’s no problem. I ………………………………. (lend) you some.

  1. Those clouds are very black, aren’t they? I think it ……………………………… (rain).

  2. A: I’ve got a terrible headache.

B: Have you? Wait here and I ……………………………. (get) an aspirin for you.

  1. A: Why are you filling that bucket with water?

B: I …………………………………… (wash) the car.

  1. A: I’ve decided to re-paint this room.

B: Oh, have you? What colour …………………………………………. (you / paint) it?

  1. A: Look! There’s smoke coming out of that house. It’s on fire!

B: Good heavens! I ………………………… call the fire-brigade immediately.

  1. A: The ceiling in this room doesn’t look very safe, does it?

B: No, it looks as if it ………………………………….. (fall) down.

  1. A: Where are you going? Are you going shopping?

B: Yes, I …………………………………….. (buy) something for dinner.

  1. A: I can’t work out how to use this camera.

B: It’s quite easy. I ………………………………. (show) you.

  1. A: What would you like to drink – tea or coffee?

B: I ……………………………. (have) tea, please.

  1. A: Has George decided on what to do when he leaves school?

B: Oh yes. Everything is planned. He …………………………………… (have) a holiday

for a few weeks and then he ……………………………………….. (start) a computer

programming course.



Ex.33 Make sentences in Future Continuous tense:

  1. I’m going to watch television from 9 until 10 o’clock this evening.

So at 9.3 I ……………………………………………………………………..

  1. Tomorrow afternoon I’m going to play tennis from 3 o’clock until 4.30.

So at 4 o’clock tomorrow I ……………………………………………………..

  1. Jim is going to study from 7 o’clock until 10 o’clock this evening.

So at 8.3 this evening he ………………………………………………………

  1. We are going to clean the flat tomorrow. It will take from 9 until 11 o’clock.

So at 10 o’clock tomorrow morning ……………………………………………

  1. Tom is a football fan and there is a football match on television this evening. The match

begins at 7.3 and ends at 9.15.

So at 8.3 this evening …………………………………………………………

  1. Don’t phone me between 7 and 8 ………………………………………….. (we / finish)

dinner then.

  1. A: Can we meet tomorrow afternoon?

B: Not in the afternoon. ………………………………………………… (I / work).

  1. Do you think ………………………………………………….. (you / still / do) the same

job in ten years’ time?

  1. If you need to contact me, ………………………………………………….. (I / stay) at

the Hilton Hotel until Friday.

  1. A: ………………………………………………………. (you / see) Laura tomorrow?

B: Yes, probably. Why?

A: I borrowed this book from her. Can you give it back to her?


Ex.34 Use Future Perfect tense to complete the sentences:

  1. Tom and Ann are going to the cinema. The film begins at 7.3 and it is already 7.20. And

it will take them 20 minutes to get there.

When they get there, …………………………………………… (the film / already / start)

  1. Jim always goes to bed at 11 o’clock. Tom is going to visit him at 11.3 this evening.

When Tom arrives, …………………………………………………….. (Jim / go / to bed)

  1. Tom is on holiday. He has very little money and he is spending too much too quickly.

Before the end of his holiday, ……………………………….. (he / spend / all his money)

  1. Chuck came to Britain from the US nearly three years ago. Next Monday it will be

exactly three years since he arrived. Next Monday ……………………………………… (he / be / here / exactly three years)

  1. Next year is Ted and Amy’s 25th wedding anniversary. They …………………………….. (be married) for 25 years.

  2. Jane is from New Zealand. She is traveling around Europe at the moment. So far she has

traveled about 1 miles. By the end of the trip, ………………………………………..

(she / travel) more than 3 miles.


Ex.35 Use Future Perfect tense to complete the sentences:

  1. By next February I ……………………………………………… (write) my third book.

  2. I hope you ……………………………………………. (not / forget) my name by

tomorrow.

  1. By next week we …………………………………………….. (redecorate) the house.

  2. Next July she …………………………………………… (be) dead for ten years.

  3. I hope I ……………………………………………… (not / make) a lot of mistakes in this exam when I finish it.

  4. By the end of this year I ………………………………………… (drive) more than one

hundred thousand kilometers with this car.

  1. I hope it ……………………………………………. (stop) raining before the match starts.

  2. I ……………………………………………. (have) an operation when you turn back.

  3. By this time next week I …………………………………………………. (marry).

  4. If nothing is done one million species that are alive today …………………………………(become) extinct in twenty years.




Ex.36 Fill in the blanks using Future Perfect Continuous tense:

  1. By the end of June I ……………………………………………….. (live) in this flat for

thirteen years.

  1. I ……………………………………………… (fly) to London for an hour at this time

tomorrow.

  1. At this time next week I …………………………………………………. (work) for this

company for 20 years.

  1. When the bell rings I ……………………………………………… (teach) for eight hours

today.

  1. I …………………………………………………… (wear) these glasses for five years

next week.

  1. I ………………………………………………… (drive) this car for six years tomorrow.

  2. At this time tomorrow I ……………………………………………….. (take) a test for an hour.

  3. At this time next year I …………………………………………….. (have) a holiday in

Antalya for a week.

  1. At this time next year I …………………………………………….(live) in Istanbul for

ten years.

  1. By the time we get home they ……………………………………………….. (play)

football for half an hour.

  1. She …………………………………………. (dance) for an hour at nine o’clock.

  2. I ………………………………………….. (learn) English for ten years by the end of this year.


Ex.36 Complete the sentences using the correct future form of the verb in brackets.

1. Look at those enormous black clouds! It ______________________ (rain) soon.

2. I need to get fit, so I’ve decided that I_____________________ (join) a gym after Christmas.

3. I can’t play football on Monday afternoon because I ___________________ (see) the dentist at 3.30.

4. My sister ___________________ (have) a baby in May.

5. A: “I’m thirsty.” B: “I _________________ (get) you some water.”

6. I have to go now. I ___________________ (meet) my boyfriend in front of the cinema at 6.45.

7. I think you ________________ (have) a great time in Greece.

8. Look at the clouds – it __________ (to rain) in a few minutes.

9. We ___________________ (play) tennis on Saturday morning.

10. We’ve just filled up the car with petrol because we _____________(drive) to Brighton tomorrow.

11. What _________ you _______________ (do) at the weekend? I’d like to go to the cinema.

12. As soon as you arrive, we ____________________ (have) lunch.

13. I think I ___________________ (visit) my grandparents next week.

14. A: “It’s cold.” B: “OK, I _______________ (close) the window.”

15. We ____________________ (meet) our boss at midday because we have a meeting.

16. A: “I don’t understand this maths problem.” B: “I _________________ (help) you.”

17. I’m busy this evening. I ______________________ (have) a drink with my friends.

18. Look! That cat _____________________ (catch) that mouse.

19. I think the Internet ____________________ (be) different in ten years.

20. Be careful! That glass ____________________ (fall) on the floor.

21. My teacher believes that in the future everybody _______________ (speak) English.

22. When your plane arrives tonight, I ______________________ (wait) for you at the airport.

23. This time next week we _______________________ (sunbathe) on a beach in Brazil.

24. When you are studying tonight, we _____________________ (dance) at the disco.

25. At 10 pm tonight, I _______________________ (watch) my favourite TV show.

26. At 8.30 tomorrow morning, I __________________________ (drive) to work.

28. The mechanic __________________________ (fix) my car by tomorrow at 11 o’clock.

29. Next September, we _______________________ (live) here for three years.

30. By the end of the week, the teacher ________________________ (mark) our exams.

31. By the end of the month, I _________________________ (save) £ 300.

32. By the time we get to Cardiff, we _______________________ (drive) 500 miles.

33. This time next month, I ____________________ (surf) in the Pacific Ocean.

34. By seven o’clock, I think I ______________________ (finish) my homework.

35. By the end of the week, I _________________________(do) four exams.

36. The baby should be due soon, next week she __________ (to be) pregnant for nine months.

37. Wait! I __________ (to drive) you to the station.

38. This summer, I __________ (to live) in Brighton for four years.

39. This time next week I __________ (ski) in Switzerland!

40. By the time we get home, they __________ (to play) football for 30 minutes.




Ex.37 Complete the sentences with the appropriate form of the verb:


What a language course can do

1. I (learn) _________________English for seven years now.

2. But last year I (not / work) ______________hard enough for English, that's why my marks (not / be) _________________really that good then.

3. As I (pass / want) _____________my English exam successfully next year, I (study) __________harder this term.

4. During my last summer holidays, my parents (send) ________________me on a language course to London.

5. It (be) _______________great and I (think) ______________I (learn) _______________a lot.

6. Before I (go) ____________to London, I (not / enjoy) _____________learning English.

7. But while I (do) ____________the language course, I (meet) _____________lots of young people from all over the world.

8. There I (notice) _______________how important it (be) _____________to speak foreign languages nowadays.

9. Now I (have) ______________much more fun learning English than I (have)____________ before the course.

10. At the moment I (revise) _____________English grammar.

11. And I (begin / already) ______________to read the texts in my English textbooks again.

12. I (think) _________________I (do) ________________one unit every week.

13. My exam (be) _________________on 15 May, so there (not / be) ____________any time to be lost.

14. If I (pass) ____________my exams successfully, I (start) __________an apprenticeship in September.

15. And after my apprenticeship, maybe I (go) ______________back to London to work there for a while.

16. As you (see / can)________________, I (become) ______________a real London fan already.


Ex.38 Complete the sentences with the appropriate form of the verb:

The London Dungeon

  1. The London Dungeon (lie) ___________in the oldest part of London - in an old subterranean prison (that's what the word Dungeon (stand) _____________for).

  2. The museum (take) _____________its visitors on a journey through England's bloody history.

  3. It (demonstrate) ______________the brutal killings and tortures of the past.

  4. You (experience / can) ___________for example how people (die) ____________on the Gallow or during the Plague of 1665.

  5. The Dungeon also (show) ______________scenes of Jack the Ripper or the beheading of Anne Boleyn, who (be) ______________one of Henry VIII’s six wives.

  6. The atmosphere at the Dungeon (be) _____________really scary - nothing for the faint-hearted.

  7. While you (walk) _______________around the Dungeon, watch out for creepy creatures - the Dungeon (employ) _____________actors to give its visitors the fright of their lives.

  8. The actors, dressed as monsters, ghosts or executers, (hide) _____________in the dark corners of the Dungeon and then suddenly(jump) _____________out and (grab) ___________one of the visitors.

  9. And the horror (end / not) ______________at the exit of the exhibition.

  10. (you / eat / ever) _______________a pizza with fingers and eyeballs on it?

  11. Well, if you (fancy) ___________that kind of food, you (love) ___________the meals at the Dungeon restaurant.

  12. The museum (want) ____________to provoke, shock, educate and delight.

  13. And this it (do) _______________extremely well.

  14. Since its opening in 1975, the Dungeon (attract) ______________many visitors from all over the world.

  15. Besides the regular opening hours, the Dungeon sometimes also (open) _________________at night.

  16. If you (have) _____________enough money and nerves of steel, you (book / can)____________ the Dungeon for parties, conferences or charity events at night.

  17. And on 31 October, a frightfully good Halloween Party (take place)____________ at the Dungeon every year.



Ex.39 Complete the sentences with the appropriate form of the verb:


1. When Carol (call)______________last night, I (watch)______________my favorite show on television. 

2. I (work)_____________for this company for more than thirty years, and I intend to stay here until I retire!

3. Sharon (love)_______________ to travel. She (go)____________ abroad almost every summer. Next year, she plans to go to Peru.

4. Thomas is an author. He (write)_______________ mystery novels and travel memoirs. He (write)_______________since he was twenty-eight. Altogether, he (write)___________seven novels, three collections of short stories and a book of poetry. 

5. We were late because we had some car problems. By the time we (get)____________to the train station, Susan (wait)______________for us for more than two hours. 

6. Sam (try)______________to change a light bulb when he (slip)__________ and (fell)________

7. Every day I (wake)____________up at 6 o'clock, (eat)___________breakfast at 7 o'clock and (leave)_____________for work at 8 o'clock. However, this morning I (get)____________up at 6:30, (skip)___________breakfast and (leave)___________for work late because I (forget)___________to set my alarm. 

8. Right now, Jim (read) ____________the newspaper and Kathy (make)_____________dinner. Last night at this time, they (do)______________ the same thing. She (cook)_____________and he (read)________________the newspaper. Tomorrow at this time, they (do, also)____________the same thing. She (prepare)___________ dinner and he (read)___________. They are very predictable people!

9. By this time next summer, you (complete)_____________your studies and (find)____________a job. I, on the other hand, (accomplish, not)___________ anything. I (study, still)___________________ and you (work)________________in some new high paying job. 
10. The students (be, usually)
____________taught by Mrs. Monty. However, this week they (teach)________________ taught by Mr. Tanzer. 

Ex.40 Answer the questions

11. Jane talks on the phone. Bob has been talking on the phone for an hour. Mary is talking on the phone. Who is not necessarily on the phone now?_____________

12. I'm going to make dinner for Frank. I'm making dinner for Judy. I'll make dinner for Mary. I make dinner for Ted. I will be making dinner for Tony. Who are you offering to make dinner for? ____________________

13. Jane left when Tim arrived. Bob left when Tim had arrived. When Tim arrived, Mary was leaving. John had left when Tim arrived. After Tim arrived, Frank left. Who did not run into Tim? __________________

14. Jane is talking in class. Bob always talks in class. Mary is always talking in class. Whose action bothers you?_______________

15. Jane never left Jamestown.

Bob has never left Jamestown. Who is still alive?____________































































СПИСОК ИСПОЛЬЗОВАННОЙ ЛИТЕРАТУРЫ И ИСТОЧНИКОВ:



  1. English Grammar in Use, Raymond Murphy, Joseph Chapple, William R. Smalzer, Martin Hewings, Cambridge University Press, 2019

  2. Grammarway, Virginia Evans, Jenny Dooley, Express Publishing

  3. Oxford Practice Grammar, Norman Coe, Mark Harrison & Ken Paterson, John Eastwood, George Yule, Oxford University Press, 2018

  4. https://agendaweb.org/grammar/tests-quizzes3.html

  5. https://eduteach.es/worksheets-grammar.pdf

  6. https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/grammar/intermediate-to-upper-intermediate

  7. https://www.english-grammar.at/worksheets/tenses/tenses.htm

  8. https://www.esl-lounge.com/student/grammar-exercises-intermediate.php

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