Past Perfect Tense (inductive approach)
Teachers: Kirgizbekova Zhanna
Establish meaningful context: Roald Dahl remembered most interesting events of the time when he was nine very well.
My friends and I bought our favorite sweets from the sweet-shop every day on our way to school. My favorites were Sherbet Suckers and Liquor ice Bootlaces.
Thwaites told me I should never eat Liquor ice Bootlaces. Thwaites's father was a doctor. He had said that they made it from rats' blood. The father had told his young son much about Liquor ice Bootlaces when he had found that his son ate it. "Every rat catcher in the country," the father had said, "takes his rats to the Liquor ice Bootlace Factory and they pay him for each rat. Many rat catchers have become millionaires because they sell rats to the Factory."
"Don't ever eat them," the father had said. "If you eat you'll get ratites."
"What is ratite, Daddy?" young Thwaites had asked.
"It's the rat-poison that gives you ratites," the father
"Yes, but what will happen to you if you catch it?" young Thwaites
"Your teeth become very sharp and pointed," the father had answered. "And a short tail grows out of your back. There is no medicine for ratites. I know. I am a doctor."
We all enjoyed Thwaites's story. We asked him to tell us this story many times on our walks to and from school. But any of us didn't stop buying Liquor ice Bootlaces. Except Thwaites.
Elicit target language:
What are Sherbet Suckers?
What is Liquor ice Bootlaces?
Why didn’t Thwaites eat Liquor ice Bootlaces?
What was his father?
Did the boys stop to eat sweets after Thwaites’s story?
- Who is the main character of this context?
– Act out the conversation between characters of the story
– Write down what Liquor ice Bootlaces are made of
Use Past Perfect of the verbs in the box to complete the sentences.
To say, to tell, to find, to say, to ask
He … that they made it from rats' blood
The father … his young son much about Liquor ice Bootlaces when he … that his son ate it.
. "Every rat catcher in the country," the father .. , "takes his rats to the Liquor ice Bootlace Factory and they pay him for each rat.
"What is ratite, Daddy?" young Thwaites … .
Had+ V(3), V(ed)
Drill: Choral \ Individual: Repeat after me!
Affirmative form (+) Negative form (-) Interrogative form (?)
I I Had I said?
You You Had you said?
He\she\it =had said He\she\it = had+not said Had he\she\ said?
We We Had we said?
They They Had they said?
Provide further examples: Complete two sentences in one and use Past Perfect Tense
Example: They had lived in the country. They moved to the city.
— They had lived in the country before they moved to the city.
He had finished school. He went to a camp.
She had phoned her friend. She went to meet her.
I read the book. I had seen the film.
I had cleaned my room. I invited my friends home.
He entered the university. He had finished school.
Не told me about his impressions. He had returned from his journey.
He was unhappy. He had got bad news.
Analyze \ establish form:
He had + V3 that they made it from rats’ blood.
“What is ratite, Daddy?” young Thwaites had + Ved
Provide written form: Past Perfect Tense is used by this grammar structure
S + had +V(3), V(ed)
S + had not + V3, Ved