Grammar test №1
Use of English
For questions 31-45 read the magazine article below and use the words to the right of the text to form a word or a grammar structure that fits in the same numbered space in the text. There is an example at the beginning (0).
Walls Have Ears
The information technology revolution (0) has transformed our lives in many ways, making it (31) _________________ to communicate with each other and access the vast amount of human knowledge
(32) _____________ on the internet. But it has also transformed the extent may access our personal information. When using e-mail, most of us do not realise that the date, who we are communicating with and where we are communicating from (33) ____________ by our Internet Service Provider (ISP) and stored for months or even longer. ISPs keep similar records of the webpages we access. Landline telephones can easily (34) ________________ by security services; mobile telephone calls can be listened in to using simple radio technology, and can also be used to trace our (35)___________. But these records of our personal (36) _____________ and interactions are (37) ___________ kept, and are often required to be kept by law.
he tracking of online communication is far (38) ______________ than we would tolerate in daily life. Many of us would feel
(39) ______________ if we thought the letters we post were being read and recorded, or our face-to-face conversations listened to and recorded. But this kind of (40) _________ takes place while we use technology, without our ever being aware of it. For instance, in 2000 the FBI launched an electronic device which allows the U.S. government to read the content, sender and receiver of emails. Civil libertarians around the world (41) _________ that our right to privacy is quietly disappearing.
The right to (42) ______________ reduced further in many countries after September 11th 2001. Governments became (43) _________ that terrorists in (44) ________________ countries were using telephones and the Internet to communicate, and quickly introduced laws
(45) _________ electronic information to be accessed to protect national security.
Read the story of The Queen Bee. Fill each space (46-60) with a suitable word. There is an example at the beginning (0).
The Queen Bee
by Brothers Grimm
Two kings' sons (0) once upon a time went into the world to seek their fortunes; but they soon fell into a wasteful foolish way (46)__________living, so that they could not return home again. Then their brother, who was a little insignificant dwarf, went out to seek for his (47) _________: but when he had found (48)____________ they only laughed at him, to think that he, who was so young and simple, should try to travel through the world, when they, who were so much wiser, had been unable to get on. However, they all set out on their journey together, and came at last to an ant-hill. The two elder brothers would have pulled it down, in order to see (49)__________ the poor ants in their fright would run about and carry off their eggs. But the little dwarf said, 'Let the poor things enjoy themselves, I will not suffer you to trouble them.'
So on they went, and came to a lake where many ducks were swimming about. The two brothers wanted to catch two, and roast them. But the dwarf said, 'Let the poor things enjoy themselves, you shall not kill them.' Next they came to a bees'-nest in a hollow tree, and there was so much honey that it ran down the trunk; and the two brothers wanted to light a fire under the tree and kill the bees, so as to get their honey. But the dwarf held them back, and said, 'Let the pretty insects enjoy themselves, I cannot let you burn them.'
At length the three brothers came to a castle: and as they passed by the stables they saw fine horses standing there, but all were of marble, and no man was to be seen. Then they went through all the rooms, till they came to a door on which were three locks: but in the middle of the door was a wicket, so that they could look into the next room. There they saw a little grey old man sitting (50) __________ a table; and they called to him once or twice, but he did not hear: however, they called a third time, and then he rose and came out to them.
He said nothing, but took hold of them and led them to a beautiful table covered (51) _______ all sorts of good things: and when they had eaten and drunk, he showed each of them to a bed-chamber.
The (52)____________ morning he came to the eldest and took him to a marble table, where there were three tablets, containing an account of the means by which the castle might (53)___________ disenchanted. The first tablet said: 'In the wood, under the moss, lie the thousand pearls belonging (54) ___________ the king's daughter; they must all be found: and if one be missing by set of sun, he who seeks them will be turned (55) ___________ marble.'
The eldest brother set out, and sought for the pearls the whole day: but the evening came, and he had not found the first hundred: so he was turned into stone as the tablet (56) ________ foretold.
The next day the second brother undertook the task; (57) _______________ he succeeded no better than the first; for he could only find the second hundred of the pearls; and therefore he too was turned into stone.
At last came the little dwarf's turn; and he looked in the moss; but (58) ______________ was so hard to find the pearls, and the job was so tiresome!--so he sat down upon a stone and cried. And as he sat there, the king of the ants (whose life he had saved) came to help him, with five thousand ants; and it was not long before they had found all the pearls and laid them in a heap.
The second tablet said: 'The key of the princess's bed-chamber must be fished up out of the lake.' And as the dwarf came to the brink of it, he saw the two ducks whose lives he had saved swimming about; and they dived down and soon brought in the key from the bottom.
The third task was the hardest. It was to choose out the youngest and the best of the king's three daughters. Now they were all beautiful, and all exactly alike: but he was told that the eldest had eaten a piece of sugar, the next some sweet syrup, and the youngest a spoonful of honey; so he was to guess which it was that had eaten the honey.
Then came the queen of the bees, who had been saved (59) ____________ the little dwarf from the fire, and she tried the lips of all three; but at last she sat upon the lips of the one that had eaten the honey: and so the dwarf knew which was the youngest. Thus the spell was broken, and all who had been turned into stones awoke, and took their proper forms. And the dwarf married the youngest and the best of the princesses, and was king (60) _____________ her father's death; but his two brothers married the other two sisters.
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