Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:
-ING form (GERUND) and INFINITIVE Презентация для 7 класса Говорова Е.С. Школа 709, Москва. 2016
-ING form (GERUND) Употребляется в роли по подлежащего: Drinking milk is very good for your bones. После глаголов: admit, appreciate, avoid, consider, continue, deny, fancy, go (for activities), imagine, mind, miss, quiet, save, suggest, practice, prevent. I suggest eating out tonight.
После глаголов: love, like, enjoy, prefer, dislike, hate, чтобы выразить общее предпочтение. I love watching old films. Mary hate waiting the order. !НО! Для выражения определенного предпочтения с would like, would prefer, would love употребляется инфинитив с частицей to. I would like to drink some coffee.
После таких выражений, как: be busy, it’s no use, it’s (not) worth, there’s no point (in), what’ the use of, can’ help, can’t stand, have difficulty (in), look forward to, object to, prefer (doing sth to doing sth else). I look forward to seeing you next week. He isn’t used to getting up early. После глаголов: spend, waste, lose (time, money and etc.) Don’t waste time trying to fix this. После предлогов. Pete is good at fixing computers.
Open the brackets using the –ing form. I admit__________(to work) with him for a while. The rescue workers practise __________(to climb) high walls and buildings. It’s worth __________(to try) to make her do bangee jumping. She loved _________(to look) at clouds when she was child. He didn’t deny has strange habit _________(to watch) his neighbours through binoculars. There’s no point in _____________(to argue) on the question. We don’t mind___________(to surf) on holidays. They look forward to___________(to visit) us on Christmas. The couriers have difficulty in___________(to make) deliveries on time because of traffic jams. She couldn’t help_________(to laugh) at the clowns as if she were a kid.
INFINITIVE Infinitive c частицей to употребляется: Для выражения цели: He’s saving money to buy a car. После глаголов относящихся к будущему: agree, appear, decide, expect, hope, plane, promise, refuse and etc. I promise to return the money soon. После would like, would prefer, would love.
После прилагательных, описывающих чувства, эмоции (happy, glad, sad, etc.) желание, нежелание (eager, reluctant, willing, etc.) или характер людей (clever, kind, etc.) , а так же после прилагательных lucky, fortunate. He’s always eager to help out. После too/enough It is too cold to go swimming. После выражений to tell you the truth, to be honest, to sum up, to begin with, etc. To tell the truth, I didn’t really think they’d win.
Infinitive без частицы to: После модальных глаголов He shouldn't see a doctor. После глаголов let, make, see, hear, feel They made him pay extra. BUT He was made to par extra. В форме страдательного залога (be made, be heard, be seen) употребляется с частицей to. После would rather() not, had better (not) You had better book early. После слова help может употребляться с или буз частицы to I help her (to) move sofa.
Сhoose the verb after which the Infinitive is used and complete the sentences. Use the verbs in brackets. They _____(can’t stand/aren’t glad)______(to see) such a mess. I’m_______(willing/getting)______(to meet) them in some time. They________(look forward/are eager)______(to make) friends with the new neighbours. She ________(would rather not/wouldn’t prefer)______(to go) travelling by board. Alice_________(suggested/wanted me)________(to cook)something exotic for the party. We________(were made/were busy)______(to rewrite) the report. Mike and Lucy________(planned/look forward to)______(get) married last month. Little Walter_________(dislike/refuse)__________(to stay)at home along. John_________(appears/imagined)__________(to be) avery talented singer. The boys___________(feel like/would like)________(to dance) here tonight.
Put the verbs into (to) Infinitive or –ing form. She can’t_______(to imagine) hum being a firefighter. We didn’t want him________(to disturb) them. We don’t mind_________(to open) the window, it’s so stuffy. He gave up________(to smoke). The song is worth_______(to smoke). Would you prefer _________(to start) with the result of the experiment? She fancies________(to go) out tomorrow. It’s too difficult________(to do) diving in such cold weather. He promised me___________(to return) the glasses in an hour. Avoid _________(to dress) smart. There are plenty of robbers.
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