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Информационный учебный проект по английскому языку "History of English"

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материалов
История Английского языка Выполнила: ученица 9а класса Пономарёва Анастасия Р...
History of English By Ponomaryova Anastasiya Yekaterinburg, 2016
Part I The Anglo-Saxon Settlement
It's never easy to pinpoint exactly when a specific language began, but in th...
Little is known of this period with any certainty, but we do know that German...
The invaders all spoke a language that was Germanic (related to what emerged...
However it is fairly certain that many of the settlers would have spoken in e...
The reason that we know so little about the linguistic situation in this peri...
When Old English writings begin to appear in the seventh, eighth and ninth ce...
The Celts were already resident in Britain when the Anglo-Saxons arrived. Som...
The number of loanwords known for certain to have entered Old English from th...
Part II The Scandinavian Settlements
The next invaders were the Norsemen. From the middle of the ninth century lar...
These include some very basic words such as take and even grammatical words s...
However, much of the influence of Norse, including the vast majority of the l...
Part III 1066 and after 1066 and all that
The centuries after the Norman Conquest witnessed enormous changes in the Eng...
It was replaced by what is broadly speaking, the same system English has toda...
Old English, like German today, showed a tendency to find native equivalents...
Trilingualism in English, French, and Latin was common in the worlds of busin...
Part IV Standardization
The late medieval and early modern periods saw a fairly steady process of sta...
For most of the Middle English period a dialect was simply what was spoken in...
As the London standard became used more widely, especially in more formal con...
In the same period a series of changes also occurred in English pronunciation...
The changes in pronunciation weren’t the result of specific social or histori...
The phonetic pairings of most long and short vowel sounds were also lost, whi...
Part V Colonization and Globalization
During the medieval and early modern periods the influence of English spread...
This wasn’t simply through the acquisition of loanwords deriving from languag...
More recently still, English has become a lingua franca, a global language, r...
The eventual effects on the English language of both of these developments ca...
Thank for your attention!
Sources http://njnj.ru/historygb_5iv.htm http://history-maps.ru/pictures/max/...
34 1

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Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:

№ слайда 1 История Английского языка Выполнила: ученица 9а класса Пономарёва Анастасия Р
Описание слайда:

История Английского языка Выполнила: ученица 9а класса Пономарёва Анастасия Руководитель: Берлет И. В. Екатеринбург, 2016 Государственное казенное общеобразовательное учреждение Свердловской области «Екатеринбургская школа-интернат «Эверест» Учебный информационный проект по английскому языку

№ слайда 2 History of English By Ponomaryova Anastasiya Yekaterinburg, 2016
Описание слайда:

History of English By Ponomaryova Anastasiya Yekaterinburg, 2016

№ слайда 3 Part I The Anglo-Saxon Settlement
Описание слайда:

Part I The Anglo-Saxon Settlement

№ слайда 4 It's never easy to pinpoint exactly when a specific language began, but in th
Описание слайда:

It's never easy to pinpoint exactly when a specific language began, but in the case of English we can at least say that there is little sense in speaking of the English language as a separate entity before the Anglo-Saxons came to Britain.

№ слайда 5 Little is known of this period with any certainty, but we do know that German
Описание слайда:

Little is known of this period with any certainty, but we do know that Germanic invaders came and settled in Britain from the north-western coastline of continental Europe in the fifth and sixth centuries.

№ слайда 6 The invaders all spoke a language that was Germanic (related to what emerged
Описание слайда:

The invaders all spoke a language that was Germanic (related to what emerged as Dutch, Frisian, German and the Scandinavian languages, and to Gothic), but we'll probably never know how different their speech was from that of their continental neighbours.

№ слайда 7 However it is fairly certain that many of the settlers would have spoken in e
Описание слайда:

However it is fairly certain that many of the settlers would have spoken in exactly the same way as some of their north European neighbours, and that not all of the settlers would have spoken in the same way.

№ слайда 8 The reason that we know so little about the linguistic situation in this peri
Описание слайда:

The reason that we know so little about the linguistic situation in this period is because we do not have much in the way of written records from any of the Germanic languages of north-western Europe until several centuries later.

№ слайда 9 When Old English writings begin to appear in the seventh, eighth and ninth ce
Описание слайда:

When Old English writings begin to appear in the seventh, eighth and ninth centuries there is a good deal of regional variation, but not substantially more than that found in later periods. This was the language that Alfred the Great referred to as English in the ninth century.

№ слайда 10 The Celts were already resident in Britain when the Anglo-Saxons arrived. Som
Описание слайда:

The Celts were already resident in Britain when the Anglo-Saxons arrived. Some scholars have suggested that the Celtic tongue might have had an underlying influence on the grammatical development of English, particularly in some parts of the country, but this is highly speculative.

№ слайда 11 The number of loanwords known for certain to have entered Old English from th
Описание слайда:

The number of loanwords known for certain to have entered Old English from this source is very small. Those that survive in modern English include brock (badger), and coomb a type of valley, alongside many place names.

№ слайда 12 Part II The Scandinavian Settlements
Описание слайда:

Part II The Scandinavian Settlements

№ слайда 13 The next invaders were the Norsemen. From the middle of the ninth century lar
Описание слайда:

The next invaders were the Norsemen. From the middle of the ninth century large numbers of Norse invaders settled in Britain, and in the eleventh century the whole of England had a Danish king, Canute. The distinct North Germanic speech of the Norsemen had great influence on English.

№ слайда 14 These include some very basic words such as take and even grammatical words s
Описание слайда:

These include some very basic words such as take and even grammatical words such as they. The common Germanic base of the two languages meant that there were still many similarities between Old English and the language of the invaders.

№ слайда 15 However, much of the influence of Norse, including the vast majority of the l
Описание слайда:

However, much of the influence of Norse, including the vast majority of the loanwords, does not appear in written English until after the next great historical and cultural upheaval, the Norman Conquest.

№ слайда 16 Part III 1066 and after 1066 and all that
Описание слайда:

Part III 1066 and after 1066 and all that

№ слайда 17 The centuries after the Norman Conquest witnessed enormous changes in the Eng
Описание слайда:

The centuries after the Norman Conquest witnessed enormous changes in the English language. In the course of what is called the Middle English period, the fairly rich inflectional system of Old English broke down.

№ слайда 18 It was replaced by what is broadly speaking, the same system English has toda
Описание слайда:

It was replaced by what is broadly speaking, the same system English has today, which unlike Old English makes very little use of distinctive word endings in the grammar of the language. The vocabulary of English also changed enormously, with tremendous numbers of borrowings from French and Latin, in addition to the Scandinavian loanwords already mentioned, which were slowly starting to appear in the written language.

№ слайда 19 Old English, like German today, showed a tendency to find native equivalents
Описание слайда:

Old English, like German today, showed a tendency to find native equivalents for foreign words and phrases (although both Old English and modern German show plenty of loanwords), whereas Middle English acquired the habit that modern English retains today of readily accommodating foreign words.

№ слайда 20 Trilingualism in English, French, and Latin was common in the worlds of busin
Описание слайда:

Trilingualism in English, French, and Latin was common in the worlds of business and the professions, with words crossing over from one language to another with ease. One only has to flick through the etymologies of any English dictionary to get an impression of the huge number of words entering English from French and Latin during the later medieval period. This trend was set to continue into the early modern period with the explosion of interest in the writings of the ancient world.

№ слайда 21 Part IV Standardization
Описание слайда:

Part IV Standardization

№ слайда 22 The late medieval and early modern periods saw a fairly steady process of sta
Описание слайда:

The late medieval and early modern periods saw a fairly steady process of standardization in English south of the Scottish border. The written and spoken language of London continued to evolve and gradually began to have a greater influence in the country at large.

№ слайда 23 For most of the Middle English period a dialect was simply what was spoken in
Описание слайда:

For most of the Middle English period a dialect was simply what was spoken in a particular area, which would normally be more or less represented in writing - although where and from whom the writer had learnt how to write were also important. It was only when the broadly London standard began to dominate, especially through the new technology of printing, that the other regional varieties of the language began to be seen as different in kind.

№ слайда 24 As the London standard became used more widely, especially in more formal con
Описание слайда:

As the London standard became used more widely, especially in more formal contexts and particularly amongst the more elevated members of society, the other regional varieties came to be stigmatized, as lacking social prestige and indicating a lack of education.

№ слайда 25 In the same period a series of changes also occurred in English pronunciation
Описание слайда:

In the same period a series of changes also occurred in English pronunciation (though not uniformly in all dialects), which go under the collective name of the Great Vowel Shift. These were purely linguistic sound changes which occur in every language in every period of history.

№ слайда 26 The changes in pronunciation weren’t the result of specific social or histori
Описание слайда:

The changes in pronunciation weren’t the result of specific social or historical factors, but social and historical factors would have helped to spread the results of the changes. As a result the so-called pure vowel sounds which still characterize many continental languages were lost to English.

№ слайда 27 The phonetic pairings of most long and short vowel sounds were also lost, whi
Описание слайда:

The phonetic pairings of most long and short vowel sounds were also lost, which gave rise to many of the oddities of English pronunciation, and which now obscure the relationships between many English words and their foreign counterparts.

№ слайда 28 Part V Colonization and Globalization
Описание слайда:

Part V Colonization and Globalization

№ слайда 29 During the medieval and early modern periods the influence of English spread
Описание слайда:

During the medieval and early modern periods the influence of English spread throughout the British Isles, and from the early seventeenth century onwards its influence began to be felt throughout the world. The complex processes of exploration, colonization and overseas trade that characterized Britain s external relations for several centuries became agents for change in the English language.

№ слайда 30 This wasn’t simply through the acquisition of loanwords deriving from languag
Описание слайда:

This wasn’t simply through the acquisition of loanwords deriving from languages from every corner of the world, which in many cases only entered English via the languages of other trading and imperial nations such as Spain, Portugal and the Netherlands, but through the gradual development of new varieties of English, each with their own nuances of vocabulary and grammar and their own distinct pronunciations.

№ слайда 31 More recently still, English has become a lingua franca, a global language, r
Описание слайда:

More recently still, English has become a lingua franca, a global language, regularly used and understood by many nations for whom English is not their first language.

№ слайда 32 The eventual effects on the English language of both of these developments ca
Описание слайда:

The eventual effects on the English language of both of these developments can only be guessed at today, but there can be little doubt that they will be as important as anything that has happened to English in the past sixteen hundred years.

№ слайда 33 Thank for your attention!
Описание слайда:

Thank for your attention!

№ слайда 34 Sources http://njnj.ru/historygb_5iv.htm http://history-maps.ru/pictures/max/
Описание слайда:

Sources http://njnj.ru/historygb_5iv.htm http://history-maps.ru/pictures/max/0/401.jpg http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/1200x675/p01gn3h5.jpg http://img1.joyreactor.cc/pics/comment/full/%D0%A0%D0%B 8%D0%BC-angus-mcbride-%D0%98%D1%81%D1%82%D0%BE%D 1%80%D0%B8%D1%8F-%D0%B2%D0%BE%D0%B8%D0%BD%D1%8 B-1602577.jpeg http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-H-Xmim0tMUM/UqHhz2WM8tI/AA AAAAAACSo/CZTLn8_a7VU/s1600/3099735_com_roman_inv asion_of_britain2.jpg http://dazpix.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/portfolio_content/ 2014_rotlp/1_calleva_atrebatum_master.jpg http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/02/1/8/1/95334 821664749612.png http://www.saieditor.com/falco/images/londinium.jpg http://goforproxy.appspot.com/4flaga.ru/im/history-of-britain.jpg http://pbs.twimg.com/media/B_QwyC-W8AECa1v.jpg:large http://www.luciuscorneliussylla.fr/image/guerrecivile2.jpg http://i1296.photobucket.com/albums/ag18/limsloon/RomeSplash_zps9c3d05ce.jpg http://www.temporamagazine.com/wp-content/uploads/LEGIONES-ROMANAS0004-1.jpg http://barbgallo.com/1/roman-britain-map-68.jpg http://ciwar.ru/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/val_antonina.jpg http://www.northern-heritage.co.uk/phpmedia/products/orgs/4df2cbf6cddb251a48 12c65722a047e4.jpg http://www.archipictor.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/embleton_hadrian2.jpg http://www.milindajay.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/building-portris-dubris.jpg http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/remote/www.english-heritage.org.uk/content/pro perties/birdoswald-roman-fort-hadrians-wall/gallery-for-birdoswald-roman-fort-hadria ns-wall/galleryj050053.jpg?quality=60 http://xmnicol.blogaliza.org/files/2012/10/Villaromana11.jpg http://images.fineartamerica.com/images-medium-5/the-departure-of-the-romans- henry-a-payne.jpg http://ciwar.ru/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/rimliane_v_britanii.jpg http://m.cdn.blog.hu/le/lemil/image/Fredddy/tumblr_m9l08nbw1L1ree52ho1_1280.jpg

Краткое описание документа:

Данный учебный проект посвящен истории английского языка. Описывает пять основных факторов в истории развития языка.

It's never easy to pinpoint exactly when a specific language began, but in the case of English we can at least say that there is little sense in speaking of the English language as a separate entity before the Anglo-Saxons came to Britain.

Презентация выполнена в MS Office PowerPoint 2013, учащаяся разработала шаблон данной презентации самостоятельно.

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Дата добавления 16.05.2016
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Презентации
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