НЧОУ гимназия «Росток»
Интегрированный урок в 7а классе по теме
«Какой национальности фашизм?»
(английский язык, литература, история)
- обучающие: формирование и развитие билингвистической коммуникативной компетенции (речевой, социокультурной и языковой); закрепление изученной лексики путем драматизации различных ситуаций, чтение и анализ аутентичных текстов,
-воспитательные: создание ситуации успеха, развитие мышления, умения понимать людей, правильно реагировать на поведение других, доказательство уродливости такого явления как «фашизм».
- дидактические: развитие восприятия речи на слух,
- развивающие: развитие творческих способностей ученика, памяти, речи, умение аргументировано защищать свое мнение, использовать элементы дискуссии, думать по-английски.
Оборудование: интерактивная доска, фотографии, плакаты
What nationality is fascism?
We are going to start our judicial process. The subject matter of our process is to judge not a person, not a group of people. It’s to judge a political phenomenon, a system of views, called fascism.
(2)The word fascism came from Italian “fascio” (фашо) “union” (Latin FASCIS is “a bunch or joint”)
(1)Look at these photos. This is fascism in action/. These are fascism victims.
(2)Fascists were so sure in their rightness that they fixed everything very thoroughly.
(1)What is fascism?
Let’s listen to the first witnesses- they are philosophers.
Fascism is a terroristic dictatorship of reactional, chauvinistic, imperialistic elements of financial capital. It’s incapable to get power by unusual, democratic methods.
Fascism is a power of people who thinks that growing interest of people to have freedom can be stopped by bloody violence and terror.
Fascism is characterized by:
Destruction of all democratic freedoms inside one country;
Support of mass totalitarian party;
Defeat of workers’ and all other progressive organizations;
Aggression, militarism, desire to invade other countries, policy of wars, striving for world power;
Indisputable authority of the leader;
Ideological mass terror, genocide to different nationalities and social groups;
Support of the socially deprived groups of people during national crises.
The ugliest forms of fascism are:
Racism (race discrimination).
Where was this frightening phenomenon born?
The second group of witnesses is invited. They are historians
Fascist ideology was born in Italy at the end of 1910-s. Italian fascist party came to power and made a dictatorship of Mussolini in 1922. The leader was Benito Mussolini.
Germany. Adolf Hitler Party was in power from 1933 to 1945. Adolph Hitler accepted a serious influence of fascism on formation of Nazi party.
“Iron guards”- this fascist movement in Romania existed from 1927 to 1941
Phalangism is one of the forms of fascism, created by Hose Antonio Primo in 1934, during the II Spanish Republic.
“New State” is a political regime, created in Portugal because of a military coup-d’état.
On the 28-th of May 1928 Oliveira Salazar cave to power and took the control over the country at the beginning of 1930-s and he ruled till 1968.
Brazil integralism is a political movement with fascist ideology, created in October 1932 by Pliniu Saldagu.
The period of the development of Russian nationalism began in 1930-1940.
Russian fascism was spread among the emigrants, living in Germany, Manchzhuria and the USA. It has its roots in the movements, known as “Black hundred” and “White movement”.
What nationality is to blame for creation of fascism?
Fascism, appeared in Italy, spreaded all over the world very quickly. Nowadays, there is no country in which there is no fascist movement. For example, in France, England, Austria, Baltic countries, Poland, Ireland, Switzerland, South America. In Spain- F.Franko, in Portugal- A.Salazar- created more “soft” forms of fascism.
But I think that before we accuse something, we should listen to the lawyers.
We shouldn’t accuse only one nation for creation and support of fascist ideology. You know, that every nation has a lot of people, struggling and fighting with fascism. German writers and poets were among the first ones who afforded to be against it. In 1933 some representatives of German literature were arrested (Karl Osetsky, Erich Musam , Ludwig Renn) and many of them had to leave their countries
On the 10-th of May 1933 fascists made a mass burning of books of E. Erwinkish, K.Tukholskiy, R.Rolland, A. Barbuse, T. and H. Mann, A. Zweig, E.M.Remark, and others. It was a mortal verdict to the German national culture. They burnt not only books, they even killed their authors. Lots of them were killed in prisons.
But nothing could frighten writers-humanists. Many of them had to leave their countries.
In 1930-s political struggle in England was very tense. There were many writers in the anti-fascist movement. They were B.Shaw, H. Wells. A lot of young writers joined this organization. They were R.Fox, D. Cornford… Some of them took part in the Civil War in Spain. D Cornford was killed in it.
During the II World War many people honestly carried out their civil duties: they fought in armies, participated in the movement, called “Resistance”, wrote anti-fascist leaflets, articles, novels, stories, poems, plays, depicting patriot’s feats, appealing to people to start struggling with fascists. They truly told about the heroic deeds of Soviet people and Soviet Army. In the English literature a new theme appeared- the theme of heroic struggle against fascism.
Anti-fascist theme was very important in the works of E.Hemingway. From 1953-1960 he came to Spain several times. He was not only the enemy of fascism- he tried to analyze the causes of it. Anti-fascist theme was presented in his articles in the journal “Esquire”. He described his life goal in his article “An old journalist writes…” He wrote “One of the most difficult things in the world is to write honestly about “human beings”… ”
All his life he was devoted to his credo. His 53 articles and stories were collected in one book.
During the war a lot of novels, poems and stories were created. J.Aldridge wrote a poem “A duty of honesty”. J.Priestley wrote “A daylight on Saturday”, “Blockout in Gra”, “Don’t feel sorry for flags”. The authors described military events and work in the interior.
N . Shute wrote about a hard childhood in “A ratcatcher” and J.Carry in “My dear Charlie”.
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