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Интегрированный урок (английский ,астрономия) по теме "Космос и Солнечная система" (8 класс)

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«Space and Solar System»

«Космос и Солнечная Система»









Класс: 8

Автор: учитель английского языка

Кошевая Наталья Владимировна









C:\Users\1\Documents\космос\h_messenger_atmerc_02[1].jpg





























Открытый урок по теме «Space and Solar System»





Ход урока

  1. Организационный момент.

Вступительное слово учителя

  1. Фонетическая зарядка Go to fullsize image

The 9 Planets

(см.приложение)



  1. Warmer

  1. Discuss questions

  • Would you like to be an astronaut? Why/ Why not?

  • Do you think that there is life on other planets?

  • If you had a chance to go into space, would you take it?

  • Imagine you are going on VOYAGE INTO SPACE. This voyage will be for several months. You are allowed to take three personal items with you. What items would you take?

  • Do you think that one day a human being will walk on Mars?

  • Do you think it is a waste of money to explore space?

  • Some people say that the Moon landing was a hoax. What do you think?

  • Do you think that Earth has been visited by extraterrestrials?



  1. The following words on the board: Soyuz, Challenger, Columbia, Shenzhou.

What do they all have in common? (They are all names of space ships: Soyuz is the name of a Russian rocket, Challenger and Columbia are the names of American space shuttles and Shenzhou is the name of the first manned Chinese rocket that was sent into space in October 2003).

  1. Space Word Search (rocket, planet, astronaut, mission, Skylab, telescope, galaxy, gravity, eclipse, oxygen)(см. приложение)

  2. WordPerfect (см. приложение)

Use the clues and the anagrams to find the words.

  1. an alien spaceship FOU UFO

  2. the distance light can travel in a year HTLIG / REYA

light year

  1. a thousand million NOLIBIL billion

  2. someone who travels into space UNOCSMAOT cosmonaut

  3. an object that goes round a planet LASTLEI ET satellite

  4. a piece of rock flying through space TASDERIO asteroid

  5. what the answer to number 6 becomes when it enters the Earth’s atmosphere ROTEEM meteor


  1. Listening Warm-UP ( см. приложение)



(Учебное пособие”Macmillan Exam Skills for Russia. Speaking and Listening” by Malcolm Mann and Steve Taylore-Knowles p.20)





Discuss these questions. Make a guess if you are not sure of the answer.

  • What’s the name of the galaxy that the Solar System is in?

  1. The Milky Way

  2. The White Way

  3. The Lunar Way

  • Who was the first human to go into space?

  1. Neil Armstrong

  2. Yuri Gagarin

  3. Buzz Aldrin

  • When did a human walk on the Moon for the first time?

  1. 1949

  2. 1959

  3. 1969

Go to fullsize image

Listen to some facts about the Universe. For each fact, write a word, short phrase or number to complete each note. (Note taking and blank filling) ( см. приложение)



(Учебное пособие”Macmillan Exam Skills for Russia. Speaking and Listening” by Malcolm Mann and Steve Taylore-Knowles p.20)





  1. year first man-made satellite left Earth:

    1957

  2. first person to travel into space:

Yuri Gagarin




  1. name of the Earth ‘s natural satellite:

    the Moon

  2. year a human first walked on the Moon:

    1969

  3. number of moons Pluto has:

One /1



  1. number of moons Saturn has:

twenty-four/ 24



  1. speed of Sun moving through space:

240 km a second



  1. length of time for Milky Way to revolve(вращаться):

225 million years



  1. Look at these sentences. In pairs, discuss whether you will probably need to write a word, phrase or number in each gap. Note down any answers you think you can remember from the previous exercise.

(Учебное пособие”Macmillan Exam Skills for Russia. Speaking and Listening” by Malcolm Mann and Steve Taylore-Knowles p.21) см. приложение)



  1. Sputnik 1 took 98 minutes to travel once round the Earth.

  2. The first human travelled into space in 1961.

  3. It is about 385,000 kilometers away from the Earth.

  4. He first went there in 1969.

  5. Pluto and the Earth are similar because of this.

  6. Saturn is the only planet with that many.

  7. Everything in the Solar System is moving at this speed.

  8. The Solar system is a part of a larger galaxy.



Go to fullsize imageNow listen again and complete your answers to the Exercise.

  1. Reading. Go to fullsize image

  1. Match the words with their Russian equivalents:

  1. dwarf planets путь

  2. solid ,rocky surface карликовые планеты

  3. outer planets частицы

  4. influence уплощение и дальнейшее формирование диска

  5. distant солнечная туманность

  6. the Milky Way Galaxy схожие по размеру и составу

  7. orbit the sun внутренние планеты

  8. inner planets вращаться вокруг солнца

  9. similar in size and in makeup галактика Млечный Путь

  10. the solar nebular далекий, отдаленный

  11. flattened into a disk влияние

  12. particles твердая,гористая поверхность

  13. path внешние планеты



  1. Read the text about “Our Solar System”.

Illustration of the solar system from the Solar Exploration Web site


Our solar system formed around our star - the
Sun - about 4.6 billion years ago. There are eight planets, 146 moons, numerous asteroids and comets and intriguing dwarf planets such as Pluto and Ceres. The four planets closest to the Sun - Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars - have solid, rocky surfaces. The four outer planets consist of two gas giants - Jupiter and Saturn - and two ice giants - Uranus and Neptune.

Our Sun in Brief
The Sun is a star, a hot ball of glowing (
раскаленный) gases at the heart of our solar system. Its influence extends (простирается) far beyond the orbits of distant Neptune and Pluto. Without the Sun's intense energy and heat, there would be no life on Earth. And though it is special to us, there are billions of stars like our Sun scattered across the Milky Way galaxy.

Color image of the Sun.

The Planets

The planets orbit the sun in oval-shaped
paths. The four inner planets -- Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars -- are made up mostly of iron and rocks. They are somewhat similar in size and in makeup. The outer planets are Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. All the outer planets are giant worlds surrounded by layers of gases. Their insides are liquid, and they may have a chunk of rock at the center.



Moons orbit every planet except Mercury and Venus. The inner planets have few moons. Earth has one moon, and Mars has two tiny moons. The giant outer planets, however, have many moons. Jupiter has 16 moons, including the largest moon in the solar system, Ganymede. This moon is even bigger than Mercury. Saturn has 18 moons. Its largest moon, Titan, is also bigger than Mercury. Titan has an atmosphere -- a layer of gases -- that is thicker than Earth's atmosphere. Uranus has 17 moons, and Neptune has 8. The giant planets probably have more moons, yet to be discovered.
Rings of dust, rock, and ice chunks orbit all the giant planets. Saturn's rings are the most familiar, but thin rings also surround Jupiter, Uranus, and Neptune.

Comets

Comets are objects made up mainly of ice and rock. When a comet gets close to the sun, some of the ice turns into gas. The gas and bits of dust shoot out of the comet. Sunlight pushes against the gas and dust, and the solar wind carries them outward, forming a long tail. Comets come from two regions at the edges of the solar system. Some comets start in the Oort cloud, a far-off cluster of comets. Others come from the Kuiper belt.

Asteroids

Asteroids are very small planets. Some travel in oval-shaped orbits that pass inside the orbit of Earth or even that of Mercury. Others travel on a circular path among the outer planets. Astronomers believe there are more than 50,000 asteroids. Most asteroids orbit the sun between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter in a region called the asteroid belt.

Formation of the Solar System

An artist's conception of a flat cloud-like disk with a light in the center that looks like a sun

Many scientists believe that our solar system formed from a giant, rotating cloud of gas and tiny pieces of rocks and metals. This cloud is known as the solar nebula. According to this theory, the solar nebula began to shrink. As the nebula got smaller, it spun faster and flattened into a disk.

Image to "; line-height: 115%">How much do you know about the solar system? Write down your answers to the following questions.
1. I travel around the sun faster than any other planet.

a. Earth
b.
Mercury
c. Pluto

2. My name says I am the prettiest planet. I am Earth's twin sister -- the prettier sister.

a. moon
b. Mars
c.
Venus

3. My surface is red because it has iron oxide (rust). That's why they call me the "Red Planet."

a.
Mars
b. Mercury
c. Jupiter

4. I am the third planet from the sun.

a. Venus
b.
Earth
c. Neptune

5. I am the star of the solar system.

a. moon
b. Mercury
c.
sun

6. I am the windiest planet in the solar system.

a. Saturn
b.
Neptune
c. Mercury

7. I am so far from the sun that noon is as dark as a moonlit night.

a.
Pluto
b. Mercury
c. Uranus

8. I send heat and light to Earth.

a. Mars
b. moon
c
. sun

9. I have the brightest rings in the solar system.

a. Earth
b. Uranus
c.
Saturn

10. I am a hot planet, but my temperature can drop 600 Celsius at night. That's because I don't have an atmosphere to trap the heat.

a. Mars
b.
Mercury
c. Neptune

11. I am Earth's natural satellite.

a.
moon
b. Venus
c. sun

12. It takes me 365 days to revolve around the sun.

a. Pluto
b.
Earth
c. moon

13. I am the only heavenly body on which humans have landed.

a.
moon
b. Mars
c. Saturn

14. Like Jupiter, Saturn and Neptune, I am made mostly of gases.

a. Pluto
b. Earth
c
. Uranus

15. I am the biggest planet in the solar system. All of the other planets could fit inside of me.

a. Saturn
b
. Jupiter
c. Earth

Подведение итогов

Домашнее задание: Space Crossword



Литература





  1. Беспалова О.Г. Пособие по развитию коммуникативных навыков разговорной речи на английском языке для средней школы. - СПб, СМИО Пресс,2008 .-288с.

  2. Новый англо-русский словарь: ок.60000словарных статей/В.К.Мюллер и др.-3-е изд., стереот.- М.: Рус яз.,1996.-880 с.

  3. Учебное пособие ”New opportunities Russian Edition Elementary” Students’ book by Michael Harris и др.

  4. Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English

  5. Macmillan English Dictionary for Advanced Leraners,2006

  6. Macmillan Exam Skills for Russia .Speaking and Listening by Malcolm Mann and Steve Taylore-Knowles,2006

  7. http://www.Chandra. harvard.edu

  8. http://www.kidsastronomy.com/

  9. http:// www.kidsnowit.com

  10. www.nasa.gov/audience

  11. www.onestopenglish.com

  12. www.wikipepedia.org















Приложение



Go to fullsize image

1. Listen and repeat





The 9 Planets

Mercury

Mercury Venus Venus Earth from space Earth





MarsMars Jupiter Jupiter Go to fullsize image Saturn







UranusUranus Neptune Neptune Pluto Pluto*

__________________________________________________________________________________

*downgraded to the status of “Dwarf Planet” in 2006



2. Wordperfect

Use the clues and the anagrams to find the words.

  1. an alien spaceship FOU ____________________________

  2. the distance light can travel in a year HTLIG / REYA________________

  3. a thousand million NOLIBIL ____________________________________

  4. someone who travels into space UNOCSMAOT_____________________

  5. an object that goes round a planet LAS T L E I ET______________________

  6. a piece of rock flying through space TASDERIO____________________

  7. what the answer to number 6 becomes when it enters the Earth’s atmosphere ROTEEM __________________________________________

3. Listening Warm-UP

(Учебное пособие”Macmillan Exam Skills for Russia. Speaking and Listening” by Malcolm Mann and Steve Taylore-Knowles p.20)



Discuss these questions. Make a guess if you are not sure of the answer.

  • What’s the name of the galaxy that the Solar System is in?

  1. The Milky Way

  2. The White Way

  3. The Lunar Way

  • Who was the first human to go into space?

  1. Neil Armstrong

  2. Yuri Gagarin

  3. Buzz Aldrin

  • When did a human walk on the Moon for the first time?

  1. 1949

  2. 1959

  3. 1969Go to fullsize image

4. Listen to some facts about the Universe. For each fact, write a word, short phrase or number to complete each note. (Note taking and blank filling)

(Учебное пособие”Macmillan Exam Skills for Russia. Speaking and Listening” by Malcolm Mann and Steve Taylore-Knowles p.20)

  1. year first man-made satellite left Earth:


  2. first person to travel into space:




  1. name of the Earth ‘s natural satellite:


  2. year a human first walked on the Moon:


  3. number of moons Pluto has:




  1. number of moons Saturn has:




  1. speed of Sun moving through space:




  1. length of time for Milky Way to revolve(вращаться):




5. Look at these sentences. In pairs, discuss whether you will probably need to write a word, phrase or number in each gap. Note down any answers you think you can remember from the previous exercise.

(Учебное пособие”Macmillan Exam Skills for Russia. Speaking and Listening” by Malcolm Mann and Steve Taylore-Knowles p.21)





  1. Sputnik 1 took ________________minutes to travel once round the Earth.

  2. The first human travelled into space in ___________________________.

  3. It is about_________________________ kilometers away from the Earth.

  4. He first went there in_________________________________________.

  5. Pluto and _____________________________ are similar because of this.

  6. Saturn is the only __________________________________with that many.

  7. Everything in the ___________________________ is moving at this speed.

  8. The Solar System is part of a larger ________________________________.

Go to fullsize image



Now listen again and complete your answers to the Exercise.

6. ReadingGo to fullsize image

a. Match the words with their Russian equivalents:

  1. dwarf planets путь

  2. solid ,rocky surface карликовые планеты

  3. outer planets частицы

  4. influence уплощение и дальнейшее формирование диска

  5. distant солнечная туманность

  6. the Milky Way Galaxy схожие по размеру и составу

  7. orbit the sun внутренние планеты

  8. inner planets вращаться вокруг солнца

  9. similar in size and in makeup галактика Млечный Путь

  10. the solar nebular далекий, отдаленный

  11. flattened into a disk влияние

  12. particles твердая, скалистая поверхность

  13. path внешние планеты



b. Read the text about “Our Solar System”.



View Image
Our solar system formed around our star - the
Sun - about 4.6 billion years ago. There are eight planets, 146 moons, numerous asteroids and comets and intriguing dwarf planets such as Pluto and Ceres. The four planets closest to the Sun - Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars - have solid, rocky surfaces. The four outer planets consist of two gas giants - Jupiter and Saturn - and two ice giants - Uranus and Neptune.

Our Sun in Brief
The Sun is a star, a hot ball of glowing (
раскаленный) gases at the heart of our solar system. Its influence extends (простирается) far beyond the orbits of distant Neptune and Pluto. Without the Sun's intense energy and heat, there would be no life on Earth. And though it is special to us, there are billions of stars like our Sun scattered (разбросанный) across the Milky Way galaxy.

Color image of the Sun.

The Planets

The planets orbit the sun in oval-shaped
paths. The four inner planets -- Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars are made up mostly of iron and rocks (горные породы). They are somewhat similar in size and in makeup. The outer planets are Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. All the outer planets are giant worlds surrounded by layers of gases. Their insides are liquid, and they may have a chunk (глыба) of rock at the center.



Moons orbit every planet except Mercury and Venus. The inner planets have few moons. Earth has one moon, and Mars has two tiny moons. The giant outer planets, however, have many moons. Jupiter has 16 moons, including the largest moon in the solar system, Ganymede(Ганимед-спутник Юпитера) [ˈɡænimiːd]. This moon is even bigger than Mercury. Saturn has 18 moons. Its largest moon, Titan, is also bigger than Mercury. Titan has an atmosphere -- a layer of gases -- that is thicker than Earth's atmosphere. Uranus has 17 moons, and Neptune has 8. The giant planets probably have more moons, yet to be discovered.
Rings of dust, rock, and ice chunks orbit all the giant planets. Saturn's rings are the most familiar, but thin rings also surround Jupiter, Uranus, and Neptune.

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/58/Comet_c1995o1.jpg/180px-Comet_c1995o1.jpgКомета Хейла — Боппа

Comets

Comets are objects made up mainly of ice and rock. When a comet gets close to the sun, some of the ice turns into gas. The gas and bits of dust shoot out of the comet. Sunlight pushes against the gas and dust, and the solar wind carries them outward, forming a long tail. Comets come from two regions at the edges of the solar system. Some comets start in the Oort cloud (
Облако Оорта), a far-off cluster of comets. Others come from the Kuiper belt. (Пояс Ко́йпера).

Asteroids

Asteroids are very small planets. Some travel in oval-shaped orbits that pass inside the orbit of Earth or even that of Mercury. Others travel on a circular path among the outer planets. Astronomers believe there are more than 50,000 asteroids. Most asteroids orbit the sun between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter in a region called the asteroid belt.

Formation of the Solar System

An artist's conception of a flat cloud-like disk with a light in the center that looks like a sun

Many scientists believe that our solar system formed from a giant, rotating cloud of gas and tiny pieces of rocks and metals. This cloud is known as the solar nebula. According to this theory, the solar nebula began to shrink (сокращаться). As the nebula got smaller, it spun faster and flattened into a disk.

Image to "; line-height: 115%">7. How much do you know about the Solar System? Circle or underline your answers to the following questions.
1. I travel around the sun faster than any other planet.

a. Earth
b. Mercury
c. Pluto

2. My name says I am the prettiest planet. I am Earth's twin sister -- the prettier sister.

a. moon
b. Mars
c. Venus

3. My surface is red because it has iron oxide (rust). That's why they call me the "Red Planet."

a. Mars
b. Mercury
c. Jupiter

4. I am the third planet from the sun.

a. Venus
b. Earth
c. Neptune

5. I am the star of the solar system.

a. moon
b. Mercury
c. sun

6. I am the windiest planet in the solar system.

a. Saturn
b. Neptune
c. Mercury

7. I am so far from the sun that noon is as dark as a moonlit night.

a. Pluto
b. Mercury
c. Uranus

8. I send heat and light to Earth.

a. Mars
b. moon
c. sun

9. I have the brightest rings in the solar system.

a. Earth
b. Uranus
c. Saturn

10. I am a hot planet, but my temperature can drop 600 Celsius at night. That's because I don't have an atmosphere to trap the heat.

a. Mars
b. Mercury
c. Neptune

11. I am Earth's natural satellite.

a. moon
b. Venus
c. sun

12. It takes me 365 days to revolve around the sun.

a. Pluto
b. Earth
c. moon

13. I am the only heavenly body on which humans have landed.

a. moon
b. Mars
c. Saturn

14. Like Jupiter, Saturn and Neptune, I am made mostly of gases.

a. Pluto
b. Earth
c. Uranus

15. I am the biggest planet in the solar system. All of the other planets could fit inside of me.

a. Saturn
b. Jupiter
c. Earth

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5d/Solar_system_scale-2.jpg/780px-Solar_system_scale-2.jpg

Приблизительное соотношение размеров планет и Солнца



Краткое описание документа:

Методическая разработка урока английского языка в 8-м классе

 Цели урока :

      речевая компетенция-развитие речевых  умений (говорение, аудирование, чтение);

      языковая компетенция – овладение новыми языковыми средствами в соответствии с темой урока: увеличение объема используемых лексических единиц;

      учебно-познавательная компетенция - повысить интерес к изучению иностранного языка; повысить интерес к теме " Космос.Земля .Вселенная"

 Оборудование урока: слова (Soyuz,Challenger, Columbia,Shenzhou),раздаточный материал для учащихся (брошюра « SpaceandSolarSystem»),картинки, плакат «Первый полёт в космос», плакат «SolarSystem»,СDк учебному пособию MacmillanExamSkillsforRussia. Speaking and Listening” by Malcolm Mann and Steve Taylore-Knowles )

 проектор, экран

Автор
Дата добавления 25.01.2015
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Конспекты
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Номер материала 337912
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