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Australia is the oldest, the flattest and the driest continent in the world. - It is the smallest continent in the world. - It is the 6th biggest country in the world. - It is an island, surrounded by the Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean. Australia comes from the Latin word “Australis” , which means “of the south” or “southern”. Australia is sometimes called “Kangarooland”, “Oz”, “The land of Wattle” (акация), “The lucky country” or “Down Under”.
MORE facts OFFICIAL NAME : Commonwealth of Australia TOTAL AREA: 7,692,024 square kilometers POPULATION: 23,785,300 HEAD OF STATE: The Queen Elizabeth II represented by Governor-General FORM OF GOVERNMENT: Constitutional monarchy LONGEST RIVERS: The Murray River (2,740 km) and the Darling River (1,545 km) NATURAL RESOURCES: coal, zink, nickel, gold, wool CURRENCY: Australian dollar (AUD) SPORTS: Australian football, cricket, rugby, tennis and surfing
Canberra is the capital city of Australia. The Prime Minister is Mr. Abbott. Sydney is the largest city and a popular tourist destination: The first free settlers landed in Sydney in 1793. The 2000 Olympic Games were held in Sydney. In Sydney: - Sydney Opera House - Sydney Harbour Bridge - Blue Mountains - Bondi Beach Cities of Australia
The Coat of Arms Symbol of the Commonwealth of Australia. The kangaroo and the emu are the shield bearers. The golden wattle is the national floral emblem (acacia). The platypus and the kookaburra are the symbols of New South Wales. The koala is the symbol of Queensland. The black swan is the symbol of Western Australia.
The Australian National flag The Union Jack is on the top left corner and represents the history of British settlements in Australia The Commonwealth Star is under the Union Jack. The star has 7 points, 1 point for each of the six (6) states and 1 for the territories. The Southern Cross, on the right, is a groups of stars in the southern sky.
Extraordinary wildlife The kangaroo – The red kangaroo is the biggest. The koala – The koala lives in eucalyptus trees. The echidna – The echidna eats ants. The platypus – The platypus has a wide flat bill like a duck. The dingo – or a wild dog. The emu – is the 2nd largest bird, runs 50km/hour. The kookaburra – the bird’s cry/call sounds like a loud laugh.
Quiz : 1. What is the capital of Australia? Sydney Melbourne Canberra 2. When was the Commonwealth of Australia formed? 1901 1900 1997 3. What are the popular Australian animals? Koala Kangaroo Emu All of the above 4. Which city is Australia's oldest and largest? Melbourne Sydney Canberra Adelaide 5. Who are the Australian natives? Eskimos Aborigines Indians British 6. Who discovered Australia? Christopher Columbus Captain Cook Lewis and Clark
7. Australia is not a (an): Country Island City Continent 8. What is the official language in Australia? French German English 9. What are the national colours? Blue and white Green and gold Red and white 10. What animals can you see on the coat of arms? Kangaroo and Dingo Koala and Parrot Kangaroo and Emu 1. Australia is the smallest continent in the world. 2. Sydney is the capital of Australia. 3. There are 2 states and 6 territories in Australia. 4. Australia is washed by 2 oceans. 5. Most people live in the southeast of the country. 6. Great Barrier Reef is the largest reef in the Coral Sea. Quiz: “True”, “False” or “Not stated”
Fill in the gaps and tell YOUR story about Australia. 1. We are in ……… . 2. Australia is the biggest …… and the smallest ……… in the world. 3. The capital of Australia is …….. . 4. The largest cities of Australia are …… , ……… , …….. , ….. and …….. . 5. The official language is ……. . 6. The weather is … and … . 7. The longest rivers in Australia are the …… river and the ……. river . 8. The national colours of Australia are ….. and …. . 9. Australians like to play sports such as …….. , …….. , ….. , …… and like surfing.
Answers: Part I: 1.- c, 2.- a, 3. -d, 4. – b, 5. – b, 6. – b, 7. –c, 8. – c, 9. –b, 10 –c . Part II: 1. True, 2. False, 3. False, 4. True, 5. Not stated, 6. True Part III: Australia, island, continent, Canberra, Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide, Perth, Brisbane, English, dry, hot, the Murray river, the Darling river, green and gold football, cricket, rugby, tennis.
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