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Investigation of Ethic Codes

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Investigation: «Ethic code of a Nurse in Russia and Britain: comparison and analysis».

Author: Suzdaltseva O.

Topicality.

The field of ethics has been described as the basis for choosing the kind of professional life. Today, for the success of the nurse must not only be fluent in professional competences, but also be prepared from an ethical point of view. Analysis of the Code of Ethics of Russia and the UK can improve the efficiency of the nurse in the relationship nurse - patient, and to identify existing problems in this area.

The object of the research.

Finding out similarities and differences between medical ethics in Great Britain and Russia in order to facilitate exchange of experience of two countries in ethics nursing practice and to eliminate difficulties which may appeal on this field.

Research tasks.

  1. To compare ethical code of nursing in Great Britain and Russia in the field of relations nurse – patient.

  2. To find out similarities and differences between medical ethics.

  3. To have an interrogation among nursing on this field.

  4. To describe the results of the work .

Methods of the research.

Analysis Code of Nursing Ethics in Russia and the UK and Drafting of questionnaires and conducting surveys of nurses based on conducting practical training.

Findings.

We have analyzed the codes of ethics of nurses in the field of relationships nurse - patient and identified the following similarities and differences.

Summary table of the results

Thesis

Russia

Great Britain

The right to quality health care

+

+

Availability of professional competence

+

+

Respect of human dignity

+

+

Humane treatment of the patient

+

+

Right to information

+

+

Conflict situations

+

+

Palliative care

+

-

Participation in research

+

+

Further training

-

+

Do not harm

+

+

Emergency

+

_

Practical steps for conducting code

-

+

Patient’s safety

+

+

Volunteering

-

+

Training of medical students

+

-

Unforeseen situations at the workplace

-

+


In comparison of code Russia, Britain's code has no following statements:

  1. palliative care

  2. provision of emergency

  3. Education of Medical Students

As main, in Russia’s code we have no:

  1. the need for further training of nurses

  2. Practical steps to implement the provisions of the Code

  3. Volunteering

  4. unforeseen situations in the workplace

We conducted a survey of nurses in this direction on the basis of hospital for war veterans and city hospital number 20 in the amount of 42 people. The question of how often workers are faced with ethical dilemmas in the workplace in hospital for war veterans weekly face ethical challenges 15 people daily - 9 people, once a year or less - 7 people. Never-man 3.

This question in a city hospital number 20 weekly face ethical problems at work – 4, daily - 6 people.

In hospital for war veterans of the source of knowledge of the ethical code of nurses Russia responded as follows: 24-own experience, while learning-18 reading additional literature-14, the other 2.      

In the city hospital number 20 on the question of the source of knowledge of the ethical code of nurses Russia responded as follows: 8-own experience, while learning-2.

Summary table of the results of questioning

The incidence of ethical problems in the workplace

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The source of knowledge of the ethical code.

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From the above, we can find out conclusions on the hospital for war veterans :

1. Often faced with ethical dilemmas in the workplace - weekly 15 people, every day - 9 people. Source of knowledge of the ethical code of the Russian Federation at the hospital for war veterans is the most often noticed from their own experience at the workplace and during training.

2 .From the above it can be concluded by the city hospital number 20 is increasingly faced with ethical problems at the workplace every day - 6 people, weekly - 4. Source of knowledge of the Russian Federation Code of Ethics for Nurses in the city hospital is from their own experience - 8 people, during training -2.

Conclusions.

  1. Based on these results we can conclude that there is the relevance of this problem among nurses in Russia that has evidenced by the survey results.

  2. The incidence of ethical issues at work in the hospital for war veterans is higher than in the city hospital number 20. This is due to the cohort of patients and the frequency of ward nurses’ work.

  3. General provisions in the Code of Ethics of the nurse in Russia and the UK are the provision of professional competence, respect and humane treatment of the patient, the right to information and participation in research.

  4. Differences in the Code of ethics of nurse in Russia and the UK are the following: the provision of palliative care, the provision of an emergency, training of medical students, the need for further training of nurses, involving in volunteering, unforeseen situations at the workplace, practical steps to implement the provisions of the Code.

Suggestions.

  1. Continue to study the ethical code of Russia and Great Britain, and other countries, due to the need for more detailed discussion of the ethical issues of nurse’s professional activity.

  2. Conduct a survey of health workers in the UK, which would reveal the polarity of views on the same problematic situation among nurses,

Автор
Дата добавления 27.11.2015
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Другие методич. материалы
Просмотров128
Номер материала ДВ-201973
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