«Использование приема «Jigsaw reading» на примере урока английского языка по теме
« Интернет и современная жизнь».
MAIN BODY……………………………………………………………… ..p. 5
LITERATURE AND RECOURSES……………………………………….p. 12
What is communicative language teaching? Communicative language teaching makes use of real-life situations that necessitate communication. The teacher sets up a situation that students are likely to encounter in real life. Unlike the audio-lingual method of language teaching, which relies on repetition and drills, the communicative approach can leave students in suspense as to the outcome of a class exercise, which will vary according to their reactions and responses. The real-life simulations change from day to day. Students' motivation to learn comes from their desire to communicate in meaningful ways about meaningful
Teachers in communicative classrooms will find themselves talking less and listening more becoming active facilitators of their students' learning. The teacher sets up the exercise, but because the students' performance is the goal, the teacher must step back and observe, sometimes acting as referee or monitor. A classroom during a communicative activity is far from quiet, however. The students do most of the speaking, and frequently the scene of a classroom during a communicative exercise is active, with students leaving their seats to complete a task.
Because of the increased responsibility to participate, students may find they gain confidence in using the target language in general. Students are more responsible managers of their own learning.
When using the communicative approach, there are many techniques and methods that teachers can use in their work. One of them is “Jigsaw reading”.
Jigsaw reading is a great way to introduce speaking into a reading lesson. It provides a real opportunity for genuine communication. In real life, we may tell people about a news article we have read, so this is a classroom activity that is fairly authentic.
This is a reading and speaking activity that provides practice in giving clear instructions.
Level: Up to B1.
Activity: Jigsaw reading
Activity type: Reading, note-taking and speaking
-to develop students’ reading skills
-to develop students’ speaking and listening skills
Materials: The text “INTERNET AND MODERN LIFE”, cards with tasks.
The using of “Jigsaw reading” on the lesson “ INTERNET AND MODERN LIFE”
introduce the topic
less than 5 min
Ask SS: What words can you associate with the word “Internet”.
T - SS
Make sure SS will understand key vocabulary
Ask SS to match the words in the columns as they associate them.
Ask them to compare their work in pairs or groups
Develop detailed reading skills
The class is divided into 4 groups of 3-4 people. Each group reads the text and works on a card. Then comes the exchange of information between the groups.
Check up the understanding of the texts
Arrange SS in a circle and ask them questions.
As a check on understanding of the text using the method "quiz" (card 5
See if SS can use the taught language in a real –life situation
Divide SS into groups and ask them to describe how they use Internet in their own life. Collect all the papers
Mark 1 : for detailed reading
Mark 2: for answering other questions
Mark 3: for writing in a group (could be a group mark)
Mark for the lesson
Text: INTERNET AND MODERN LIFE
The Internet has already entered our ordinary life. Everybody knows that the Internet is a global computer network, which embraces hundreds of millions of users all over the world and helps us to communicate with each other.
Nobody knows exactly how many people use the Internet today, because there are hundreds of millions of users and their number is growing.
Nowadays the most popular Internet service is e-mail. Most of the people use the network only for sending and receiving e-mail messages. They can do it either they are at home or in the internet clubs or at work. Other popular services are reading news, telnet (телефония), working, gambling (азартные игры) and playing through the internet. etc. You can read the latest copy of your favorite newspaper while planning your night's TV viewing and ordering some cheap CDs from American discount disc store.
You can debate important problems on line, surf the net and get all sorts of information, enter the chat room with other Internet users, correspond with your friends, open your own web page (web site) and place there information about yourself.
You can send e-mail to someone you've never met before... Some people have «met» over the Internet and got married.
However, there are some problems. The most important problem is security. When you send an e-mail, your message can travel through many different networks and computers. The information can be changed. There are many encoding programs available. These programs are not perfect and can easily be cracked.
Another big and serious problem of the net is control. There is no effective control in the Internet, because a huge amount of information circulating through the net.
Card 1. True or false
1) The Internet isn’t a global network. 2) The number of users is growing day by day. 3) There are not so many services in the Internet. 4) You can do shopping over the Internet. 5) Special encoding programs can help users to save their information.
Card 2. Put in the correct order.
There are some problems with the Internet.
2) Most people use the net for sending e-mail.
3) Some people “find” each other through the Internet.
4) The Internet helps people to socialize with each other.
5) One can open his web page in the net.
Card 3. Fill in the table
Card 4. Make up the Mind Map.
1)What is the Internet?
a)a global computer; b) a global network;
c) our life
2)What do people do with the Internet?
a)use ; b) pay; c) play
3) What can people read in the Internet?
a) only newspapers; b)only books; c)everything
4)Why is security the most important problem?
a) messages can be lost; b) messages can be improved;
c)messages can be changed.
5) Why are encoding programmes not perfect?
a) they can be broken down; b)they can be locked;
c) they can be opened
6)Why is control another big problem?
a) because of lack of information; b) because of lots of information;
c) because of rude users
Task: discuss the following questions:
1) Have you got an Internet access?
2) Do you think it’s useful?
3) Can the Internet help you do your homework?
4) What services are of great importance for you?
5) What are the advantages of e-mail/ on-line shopping?
6) Some people have made friends through the Internet. What about you?
7) Some people say that computers make us less sociable. Do you agree?
Jigsaw reading is an approach that involves the students in speaking and summarising skills. It is very useful when working with short authentic texts such as newspaper articles. Jigsaw tasks are an excellent way to integrate the skills, as learners read or listen to a text, and speak and listen to others to reconstruct the information in the text.
There is a great use of Jigsaw reading: Students are divided into groups of 4-6 people, including both strong and weak students;
Everyone gets to a sub-topic or piece of text (small part of the material);
There is exchange of information in a group, everyone is an expert in his question;
All listen to each other, ask questions, make notes, because this is the only way to get acquainted with all the information;
The whole team reports to the topic, or one of its members but the whole team is interested to know all its members, as it will affect the overall final grade. Thus, all students have to take part in the discussion. Such methods as Jigsaw reading introduce diversity into the learning process, allow students to use language in situations close to reality , allow them to play different roles , made it possible to communicate with other students in a group / team , as well as possible to understand how to behave in specific communication situations. But of course there are some problems. The most important of them are: lack of vocabulary , lack of necessary information , inability to express their views in the form of dialogue speech , as well as difficulties in the use of grammatical structures and understanding speech of opponents. There is the only one way of such problems’ solution. Students must devote much time to vocabulary reading books, watching movies in foreign languages, try to communicate in English as often as possible. And the task of teachers using of communication approach in education – is to help them solve all problems.
LITERATURE AND RECOURSES
Sheils, J. (1986). "Implications of the communicative approach for the role of the teacher."
Larsen-Freeman, D. (1986). "Techniques and principles in language teaching." Oxford: Oxford University Press
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