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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Другие методич. материалы / Исследовательская работа "Надписи на одежде"

Исследовательская работа "Надписи на одежде"

  • Иностранные языки

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Областная научно-практическая конференция «Грани творчества»

Гуманитарное направление

Секция «Лингвистика» (ин.яз.)


Тема научно-исследовательской работы

«Inscriptions on clothes»











Выполнила: Куркова Дарья

ученица 10 класса «А»

МБОУ СОШ №3

Руководитель: Фролкина М.А.


Моршанск 2015


Content

Introduction ................................................................................. ..3

Chapter 1. 

1.1 The history of the inscriptions on clothes .................. .. ............5

1.2 Functions of the inscriptions on clothes ............................ ....... 5

1.3 News and scandals connected with inscriptions on clothes ... ... 7

Chapter 2. 

2.1 The methodology of the study .... .......... .......... ..................... .. 8

2.2 The results of the students’ interrogation.................... .......... ....9

2.3  Analysis of the collected material ........................................... .13

Conclusion ………………………………………………………..14

Literature………………………………………………………….15












Introduction

Topicality

Clothes speaks without words. Fine dress helps us to impress ourselves. Estimating a person, we mark how his clothes appropriate to the age, social status, fashion. Some people have a desire to look like celebrities wearing fashionable clothes, others want to stand out in a crowd. Psychologists have researched that we estimate a person in 40 seconds and he estimates us, and then we reluctantly back the prevailing view down. So the impression of clothes equipped with all sorts of fashionable inscriptions is stronger. My attention is attracted with English inscriptions on clothes.

The idea of studying sociolinguistic problems using English inscriptions has appeared because of personal experience, communication with peers, observations in the streets and at my school.

However, do the owners understand the meaning of inscriptions on their clothes, especially if they are written in a foreign language, mostly in English? Or do they wear clothes because they are fashionable, beautiful, or for any other reason?

Our research has an aim to find answers for these questions.

The novelty of my work consists in attempt to examine English inscriptions on clothes like an express way, that helps to enrich the student’s vocabulary.





The hypothesis

There is a direct connection between the language level and person’s culture.

The object of  the study is English inscriptions on the clothes of students of our school.

The subject of  the study is determination of the information given by inscriptions on clothes.

The aim of my work is to find out how the semantic load of inscriptions on clothes depends on the language level of their owners

The tasks of the study are:

1) to collect some inscriptions on clothes;

2) to translate the inscriptions into Russian;

3) to identify the age of students and the main reasons of buying clothes with inscriptions ;

4) to summarize the data.



The practical value of the research is the possibility to use its materials in the process of learning English. We are far from using of primitive texts "printed" on clothes as the teaching aids for the language study. However, meeting English inscriptions everywhere, we cannot ignore their content like people are interested in English . Inscriptions are often stupid, banal, funny. Worthy and interesting inscriptions are not so frequent. Blind following of fashion makes people of different ages, professions, social groups wear clothes "decorated" of incomprehensible inscriptions.

During the study I used two methods

the searching method and the analytic one.


















Chapter 1

    1. History of inscriptions

Inscriptions on clothes appeared many centuries ago. The earliest ones came to us from ancient Greece. There were embroideries on the belts that told about the names of their ancient owners, there were some names on jewelry. On the portraits of Italian and German painters of 15th and 16th centuries we see labels that were intertwined into the pattern of men's shirts, into corsages of women`s dresses, where Latin mottos of noble families or the names of the owners of these portraits or dresses were written on them. Inscriptions of the very provocative nature were always met on female garters. Inscriptions which were a part of the ornament were in fashion. For example, at the beginning of the second millennium Gothic prints were used in embroidery. The pelerines of King Otto are very famous, they are in the museum of Bolbergue in Germany. There are amazing things with Gothic or Roman letters as a part of the ornament of ancient embroideries in the store of the old cathedral. They date back to 10 -11 centuries AD. A lot of ornaments we can find on jewelry, where the letters and phrases are in intertwined into the pattern.

At first inscriptions decorated only workers’ uniforms, pointing to their status in the workplace, then they began to show a designer or a company of this thing, and after that inscriptions with sense began to appear. Nobody knows who invented the first inscription on clothes.



    1. Functions of the inscriptions


The inscriptions are very different. They can tell us a lot about a person, in particular, and that this person does not understand what is written on his clothes. Inscriptions change with person’s age. In childhood they are just some funny phrases, in youth inscriptions contain all sorts of phrases: the number of a football team or the name of the street where they live. Adults, realizing that something can be written not for their age or something banal, try to choose clothes without labels. It is a right decision, as opposed to teens who just look at the beautiful style and funny letters .

Essentially, clothes is connected with their labels. Almost everywhere on T-shirts, jeans, shirts, sweaters, there are inscriptions and labels. These letters, formulas, abbreviations attract attention. This is a real invasion of all kinds of images and typographic signs. Is it a advertisement trick? If it were so, it would be too simple explanation. Often inscriptions don’t connect with the name of the firmIs it a desire to put an end with the faceless, to show a belonging to any group, cultural or regional origin? I don`t think so. No matter even what is written on the clothes. Essentially combining the inscription with the logic, fashion has expanded its borders.

The strength of the psychological influence of the text is determined not only by the meaning of the inscription, but also by the graphic design of the inscription: style, print, size, color and decoration of letters. Words should be written beautifully, so they are read better.

The way of letters spelling and punctuation marks, numbers is called the print. Letters of a word are usually written in the same print. Most prints are characterized by different ways of tracing. For example, the print can be:

A) direct

B) italics

C) bold

D) bold italic

E) underlined

The color has important influence to perception of inscriptions. Red is a color of leadership and power. It is a strong eye stopper. Saturated colors (crimson, brown, burgundy) convince the client in a success of a company. Pink generates an aura of refinement around the product.


    1. News and scandals connected with inscriptions on clothes.

Over the last couple of years nearly twenty cases were fixed, when because of strange inscriptions on T-shirts, some passengers were not allowed to go by plane. There were jokes about bombs on their T-shirts . Such a case happened with 28-year-old Raed Jarrar. He was dressed in a T-shirt with the inscription in English "We will not be silent" on that day and he was going to sit down at Kennedy Airport in New York on board the plane of JetBlue Airways company. As the channel MSNBC said, he was told that "to arrive at the airport in a such T-shirt is the same thing that to come to the bank in a T-shirt with the inscription "I am a robber." He was offered to take off the T-shirt and wear it in a wrong side, but Jarrar refused, then he was given another T-shirt that he wore over the first one, because he realized that they really will not allow him to go to the plane. 

The famous inscription «don’t worry be happy» appeared in the 80th .This hit by Bobby McFerrin caused the frenzy, which appeared in fashion, clothes of all styles and sizes were adorned with this optimistic inscription. 

In 2011 a manufacturer of T-shirts Topman was forced to apologize to customers for T-shirts with inscriptions degrading women.  It was written on one of them: "Nice New Girlfriend: What breed is she?"

Girls’ T-shirts with the words "Allergy to Algebra" caused public outcries in the United States. Opponents said that the declared antipathy to the exact sciences damaged  schoolgirls’ education and humiliated them. Critics were angered by the fact that there were no similar T-shirts for boys (for example "Allergy to Geometry" ). Obviously, the clothes manufacturers were sure of the mental abilities of the boys.





CHAPTER 2

2.1 Methodology of the study

We have made our study by the next way:

1) we have found at our school students, dressed in T-shirts, jeans, sweaters, jeans, caps, with English inscriptions

2) we have photographed the most interesting inscriptions and asked some questions:

- How old are you?

- Do you know the sense of the inscription on your clothes or not

- Why have you bought this thing?

- What marks have you got?

3) we have translated the inscriptions into Russian and entered the data into the table










2.2 The results of the students’ survey

We have fixed the answers of 63 students, which can be reflected in the following table:


 

п/п

Inscriptions in origin

translation

Age of the owner

Does he/she know about the meaning of the inscription?

What marks have you got?

 1

Girl princess

принцесса

11

+

good

2

Cotinga

Котинга (птица)

14

-

sat.

3

Hand fashion style

Мода ручной работы

14

+

exc.

4

Frog

лягушка

11

-

sat.

 5

It’s show time

время для шоу

16

+

good

 6

Money

деньги

13

+

good

7

 Experience

опыт

14

-

sat.

8

Wanted

разыскивается

16

+

exc.

9

Sence opposites attract sunkids

Ощущение противоположного привлекает

(гр. ошибка)

11

-

sat.

 10

Of wold

The same of wold


набор слов с ошибками в слове WORLD

(гр. ошибка)

15

-

sat.

 11

Magic

магия

15

+

good

 12

Star

звезда

11

_

sat.

 13

Follow me

следуй за мной

12

-

sat.

14

 Yes, but not with you

да, но не с тобой

15

_

sat.

 15

Princesses don’t do dishes and take out garbage

принцессы не моют посуду и не выносят мусор

16

-

sat.

16

Save the earth

спасите землю

13

-

sat.

 17

Firelli

Название фирмы

13

+

exc.

 18

Squad EVELOTIONE ALICLANO

Название группировки

11

-

sat.

 19

I love my attitude

я люблю свое отношение

13

-

sat.

 20

Geni

гений

11

-

sat.

 21

Made in USSR

Сделано в СССР

16

+

exc.

 22

 I can to fly

я могу летать

(грамматическая ошибка)

14

-

sat.

23

 Let’s go party

давай пойдем на вечеринку

13

+

good

24

Baby bird

птенчик

13

-

sat.

 25

 Do not copy me

Не копируй меня

11

-

sat.

 26

 Mega dance

мега танец

13

+

exc.

 27

All you need is rock-n-roll

все что тебе нужно – это рокенролл

15

-

sat.

 28

 Fire world

огненный мир

15

-

sat.

 29

 Vintage surfing

крученый серфинг

16

-

sat.

30

Confetti party

Вечеринка в стиле «конфети»

11

-

sat.

 31

Freeway

свободный путь

14

+

good

32

Spring fashion

Весенняя мода

11

+

exc.

 33

Best friends

Лучшие друзья

16

+

good

 34

 Fiston

название  фирмы

11

-

sat.

 35

 Hard to handle

трудно справиться

16

-

sat.

 36

 Fare

цена

14

-

sat.

37

Sosrui sport

Название спортивной фирмы

11

-

sat.

38

Style relax

Стильное расслабление

11

-

sat.

39

Ehh, What’s up, doc?

"Как дела, док?" (Приветствие знаменитого мультипликационного героя - кролика Багс Банни)

16

-

sat.



 40

 Nike just do it

НАЙК просто сделай это

14

+

exc.

41

Royal rock

королевская скала

14

-

sat.

 42

A long speci men

(ошибка)

одинокий космический люди

13

_

sat.

 43

 Design by desiners

Дизайн от дизайнера

 14

+

good

 44

Red hot chili peppers

(название группы)

красные горячие перцы чили

16

+

exc.

 45

 Dare to do different

посмей сделать по-другому

14

-

sat.

 46

 Boy

Парень

16

+

good

 47

 Born to be free

рожден быть свободным

16

+

exc.

 48

 Free

свобода

16

-

sat.

 49

 Angel

ангел

14

+

exc.

 50

Poison free

без яда

16

-

sat.

 51

 We produce the Quality the choice of human

мы производим качество, выбор человечества

16

-

sat.

52

Best casual wear

Лучшая повседневная одежда

15

-

sat.

53

Shevchenko 76

Фамилия и номер спортсмена

14

+

exc.

 54

ISLAND

остров

12

+

good

 55

Minimum

Минимум

17

-

sat.

 56

Space

космос

16

+

good

 57

 Norman club

клуб Нормана

15

+

exc.

 58

 JMHW JEANS

Марка джинсов

16

-

sat.

 59

Original  design

Оригинальный дизайн

17

+

exc.

 60

Kids

малыши

7

+

good

 61

Spiderman

человек-паук

8

+

exc.

 62

Sunshine sports

солнечный спорт

14

+

exc.

 63

Happiness

счастье

16

+

good

64

Qatar foundation

Основание Катара

16

-

sat.

 65

Butterfly

бабочка

12

+

good

 66

Summer time

Летнее время

16

-

sat.













2.3 Analysis of the collected material

According to our research, the majority of students have clothes containing inscriptions.  There are at least seven things with English inscriptions in every young person’s wardrobe.

Only 43% of students know the translation of the inscription, which is on their clothes, and 57% of students have found difficulty in translation of their inscriptions. 49% say they pay attention to the inscription buying clothes, 51% of students never think about the meaning of what is written on their clothes, but now they are interested in translation of the inscriptions. 100 % of students having good and excellent marks know the meaning of the inscriptions on the clothes they wear and there are no silly inscriptions or inscriptions with mistakes on their clothes.

The study has revealed three inscriptions containing grammatical or spelling mistakes, the owners of these clothes haven’t known about these ones .

Most of the respondents as the main reasons of buying clothes with inscriptions call "this dress is comfortable." 10% say that the clothes with inscriptions are "fashionable" and “cool”.

The study also has shown that the older the students are, the more attention they pay to the meaning of the inscriptions. The younger students don’t often know what is written on their clothes. However, our study made some students think before buying a fashionable thing with an unknown inscription .



Conclusion

Undoubtedly, each person has a right to wear what he or she likes. However, it seems abnormal that the majority of people who prefer inscriptions on the clothes, do not know the meaning of the words they have on clothes.

Nowadays English is everywhere: on goods and signboards of shops, on the electrical goods, clothes, on the Internet. It is taught at schools, universities, specialized courses. But how is it easier and faster to learn English? English inscriptions can be an express way that helps to enrich the students’ vocabulary.

Most teens do not pay much attention to the inscriptions on their clothes, but some of them can contain indecent and offensive meaning, grammatical and spelling mistakes. Sometimes they can contain a set of meaningless words and phrases, sometimes indecent words, but sometimes a phrase filled with good humor.

It is important to be responsible for the information that we have on our clothes, we become the carrier of it to the masses, and it is stupid to expect that others do not know a foreign language and do not understand what is written on your clothes.

The analysis of the collected material has shown that the level of English proficiency of only half of the students in our school allows to navigate in the inscriptions and correctly use written information. However, our survey encouraged my schoolmates to find out the meaning of the inscriptions on their clothes, thus motivating students to learn English better.

There is an inextricable link between language level and culture of the individual. According to our survey we have come to the conclusion that students having good marks pay much attention to the meaning of the inscriptions, they do not wear clothes with grammatical and spelling mistakes and stupid and offensive inscriptions.

So our hypothesis has been proved. There is a direct connection between the language level and person’s culture.





















Literature

  1. Беликов В.И. Социолингвистика / В.И. Беликов, Л.П. Крысин. – М.: РГГУ, 2001. – 317 с.

  2. Funny shirts [Електронный ресурс] – Режим доступа к странице: http://feel-your-fashion.de/

  3. Аракин В.Д. История английского языка.- М.(Высшая школа, 1968.-420 с.)

  4. Борисова Л.М. Из истории английских слов (Книга для учащихся старших классов.- М.(Просвещение, 1994.-95 с.)

  5. Иванова И.А. Этимология английских слов. 2000 г. (Интернет)

  6. Медведев Я. История английского языка. 1999 (Интернет)

  7. Смирницкий А.И. Лексикология английского языка. М.( 2000. –260 с.)


  1. Булыко А.Н. Большой словарь иностранных слов.- Мартин, 2007

  2. http://www.uni-erfurt.de/eestudies/eese/artic20/witte/6_2000.html#comp

  3. http://www.britishcouncil.org/ru/goingglobal-streams-english-language.htm

  4. http://www.english-uk.ru/31.php

  5. http://www1.worldbank.org/economicpolicy/globalization/








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Дата добавления 26.09.2015
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Другие методич. материалы
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