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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Другие методич. материалы / Исследовательская работа по теме"Some notes for travellers"

Исследовательская работа по теме"Some notes for travellers"

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МУНИЦИПАЛЬНОЕ ОБЩЕОБРАЗОВАТЕЛЬНОЕ АВТОНОМНОЕ

УЧРЕЖДЕНИЕ «ЛИЦЕЙ №1» ГОРОДСКОГО ОКРУГА Г.НЕФТЕКАМСК

РЕСПУБЛИКИ БАШКОРТОСТАН

















«Some notes for travelers»

Исследовательская работа по английскому языку











Зарифьянова Рада , 9 б класс

Ибрагимова Э.И., учитель английского языка





Нефтекамск

2014

Some notes for travellers

Rada Zarifyanova

9b,lyceum №1

Ibragimova E.I.

Travelling is one of the most popular ways of spending your free time. Rich or poor, old or young, they strive to leave the place where they live or work, and move to another spot of our planet — at least for two to four weeks a year. The thing about living in a country and truly attempting to understand its culture and language, manners and etiquette, is that you have to pick up a lot of their customs to stand out less and make them feel more comfortable.

Someone who lacks good manners and has little knowledge about the country may be considered boorish or inappropriate, and he or she may be at a disadvantage in many social situations.

The precise behaviors involved in good manners vary from place to place. Cultural traditions play an important role in manners, as do religious beliefs, social status, and economic class. What may be good manners in the White House may be considered grossly inappropriate in the Kremlin, while a standard of behavior which is perfectly acceptable in rural Greece might not be considered appropriate in a meeting with the Queen of England. As a general rule, people learn the manners which pertain to their particular social, economic, and cultural situation, and travelers must learn specific rules of conduct to fit in as they visit other societies.

The relevance of a study is knowledge of the country as an essential part of travelling. Travelers must learn specific rules of conduct to fit in as they visit other societies.

The subject of the study is to define the most useful rules for tourists.

The object of the research is to explain the essence of these rules.

The aim of the research is to provide a better understanding that mannerly people are more likely to find themselves more commonly invited as guests and welcomed in society. In tense social situations, an awareness of good manners and social rules of behavior can help to diffuse tension, or at least to avoid a serious incident, and someone's attention to proper codes of conduct will be remembered.

The main objectives of research are:

1. to define most popular countries for tourists and rules in this countries

2. to make a list with the codes of conduct in regions where the tourists go to find their way smoothed, and to be welcomed back in the future.

The methods are a literature analysis, a problem-search method, a research, an organizing and summarizing.









































Plan

Introduction

Part 1. Travelling is a sweet plan for recreation

1.1. Why do people travel?

1.2. What should be done before travelling?

Part 2. So many countries, so many habits and cultures

2.1. USA

2.2 Japan

2.3. Italy

2.4. Egypt

2.5. Spain

2.6. Czech republic

2.7. Mexico

2.8. Australia

2.9. UAE

Part 3. My survey of the topic

Conclusion

Literature



















Introduction.

Travelling is one of the most popular ways of spending your free time. Rich or poor, old or young, they strive to leave the place where they live or work, and move to another spot of our planet — at least for two to four weeks a year. The thing about living in a country and truly attempting to understand its culture and language, manners and etiquette, is that you have to pick up a lot of their customs to stand out less and make them feel more comfortable.

I have been thinking for some time about the choice of a topic for scientific and practical conference. The theme “Notes for tourists” is obviously quite simple and so common but I am going to speak about its importance and significance. To my mind someone who lacks good manners and has little knowledge about the country may be considered boorish or inappropriate, and he or she may be at a disadvantage in many social situations.

The precise behaviors involved in good manners vary from place to place. Cultural traditions play an important role in manners, as do religious beliefs, social status, and economic class. What may be good manners in the White House may be considered grossly inappropriate in the Kremlin, while a standard of behavior which is perfectly acceptable in rural Greece might not be considered appropriate in a meeting with the Queen of England. As a general rule, people learn the manners which pertain to their particular social, economic, and cultural situation, and travelers must learn specific rules of conduct to fit in as they visit other societies.

Manners pertain from everything from how to introduce people to how to eat. While the precise nature of good manners may vary, the underlying principles do not. Good manners involve treating people with respect and courtesy, and in making sure that other people feel comfortable in a variety of situations. The old Biblical rule of “do as you would be done by” is sometimes used as an illustration of how manners are supposed to work.

Someone who has been properly trained will usually show more respect and deference to people who are older, as well as people who hold senior positions of authority. Good manners usually involves using respectful forms of address, such as formal titles, and being attuned to social situations to use the activities of others as behavioral cues. For example, someone who has never eaten a formal dinner can still demonstrate good manners by following the examples of others around the table.

Good manners go a long way in most societies. Mannerly people are more likely to get ahead in the world of business, and they also find themselves more commonly invited as guests and welcomed in society. In tense social situations, an awareness of good manners and social rules of behavior can help to diffuse tension, or at least to avoid a serious incident, and someone's attention to proper codes of conduct will be remembered. Travelers who take the time to learn about the codes of conduct in regions they are visiting will often find their way smoothed, and they will be welcomed back in the future.















































PART 1 . Travelling is a sweet plan for recreation.

    1. Why do people like travelling?

More and more people all over the world prefer to spend their holidays travelling. Rich or poor, old or young, they strive to leave the place where they live or work, and move to another spot of our planet — at least for 1 to four weeks a year. They travel to cities and towns, mountains and lakes, across oceans and seas.

There are several reasons why the popularity of travel and tourism is growing. The first one is educational value of travelling. Man has always moved from one place to another in search of knowledge. Even now, in the age of technology and global communication, travelling to a different region or country can help discover new ideas, technologies and inventions. The best way of studying geography is travelling, the best way to help you master a foreign language is travelling, too. Moreover, a special kind of tourism has developed, called educational tourism when people travel to study a foreign language or to take up a course in one or several other subjects.

The second reason why people travel is entertainment and rest. To see great buildings and natural wonders, listen to national music, get some knowledge about traditions and ways of different countries, taste new cuisine. All of these gives us new emotions, helps drive away the stress.

Thirdly, there are special reasons. A lot of new types of travelling have appeared like ecotourism, educational tourism, sports tourism. A lot of people travel on business. Now, with the growth of international trade people have a lot of chances to do business with foreign partners, and they do it willingly. Some people have additional reasons to like travelling. When travelling, they do sports, or take care of their health, or get new contacts.

1.2 What should be done before travelling?

Is it necessary to find some information about country peculiarities beforehand and learn their customs and culture?

The thing about living in a country and truly attempting to understand its culture and language, is that you have to pick up a lot of their customs to stand out less and make them feel more comfortable.

Learning and adapting to local customs and practices is an important—most seasoned expats would say critical—part of assimilating your lifestyle when living in an environment that is foreign to your primary culture. It takes time and patience to adopt the ways and graces of a foreign culture and having some background knowledge can bring additional awareness and understanding ahead of time, so when you find yourself in real-life situations, you’ll be better placed to understand some of the nuances unfolding before you.

A representative of his state is the bearer of the political views of their country, religious beliefs, customs and national traditions, lifestyle, psychology and culture. Communication with other countries requires not only knowledge of foreign languages, but also the ability to behave politely, of course, and with dignity, as well as a preliminary study of the features of the national character, their specific lifestyle and behavior, Such knowledge does not come by itself.





































Part 2. So many countries , so many rules and habits.

Each country has its particular customs and traditions. When tourists visit foreign countries they should pay attention to features such as : table manners, public behavior, topics for conversations even what to wear and what to eat as well as gestures, movements etc.

2.1 USA

Things To Avoid

  • Controversial topics may include  politics, religion, racism,criticism of the government, and criticism of an individual's patriotism. As in any country, locals generally do not take too kindly to constant criticisms of their government by foreigners. Make sure you know the political leanings and temperaments of those around you before broaching such topics. 

  • Discussions of wealth or money. Americans generally do not discuss how much money they make or how much they paid for certain high-end items (such as houses, cars, boats, TV systems, etc.) cost. It is considered very rude to ask and is even more uncomfortable to discuss.

  • Loud cell phone usage It is considered very rude to speak loudly on cell phones anywhere, including outdoors, but especially in enclosed, public places such as trains, restaurants, museums, waiting rooms, and elevators. If you notice that people are not speaking at all, take your call outside and speak only as loudly as required to make yourself heard to the person you are calling. It is considered uncouth to make phone calls in a rest room

  • Personal space. Americans usually talk to each other from a distance of about two feet (.6 meters); any closer is viewed as uncomfortable. (Closer contact is reserved for closer accquaintances-the barrier shall break down as they get to know you.) 

  • First names. In general, most Americans, even in a business setting, will prefer to be called by their first name. However, it is a good rule of thumb to address them by their title (Mr., Mrs., Ms., Dr., or Professor, in general) and last name (e.g., Mr. Anderson) until you are specifically told otherwise. Americans may also address you by your first name immediately after being introduced to you; this is not considered rude at all and reflects the more casual style of Americans. 

2.2 JAPAN

Bowing is nothing less than an art form in Japan, respect pounded into children’s heads from the moment they enter school. For tourists, a simple inclination of the head will usually enough. The duration and inclination of the bow is proportionate to the elevation of the person you’re addressing. For example, a friend might get a lightning-fast 30-degree bow; an office superior might get a slow, 70-degree bow. It’s all about position and circumstance.

There is no tipping in any situation in Japan – cabs, restaurants, personal care. To tip someone is actually a little insulting; the services you’ve asked for are covered by the price given, so why pay more?If you are in a large area like Tokyo and can’t speak any Japanese, a waiter or waitress might take the extra money you happen to leave rather than force themselves to deal with the awkward situation of explaining the concept of no tipping in broken English. Just remind yourself: a price is a price.

2.3ITALY

You may generally understand SQUILLO as a missed call, although it is always intentional. We do this all the time in most countries if we want to give someone our number, by noting theirs and then calling them just for a second, and they’d see our number on their caller ID. Italians however take this to the next level and make it an entirely new form of communication! Basically, you call someone and then hang up such that the context of why you called is obvious. If you are meeting up with them but will arrive 10 minutes late, the squillo implies that you are on your way. If you are going out with someone and not meeting up with them right now but receive a very quick call where they hang up before you would pick up, this means that they are thinking about you (lovers or married couples etc.) If a guy friend gives another guy friend a squillo, it essentially means “whats up?” and you would text him back.

Italians really love to eat, so if you have opportunity -take or order small portions. In case you decided to taste several dishes it would be better to divide them on several ingestions because you will definitely load with one of them .

Service in Italy usually is included in check. On check you can see notation ‘coperto’ what means this service charge, amount of which not more than 10 %.

2.4 EGYPT

The problem though is that there are no traffic lights in major cities in Egypt; especially for the purposes of pedestrian crossings. As such, your only option to get where you need to go is to run across five or more lanes of very rapidly approaching traffic to cross the road. At first you are as scared as hell, but then you get used to it.

Some rules to avoid bad situations .

  1. Local police stays near to pyramids. They wave their arms and ask overstep the fence and as soon as you come in, they require bakshish-money

  2. Never pick up anything in your arms, because everywhere is crowd of people which try to give you some presents, but they don’t take it back except money . You need to put down these stuff and go away.

  3. Pay off with taxi only in the end of the trip because in some cases befall when they require extra money.

  4. It would be better not exchange your money in hotel.

  5. While you doing shopping not forget to bargain. I can offer good idea for you- turn around and leave and after this you will be sure that the seller will call ther master and you will get personal discount.

2.5Spain

When you are in Spain and it’s the early afternoon, everything is closed and you have a 2+ hour break from work. It’s also hot as hell in the summer, so you don’t want to be walking around outside the shade. It’s good idea of finding nice shade under a tree, or even going home if it’s convenient, and having a siesta.

Travelling in Europe you got used to English, If not everywhere ,in aeroports , hotels, shops-definitely! But in Spain language becomes a problem cause they don’t speak English so good and frequently. You should take dictionary and phrasebook to avoid difficulties with Spanish.

If you want to rent a car in Spain , try to issue insurance without franchise to avoid payment for small injuries because local drivers have habit to park their cars back to back to each other.

2.6 Chezh republic

You will find that the people of the Czech Republic can be conservative, but they are very friendly and polite, so follow their lead and be friendly and polite in return!

Rules of parking .

There is knowing which system is used in Prague are many districts. Parking in these districts is divided into three zones, each with a designated color: orange, green and blue.

Orange: The short term parking for visitors to these four districts for a maximum period of two hours. Tickets are obtained from parking meters (parkovací automat). However, the price and operating time depends on the specific tariff for the zone.

Green: The mid-term parking zone with a maximum period of six hours. The green zone has different tariffs and operating hours as well.

Blue: Long-term parking for residents and paid-users, who are not residents, but who operate a business in the region. To be eligible to park in the blue zone you need to satisfy the following requirements:

- Be a permanent resident in the district where you're applying for a parking permit
- Be a foreigner whose registered address, registered with the Foreigner's police, is in the district where you are applying for the parking permit
- Be a legal entity or a business person whose main business and place of business is in the district where you are applying for a permit



Everybody knows that Czech language belongs to group of slavic language and it is a brother for Russian. So a lot of Russian tourists don’t make doubt that Russian is clear for Czechs and Czech is clear for Russians . and what we get in fact.

You are wandering with camera in prague , suddenly you raise your head up and hear that old woman is shouting to you “Pozop!” what in english means ‘phew, horror’ and you think that its exactly not to you cause you didn’t commit something terrible. And after that , you will understand that its warning to you :”be careful!” . another situation: you noticed cute shop, showcase is really colorful. On the glass is written ‘’uzasne ceny’’ that in English means ‘’ terrible prices’’. How can I come into this should without doubt and bravely because this sign board means that prices are wonderful.

2.7 MEXICO

Change in Mexico

Getting change always seems to be a perennial problem in Mexico: try to make as much change as possible to use with independent traders by spending larger denomination notes in big stores; you will need the smaller notes for taxis, local buses and other small purchases where the traders often don't have the available change to hand.

Mexico's Hotel Rating System

The hotel rating system in Mexico is called "Stars and Diamonds." Hotels may qualify to earn one to five stars or diamonds. Many hotels that have excellent standards are not certified, but all rated hotels adhere to strict standards. The guidelines relate to service, facilities, and hygiene more than to prices.


Dining tips

For the afternoon meal, the main meal of the day, many restaurants offer a multicourse daily special called comida corrida . This is the most inexpensive way to get a full dinner.

In Mexico, you need to ask for your check; it is considered rude to present a check to someone who hasn't requested it. If you're in a hurry, ask for the check when your food arrives.

Tips are about the same as in the U.S. You'll sometimes find a 15% value-added tax on restaurant meals, which shows up on the bill as IVA. This is effectively the tip, which you may augment if you like. Just make sure you're not tipping twice.

To summon the waiter, wave or raise your hand, but don't motion with your index finger, which is a demeaning gesture that may cause the waiter to ignore you. Or if it's the check you want, you can motion to the waiter from across the room using the universal scribbling motion against the palm of your hand.



2.8.Australia

Currency.

Australia's currency is the Australian dollar. You can exchange money in banks, hotels and international airports.

Goods and Services Tax.

Australia will be charged a 10 percent tax on goods and services (GST). You can claim a refund of the amount paid tax on goods purchased in the country, if you have spent more than 300 Australian dollars, or in a store no more than 30 days prior to your departure from Australia.

Tipping and bargaining

Hotels and restaurants do not include the cost of servicing your account. In elite restaurants are usually given a tip waiters up to 10% of the bill for good service. To give or not to tip - it is always at your discretion. Australia has not made a bargain.

Australian seasons

Australia - a country which can be visited at any time of the year. At any time, you can take your favorite activity. In most of the country there is the four seasons, and in the tropical north - two seasons: wet and dry.

Australian summer, which lasts from December to February - it's a great time for outdoor activities. You can swim at the Sydney beaches or go hiking in the Tasmanian highlands. Autumn in Australia lasts from March to May: this time, when the whole of Canberra is filled with fiery colors fading foliage , and held in Melbourne Grand Prix Formula 1 Australian winter, which lasts from June to August - is primarily skiing in Australian Alps (Australian Alps).

2.9. United Arabic Emirates

I the UAE foreigners often break the laws an pay fines.

Laws and regulations which tourists should know:

  • Profanity and obscene gestures tourists in a public place, even addressed each other, can cause too irascible vacationers straight to jail. For such behavior can get a prison sentence of up to 7 years or to pay quite a large fine.

  • Requirements for women's clothes are the most strict. The appearance in public places women in transparent, dresses or skirts opening their legs above the knee, dress with an open abdomens , shoulders or back is perceived by local guardians as a gross vidation of public morality and punishable by appropriate penalties.

  • Even if you get lost on the Arab street , you cant ask for directions from local women. You also cant look on them and rude them- the punishment for such behavior here too harshly.

  • Photo enthusiasts who want to capture the lives of local residents have to ask permission to shoot all people who can get into the shot. Taking photos of people without their permission is strictly forbidden. However, it also forbidden to take pictures of a beautiful houses, the government buildings, the palace of Sheikh and military objectives.

  • The punishment threatened for garbage thrown on the street or smoking outside designated areas and public places.





It is essential to know more about the country where you go that’s why tourists should learn as much information as they can.































PART 3. My survey of the topic .

This topic made me interested in and I decided to do debriefing . Considering that lyceum students like travelling I interviewed my classmates and I asked them the following questions :

  1. Which countries have you visited?

  2. Have you used some sources to find out extra information about country before departure?

  3. Have you faced challenges when you travelled in this countries? If yes, what problems?

  4. What country you will never visit?

After analyzing the obtained data, I made the following charts.















































Literature

  1. «The most interesting journeys» V.N.Singaevski

  2. «55 best sites for travelling» A.Antonov

  3. «All countries of the world» T.K.Varlamova

  4. «Reference book for travelers»

  5. "Science of travelling. How to find adventures.» V.Volganski

  6. http://www.vayama.com/deals/europe

  7. http://www.vayama.com/services/health-and-safety-tips

  8. http://www.vayama.com/etiquette/australia/

  9. http://www.independenttraveler.com/travel-tips

  10. https://www.ricksteves.com/travel-tips

















































Some notes for travellers

Rada Zarifyanova

9b,lyceum №1

Ibragimova E.I.

Travelling is one of the most popular ways of spending your free time. Rich or poor, old or young, they strive to leave the place where they live or work, and move to another spot of our planet — at least for two to four weeks a year. The thing about living in a country and truly attempting to understand its culture and language, manners and etiquette, is that you have to pick up a lot of their customs to stand out less and make them feel more comfortable.

Someone who lacks good manners and has little knowledge about the country may be considered boorish or inappropriate, and he or she may be at a disadvantage in many social situations.

The precise behaviors involved in good manners vary from place to place. Cultural traditions play an important role in manners, as do religious beliefs, social status, and economic class. What may be good manners in the White House may be considered grossly inappropriate in the Kremlin, while a standard of behavior which is perfectly acceptable in rural Greece might not be considered appropriate in a meeting with the Queen of England. As a general rule, people learn the manners which pertain to their particular social, economic, and cultural situation, and travelers must learn specific rules of conduct to fit in as they visit other societies.

The relevance of a study is knowledge of the country as an essential part of travelling. Travelers must learn specific rules of conduct to fit in as they visit other societies.

The subject of the study is to define the most useful rules for tourists.

The object of the research is to explain the essence of these rules.

The aim of the research is to provide a better understanding that mannerly people are more likely to find themselves more commonly invited as guests and welcomed in society. In tense social situations, an awareness of good manners and social rules of behavior can help to diffuse tension, or at least to avoid a serious incident, and someone's attention to proper codes of conduct will be remembered.

The main objectives of research are:

1. to define most popular countries for tourists and rules in this countries

2. to make a list with the codes of conduct in regions where the tourists go to find their way smoothed, and to be welcomed back in the future.

The methods are a literature analysis, a problem-search method, a research, an organizing and summarizing.





Introduction.

Travelling is one of the most popular ways of spending your free time. Rich or poor, old or young, they strive to leave the place where they live or work, and move to another spot of our planet — at least for two to four weeks a year. The thing about living in a country and truly attempting to understand its culture and language, manners and etiquette, is that you have to pick up a lot of their customs to stand out less and make them feel more comfortable.

I have been thinking for some time about the choice of a topic for scientific and practical conference. The theme “Notes for tourists” is obviously quite simple and so common but I am going to speak about its importance and significance. To my mind someone who lacks good manners and has little knowledge about the country may be considered boorish or inappropriate, and he or she may be at a disadvantage in many social situations.

The precise behaviors involved in good manners vary from place to place. Cultural traditions play an important role in manners, as do religious beliefs, social status, and economic class. What may be good manners in the White House may be considered grossly inappropriate in the Kremlin, while a standard of behavior which is perfectly acceptable in rural Greece might not be considered appropriate in a meeting with the Queen of England. As a general rule, people learn the manners which pertain to their particular social, economic, and cultural situation, and travelers must learn specific rules of conduct to fit in as they visit other societies.

Manners pertain from everything from how to introduce people to how to eat. While the precise nature of good manners may vary, the underlying principles do not. Good manners involve treating people with respect and courtesy, and in making sure that other people feel comfortable in a variety of situations. The old Biblical rule of “do as you would be done by” is sometimes used as an illustration of how manners are supposed to work.

Someone who has been properly trained will usually show more respect and deference to people who are older, as well as people who hold senior positions of authority. Good manners usually involves using respectful forms of address, such as formal titles, and being attuned to social situations to use the activities of others as behavioral cues. For example, someone who has never eaten a formal dinner can still demonstrate good manners by following the examples of others around the table.

Good manners go a long way in most societies. Mannerly people are more likely to get ahead in the world of business, and they also find themselves more commonly invited as guests and welcomed in society. In tense social situations, an awareness of good manners and social rules of behavior can help to diffuse tension, or at least to avoid a serious incident, and someone's attention to proper codes of conduct will be remembered. Travelers who take the time to learn about the codes of conduct in regions they are visiting will often find their way smoothed, and they will be welcomed back in the future.





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