Listen to the audio and do the tasks.
II. Choose the right answer
1.Do you _________ work on Sundays
A) have to B) must C) should
2.I don’t think you _______stay out late
A) must B) should C) shouldn’t
3.You _______bring anything special to the party.
A) don’t have to B) must C) should
4. Naomi will get in touch ______she hears any news.
A) as soon as B) while C) until
5. Please look after the children ____I get home from work.
A) Until B) if C) while
6. If I _____ some money, I’ll go on holiday next year.
A) ’ll save B) saved C) save
7. Will your parents buy you a car if you finish university?’_____’.
A) No, won’t B) No, they don’t C) No, they won’t
8. Before I go out tonight, I ______ finish this work.
A) ’m going to B) going to C) am
9. Do you want to go ______?
A) dancing B) to dance C) dance
10. Is coffee ___ in Kenya?
A) grew B) grown C) grow
11. Since 2001, all Skoda cars ______ by Volkswagen.
A) were produced B) are produced C) have been produced
12. ‘Is a lot of paper wasted in your office? ‘____’.
A) a. Yes, it was B) Yes, it is. C) Yes, it has
13.If I _____ a famous person, I wouldn’t know what to say.
A) meet B) didn’t meet C) met
14. They ______ more money if they saved a little every month.
A) would have B) will have C) would had
15. If you ____ me, what would you do?
A) are B) like C) were
16. Emma is very busy so she _______ come to the party. She hasn’t decided yet.
A) mustn’t B) shouldn’t C) might not
17. Ed is tired because he ______ all night.
A) hasn’t worked B) has been working C) is working
18. You’ve got a lot of bags. ____ you _____?
A) Do / go shopping? B) Have / been shopping C) Have / shopped
19. Dan was taken to hospital because he _____ his leg.
A) breaks B) has broken C) had broken
20. ‘Had they met Kathy before the party‘. ‘Yes, ______’.
A) she had B) they had C) they did
21. Could you _____ me a favour and look after the children after school, please?
A) make B) get C) do
22. Naples is _____ an exciting city.
A) so B) such C) very
23. Lily gave _____her job and traveled round the would.
A) over B) away C) up
24. John doesn’t _____ much money as a waiter.
A) win B) take C) earn
25. Can you _____ a photo of us, please?
A) make B) take C) do
III. Read the text and answer the questions
Computers are so named, because they were first designed to deal with numbers – that is to compute. But modern computers are also process words, draw, reproduce sound and perform many other functions.
The early history of the computer can be traced to Charles Babbage, an English inventor who designed and “analytical machine” that was designed to calculate the tide tables and theoretically could do some things a modern computer does. However it was never built. Had it been, it would have covered an area equal to football field and required the power of five steam engines. In the late 80s a small part of the engine was constructed to prove the idea and was successful in demonstrating the unit would have worked.
A more practical plan came from the American inventor Herman Hollerith, who patented a calculating machine in 1889. In 1924 Hollerith’s Tabulating Machine Company adopted the name International Business Machines Corporation (IBM).
Later the British developed a computer using vacuum tubes, used to decode the German enigma signals during the 2nd World War. Shortly after the 2nd World war, the Americans build the ENIAC, which was called the most sophisticated computer of its time. It occupied 450 square meters and contained 17468 vacuum tubes. Its capacity though impressive at the time, was less than that of a modern notebook computer.
A crucial step forward in computing came in 1947 with the invention at Bell Laboratories in the USA of a transistor, which was much faster, smaller and cheaper than the vacuum tube. The microchip was invented a few years later along with the microprocessor, allowing information to be stored and manipulated in a small area.
In 1974 an American company Micro Instrumentation Telemetry Systems (MITS) released the Altair 8800, a personal computer. Its capacity was 1% of the 1991 Hewlett-Packard personal computer. But Altair was a revolution in a computer electronics that continues today.
During 1980’s, computers became progressively smaller, better and cheaper. As the hardware became more powerful, software became more sophisticated. It pushed the limits of the hardware, encouraging the building of new hardware with bigger drives, faster processors and larger memories.
In 1992 the computer industry was the fastest growing industry in the world. Today the worldwide revenues of the computer industry are the second only to agricultural revenues.
Computers guide airplanes, control traffic, process words, and numbers and keep track of appointments. Computers became the heart of modern business, science, medical research, industry and agriculture.
What modern computers can do?
From what time the early history of the computers can be traced?
Who was the inventor of the calculating machine?
When did crucial breakthrough in the computing come?
When did the transistor replace the vacuum tube?
What was the advantage of the vacuum tube?
What are the functions of the microchip and microprocessor in the computer?
What industry was the fastest growing in 1992?
Did computers become the heart of modern business, science, medical research, industry and agriculture?
When did computers become progressively smaller, better and cheaper?
IV. Match the words and their descriptions.
II. Choose the right answer
1.Anna and Kate _________ to the cinema last Sunday.
A) didn’t went B) don’t go C) didn’t go
2. I had breakfast ________ ago.
A) this morning B) three hours C) 7.30 a.m.
3. When _____ you last _______ tennis?
A) did/play B) do/play C) did/played
4. ______ you like _______ coffee?
A) do/any B) are/some C) would/some
5. There isn’t ________milk in the fridge.
A) many B) much C) a
6. Have you got _________ brothers?
A) some B) any C) the
7. The buildings in Venice are __________ the buildings in New York.
A) older than B) more older than C) much old than
8. Vienna is __________ city in Austria.
A) the most beautiful B) the beautiful lest C) more beautiful than
9. This restaurant is very, very good. It's __________ restaurant in London.
A) the better B) the good C) the best
10. I ________ a jumper and a jacket because it's cold today.
A) wear B) 's wearing C) 'm wearing
11. ________ Jim _____ today?
A) Do / work B) Is / working C) Does / works
12. Look, it's very cloudy. It __________ .
A) 's going to rain B) rainy C) raining
13.When _____ Polly _____ with her friend in Madrid?
A) does / going to stay B) — / is going to stay C) is / going to stay
14. I'm going to Egypt ___________ the pyramids.
A) seeing B) to see C) going to see
15. _________ did you buy your jacket?' 'At a shop in town.'
A) When B) Why C) Where
16. 'How much did you pay for your book?' ____________
A) £8.50 B) Hewitt's Bookshop C) To read some Shakespeare
17. ______ you ever _____ Mexican food?
A) Have / eat B) Have / ate C) Have / eaten
18. Olivia __________ to Rome.
A) has never been B) has ever been C) hasn't never been
19. 'I've met Robbie Williams.' 'When __________ ?'
A) have you met B) did you met him C) did you meet him
20. Raquel and James have _______ had a baby.
A) yet B) just C) ever
21. Has Nigel cooked dinner _____ ?
A) yet B) ever C) just
22. ________ 's the weather like in Mexico City?
A) low B) What C) Which
23. My grandmother started work ________1960.
A) in B) by C) on
24. It's snowy — please drive _____ .
A) carefully B) easily C) careful
25. Let's go for a ______ swim.
A) quick B) badly C) well
III. Put each of the following words in its place in the passage below.
software computers peripherals calculator ports
monitor keyboard configuration hardware printer
So you only have a pocket (1)_____to do addition, multiplication and so on, you want to know about real (2)_____? Right. Well, the machines themselves are called the (3)_____ and the programs that you feed into them are called the (4)_____. If you want to see the results of what you are doing, you’ll need a (5)____or you’ll have to plug into a television set. You’ll operate your machine like a typewriter by pressing keys on the (6)______. If you want to record on the paper of what you are doing, you’ll need a (7)______. On the rear panel of the computer there several (8)_______into which you can plug a wide range of (9)______--modems, fax machines and scanners. The main physical units of a computer system are generally known as the (10)______.
IV. Match the words and their descriptions.
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