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The theme of the lesson: Kazakh beliefs
BRITISH BELIEFS LET’S TRY TO REMEMBER BRITISH BELIEFS
A pair of shoes
A black cat
Thank you for your answers. You are very active! Now let’s try to answer at these questions in English. 1. Do you believe in beliefs? 2. Do you know Kazakh beliefs? 3. What beliefs of other people do you know? Today we will take a new theme our native Kazakh beliefs. All of these beliefs you know from your childhood but today we’ll discuss about them in English. As you know that a large number of Kazakh beliefs and superstitions can hardly be applied to modern life. Some of them came from ancient times, even naturally becomes a part of today’s life. At first I want to introduce you with new vocabulary at page 136. Listen and repeat the English words. Let’s try to pronounce correctly. Now we‘ll take a new text about Kazakh beliefs. At first I’ll read the passage and you’ll try to translate it. I think it will be not difficult for you.
KAZAKH BELIEFS- ҚАЗАҚ СЕНІМ, НАНЫМДАРЫ
Kazakhs are always careful with salt. Food would be tasteless without salt. Kazakh’s believe that ‘the essence of food is in its salt”. Lives of those who have been careless with salt will become salty and bitter until the salt spilt by them dries out.
A cauldron | kazan cannot be left facing the entrance door. It is bad luck if a cauldron slips and falls. It means your destiny is escaping, your very well-being is lost, and food becomes scanty.
One should take care when putting a kettle on the fire so as not to let the boiling water escape on to the fire. Because the water salts will be burnt in the fire. And burnt salt is a bad omen for daughters of the household. Salt is the decoration of food as a daughter is the decoration of the household. Do not disturb salt and your daughter will not be disturbed.
Usually, horse mains and tails are not trimmed, to make sure the horse’s owner enjoy good health. When a horse owner dies, people will trim the mane and the tail of his horse to make it look mournful. Therefore, the Kazakh associate the trimmed mane and tails f their horses with mourning and death.
If a dog follows a horseman leaving his village, people would not try to force it back. The dog is devoted to its owner, and if wants to go with him it means he will have a happy trip.
A pregnant woman cannot have a haircut because it may hurt her motherhood, and the happiness of the child she is having.
If you have a visitor during your breakfast, he or she must have some of your food. There is saying: “One cannot ignore the morning meal” and “If you don’t have breakfast, the community will refuse you”. Therefore, a morning guest can leave your home after he or she has tried some of your food. “One can be senior in age but nobody is senior of food’’. “Food is men’s support” . Breakfast is the beginning of a day. Kazakhs believe that a good and well prepared breakfast eaten in a good humoured atmosphere can be a good beginning for a successful and fruitful day.
What do you think about the following proverbs? 1. One can be senior in age but nobody is senior of food. 2. Food is men’s support You may give Kazakh or Russian equivalents.
We’ve finished discussing Kazakh beliefs and now we must do the exercise b at page 138. At first I’ll explain you the meaning of these suffixes: -less, full. The suffix –less if we add to noun this suffix we’ll get adjective -less жұрнағы зат есімге жалғануы арқылы сын есім жасалады, бірақ мағынасы болымсыз, –full жұрнағы жалғанған сын есімге қарама-қарсы мағына беріп, яғни антоним болып табылады. Мысалы: taste(n)-дәм Taste+less==tasteless. Taste+full=tastefull Дәм-дәмсіз дәм-дәмді Care (n) күтім Careless-careful күтімсіз-күтімді Success (n) Success -successful Fruit (n) жеміс Fruitless-fruitful жеміссіз-жемісті Дәптерлерінізді ашып тез жазып алыныздар. Now you must find given the words with these suffixes from the text at page 137 and read the sentences.
It’s time to review our grammar rules “The modal verbs”. Слайдты қосып модалды етістіктерді мысалдарымен бірге қайталап шығамыз. Modal verbs (can, could, must, should, ought to, had better, may, might, will, would, shall) are auxiliary verbs that express ability, necessity, request, permission, advice, desire, probability, etc. Modal verbs express the speaker's attitude to the action indicated by the main verb. The modal verbs are:- CAN / COULD / MAY / MIGHT / MUST / SHALL / SHOULD / OUGHT TO / WILL / WOULD Modal Example Uses Can They can control their own budgets. We can’t fix it. Can I smoke here? Can you help me? Ability / Possibility Inability / Impossibility Asking for permission Request Істей білу/алу, қабілеттілік, мүмкіндік, рұқсат, сыпайы түрдегі өтініш Could Could I borrow your dictionary? Could you say it again more slowly? We could try to fix it ourselves. I think we could have another Gulf War. He gave up his old job so he could work for us. Asking for permission. Request Suggestion Future possibility Ability in the past Істей білу/алу, қабілеттілік, мүмкіндік, рұқсат, сыпайы түрдегі өтініш May May I have another cup of coffee? China may become a major economic power. Asking for permission Future possibility Рұқсат,not-тыйым Күмәнді болжам, жорамал Might We'd better phone tomorrow, they might be eating their dinner now. They might give us a 10% discount. Present possibility Future possibility Modal Example Uses Can They can control their own budgets. We can’t fix it. Can I smoke here? Canyouhelpme? Ability / Possibility Inability / Impossibility Asking for permission Request Істей білу/алу, қабілеттілік, мүмкіндік, рұқсат, сыпайытүрдегі өтініш Could Could I borrow your dictionary? Could you say it again more slowly? We could try to fix it ourselves. I think we could have another Gulf War. He gave up his old job so he could work for us. Asking for permission. Request Suggestion Future possibility Abilityinthepast Істей білу/алу, қабілеттілік, мүмкіндік, рұқсат, сыпайы түрдегі өтініш May May I have another cup of coffee? China may become a major economic power. Asking for permission Future possibility Рұқсат,not-тыйым Күмәнді болжам, жорамал Might We'd better phone tomorrow, they might be eating their dinner now. They might give us a 10% discount. Present possibility Future possibility
Must We must say good-bye now. They mustn’t disrupt the work more than necessary. Necessity / Obligation Prohibition Міндет,борыш, Міндетті болу Тиісті болу Аса қажеттілік, аса керектілік Ought to We ought to employ a professional writer. Saying what’s right or correct Моральдық/адамгершілік міндет/борыш, табанды кенес/ақыл,бұйырылған ұсыныс Shall Shall I help you with your luggage? Shall we say 2.30 then? Shall I do that or will you? Offer Suggestion Asking what to do Ниет Ой Болжам жорамал Should We should sort out this problem at once. I think we should check everything again. Profits should increase next year. Saying what’s right or correct Recommending action Uncertainprediction Міндет, Борыш Нұсқау, ақыл, ұсыну кінә, сөгіс, Ұя ұялту, бетіне басу, өкініш, өкіну
Will I can’t see any taxis so I’ll walk. I’ll do that for you if you like. I’ll get back to you first thing on Monday. Profits will increase next year. Instant decisions Offer Promise Certain prediction Would Would you mind if I brought a colleague with me? Would you pass the salt please? Would you mind waiting a moment? “Would three o`clock suit you?” – “That’d be fine.” Would you like to play golf this Friday? “Would you prefer tea or coffee?” – “I’d like tea please.” Asking for permission Request Request Making arrangements Invitation Preferences Тілек, ықылас(like)етістігімен Сыпайы тілек/ өтініш бұрынғы әдет-дағды Need Need he work so late? Қажеттіліктің жоқтығы, міндетті еместілік Dare How dare you speak to me? Батылы бару, қақысы болу, батылы жету, батылдану, өжеттену Have to I have to do it. Амалсыздық, шарасыздық
«Work with cards» Студенттер интерактивтік тақтаға шығып орындайды. Fill in with modal verbs: can, may or must. 1.What ... we see on this map? 2. ... you speak Spanish? — No, unfortunately I... 3. At what time ... you come to school? 4. ... I come in? 5. You ... not smoke here. 6. ... take your book? — I am afraid not: I need it. 7. He ... not speak English yet. 8. I have very little time: I ... go. 9. They ... not go to the park today because they are busy. 10. You ... read this text: it is easy enough.
2) Make up the dialogues using these verbs on the board.-тақтадағы етістіктерді қолданып диалог құрастырыныз Borrow take off erase Turn on ask rend Turn off sit open Write put on close leave Thanks for your dialogues.
Now another part of our lesson I want to check your knowledge about our new theme and that’s why I prepared some tasks for you. Task 1.Unscramble the words (әріптердің орнын ауыстырып сөз құрап, қазақшаға аударыныз thandlreom zakahk lfebie sohre zakna tsafbekra tals
Task 2. Put the missing words and translate into Russian, Kazakh languages. 1. Kazakh’s believe that “the essence of food is in its ……” 2. Usually ………and tails are not trimmed, to make sure the horse’s owner enjoy good health. 3. A …… …… cannot have a haircut because it may hurt her motherhood, and the happiness of the child she is having. 4. One can be senior in age but nobody is senior of ……. 5. Peaceful and generous, the land of the Kazakhs has always been famous for its ……..
4. Conclusion: Your home task is to learn new vocabulary and to find unknown Kazakh beliefs. Teacher: Thank you. You are very active, attentive and bright. I enjoyed your work at the lesson today. Your marks for the lesson are: …
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Повторение темы суеверии и приметы британцев и ознакомление студентов с казахскими народными приметами. Каждая примета представлено с картинкой и полностью описывается на английском языке. Также представлено грамматика модальные глаголы и суффиксы и разные упражнения по грамматике. Упражнения: вставить по смыслу модальные глаголы, составить диалог, составить слова из предложенных букв и вставить по смыслу пропущенные слова а также перевести их на русский и казахский языки.