I. Four sentences have been removed from the text. (4 marks) Choose from the sentences a–e the one which fits each gap (1–4). There is one extra sentence which you do not need to use.
In 1887 a new language was invented by Dr. Zamenhof, who was born in Poland. (1)_________. This new language was called Esperanto. (2)_________. Dr. Zamenhof believed that lots of people would speak the new language as a second language. (3)___________.
But the language has not been very popular or successful. (4)__________. Today only a small number of people in the world can speak it.
a. It was a mixture of a number of European languages and it had a very simple grammar.
b. Russia is one of the countries where Esperanto is still alive.
c. He lived a great part of his life in Russia.
d. It was very easy to learn and rich enough to express thoughts and feelings.
e. There are other artificial languages invented by people.
II. Complete the text with a, an, the where necessary. (10 marks)
There is plenty to see and do in and around Moscow, during (1)____ day and at (2)____ night. Visit (3)_____ Kremlin, (4)____ most famous site in Moscow; walk round (5)_____ busy streets and buy (6)_____ traditional Russian souvenirs. Go to (7)_____ Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts or (8)_____ Tretyakov Gallery. Enjoy your stay in Moscow, it’s (9)_____ great place for (10)____ holiday.
III. Read the article and complete its summary. Fill in the words from the text. Don’t write more than two words in each gaps.
Is it easy to be young in the 21st century?
There is an opinion that youth is the best part of a person’s life. What is it – a fact or a stereotype? Happy Youth supporters’ arguments sound very convincing. According to them, when you are fifteen or sixteen, the future seems cloudless, the world around you is beautiful and friendly, and you feel strong and optimistic. Neither health nor other problems trouble you yet. You have the parents who protect and support you. You have friends who never betray you. Conflicts are certainly unavoidable, but they don’t last long, and it’s usually not a problem to survive through them. This is a conventional idea about young people. But is it true?
Psychologists insist that they have lots of work with teenagers. In their “happiest” years they have too many problems, and in most cases they don’t know how to solve them. They lack life experience and are not self-confident enough. They are often too categoric and can’t forgive other people’s faults and mistakes. A quarrel or misunderstanding can lead to serious suffering. “I don’t feel happy at all”, says Jack Green, 14. “I have no friends. It always works the same. At first it seems that I’ve found a real friend, but then I feel very disappointed because he betrays me – tells silly stories about me in the school, or doesn’t help when I need help. It has happened many times.”
“The thing which worries me a lot is my future job”, says Helen Carter, 15. “To have a good life in the future, I have to find a good job. If I want to find a good job, I have to get a good education first. But how am I supposed to choose my career line?! I don’t know what’s good and what’s bad for me. I cannot make an informal choice. I need to make some decision about my education very soon and I feel awfully scared. What if I make a mistake and get an education for a wrong job? This means that I’ll have to do the job which I don’t like or even hate. This makes me feel sick.”
On reading these words we, adults, realize that being young is not so easy. It’s rather challenging to be a teenager of the 21st century, when the world changes so rapidly and people have to work very hard to keep pace with it (успевать за ним). Who can help young people feel less stressed out and more self-confident? Who can provide them with information and advice? The answer, I suppose, is evident.
The author of the article thinks that the opinion that the youth is the best of human life may be true. He presents rather (1)_____________ arguments for the idea. The strongest argument is that teenagers have fewer
(2) _____________ in comparison with adult people, let along the elderly. And it goes without saying that healthy people feel stronger, more energetic, more optimistic and consequently happier than people in poor health.
However, the author also presents some facts which do not go with the (3) _____________ idea that “youth” and “happiness” are synonyms. Psychologists say that teenagers do have problems. Most of them are caused by their lack of (4) _____________ and lack of self-confidence Another typical teenage problem is that they cannot compromise. Looking for an ideal relationship they often feel bitterly (5) _____________ with their friends who are not able to meet high requirements.
Worries about the future career add up to the teenager syndrome. It’s extremely difficult for a 15-16 year old person to make an (6) _____________, as they don’t have enough information yet. At the end of the article the author concludes that being a teenager in our dynamic world is rather (7) _____________. Adults should realize that teenagers often need their support and advice.
IV. Put the verb into the correct form, active or passive. (6 marks)
Eights Week at Oxford
Eights Week at Oxford, usually the fourth week, in May is a fine spectacle and should not (1)__________ (to miss) by anyone interested in old customs. It is the time when the main bumping races of the year (2)__________ (to hold) and the college eights (3)__________ (to compete) on the River Isis. Races (4)________ (to run) on a league principle, with different divisions. The last race on the last day (5)_______ (to decide) which college is Head of the River. Boats (6)_________ (to space) at intervals, and the object is to catch and bump the one in front. A crew succeeding four days in succession, win their oars (the cox his rudder) – and by ancient custom throw their cox into the river.
Eights – гребные состязания между оксфордскими и кембриджскими студентами
the River is the Thames, but it is mysteriously called the Isis where it flows through Oxford
Сox - рулевой (шлюпки)
V. Fill in the gaps with the right word
I remember my first day of school in detail. It was a nice bright September morning when my mum _______________me to a large school ground. There were lots of kids and parents there. At first I felt uneasy as I _____________ any of them. I wanted to go inside but the doors ______________. “Look around”, my mum said. “There are so many ______________ here. I’m sure you will make friends with them very soon”. Almost every child had a bouquet of flowers and I felt very proud because my bouquet was the ___________. Some men and women in the centre of the playground were telling us about their school years.
“Look at that woman, mum”, I whispered “She________________ to the Head of the school now. I’m sure that I __________________ her. Her face looks very familiar”.
Later I found out that she was a TV presenter for an educational programme for young children and a graduate of our school. She was a very ____person. Her clothes were __________ and _________.
VI. Translate the sentences by using appropriate verb tenses and modals. (8 marks)
1. Полиция искала преступника два года, прежде чем они смогли поймать его.
2. Я думаю, что он не сможет сделать это вовремя.
3. Если у вас нет компьютера, и вы не можете послать сообщение по электронной почте, вы можете написать нам.
4. Могу я поговорить с Келли? – Она не может подойти к телефону прямо сейчас. – Могу я оставить сообщение?
5. Почему ты не пришёл вчера вечером на вечеринку? – Я должен был заниматься. – Тебе следовало прийти. Мы хорошо провели время.
6. Джейн смотрит на свою контрольную работу, которую только что вернул преподаватель. Она улыбается. Должно быть, она сдала тест.
7. Кое-что я должен тебе сказать. – Давай. Я слушаю.
8. У меня проблемы с английским. – Я мог бы помочь тебе.
Номер материала: ДA-034253
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