Безопасность труда при горных работах Месторождение
Рудничный газ Вред
Пласт Вносить вклад
Земная кора Средства, возможности
Please read and translate the text.
А.Р. Karpinsky (1847-1936)
V.A. Obruchev, I.М. Gubkin, A.Y. Fersman, V.I. Vernadsky and A. P. Karpinsky were the prominent Russian scientists who laid the foundation1 of the Russian school of geology and mining.
An entire epoch in the history of Russian geology is connected with Karpinsky’s name. One of the greatest Russian geologists, he was a member and for some time President of the Academy of Sciences of the former USSR and a member of several Academies abroad. The Geological Society of London elected him a foreign member in 1901. His greatest contribution to geology was a new detailed geological map of the European part of Russia and the Urals.
For many years he headed the Russian Geological Committee the staff of which was made up of his pupils. He was one of those geologists who embraced the whole of geological science. He created the new stratigraphy of Russia. He studied the geological systems in various regions of the country and was the first to establish3 the regularity of the Earth’s crust movement. His paleontological studies are of no less importance, especially those on palaeozoic ammonoids. He also took an interest in deposits of useful minerals and gave a classification of volcanic rocks. He advanced the view that petroleum deposits existed in Russian, which was confirmed later. He studied some ore and platinum deposits and may be justly considered5 the founder of practical geology of the Urals. He was the first Russian scientist who introduced microscope in the study of petrographic slides.
Karpinsky was a prominent scientist, an excellent man and citizen. He was one of the best lecturers at the Mining Institute in his time. He was also one of the greatest Russian scientists who later became the first elected President of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Students were attracted to him not only because he was a great scientist but also because of his charming personality and gentle manner.
Every geologist and every geology student knows very well Karpinsky’s most significant work An Outline of the Physical and Geographical Conditions in European Russia in Past Geological Periods.
the Earth’s crust а) земная кора
prominent scientist б) составить подробную карту
deposits of useful minerals в) замечательные работы
to make up a detailed map г) выдающийся ученый
remarkable works д) залежи полезных ископаемых
to advance the view е) научное общество
scientific society ж) избирать председателя (президента)
to head a Committee (to be з) заложить основы школы
at the head of a Committee)
to lay the foundation of и) интересоваться геологией
to elect chairman (president) к) высказать точку зрения
to take an interest in geology л) возглавлять комитет
You prepare essay about outstanding scientists in mining. Please
(студенты рассказывают о выдающихся ученых в горном деле)
All right, you are well done. Now we shall guess the crossword.
Урок-конференция разработана для учащихся колледжей. На данном уроке учащееся получают информацию о выдающихся ученых России. Предусмотрены все виды деятельности: чтение, аудирование, пересказ, письмо. Конференция вызывает интерес учащихся и гордость за свою Родину. В завершении урока учащиеся разгадывают кроссворд.
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