Конкурс по теме "Праздники и традиции в Великобритании, Америке и России" (8 класс)
Научить учащихся читать незнакомые тексты и отвечать на вопросы;
Учить логическому построению устных высказываний на английском языке;
Учить учащихся переводить слова с русского на английский язык;
Учить использовать в речи пассивный залог настоящего времени;
Учить правильно использовать на письме времена английских глаголов;
Развивать межпредметную связь (с музыкой, литературой, историей, изобразительным искусством);
Развивать творческую фантазию, познавательный интерес, инициативу в осуществлении иноязычной речевой деятельности;
Воспитывать у учащихся стремление к изучению английского языка;
Воспитывать у учащихся уважение к культуре и традиции других народов;
Воспитывать уважение к мнению товарищей.
Teacher: Good morning, dear children and guests! Glad to see you! Today we are going o speak about holidays and traditions in Great Britain, America and in Russia. I hope you you’ll enjoy our English lesson. Please, be active and friendly to each other.
Task 1. Every nation and every country has its own traditions and holidays. In Great Britain, America and in Russia traditions play very important role in the life of people.
We know some of the English traditions and holidays. We hope you remember St.Valentine’s Day, Hallowe’en, St.Patrick’s Day which also become traditional American holidays. And people in Russia as people all over the world have their own traditions and customs, they are for example New Year’s Day, Cristmas and so on.
Teacher: And now let’s read about holidays in Great Britain, America and Russia and then you’ll answer my questions and do some tasks.
P1: Halloween is one of the best holidays for children. Nowadays Halloween is much more popular in the USA than in Britain. Groups of children dressed as witches, black cats, ghosts and wizards, knock on their neighbors doors and yell “ trick or treat!” The neighbors normally exclaim over the masks and give each child a candy. People collect money, buy food and medicine for orphanages, hospitals and homeless people. We also decorate our houses and schools in the traditional Halloween colours: orange and black. Popular decorations are witches, ghosts, skeletons, black cats and jack-o-lanterns. Jack-o-lanterns are pumpkins we carve to look like faces. Everyone tries to look scary on Halloween. People celebrate this holiday on the 31st of October.
P2: The most popular holiday is Christmas. Every year the people of Norway give the city of London a present. It is a big Christmas tree and it stands in Trafalgar Square. Christmas holy day is held on December 25th ( in Russia on January 7th) in honour of the birth of Christ. It is a family holiday. Relatives usually meet for the big Christmas dinner of turkey and Christmas pudding, and everyone gives and receives presents. There is a tradition that children should put stockings at the end of their beds, hoping that Santa Clause will come down the chimney during the night and fill them with toys and sweets.
P3: The first holiday of the year is New Year’s Day. People see the new year in at midnight on the 31st of December. There are lots of New Year traditions in Russia. In every home there is a New Year tree glittering with coloured lights and decorations. Children always wait for Father Frost to come and give them presents. I like New Year’s Eve, the night before New Year’s Day, because my parents allow me to stay up all night! We blow horns and whistles at midnight to announce the beginning of a new year. Some people shake hands, sing and shout “ Happy New Year!”
P4: Easter is celebrated on a Sunday in April or May. The week before Easter people colour eggs and cook Easter cakes. On Easter Sunday children wake up to find that Easter Bunny has left them a basket of candy.
P5: People in Russia have their own special traditions. One of them is Maslenitsa- the holiday, which lasts for a week, to say “ good bye” to winter. People celebrate it at the end of February or at the beginning of March. During this holiday they celebrate the end of winter and the beginning of spring. In old times people usually cooked pancakes, had fires, burnt straw scarecrows of winter, they sang songs and danced. Now during “ Maslenitsa week” people always cook pancakes. They invite their friends, their nearest and dearest to see each other and eat pancakes with sour cream, fish, caviar or butter, sugar, honey.
P6: One of my favourite holiday is St.Valentine”s Day. We celebrate this holiday on the 14th of February. It is a day of love and friendship. We send greeting cards to our sweethearts and friends and ask them to “ Be My Valentine”. This means “ be my friend of love”. We also decorate our classrooms with big red hearts and give roses and chocolate to our sweethearts, friends and family.
T: Let’s watch how people celebrated Maslenitsa in old Russia. ( Смотрим отрывок из фильма Никиты Михалкова “ Сибирский Цирюльник”).
Task 2. T: And now answer my questions and when you’ll answer the questions match the pictures with dates and their names.
What holiday is it? When it is celebrated?
When do people celebrate Christmas?
It’s Hallowe’en. It is celebrated on the 31st of October.
People celebrate Christmas on the 25th of December in Great Britain and in the USA and in Russia people celebrate it on the 7th of January.
It’s New Year’s Day. It is celebrated on the 31st of December.
It’s St.Valentine’s Day (Maslenitsa, Easter ). It is celebrated on the 14th of February ( March or April).
(Учащиеся отвечают на вопросы и вывешивают даты с названиями праздников под картинками у доски).
2. When do people get anonymous greeting cards?
3. What may happen when people don’t give children a treat?
4. What is the name of “Дед Мороз” in America?
5. When and who brings children colourful eggs?
7. What is jack-o-lantern and how should it be made?
8. On what holiday do American,British and Russian children honour their mothers?
9. What holiday do Americans celebrate to honour God for good harvest?
14. When can people see ghosts and witches in the streets and why?
15. What is the most scary day of the year?
17. What are traditional colours on Halloween?
18. When are children allowed to stay up until midnight?
19. When do children bring their fathers breakfast to bed?
20. When do people in Russia burn a straw scarecrows of winter?
Anniversary, atmosphere, connect, Easter, firework, follow, include, introduce, mark, occasion, preserve, religious,unite,widely
T: Guess what people usually wish to each other on holidays. Make a wish, please.
I swhi a ayd oyu papyh !
(Key: I wish you a happy day!)
T: And the last task match the wishes and the holidays:
Sending you love with the Easter. Wishing you everything happy today.
Many Happy Returns of the Day.
Nobody makes me crazy like you do.
Wishing You a Marry Christmas and a prosperous New Year.
With the compliments of the Season.
T: My dear children it’s time to finish our lesson. You’ve learned a lot about holidays and traditions in America, Russia and Great Britain. Please, express your opinion about our lesson and draw a picture of our lesson in 3-4 minutes.
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