T. Good morning, my dear friends. Are going to continue your acquaintance with the course of American Studies? How much do you know about the country?
Aim. So the Topic of our lesson is “Meet the United States of America. National symbols”. Today you’ll learn some information about the national symbols of American people you’ll hear more information about the USA and do a short test.
II. Main part
T. Every person in your form had an individual home task. You had to prepare short topics about:
The geographical position of the USA
The climate and the weather
The political system
The capitals and the biggest cities(учащиеся рассказывают о США)
T. Thank you. You are good English students, you’ve learned much about the USA, your reports were very interesting. And now be ready to learn new information. Every country has symbols for important national events and symbols which identify the country. A national flag is probably the most prominent symbol in any country. Today we’ll learn some information about important symbols in the United States.
Учащиеся читают о символах и выполняют письменное задание.
T. Please, read about American symbols.
The delegates of the thirteen American colonies planned the Declaration of Independence, and Thomas Jefferson wrote it. The document declared the independence(separation) of the colonies from England.
Congress adopted the Declaration of Independence, and the delegate signed the document on July 4, 1776. The Liberty Bell in the State House in Philadelphia rand out on that day.
The French gave the Statue of Liberty to the United States as a symbol of friendship. Now it is a symbol of freedom for new immigrants to this country.
The American eagle is the official emblem of the USA. It appears on the Presidential flag and on some coins.
The donkey and the elephant first appeared in political cartoons. They are symbols for the Democratic and Republican parties.
Uncle Sam has the initials US He originally appeared in political cartoons and is an unofficial symbol of the US government.
T. And now be very attentive to match the sentence parts and write the sentences.
The Liberty Bell is the symbol of …
The Statue of Liberty is the symbol of…
The American eagle is the symbol of…
The donkey and the elephant are symbols of…
Uncle Sam is the symbol of …
the United States on the Presidential flag and some coins
the US government.
the Declaration of Independence.
the two major political parties.
freedom for immigrants to the United States.
T. listen to the text “The US Flag” and ready to answer the questions.1. Why the flag Day celebrated on the 14th of June in the USA? 2. What do red, white and blue colors on the US flag symbolize?
The United States Flag
The United States flag is far more than the red, white and blue cloth it is made of. As a living symbol of America, it stands for the past, present and future of this country. It symbolizes American people, American land, and American way of life. The US flag has 13 alternate stripes – 7 red and 6 white – and 50 white stars on the blue background. The red stripes proclaim liberty, the field of blue stands for loyalty. The stripes remind us of the 13 original colonies that gained Americans their liberty. The stars represent the 50 states bound together as one country. The design for the first official US flag was approved by the Continental Congress in Philadelphia on June 14, 1777. Today Americans celebrate June 14 as a Flag Day. With the admission of new states Congress first added more stripes and stars, but in 1818 the original 13 stripes were restored to remain unchanged there after: for each new state admitted to the Union, however, a new star was to be added. The 50th star – for Hawaii – was added on July 4, 1960.The US flag is known as “Old Glory”, the ”Stars and Stripes” or the “Star-Spangled Banner”.
T. it’s interesting to know. If you are tired, you may relax and to listen to interesting text about some American symbols.
1. The Statue of Liberty.
2. Uncle Sam
The Statue of Liberty
The Statue of Liberty (“Liberty Enlightening the World”) is a 225-ton steel female figure, 150 ft in height, facing the ocean from Liberty Island in New York Harbor. The right hand holds aloft a torch and the left hand carries a tablet upon which is written: “July IV MDCCLXXVI” (July4,1776. The statue was designed by Frederic Auguste Bartholdi of Alsatian as gift to the US from the people of France to memorialize the alliance of the two countries in the American Revolution and their friendship. The French people paid $ 250,000 for the statue. The 150-foot pedestal was designed by Richard M. hunt and built by Gen. Charles P. Stone, Both Americans. The Americans paid $ 270,000for that. President Cleveland accepted the statue for the US on October 28, 1886. On September 26, 1972, President Nixon opened the American Museum of Immigration, situated in the base of the statue. The statue of Liberty is more than a monument. She is a beloved friend, the symbol of freedom to millions around the world.
Uncle Sam was A real live human being…
Uncle Sam is America’s trade mark! The tall, lanky gentleman with the big hat and the whiskers is the symbol of the United States. But what few people know is that there actually was a real “Uncle Sam”…his name was Samuel Wilson. He lived in Troy< New York, and he was a prosperous meatpacker. When the War of 1812 started< Sam Wilson supplied meat to all the US troops stationed in the area. The meat was stamped “US” to signify that it had been certified by a United States Government meat inspector. However, the soldiers believed that the “US” stood for Uncle Sam Wilson – the meatpacker. Eventually, everything with the US stamp became known as the property of the “Uncle Sam’s…”Soon, political cartoonist of the day started drawing “Uncle Sam”…At first, he came out a short. Stocky little fellow with a beard and a cocky grin. The cartoon was patterned after the likeness of Sam Wilson, the meatpacker. He was Depicted in striped trousers flowing coat-tails and a high hat… However, after the death of Abe Lincoln, the cartoonist started to portray “Uncle Sam” as a tall, gaunt, skinny fellow…He grew taller over the years…Today, the tall, spare “Uncle Sam” is the American national symbol – he is known all over the world as America’s trade mark.
T. Now, I think it’s interesting for you to check up how much do you know about the country. Try to answer these questions and see what you know. Tick the respective square.
T.try to answer these questions and see what you already know about the USA.
Tick the respective square. Good luck!
Where does the president of the US live and work?
in the Capitol
in the White House
in the Pentagon
Which is the biggest state in the USA?
How many states are there in the USA?
When did the American Civil War end?
Who was the first President of the USA?
What do the Americans celebrate on the 4th of July?
The first Moon landing
The adoption of Declaration of Independence
The end of American Civil War
In which city is Hollywood situated?
in new York
in San Francisco
in Los Angeles
Which is the most popular sport in the USA?
What was the name of the ship that brought the first immigrants to America?
What was the first name of New York?
T. Don’t feel disappointed if you haven’t answers some of the questions. You can find the answers to a lot of different questions about the country and the people at our lessons.
БРАТСКАЯ ОБЩЕОБРАЗОВАТЕЛЬНАЯ ШКОЛА I-III СТУПЕНЕЙ
Подготовила учитель английского языка
Халилова Ленара Париховна