Тема урока: «How can we help the environment?»
Обучающие: систематизировать лексические, грамматические знания и совершенствовать речевые умения и навыки учащихся по теме «Защита окружающей среды», способы защиты окружающей среды.
Развивающие: развитие творческих способностей учащихся, способности логически излагать, сопоставлять и сравнивать полученные данные.
- чувства сопричастности к проблемам экологии,
- любви и бережного отношения к окружающей среде.
Совершенствование речевых умений и навыков;
Обобщение и систематизация полученных знаний.
Оборудование: индивидуальные листы с текстами и с заданиями по теме «Защита окружающей среды»; учебник Кауфман К.И., Кауфман М.Ю. “Happy English. ru” для 7 класса; компьютер; мультимедийная установка.
I. Организационный момент.
Teacher: Good morning, dear pupils! Nice to see you! Take your seats, please.
Teacher: How are you?
Pupils: Fine, thanks. And you?
Teacher: I am well, thank you. Let’s begin our lesson. I’m sure that you are full of energy and ready to do our lesson interesting and rich. Look around the class, today we have guests at the lesson, but our classroom looks a little bit messy. What is there on the desk? (tins, cans, plastic bottles and newspapers). What do you think, what is the topic of our lesson?
Teacher: Yes, you are right. The theme of today’s lesson is “How can we help the environment?” The problem of our lesson is the global situation in ecology and what can we do with it. We are going to discuss how we can help the environment, what we must do to help the environment.
II. Фонетическая зарядка.
Teacher: Look at the blackboard, please. You know these words quite well. Let’s repeat them paying attention to the pronunciation.
Pupils: Environment, pollution, destruction, habitat, harmful, substances, global, warming, waste, layer, acid, ozone, rain, dioxide, oxygen, carbon, increase, damage, chemicals, society, disaster.
III. Речевая подготовка.
Teacher: Nature is everything we can see around us: the Sun, the Moon, the stars, our Earth, the plants that grow on it, the animals that live on it. Nature is a nice storybook and those who are attentive can find a lot of interesting things in it.You can see a lot of wonders: blue sky, shiny stars, bright sunshine, green trees, deep oceans and seas. Artists create their masterpieces, inspired by the charming beauty of Nature; musicians compose songs and music, poets glorify the world around us in their poems and verse. Byron and Shakespeare, Pushkin and Esenin sang the beauty of Universe. I am sure you know wonderful verse by these or other poets. Does anyone want to present us with a piece of poetry?
All for you (an unknown modern author).
The trees of the forest
The flowers on the lea,
The birds on the branches
The fish of the sea
The rocks and the mountains
The rivers that flow
The rain and the sunshine
The ice and the snow
All things that are lovely
All things that are good,
The creatures that live
And the plants that are food.
The corn-field are yellow,
The sky of deep blue,
The sweetness and beauty
Of life are for you!
Teacher: Oh, thank you very much indeed. We’ve just listened to the poems devoted to the beauty of Nature.
Teacher: The poem was very amusing and marvelous.
You know that since ancient times Nature has served Man, being the source of his life. For thousands of years people lived in harmony with environment and it seemed to them that natural riches were unlimited. But with the development of civilization man’s interference in nature began to increase.
In the 20th century man’s economic activities began to produce negative effects on the biosphere. Your home task was to determine the environmental problems. What are they?
IV. Развитие навыков монологической речи. Презентация проектов.
Pupil 1: Water is life. It is a precious commodity that must be conserved. But water is polluted. The fish in the river is dead. We can’t drink this water. The seas are in danger too.
They are filled with poison: industrial and nuclear waste, chemical fertilizers and pesticides.
The Mediterranean is already nearly dead.
The North Sea is following. The Aral Sea is on the brink of extinction. If nothing is done about it, one day nothing will be able to live in the seas.
Save water! It’s easier than you think! Never forget to turn off water! For you’ll have no water to drink! You can have a bath or a shower, but today is the time to think. Save the rivers because without them, you’ll have no water to drink.
Pupil 2: Air pollution is another serious problem. In Cairo just breathing the air is dangerous – equivalent to smoking two packs of cigarettes a day. The same holds true for many Russian cities. Big cities have a problem with air pollution: the “killer smog” caused some 3500- 4000 deaths in London in December 1952. Factories emit tons of harmful chemicals. They are the main reason for the greenhouse effect and acid rains.
Please stop it! Because nothing is forever and nature is getting tired, if we don’t stop and think today tomorrow the Earth could die!
Clean Air Day is officially announced from time to time in the USA and Canada. Its aim is to encourage people to walk, bike or ride public transit. I think it’s a very good idea! Thanks.
Pupil 3: We mustn’t kill animals. You know that people all over the world are worried about our smallest brothers. But on the other hand they use thousands of animals every year for tests of things like shampoos. Some animals die or go blind because of these tests. People kill whales for their oil, which is used for cosmetics and soap. A lot of jewellery is made from ivory, from the horn of elephants and rhinos.The issue of animals’ protection is very important. Every year the population of animals is getting less and less. I love animals and I know they need our help. We should protect animals against cruelty. Don’t cut down the forests. When the forests disappear many animals are disturbed.
Today we are still in your forests, in the sky, in the rivers, but look: don’t kill us! Because your children will see us in picture books. Let’s save our smallest brothers together.
Pupil 4: Another problem is littering. I’m very worried when people throw away litter. Just think of all the litter around. Soon there won’t be any more places free of it. There is Gardach River Near my house. It is badly polluted by trash. Empty containers, bits of wood and crisp packets are thrown in the river. People should do something about litter, before it, too late!
How long do you think litter lasts?
banana peel- up to 6 months, wool sock -1 year, tin cans – 100 years, aluminum cans up to 500 years, plastic bottles up to 500 years, glass containers – forever! Everyday tips for a healthy environment:
always put garbage in a garbage bin
recycle newspapers, bottles, and metal can for every ton of recycled newspaper, 17 trees are saved, and the energy saved by recycling one aluminum can, can operate one television set for three hours.
don’t throw away things which you can reuse
don’t throw garbage in water
Today you are going camping with your family, friends or class. Please help us, don’t drop any litter, because your litter lives longer than us
Pupil 5: I think what prints do I leave behind me every day? Every morning I get up at 7 o’ clock. It is still dark so I switch the light on. (I use electricity.) I go to the bathroom to have a shower for about 15-20 minutes. (I use water). After the shower I have breakfast: fried eggs, toasts, tea or coffee. All my food is packed – the pack is made of mineral oil. All the litter I put into my litter bin. All the litter goes to the town dump. I go to school with my parents by car (our car pollutes the air.) I use pens, pencils, books and notebooks at school. (All the staff I use is made of nature materials.) After school I listen to music, play computer games and watch TV. (I make noise and again I use the electricity.) So how should I change my life?
sort all my litter for further recycling
not to buy products with extra pack
use water carefully, avoid wasting water
switch the light off when I don’t use it
use all my materials: notebooks, pens, pencils carefully
Pupil 6: I think plants are in danger too. There are a lot of plants in the Red Book, among them are: tulip, snowdrop, water- lily. Greenpeace is an environmental activist group. founded global warming, and ancient forest destruction, nuclear power, and genetic engineering. Greenpeace has national and regional offices in 42 countries.
How can you help the plants? Protect wildlife, plants and trees. Do not spoil the gardens, do not leave litter.
22 April Earth Day. Join us and clean the Earth. Make the world a better place. Take care of the Earth.
Today you cut down your forests but the planet needs our leaves. Please stop it because tomorrow you’ll have no air to breathe! Please leave flowers for others to enjoy!
Pupil 7: How can I help the Earth? I think there are a lot of ways we can help to save the Earth. One way is to remember the three R’s: reuse, recycle and reduce. As for me, I save the plastic bags we get at the grocery shop and reuse them. I also save plastic food containers. They make good water toys. Before I buy something, I ask myself the following question: “Can I recycling it?” “If I have to throw it away will it damage the environment?” I want to be the man who saves the Earth!
V. Закрепление лексических единиц по теме:
Teacher: Thank you very much. All your presentations are interesting and useful. And now let’s see how attentive you are. Think about the topic of the lesson and write a Japanese poem.
You have 3 minutes. It’s time to present your poetry and throw all the rubbish away.
Задание выполняется в группах, затем спикер зачитывает синквейн.
Thus now take your leaves and put down your promises: what will you do or what you‘ll never do to save the Earth. When you are ready stick your leaves to the blackboard.
Учащиеся выполняют задание.
VI. Подведение итогов. Рефлексия.
Teacher: Look at the blackboard, what a nice green tree we’ve got! So if you keep your word our planet will survive.
Let’s finish our lesson with a song.
Звучит музыка, дети исполняют песню.
Thank you for the lesson. You work hard and I put you excellent marks.
Your homework is to make a test. Are you doing things that hurt the planet or are you doing things that make it better?
Do this quiz and find out.
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