Lesson For Basic Users A2 level (9 grade)
a teacher of English,
secondary school #3,
1.Активизировать лексику по теме в разных видах деятельности: чтении, аудировании, говорении, письме.
2.Способствовать развитию логического мышления, творческого воображения, умения высказывать своё мнение.
3.Подвести учеников к необходимости внесения своего вклада в защиту природы.
T: Good morning, children!
Ps: Good morning teacher!
T: Today we will speak about environmental problems and how they influence nature.
T: Look at the blackboard. There is a saying: "Mankind won't die in a nuclear nightmare, it will suffocate in their own waste" Nils Boor.
Let's discuss this quotation and make short comments.
T: What is ecology?
P: Ecology is a science how to live, how to survive.
T: What is environment?
P: Environment is everything around us: houses and trees, rivers and lakes, hills and mountains, woods and wildlife living around and nearby.
T: What is man in this environment?
P: Man is a part of this environment. Man is not master of Nature, man's life depends on it. We should remember: the Earth belongs not only to people, but to all creatures living on it, to plants and flowers, to birds and fish, to animals and insects. If people don't realize the urgency about the ecological problems, they will kill themselves.
T: Thank you. The planet Earth is in great danger. It is suffering from many environmental problems. Have a look at these pictures. What problems do these pictures relate to?
P1: This picture relates to the problem of deforestation because the man is planting trees.
P2: This picture relates to the problem of pollution because the beach is covered with litter.
P3: This picture relates to the problem of resources in short supply because the man is recycling.
P4: This picture relates to the problem of energy crisis because wind is an alternative source of energy.
T: Thank you. What other environmental problems do we face today?
P: These problems are: the greenhouse effect, global warming, water pollution, air pollution, soil pollution.
T: What possible sollutions can you suggest to these environmental problems?
P1: We must stop cutting down trees, we must grow them and create reserves and national parks.
P2: We must fine people on the spot for dropping rubbish.
P3: We must build recycling factories.
P4: We must encourage people to use public trasport, raise awareness of people.
T: Who do you think must solve these problems?
P1: Every man together with the government and ruling bodies of the world should do everything to solve environmental problems.
T: Which of the problems is our town facing?
P2: It is air pollution, water pollution, soil pollution, because we have a metallurgical plant in our town, rubbish problem, the problem of public transport.
T: Now we are going to listen to a dialogue. After listening you will complete the sentences.
Ann: Past industrial activities have polluted some of the land in our city. This land may be dangerous for people’s health and the environment unless it is cleaned up.
Dan: The world’s population continues to rise, and people want to expect more and more things. More and more housing is needed. Most people want to own cars. More cars require new roads to be built. The amount of waste and rubbish is increasing. Pollution is the issue of major concern everywhere in the world nowadays.
Ann: Most environmental problems are due to a lack of care over industrial and waste management. Bad industrial practices and accidents released potentially harmful substances into the land or pour them into the rivers. Should we continue like this?
Dan: Definitely not. We need to stop destroying the world and work hard to protect it.
Ann: In many countries this may mean people have to change the way they live.
T: Complete the sentences.
….. have polluted some of the land in our city. (Industrial activities)
The amount of ….. is increasing. (waste and rubbish)
Pollution is the question of ….. everywhere in the world nowadays. (major concern)
Most environmental problems are due to ….. (a lack of care over industrial and waste management)
We need to ….. and work hard to ….. it. (stop destroying the world; protect)
T: Look at the board. Do you know what these logos mean?
P1: This logo means the item can be recycled.
P2: This logo means the item is made of recycled materials.
T: Why do you think recycling is very important nowadays?
P3: Because it decreases pollution.
P4: Recycling helps to protect the environment.
T: When you throw something away, it can stay in the ground for a long time. Look at the table and match the parts (1-5) with the parts (a-e).1.A banana peel
a)lasts for 80-100 years
b)lasts for 1-2 weeks
3.A plastic bag
c)lasts for 1,000,000 years
4.An aluminium can
d)lasts for 1-5 years
5.A glass bottle
e)lasts for 10-20 years
Answers: 1.b; 2.d; 3.c; 4.e; 5.a.
T: So, how can we solve the rubbish problem? We can recycle. And now take out some item from this bin and tell us how it can be recycled.
P1: We can cover books with nice gift wrap.
P2: We can use old clothes for working in the garden, for cleaning.
P3: We can return glass bottles to the shop.
P4: We can use waste paper to make recycled paper.
P5: We can use plastic bags to take out the rubbish.
4. Project work
T: You are some Green organization activists. You should design T-shirts telling people about ecological problems of the day. Work in groups. Are you ready? Now come out to the board. Show us your T-shirt and tell what environmental problem did you want to attract our attention to?
P1: Our organization is called “ Priceless drop”. On our T-shirt you can see a drop of pure water. We suggest to save bathwater and dishwater, not to let water run while shaving and washing.
P2: Our organization is called “Extinct wildlife”. You can see an orangutang on our T-shirt. One of the animals that are currently endangered is the orangutang. We suggest not to buy anything containing palm oil, impose heavy fines for illegal hunting.
P3: Our organization is called “Forest’s tears”. On this T-shirt you can see a green leaf. It relates to the problem of deforestation. We must make logging companies plant new trees, start a tree- planting compaign at our school.
T: And now I want you to find a word or a phrase that has the opposite meaning to each of these words and phrases.
To start up - ….. (to end up)
Dirty - ….. (clean)
A village area - ….. (urban)
To continue to live in the area - ….. (to move)
To plant - ….. (to cut down)
An expensive project - ….. (charity project)
T: I want you to answer some questions to see if you are environmentally aware.
When you leave a room, do you
turn off all the lights?
leave one light on?
never bother to turn off the lights?
a) take short showers?
b) have baths?
c) take long showers?
walk or ride a bike for short journeys?
take public transport when you can?
travel everywhere by car?
separate your rubbish and recycle what you can?
recycle some of your rubbish?
c)never recycle anything?
When you are outside, do you
always put your litter in rubbish bin?
usually try and find a bin for your litter?
throw your litter away on the ground wherever you are?
T: What your answers mean:
Mostly a’s – Well done! You are doing everything you can to help our planet. Keep up the good work, you are dark green.
Mostly b’s – You know about the problems concerning our environment. There are still some more things that you could do though. You’re mid green.
Mostly c’s – There is a lot more you could do to help the environment. Every little bit can help make our planet a better place for everyone. You are pale green.
T: Our lesson is coming to an end. Did you like it? What can we do to keep the Earth clean and green? Yes we must be friends to her. Let’s sing together “Imagine” by John Lennon.
V. Home assignment
T: And now our homework. It is a composition about a recent event that has caused environmental damage. The lesson is over. See you next time!
1.Key Words for Fluency. Copyright 2009 by Thomson ELT.
2.Творчество учителя на уроках английского языка. Медведева О.Н. «Просвещение» 2001.
3.Англійська мова. А.В.Кузнецова Х.:Веста: Вид-во «Ранок», 2007
4.English. И.Г.Калинина. Севастополь ПП Новиков, 2003
5.Round-up Grammar Practice. Addison Wesley Longman Limited, 2007
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