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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Конспекты / Конспект урока и презентация по теме "Здоровье нации. Достаточно ли долго мы живём?"

Конспект урока и презентация по теме "Здоровье нации. Достаточно ли долго мы живём?"

  • Иностранные языки

Название документа ??? ? ????????? 100 ???.ppt

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Listening. Mind the words! To make fuss- создавать суматоху Be in perfect sha...
What is Mr. Alistair’s recipe of long life? 1. Mr. Alistair a) has already ce...
1 из 2

Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:

№ слайда 1 Listening. Mind the words! To make fuss- создавать суматоху Be in perfect sha
Описание слайда:

Listening. Mind the words! To make fuss- создавать суматоху Be in perfect shape- быть в прекрасной форме Keep fit- быть в форме To be crazy about- сходить с ума по.. To have no idea- не иметь представления There was no need- не было нужды Survive- выжить To live onto old years- дожить до глубокой старости Guarantee- гарантировать Avoid hardship- избегать трудностей Pipe- трубка To stand- выносить On behalf of- от лица кого-либо

№ слайда 2 What is Mr. Alistair’s recipe of long life? 1. Mr. Alistair a) has already ce
Описание слайда:

What is Mr. Alistair’s recipe of long life? 1. Mr. Alistair a) has already celebrated his 100th birthday b) is going to celebrated his 100th birthday c) cannot remember when his birthday is 2. He was married a) once b) twice c) three times 3. When he was young a) everybody thought about healthy lifestyle b) nobody thought about healthy lifestyle 4. When he was young a) He took much exercise b) He didn’t take any exercise c) There was no need for him to take any exercise 5. When he was young a) had healthy diet b) had no idea what healthy diet was 6. Mr. Alistair believes that it is important to a) avoid problems b) to work hard c) to be optimistic

Название документа ??????.ppt

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 Are Russians healthy people? How does Russia rank in the world?
Do you know these words? Advantages and disadvantages Public health care syst...
Do you know these words? Infant mortality Heart diseases Respiratory diseases...
Health index includes 14 indicators: 1.Life expectancy 2.Infant mortality 3.I...
Life expectancy in the world (Russia ranks 134th)
Life expectancy in different countries of the world Sweden- 81 men-78 women-8...
Life expectancy in Russia ( the expected number of years of life remaining at...
Infant mortality. Infant mortality is defined as the number of infant deaths...
Infant mortality. 	Russia ranks 81st in the world in Infant mortality , betwe...
Infant mortality.
Child mortality In Russia every year 14 children per each 1000 die. In the XI...
About 20 million children die every year, very often from preventable causes...
Cancer. The main reasons of cancer are surplus (избыток) of salt, malnutri...
AIDS/HIV. AIDS - acquired immune deficiency syndrome or acquired immunodefici...
AIDS
Cases per 100,000; Red => 300, orange = 200–300, yellow = 100–200, green = 50...
Can you answer these questions? What is an average life expectancy in our cou...
Words to the topic To introduce- вводить в действие To encourage- вдохновлять...
What should be done? Hospitals-reorganized. Immunization coverage – increased...
1 из 19

Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:

№ слайда 1  Are Russians healthy people? How does Russia rank in the world?
Описание слайда:

Are Russians healthy people? How does Russia rank in the world?

№ слайда 2 Do you know these words? Advantages and disadvantages Public health care syst
Описание слайда:

Do you know these words? Advantages and disadvantages Public health care system Compulsory health insurance be available in advance make an appointment examine properly be overworked properly GPs Shortage of money Life expectancy

№ слайда 3 Do you know these words? Infant mortality Heart diseases Respiratory diseases
Описание слайда:

Do you know these words? Infant mortality Heart diseases Respiratory diseases Infectious diseases Cancer AIDS cases Immunization Healthy lifestyle To rank (highly, low) Public health programmes To get better (worse) Coverage Drinking, smoking, drug usage

№ слайда 4 Health index includes 14 indicators: 1.Life expectancy 2.Infant mortality 3.I
Описание слайда:

Health index includes 14 indicators: 1.Life expectancy 2.Infant mortality 3.Immunization coverage 4. Number of AIDS cases 5.Death rates from cancer 6. Death rates from heart diseases 7. Death rates from respiratory and infectious diseases 8. Tobacco and alcohol use

№ слайда 5 Life expectancy in the world (Russia ranks 134th)
Описание слайда:

Life expectancy in the world (Russia ranks 134th)

№ слайда 6 Life expectancy in different countries of the world Sweden- 81 men-78 women-8
Описание слайда:

Life expectancy in different countries of the world Sweden- 81 men-78 women-83 The USA- 78 men-75 women-81 Great Britain- 79 men-76 women-81 Russia-67 men-61.5 women-74 In Russia women live 11years less than in Japan, men live 16 years less than in Sweden!

№ слайда 7 Life expectancy in Russia ( the expected number of years of life remaining at
Описание слайда:

Life expectancy in Russia ( the expected number of years of life remaining at a given age.) Year All the population Men Women 1896 30.54 29.4 31.7 1926 42.93 40.2 45.6 1958 67.91 63.0 71.5 1970 68.93 63.21 73.55 1980 67.61 61.53 73.09 1990 69.19 63.73 74.3 1995 64.52 58.12 71.59 2000 65.34 59.03 72.26 2006 66.6 60.37 73.23 2007 67,51 61.39 73

№ слайда 8 Infant mortality. Infant mortality is defined as the number of infant deaths
Описание слайда:

Infant mortality. Infant mortality is defined as the number of infant deaths (one year of age or younger) per 1000 live births. The most common cause worldwide has traditionally been due to dehydration from diarrhea.

№ слайда 9 Infant mortality. 	Russia ranks 81st in the world in Infant mortality , betwe
Описание слайда:

Infant mortality. Russia ranks 81st in the world in Infant mortality , between Belize and Mexico. About 16 children per each 1000 children die. The reasons of this situation are negative influence of environment, drug and alcohol addiction of parents, poor diets, poor medical service, etc.

№ слайда 10 Infant mortality.
Описание слайда:

Infant mortality.

№ слайда 11 Child mortality In Russia every year 14 children per each 1000 die. In the XI
Описание слайда:

Child mortality In Russia every year 14 children per each 1000 die. In the XIX century child mortality was 123 children, in the XV– 342 children per 1000 . According to UNICEF, most child deaths (70% in developing countries) is the result of one the following five causes or a combination of: Acute respiratory infections -(острые респираторные заболевания) Diarrhea- диарея Measles- корь Malaria- малярия Malnutrition- плохое питание

№ слайда 12 About 20 million children die every year, very often from preventable causes
Описание слайда:

About 20 million children die every year, very often from preventable causes (причины, которые можно было предотвратить) Child mortality.

№ слайда 13 Cancer. The main reasons of cancer are surplus (избыток) of salt, malnutri
Описание слайда:

Cancer. The main reasons of cancer are surplus (избыток) of salt, malnutrition, shortage of vitamins etc.

№ слайда 14 AIDS/HIV. AIDS - acquired immune deficiency syndrome or acquired immunodefici
Описание слайда:

AIDS/HIV. AIDS - acquired immune deficiency syndrome or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is a disease of the human immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

№ слайда 15 AIDS
Описание слайда:

AIDS

№ слайда 16 Cases per 100,000; Red => 300, orange = 200–300, yellow = 100–200, green = 50
Описание слайда:

Cases per 100,000; Red => 300, orange = 200–300, yellow = 100–200, green = 50–100, blue =< 50 , grey -no information Tuberculosis. Tuberculosis is a common and often deadly infectious disease .

№ слайда 17 Can you answer these questions? What is an average life expectancy in our cou
Описание слайда:

Can you answer these questions? What is an average life expectancy in our country? a) 83 years b) 67 years c) 43 years - How does Russia rank in the world according to life expectancy? a) 134th b) 27th c) 97th -What are health indicators? -What are the healthiest countries in the world? - What is an average life expectancy in African countries? a) 60 b) 70 c) 40 -What is the longest average life expectancy in the world? a) 70 years b) 75 years c) 81years - Has life expectancy in Russia grown since 1958? a) yes b) no

№ слайда 18 Words to the topic To introduce- вводить в действие To encourage- вдохновлять
Описание слайда:

Words to the topic To introduce- вводить в действие To encourage- вдохновлять Understand clearly- чётко представлять Meet the expectations- отвечать ожиданиям Deserve- заслуживать Considerable -значительный improvements- улучшения Dramatic- существенный Be of great importance- быть очень важным Depend on- зависеть от Be determined by- определяться чем-либо Purifying systems-очистные сооружения

№ слайда 19 What should be done? Hospitals-reorganized. Immunization coverage – increased
Описание слайда:

What should be done? Hospitals-reorganized. Immunization coverage – increased. Infant mortality cases-reduced. The best medical care -available to children. The best techniques and technologies - available free. Public health programs- introduced. Drug and alcohol addiction problems-be solved. Healthy lifestyle-be advertised.

Название документа ???????? ?????.doc

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МАОУ № 5 «Гимназия»

г. Мегион










Конспект урока английского языка

в 11а классе

по теме «Социальная защита населения России. Здравоохранение».

Учитель: Белоногова С.А.




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Тема урока: «Продолжительность жизни в России. Достаточно ли долго мы живём?».

Тип урока: Урок- обобщение изученного материала.

Цель урока :

Образовательная:

  1. Активизировать изученный лексический материал.

  2. Проконтролировать навыки обучающихся в монологической речи, аудировании, чтении.

  3. Учить высказывать собственное мнение по прочитанному, услышанному.

Развивающая: Развивать навыки устной речи.

Воспитательная:

Воспитывать чувство ответственности за своё здоровье, сопереживания проблемам здоровья нации.

Оснащение: Мультимидийное оборудование для презентации проекта, тексты, аудиодиск «Exam excellence», картинки по теме.


Ход урока.

1. Оргмомент.

2. Мотивация.

Do you know that according to the health index Russia ranks 134-th in the world? Why do Russian people live less than people in some other countries? What are the causes?

3. Активизация изученной лексики (слайд).

Чтение и перевод лексики по теме.

Advantages and disadvantages

Public health care system

Compulsory health insurance

be available

in advance

make an appointment

examine properly

be overworked

properly

GPs

Shortage of money

Life expectancy

Infant mortality

Heart diseases

Respiratory diseases

Infectious diseases

Cancer

AIDS cases

Immunization

Healthy lifestyle

To rank (highly, low)

Public health programmes

To get better (worse)

Coverage

Drinking, smoking, drug usage

4. Презентация проекта обучающимися (проект прилагается).


Вопросы перед презентацией (слайд).


-What is an average life expectancy in our country?

- How does Russia rank in the world according to life expectancy?

-What are health indicators?

-What are the healthiest countries in the world?

- What is an average life expectancy in African countries?

-What is the longest life expectancy in the world?

- Has life expectancy been growing since 1958?


Примерный текст для описания слайдов:


The name of our project is “ Advantages and disadvantages of medical care in Russia.” We want to find out if Russians are healthy people.

What indicators is the health of the nation determined by? (slide)

So, health of the nation is determined by14 different indicators:

1. Life expectancy

2. Infant mortality

3. Immunization coverage

4. Number of AIDS cases

5. Death rates from cancer

6. Death rates from heart diseases

7. Death rates from respiratory and infectious diseases

8. Tobacco and alcohol use and some others


Life expectancy is the expected number of years of life remaining at a given age.

  • Do you know that Russia ranks 134th in the world. In the USA men live 75 years and women-81. In Sweden men live 78 and women -83 year in average! In Japan women live 85 years!

Why do the Russians live less than people in other countries? What’ s the cause of it? Let’s try to answer these questions.

In fact, an average life expectancy in our country is 67 years. Men live 61 years and women -73 years in average.

Look at the map. Countries with life expectancy over 80 years are shown in deep green. They are Canada, Australia Sweden, Japan, France, New Zealand. Countries with life expectancy over 77 years are shown in green color. They are the USA, Finland, Norway, Spain, Italy, Great Britain. In Mexico, China, Brazil, Iceland life expectancy is 72 years.

The shortest life expectancy is in the countries of Africa, where people live less than 60 years. In some African countries such as Angola, Zambia, Zimbabwe people live less than 40 years in average. You see, in our country people live 67 years. Are your satisfied with this statistics?

But is the situation getting better? (slide).

You see, in 1896 people in Russia lived only 31 years: men- 29 , women- 31years. After the Revolution people lived 43 years in average.

In 1958 life expectancy was almost 68 years. In 1990- 69 years. Now it is 67. It is clear, that life expectancy has not been growing since 1958. (3-4 min).


One of the health indicators is infant mortality. Infant mortality is defined as the number of infant deaths

(one year of age or younger) per 1000 live births. The most common cause worldwide has traditionally been due to dehydration from diarrhea.

On this map you can see the situation in the world. Countries with Infant mortality over 100 per 1000 infants are shown in red color. They are mostly African countries. In Canada, Australia, Sweden, Finland, Japan, France, New Zealand, Infant mortality rate is the lowest in the world.

Russia and the USA with infant mortality about 10 babies per 1000 live births are shown in light blue color.

(slide)

Russia ranks 81st in the world in Infant mortality , between Belize and Mexico.

About 16 children per each 1000 children die .In Afganistan infant mortality is 157 per 1000 live births.

The reasons of this situation are negative influence of environment, drug and alcohol addiction of parents, poor diets, etc.


The next problem is child mortality.

In Russia every year 14 children per each 1000 die.

In the XIX century child mortality was 123 children, in the XV– 342 children per 1000 .

According to UNICEF, most child deaths (70% in developing countries) is the result of one the following five causes or a combination of:

  • Acute respiratory infections -(острые респираторные заболевания)

  • Diarrhea- диарея

  • Measles- корь

  • Malaria- малярия

  • Malnutrition- плохое питание

About 20 million children die every year, very often from preventable causes (причины, которые можно было предотвратить)

In Russia number of children deaths is less than 25 per 1000 children.

You see, infant mortality cases in Russia are getting less. But in the world this indicator is also getting less.

In Russia it is still high compared with other developed countries.


Cancer

Cancer (medical term: malignant neoplasm) is a class of diseases in which a group of cells display uncontrolled growth (division beyond the normal limits), invasion (intrusion on and destruction of adjacent tissues), and sometimes metastasis (spread to other locations in the body via lymph or blood).


In Russia number of cancer cases is 2.5% from all the population. It is more than in the world in average and much more than in such countries as the USA and Japan


The main reasons of cancer are surplus (избыток) of salt, poor food, shortage of vitamins etc

AIDS.

The number of AIDS cases in Russia is also high. About 2 % of the population of our country is ill cancer. It is more than in the developed countries. For example, in Great Britain, Australia, Canada AIDS cases are less than one tenth %.


Tuberculosis is another very common deadly infectious disease. In Russia about 50-100 people per 100,000 suffer it. It is also more than in other developed counties, where the number of cases is less than 50 people per 100,000.



5. Выполнение теста по послушанному проекту (слайд).


6. Отработка лексики для чтения и перевода текстов, содержащих мнения различных людей по проблеме продолжительности жизни.


Лексика к текстам:

To introduce- вводить в действие

To encourage- вдохновлять

Understand clearly- чётко представлять

Meet the expectations- отвечать ожиданиям

Deserve- заслуживать

Considerable -значительный

improvements- улучшения

Dramatic- существенный

Be of great importance- быть очень важным

Depend on- зависеть от

Be determined by- определяться чем-либо

Purifying systems-очистные сооружения


7. Чтение, перевод текстов. Реагирование на прочитанный материал с помощью фраз согласия- несогласия + собственное высказывание по прочитанному (1-2 предложения).


Opinions: What should be done people to be healthier and to live longer?


-I think that the problem of life expectancy depends on many factors. First of all government must take care of the population. New public health programs should be introduced. Schools and teachers should advertise healthy lifestyle. It’s also very important to go in for sports. Children should be encouraged to go in for sports. Different sport centers, sports grounds should be available. People should understand clearly that their health is in their hands.


- I completely agree with this opinion, but I personally think that life expectancy is in straight proportion with population welfare. I’m sure that the richest countries have the longest life expectancy. The richer the country- the longer life expectancy of the country’s population. The country which population has poor diets can not be healthy.


-As for me, I was shocked by the statistics. I think that life expectancy in my country doesn’t meet the expectations of the citizens of one of the richest in mineral recourses countries in the world. I am sure we deserve better.


- I think that environment protection is also very important. It is very important government to take care of it. People can’t be healthy when water, air are polluted. Environment protection must become a political problem. Numerous anti-pollution acts passed in different developed countries led to considerable improvements in environment. In many countries purifying systems for treatment of industrial waters have been installed, measures have been taken to protect rivers and sees from oil waters. To protect nature people should change their attitude to it.


  • I think medical care is of great importance. Last centuries great number of people died from such diseases as plague (чума) and smallpox(оспа). That’s why immunization is very important. For example, Italy has achieved high ranks in life expectancy thanks to dramatic improvements in immunization rates. Nowadays humanity face such dangerous diseases as cancer, AIDS. Men fly into space but can’t find cure for these diseases. Great number of people dies from heart attacks. I think our health depends on medical care service greatly.

  • I personally think that health of the nation is determined by the health of the young generation. Everything should be done to reduce infant mortality. The best medical care should be available to children.

  • As for me, I think medical care is of great importance. It’s not a secret that our GPs are overworked. That’s why they sometimes can not examine their patients well. People have to wait to be operated on for many years. The best techniques and technologies are not available free.


  • I agree that our health care has many disadvantages, but I think that there are many advantages too. I think that in spite of being overworked doctors examine their patients well. The situation is getting better. The immunization coverage and life expectancy are growing. Some new public health programs are introduced. New techniques and technologies are becoming available to the greater number of people. But I think that there is one serious problem which should be solved. It is alcohol drinking. Alcoholisation of the nation is a political problem and it should be solved immediately. I think serious measures should be taken.

Примерные фразы для реагирования:


- Я согласен с этим мнением. Людям следует заботиться о своём здоровье.


-Не могу не согласиться. Имея деньги, люди могут позволить себе (afford) лучшие лекарства (medicines) и обращаться к частному врачу.


- Я согласен, мы заслуживаем лучшего.


- Я уверен, что люди не могут жить долго в загрязнённой окружающей среде.


-Я полностью согласен. Чтобы жить долго и быть здоровыми людям требуется хорошее медицинское обслуживание.


- Согласен. Дети- будущее нации и они должны быть здоровыми.


Согласен. Многое было сделано. (Much has been done). Но ещё есть много проблем, которые нужно решать.


8. Аудирование текста. Выполнение заданий к нему.


Слова к аудированию (Exam excellence, упр. 17).


To make fuss- создавать суматоху

Be in perfect shape-быть в прекрасной форме

Keep fit-быть в форме

To be crazy about- сходить с ума по..

To have no idea- не иметь представления

There was no need- не было нужды

Survive- выжить

To live onto old years- дожить до глубокой старости

Guarantee- гарантировать

Avoid hardship- избегать трудностей

Pipe- трубка

To stand- выносить

On behalf of- от лица кого-либо






Тест по тексту:

  1. Mr. Alistair

    1. has already celebrated his 100th birthday

    2. is going to celebrated his 100th birthday

    3. cannot remember when his birthday is

  2. He was married

    1. once

    2. twice

    3. three times

  3. When he was young

    1. everybody thought about healthy lifestyle

    2. nobody thought about healthy lifestyle

  4. When he was young

    1. He took much exercise

    2. He didn’t take any exercise

    3. There was no need for him to take any exercise

  5. When he was young

    1. had healthy diet

    2. had no idea what healthy diet was

  6. Mr. Alistair believes that it is important to

    1. avoid problems

    2. to work hard

    3. to be optimistic

What is Mr. Alistair’s recipe of long life?


9. Выводы. (слайд). Составление предложений по опоре.

What should be done?

  • Hospitals-reorganized.

  • Immunization coverage – increased.

  • Infant mortality cases-reduced.

  • The best medical care -available to children.

  • The best techniques and technologies - available free.

  • Public health programs- introduced.

  • Drug and alcohol addiction problems-be solved.

  • Healthy lifestyle-be advertised.


10. Подведение итогов урока.


Be healthy! Live a long life!







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