Саралидзе Екатерина Викторовна
Тема: Обычаи и традиции в Великобритании, Америке и России. Защита проектов.
Учебный аспект: совершенствование умений диалогической и монологической речи, развитие умений чтения и аудирования по теме “Customs and Traditions in the UK, the USA and Russia”
Воспитательный аспект: воспитание уважительного отношения к обычаям и традициям своей страны и стран изучаемого языка.
Познавательный аспект: расширение кругозора и формирование социокультурной компетенции учащихся.
Развивающий аспект: развитие языковой догадки, логического мышления, познавательных способностей учащихся.
Задачи: обобщение и закрепление изученного материала, контроль уровня развития речевых умений.
Оборудование и оснащение: музыкальный центр, компьютер, проектор, экран, презентации, аудиозаписи, раздаточный материал.
1.Начало урока (2 минуты).
1.1. Организационный момент.
1.2. Введение в ситуацию общения.
2.Основная часть (35 минут).
2.1. Презентация проектов “Holiday Customs and Traditions in the UK”,
“Holiday Customs and Traditions in Russia” (совершенствование умений диалогической и монологической речи, развитие умений аудирования).
2.2. Обсуждение проектов (развитие умений устной речи).
2.3. Работа с песней (развитие умений аудирования).
2.4. Работа с текстом “Birthday Customs and Traditions in the USA” (развитие умений чтения с извлечением конкретной информации).
2.5. Аудирование радиопрограммы “Happy Birthday” (развитие умений аудирования с извлечением конкретной информации).
2.6. Беседа по теме “Birthday Customs and Traditions in Ukraine” (развитие умений устной речи).
3.Заключительная часть (3 минуты).
3.1. Объяснение домашнего задания.
3.3. Подведение итогов работы.
1.1. Good morning, dear students. Sit down, please. How are you? Who is absent today?
It’s fine that everybody is present today! I am glad to see you again.
1.2. We continue our talk about customs and traditions in Russia, the UK and the USA. Today we are going to speak about holiday customs and traditions in these countries.
First, I want you to explain the proverb “When in Rome, do as the Romans do”.
(The students explain the meaning of the proverb.)
2.1. Today we are going to listen to the projects “Holiday Customs and Traditions in the UK” and “Holiday Customs and Traditions in Russia.” Your task is to listen to your classmates attentively and to answer the questions.
What is your opinion about the projects?
Are Russian and British traditions different?
What is similar and what is different?
(The students present their projects.)
2.2. Thank you very much. Your projects are worth discussing. Let’s answer the questions and discuss the projects.
(The students discuss the projects.)
2.3. When people celebrate holidays they are fond of singing songs.
Please listen to the song “Love is a tender feeling” and fill in the missing words
Love is ... a tender feeling,
Love is ... a way of being,
Love is ... just showing someone you care.
Love is ... helping with the dishes,
Love is ... feeding your pet fishes,
Love is ... just giving from your heart.
Love is so very simple,
It's not a mystery.
When you treat those around you
The very same way
You want them to treat you.
Love is ... your baby sister,
Love is ... playing with her,
Love is ... holding her when she cries.
Love is ... sharing your candy,
Love is ... being all that you can be,
Love is ... lending a helping hand
When someone needs you.
For you and me.
Oh! Love is the greatest thing in the world.
Let’s check the words and sing the song.
(After checking the words the students sing the song.)
2.4. It’s a tradition with people in many countries to celebrate holidays and their birthdays. Now we are going to read the text about birthday customs and traditions in the USA.
Let’s read the new words and the questions to the text.
agenda [ə'ʤendə] – план (мероприятий)
suffice [sə'faɪs] – быть достаточным
festivities - торжества
co-worker [kəu'wɜ:kə] - коллега
contribute - [kən'trɪbju:t] - делать пожертвования, взносы
cupcake ['kʌpkeɪk] - (маленький) кекс
assurance [ə'ʃuər(ə)ns] - гарантия, уверенность
Most Americans celebrate their birthdays on the day on which they were born. Like in Russia, friends and relatives share in the celebration. However, unlike in Russia, birthday parties have a more spontaneous, less planned guest list and agenda.
A birthday person is not expected to spend his special day in the kitchen! Something simple but elegant (not something you would eat any day) will suffice for this occasion.
In the United States an adult person having a birthday feels no particular social obligation to invite guests home for festivities. This time is usually reserved for the family and close family friends. Co -workers may have a group gathering at coffee break time with cake and ice cream and a small gift, for which all have contributed.
Children may bring cupcakes and candy to school or distribute invitations to their classmates for a party to be held at their home. A cake is baked, group games are played, and prizes and souvenirs are passed out to all of the guests. Serving of the decorated birthday cake is the highlight of the birthday celebration for the guests. First the cake is equipped with candles, one candle for each year of the birthday person's life. Then the candles are lit and everyone sings "Happy Birthday to You," after which the birthday person makes a “secret wish” and blows the candles out.
The custom of putting candles on a birthday cake is said to have started about 200 years ago in Germany. It was considered good luck to blow out all of the candles in one blow. Now it is considered as assurance that the birthday wish will come true. The custom of singing “Happy Birthday to You” began about 100 years ago in America when Mildred and Patty Hill made up the song which has since become a big hit. For the birthday person the highlight of the celebration is often the opening of the birthday presents. It used to be that "thank you" notes were written to acknowledge the gift givers for their thoughtfulness. Now, more and more, this custom is reserved for the very formal gift-giving occasion of the wedding. The most common way to wish someone a happy birthday, however, is with a simple birthday card, a custom which began in England about 100 years ago. Some typical examples of simple birthday greetings are:
“On your mark, get ready, go! It's time for you to steal the show! - Happy Birthday!”
"Today's your day, so stay tuned in for birthday fun that makes you grin!"
"You're #1, so have fun on your special day! – Happy Birthday!"
They serve as testimony to the fact that in the United States the focus is definitely on the individual, at least on that one very special birthday each year.
Working with a partner, read the text and find the answers to the questions.
When do most Americans celebrate their birthdays?
What is the highlight of the birthday celebration for the guests?
When does the birthday person make a "secret wish"?
When and where did the custom of putting candles on a birthday cake start?
When and where did the custom of singing "Happy Birthday to You" begin?
(After reading the text the students answer the questions.)
2.5. Now we are going to listen to the radio program “Happy Birthday”.
The main characters are the members of the Stewart family.
Listen to the radio program and complete the sentences.
The Stewarts are celebrating … birthday.
The birthday person is … today.
… arrives late for the birthday party.
… made a chocolate cake.
Grandpa gives the birthday boy a present. It’s … .
(The students do the exercise and then read it.)
2.6. It goes without saying that birthday celebrations are very popular in Russia.
Let’s speak about birthday customs and traditions in this country.
What is the difference between birthday celebrations in Russia and the USA?
What birthday customs and traditions do people in Russia observe?
Do you like giving and receiving presents?
What presents do you like to give?
What presents do you like to receive?
What presents did you receive for your last birthday?
(The students speak about birthday customs and traditions in Russia.)
3.1. Today we have spoken about holiday customs and traditions in some countries. Your homework is to write a composition about your favourite holiday.
3.2. In my view, you have learned a lot of new information about holidays. Do you agree with me? Do you think the information you have learned today is interesting and useful? What is your opinion about the lesson and your work at the lesson?
3.3. Thanks a lot for your opinion. As for me, I am really impressed that you are so intelligent and active today. I would like to thank you for your projects and your work at the lesson. The projects are really interesting and informative. I give you excellent marks. The lesson is over.
Have a good day, good bye!
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