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Конспект урока по английскому языку "Экология"

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Тема: The problems of environment.

Цели:
познавательный аспект знакомство с проблемами окружающей среды;

развивающий аспект развитие способности к сравнению и сопоставлению речевых единиц; развитие внутренней речи и речевой догадки, развитие логического мышления;

воспитательный аспект воспитание бережного отношения к окружающей среде, формирование чувства ответственности за сопричастность к проблемам экологии;

учебный аспект совершенствование лексических навыков говорения; развитие умения монологической речи и иноязычного общения

Речевой материал:
рецептивный: лексический- to replenish, chemical wastes, to consume goods, to reduce, traffic, industrial enterprises, to face the problems, expensive.


Вид занятия: комбинированный урок


Ход занятия:


1. Организационный момент: сообщение цели и задач урока, ознакомление с планом занятия:

- The theme of today’s lesson is “The problems of environment”. The problem of our lesson is the global situation in ecology and what we can do with it. Today we’ll try to discuss some environmental problems.


2.Речевая зарядка (приложение 1)

The first task for today is to read the meaning and guess the word. You must take one card (раздаются карточки)


3.Проверка домашнего задания (A) составить предложения со словами: problem, damage, to absorb, to pollute, resources, air, wildlife; B) всей группе составить 1 сочинение на тему ‘The Earth’)


4.Введение НЛЕ (на доске слова: to replenish, chemical wastes, to consume goods, to reduce, traffic, industrial enterprises, to face the problems, expensive.)


5. Активизация НЛЕ. Работа в парах. (приложение 2)


6. Работа с текстом “The problems of environment”.Работа в группах.

(приложение 3)

  1. The situation: imagine you met at the conference; the topic is ‘Our environment’.

Divide into the groups of three persons; give the name to your group… Please, read the report, presented at the conference…

Now answer my questions:

1. Who is the worst environment pollution caused by?

2. What diseases are linked to air pollution?

3. What materials can be reused?

4. What materials cannot be absorbed by the earth?

5. What problem do people face?


b) Write down the most serious problems of our environment…

Now the first group should underline 1 problem and the second one should give the solutions to this problem…(работа в группах)


7. Обсуждение проблемы (на доске нарис. 2 цветка без лепестков)

Look at the blackboard. You see two flowers without petals. The first - the problems of environment, the second-the solutions of them. Let’s fill in these flowers (студентам раздаются лепестки)


8. Подведение итогов урока. So what can we do to keep the Earth clean and healthy? What should be done to change the existing situation? Please, complete the following sentences:

1. Use public transport because (cars pollute the air),

2. Never light fires in forests because… (trees will burn),

3. Use less washing up liquid because… (it pollutes the seas and rivers),

4. Do not drop rubbish in the streets because… (it looks horrible, use rubbish bins),

5. Try not to buy pre-packaged food because (it creates a lot of rubbish).


9. Домашнее задание: To make a report to all the people about the protection of our environment (8-10 предл.), выставление оценок.

















Приложение 1

1.The scientific study of the natural relations of plants, animals, people.





Ecology.





2.The greatest problem of all modern cities





Pollution





3.A sort of fog with other substances mixed in it





Smog




4.It is polluted by traffic and smog from industrial enterprises





the air





5.They face the problem of preservation the environment




People

Приложение 2

The problems of environment



  1. Translate the sentences with the new words into Russian:


  1. Natural resources are becoming reduced, air and water are polluted.

  2. Every year people consume more goods.

  3. Natural resources are used faster than they can be replenished.

  4. The worst environment pollution is caused by the manufacturers who put chemical wastes into rivers and seas.

  5. The air is polluted by traffic and smog from industrial enterprises.


  1. Fill in the blanks:


  1. People should do everything possible __________the man-made atmospheric pollutants and smog.

  2. Natural resources cannot be __________faster.

  3. One of the causes of air pollution is_____________.

  4. _______________ pollute the air we breath.

  5. Manufacturers put ___________into rivers and seas.

  6. In our days people ____________ more _________ than 20 years ago.

  7. Energy are getting more ___________.



(to replenish, chemical wastes, to consume goods, to reduce, traffic, industrial enterprises, expensive.)



  1. Make up some sentences with the next words and phrases:

  • to consume goods

  • traffic

  • to put chemical wastes

  • to pollute

  • natural resources

  • people face the problems

  • to reduce pollutants

  • expensive

  • to replenish

  • industrial enterprises






4. Now, let’s work in pairs. Look at the following groups of words. Which of the surrounding words in each group cannot go with the word in the centre?


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Приложение 3


THE PROBLEMS OF ENVIRONMENT


One of the greatest problems of all modern cities is the environment pollution. Every year people consume more goods. Production of goods and services uses energy and natural resources (oil, gas, coal, wood, etc.). All these things are used faster than they can be replenished. Natural sources and energy are getting more expensive, and air and water are coming seriously polluted. The problem of environmental pollution is well-known to most people. We have heard about it on television and radio, and have read in newspapers and magazines.
The worst environment pollution is caused by the manufacturers ho put chemical wastes into rivers and seas. Another problem is air pollution. The air is polluted by traffic and smog from industrial enterprises.
The word
smog comes from smoke and fog. Smog is a sort of fog with other substances mixed in it, which can be harmful, even deadly. Such diseases as eczema and asthma are linked to air pollution.
Materials like paper and glass can be reused, but, unfortunately, many materials, especially plastics cannot be reused and cannot be absorbed by the earth again. Some plastics cannot even be destroyed. As a result of this people face the problem of preservation of our environment.
All these things are very serious and people must realise what will happen if they don’t do everything possible to reduce man-made atmospheric pollutants and smog.








Answer the questions:

1. Who is the worst environment pollution caused by?

2. What diseases are linked to air pollution?

3. What materials can be reused?

4. What materials cannot be absorbed by the earth?

5. What problem do people face?











The Earth

The Earth is the only planet in the solar system where there is life. If you look down at the Earth from a plane you will see how wonderful our planet is. You will see blue seas and oceans, rivers and lakes, high snow-capped mountains, green forests and fields.





For centuries man lived in harmony with nature until industrialization brought human society into conflict with the natural environment. Today, the contradictions between man and nature have acquired a dramatic character. With the development of civilization man’s interference in nature has increased.







Every year the world’s industry pollutes the atmosphere with millions of tons of dust and other harmful substances. The seas and rivers are poisoned with industrial waste, chemical discharge.







People who live in big cities are badly affected by harmful discharge from plants and city transport and by the increasing noise level which is as bad for human health as lack of fresh air and clean water.








If we don’t realize that we are all responsible for what’s happening around us we will never feel secure about the future of the world we live in.





Pollution of Environment.


Vocabulary:

pollution- загрязнение

up-to-date- современный

to carry- перевозить, нести

wastes- отходы

to contaminate- загрязнять, заражать

to get sick- заболевать

to destroy- разрушать

dangerous- опасный

acid- кислый, кислота

to be concerned about- быть озабоченным

to affect- воздействовать

dirty- грязный

result in- привести к результату


1. Read the phrases with the new words and translate them into Russian:

  1. water pollution

  2. air pollution

  3. up-to-date machines

  4. acid rain

  5. to put wastes into water

  6. to pollute the atmosphere

  7. to destroy the ozone layer

  8. dangerous light

  9. to destroy forests

  10. to carry oil


2. Fill in the missing words:

up-to-date, wastes, are concerned about, contaminated, destroy, get sick


  1. People produced … machines.

  2. People may… from eating … fish.

  3. Cars pollute the atmosphere with their … .

  4. People … the future of our planet.

  5. Plants… the ozone layer.


3. Divide into groups to translate the text. Read and translate the text “Pollution”:


People have designed and produced up-to-date machines and technologies to make their life easier and more comfortable. But all these activities result in air and water pollution.

One of the most important problems is the oceans. A lot of ships crossing the oceans and seas, especially those that carry oil, put their wastes into water, and the water becomes dirty. As the result many birds and fish die because of polluted water, others are getting contaminated and people may get sick from eating them.

The second problem is air pollution. Cars and plants pollute the atmosphere with their wastes. They destroy the ozone layer which protects us from dangerous light of the Sun. They also destroy forests which are dying from acid rains.

Now people begin to realize the danger of their activity. People are concerned about the air and the water used by everyone; they are also concerned about the future of the planet because they understand that these activities affect the balance of nature.

In order to make our life not only easier but better and healthier we must protect the water, the air, the earth from pollution. Our planet belongs to our children and if we want to live in a healthier world we must do everything to protect them from the catastrophe.


4. Are these statements true or false?

  1. People have designed up-to-date machines to make their life harder.

  2. Plants pollute the atmosphere with their wastes.

  3. Our planet belongs to our parents.

  4. Many birds and fish die because of polluted water.

  5. We must protect wastes from pollution.


5. Work in pairs. Match the problems of our environment to the solutions:

  1. air pollution


  1. water pollution

  • don’t put industrial wastes into rivers and seas

  • don’t pollute the atmosphere

  • protect water from pollution

  • reduce smoke from factories

  • use public transport


6. Finish the sentences:

  1. The ships carry… .

  2. People may get … .

  3. If we want to live in a healthier … .

  4. The ozone layer protects us from … .

  5. Our activities affect the balance … .


7. Answer the questions:

1. What is the result of people’s activities?

2. Do birds, animals and fish die because of polluted water?

3. What do wastes of cars and plants destroy?

4. What must we do if we want our children to live in a healthier world?


8. Work in groups. Tell about your attitude to the problems of pollution.

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Тема: Pollution of environment.

Цели:
- знакомство с видами загрязнений окружающей среды;

- развитие способности к сравнению и сопоставлению речевых единиц; развитие внутренней речи и речевой догадки, развитие логического мышления;

- воспитание бережного отношения к окружающей среде, формирование чувства ответственности за сопричастность к проблемам экологии;

- совершенствование лексических навыков говорения; развитие умения монологической речи и иноязычного общения

Речевой материал:
рецептивный: лексический- pollution,up-to-date, to carry, wastes, to contaminate, to get sick, to destroy, dangerous, acid, to be concerned about, to affect, dirty, result in.


Вид занятия: комбинированный урок


Ход занятия:


1. Организационный момент: сообщение цели и задач урока, ознакомление с планом занятия.

- The theme of today’s lesson is “Pollution of environment”. The problem of our lesson is the global situation in ecology and what we can do with it. Today we’ll try to discuss some environmental problems.


2.Речевая зарядка. What is environment?


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3.Проверка домашнего задания.

4.Введение НЛЕ

5. Активизация НЛЕ.

6. Работа с текстом “Pollution of environment”.

7. Обсуждение проблемы

8. Подведение итогов урока. So what can we do to keep the Earth clean and healthy? What should be done to change the existing situation? Please, complete the following sentences:

1. Use public transport because (cars pollute the air),

2. Use less washing up liquid because… (it pollutes the seas and rivers),

4. Do not put chemical wastes because… (it pollutes water),

5. Reduce industrial wastes because… (it pollutes air and water).


9. Домашнее задание:to learn the new words by heart, выставление оценок.



Автор
Дата добавления 16.04.2016
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Конспекты
Просмотров76
Номер материала ДБ-035875
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