Иностранный язык невозможно изучать в отрыве от реалий страны изучаемого языка. Как бы хорошо ни были изучены грамматика, фонетика, лексика, все равно будут встречаться такие словосочетания, которые известны только носителям языка. Во избежание этого следует стараться использовать на уроках аутентичные печатные издания, а также аутентичные аудио- и видеоматериалы. Использование таких материалов, в том числе и лингвострановедческого аспекта будет способствовать поддержанию интереса к предмету, расширению кругозора и эрудиции учащихся. Изучая иностранный язык и культуру страны изучаемого языка, учащиеся лучше узнают родной язык и свою культуру, так как возможность проведения параллелей между ними безгранична.
План-конспект урока английского языка
Преподаватель: Аникина Н.А.
Тема урока: Food in Britain
Тип урока: обобщение и систематизация знаний
Цель урока: систематизировать знания, умения и навыки по теме и применить на практике
1. Способствовать закреплению ранее изученной лексики по теме: Food in Britain.
2. Способствовать закреплению речевых клише.
1. Способствовать развитию навыков устной речи.
2. Способствовать развитию умения вести беседу.
3. Способствовать развитию познавательной активности, воображения, навыков и умений.
1. Способствовать воспитанию интереса к изучению иностранного языка.
2. Способствовать воспитанию уважения к культуре стране изучаемого языка.
3. Способствовать воспитанию самодисциплины.
Методы и приемы: наглядный (демонстрация, наблюдения учащихся), словесный (объяснение, рассказ, беседа), работа с книгой (беседа по тексту)
Средства обучения: классная доска, раздаточный материал (текст), видеопрезентация.
1.Организация начала урока:
Teacher: Good morning dear students! I am very glad to see you!
I hope you are okay. Let us begin our lesson.
2.Постановка целей и задач:
Teacher: Everybody knows a human being cannot live without air, water and food. So we can say food plays one of the most important roles in our life.
Some people pay too much attention to their food. And we call them gourmets. The others on the contrary don’t pay attention to the food they eat. They have very simple taste. Some people eat too much. And some on the contrary keep a diet. Having rephrased a famous proverb one can say «So many men, so many ways of eating». Guys, what is the topic of our lesson?
Students: Eating. Food.
Teacher: You are right. Every nation, every country has its own particular features. And Britain has them as well. And today we are going to talk about ways of eating in Britain. Also we are going to see films and compare British and Russian cuisine. Well, the theme of our today’s lesson is Food in Britain.
3.Систематизация и обобщение ЗУН учащихся
Teacher: First of all let us revise some proverbs. I say in Russian, you say in English : Вкус пудинга узнаешь, попробовав его.
Students: The proof of the pudding is in the eating.
Teacher: Нельзя съесть пирог и сохранить его.
Students: You can’t it your cake and have it.
Teacher: Дорога ложка к обеду.
Students: A spoon is dear when lunch time is near.
Teacher: Голодное брюхо ко всему глухо.
Students: A hungry belly has no ears.
Teacher: Голод - лучший повар.
Students: Hunger is the best sauce.
2) работа с афоризмами
Teacher: Before we begin to talk about Food in Britain I’d like you to read the following sayings of some famous people and translate them:
“Coffee in England always tastes like a chemistry experiment”.
Students: Кофе в Англии всегда напоминает по вкусу химический эксперимент.
“In England there are sixty different religions and only one sauce.”
(Romenico Caraciola, Italian diplomat).
Students: В Англии 60 различных религий и только один соус.
“If the British can survive their meals, they can survive anything.”
(George Bernard Shaw, Irish playwright).
Students: Если британцы могут выносить свою еду, они вынесут все.
3) беседа по тексту
Teacher: Of course, it’s a joke. But many a true word is spoken in jest. I would like you to write down these sayings.
We have read that visitors of Britain agree about one thing. What thing?
Students: British cooking is terrible.
Teacher: We can agree or disagree, but it’s a fact. The British cuisine is considered to be not very tasty. The types of eating in Britain have changed a lot over the past twenty years for several reasons. For example, people have come to Britain from different parts of the world (especially from ex- colonies), bringing their favourite food with them and opening restaurants. The British themselves have travelled to other countries and brought new food back home. Nevertheless we can still find traditional food in Britain. What traditional British meals do you know?
Students: Roast beef, fish and chips, Scottish porridge, eggs and bacon.
Teacher: People eat on average 3 times a day. First meal is breakfast.
Guys, raise your hands, who has breakfast in the morning?
What do you usually have for breakfast?
4) ответы учащихся в режиме S1…Ss
Students: S1: I usually have…
S2: I do not have breakfast in the morning.
S3: As for me …….
5) беседа по тексту
Teacher: We have already known today’s English breakfast is more likely to be nothing. What do you know about it?
Students: Some people in Britain like to go to work on an egg. It means they eat an egg for breakfast before going to work.
Teacher: One person in five has for breakfast only a cup of coffee. One person in ten has an English breakfast. Guys, what does it mean an English breakfast?
What does it consist of?
Students: It consists of bacon and eggs, sausage, mushrooms, baked beans , toast and tea.
You can see in the pictures how it looks like: fried eggs, bacon, fried toast, fried tomatoes. Everything is unhealthy, but delicious I suppose. And breakfast can include cornflakes , toast with butter or marmalade. In this case it is called a full English breakfast.
6) просмотр фрагмента фильма “Food”
(Window on Britain)
Teacher: And I think seeing once is better than hearing twice. Seeing is believing. I’d like you to see a film about traditional English breakfast and home cooked food.
7) ответы учащихся в режиме S1…Ss на поставленные вопросы
Teacher : As we have learned the Robinsons prefer to prepare their own food. But some people like convenience food. And what about you? Do you like convenience food? Do you sometime buy it?
S1: I like convenience food and especially pizza.
S2: And I do not like convenience food.
S3: As for me …..
Teacher : The British eat a lot of ready meals. You needn’t prepare convenience food, you just only put it into oven or microwave oven. And it’s ready.
As we have learned at 12 or I o’clock the British have lunch ,we call it “обед’’.
For some people lunch is the biggest meal of the day. But some have only sandwiches for lunch, some crisps and some fruit. Most people in Britain have the main meal in the evening. It’s usually at 6 or 7 o’clock.
What is a traditional British dinner?
Students: Meat and vegetables.
Teacher: What vegetables are popular?
Students: Potatoes, carrots, peas, cabbage and onions are very popular.
Teacher: And what about meat?
Students: The most popular meats are chicken, beef, pork, lamb.
Teacher: Guys, what do you usually have for dinner (supper)?
Students: S1: I usually have…
S2: Personally ….
Teacher: One can say the British have a sweet tooth. And what about you? Answer this question using the phrases “As for me”, “Frankly speaking”, “To tell the truth”. For example:”As for me I have a sweet tooth, I like chocolate , chocolate sweets and cakes. And you?
Students: S1: As for me I do not have a sweet tooth.
S2: Frankly speaking I have a sweet tooth.
Ss: To tell the truth I…
Teacher: Is it good for our health to eat much sweet things?
Students: It is not good, it is unhealthy.
We can hurt our figure, teeth and skin.
Teacher: Potatoes are one of the most important or staple food in the British diet. They first were brought by the Spanish to Europe in the mid- sixteenth century. Today the British grow 6 million tonnes of potatoes every year and most people eat over a hundred kilograms a year. A favourite snack in Britain is the baked potato or “potato in its jacket’’ with something on top like butter, cheese or beans.
8) Беседа о русской кухне
Teacher: What can you say about potatoes in the Russian cuisine?
Students: The Russian like fried, boiled, baked, stewed potatoes as well. In this case we are very similar to the British.
Teacher: What else national Russian dishes do you know?
Students: Cabbage soup, beetroot soup, noodle soup, mushroom soup, fish soup; okroshka (cold kwas with chopped vegetables and meat), stuffed peppers, pancakes, pies.
9) просмотр другого фрагмента фильма “Food” (Window on Britain )
Teacher: And now I would like you to see another film.
10) ответы учащихся в режиме S1…Ss и беседа по фильму
Teacher: Young people British teenagers told what they liked and don’t like. Can you tell me what you don’t like? As for me I don’t like fish and onions. And you?
S1: I like….but I do not like…
Teacher: The two girls from the film are vegetarians. It means they don’t eat any meat or fish. Are there any vegetarians in your group? Please, work in pairs and ask each if you are a vegetarian?
S1- S2: -Are you a vegetarian?
-No, I am not a vegetarian. And you?
-I am a vegetarian.
Teacher: In Britain the number of vegetarians has grown recently. About 5% of people in Britain don’t eat meat, about 10% do not eat red meat and more people say they eat less meat now than in the past. The British are interested in healthy eating these days. Instead of red meat they prefer chicken and fresh fish. And they eat fruit and drink fruit juices twice more than in 1990s.
11) просмотр фрагмента фильма “Food” (Opportunities in Britain) беседа по фильму
Teacher: And now let’s watch another part of the film.
As we can see eating at home becomes less popular and take - always and eating out becomes more popular. Fast food restaurants, supermarkets sell a lot of quick snacks and meals these days. They are very popular with people , who have no time to cook or don’t like cooking. And what about you? Do you like cooking?
Please, work in pairs and ask each other if she or he likes cooking. Use the phrases “As for me”, “Frankly speaking”, “To tell the truth”.
S1 –S2: - Do you like cooking?
-Frankly speaking I do not like cooking. And do you like cooking?
-As for me I am fond of cooking.
And what is the national drink in Britain?
Teacher: And what is the national drink in Britain?
Students: Coffee is extremely popular, but tea is the national drink.
Teacher: Over 2.5 million cups of tea are sold every day and many millions more are made at home. How many cups of tea does the British population drink a day?
Students: Two milliard cups.
Teacher: And what is your favorite drink? How do you like to drink your tea/coffee (strong, weak, white, black , with lemon or sugar)?
Students: S1 –S2-….Ss
4. Информация о домашнем задании:
Teacher: Your home task is to make up a menu using the traditional English and Russian meals. Design your menu aesthetically.
5. Подведение итогов урока:
Teacher: We have talked a lot about British Food, we have compared it with the Russian quisine. And we have talked about your tastes preferences. Good job. I enjoyed our lesson. So you did I hope. The lesson is over. Good-bye!
Список использованных источников:
1.Maguire Jackie. Food and Drink in Britain/ Jackie Maguire.- Oxford Booksworms Factfiles Oxford University Press, 2009
2. Collins A. The British and Food / A. Collins //What are the British like? Speak out.- 2007. №1.- C.20-21
3. Видеокассета Window on Britain (Oxford University Press)
4. Видеокассета Opportunities in Britain (Longman)
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