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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Конспекты / Конспект урока по английскому языку по теме " Политическая система Великобритании"(10 класс, Кузовлев В.П.)

Конспект урока по английскому языку по теме " Политическая система Великобритании"(10 класс, Кузовлев В.П.)


  • Иностранные языки

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Конспект урока английского языка «Политическая система Великобритании». 10класс. (По учебнику В.П. Кузовлева).

(8 класс. К.И. Кауфман)

Разработала учитель английского языка ГБОУ Школа №2083 Шаповалова Зинаида Яковлевна

Тип урока: урок обобщения и систематизации знаний

Цель урока: обобщить знания учащихся о политической системе Великобритании.

Задачи урока:

  • Воспитательный компонент: способствовать воспитанию у учащихся уважительного отношения к истории и культуре другого народа.

  • Образовательный компонент: формирование социокультурной компетенции через использование страноведческой информации на английском языке и анализ текста гимна Великобритании.

  • Развивающий компонент: совершенствование навыков перевода и чтения незнакомого текста и навыков аудирования.

Оборудование и оснащение урока:

  • Мультимедийный проектор и презентация в Power Point.

  • Аудиозапись гимна Великобритании.

  • Англо-русские словари на столах.

  • Индивидуальные карточки с заданием.

  • Плакат с генеалогическим древом королей Великобритании.







ХОД УРОКА

1. Сообщение темы и задач урока.

Т. Today we’ll continue discussing the main aspects of  the British Political system. We shall remember everything you know about it.

2. Речевая разминка.

First of all lets review the last new words we need to talk about the political system. Look at the blackboard! You should find 5-7 word combinations connected with the Political system of Great Britain. (Учащиеся выполняют задание в тетради в течение 3-4 минут)

(Queen, State, Monarch, Minister, of, Head, President, Prime, parliament, democracy, parliamentary, official, appoint, determine, approve, legislative, executive, government, branch, sign, vote, elect, representative, rule, politics, state)

3. Презентация в Power Point( Слайды 1-4)

T: Look at the map! It is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. (Слайд 1-2)

P: -This is the flag of the country. (Слайд 3) The flag of the UK is called the Union Jack. The upright red cross is the cross of St.George, the patron saint of England. The white diagonal cross is the cross of St. Andrew, the patron saint of Scotland. The red diagonal cross is the cross of St. Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland.

- This is the coat of arms of the UK. (Слайд 4)

4. Знакомство  с гимном Великобритании: (звучит аудиозапись гимна Великобритании – God Save the Queen, песня SexPistols). (Слайды 5-7)

T: Listen to the national anthem of Great Britain! We shall translate the first part of the anthem.

Боже, храни Короля/Королеву! — патриотическая песня, национальный гимн, используемый для важных государственных событий в Великобритании. Также королевский гимн Канады, Австралии, Новой Зеландии и других стран Королевств Содружества. Гимн Британской королевской семьи.

1. God save our gracious Queen,
Long live our noble Queen,
God save the Queen:
Send her victorious,
Happy and glorious,
Long to reign over us:
God save the Queen.

2. Lord, our God, arise,
Scatter her enemies,
And make them fall.
Confound their politics,
Frustrate their knavish tricks,
On Thee our hopes we fix,
God save us all.

3. Thy choicest gifts in store,
On her be pleased to pour;
Long may she reign:
May she defend our laws,
And ever give us cause
To sing with heart and voice
God save the Queen.

Учащиеся переводят 1 куплет гимна. При помощи перевода  прилагательных важно показать учащимся, что содержание гимна Великобритании отражает характерные черты британского народа: их гордость за многовековую историю монархии, гордость  и восхищение  своей Королевой, гордость своей державой и своей принадлежностью к этой стране.

Gracious    милосердный, великодушный
Nobleпревосходный, величественный
Victoriousпобедоносный
Gloriousвеликолепный, восхитительный
To reign (over)царствовать, господствовать

5. Монархия и монарх - сообщения о королеве и королевской семье.

1) T: The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary democracy. Who rules the country in fact? The monarch or the Parliament? (Слайд 8)

P: Britain is a constitutional monarchy. This means that the monarch, at the moment Queen Elizabeth II, is the Head of State. The Queen is also head of the judiciary (all the judges) and of the Church of England, as well as the Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. The Queen's constitutional role, however, is mainly symbolic. True power lies in the hands of the Prime Minister and his or her Cabinet. Nothing becomes British law without the monarch's signature, but the Queen would never refuse to sign a bill which has been passed by Parliament. The most important function of the Queen is ceremonial. On great occasions, such as the State Opening of Parliament, She is driven through the streets in a golden carriage, guarded by soldiers. Since Elizabeth II came to the throne in 1952, she has represented Britain in visits to most parts of the world. Prime Ministers come and go, but she carries on above politics, a symbol of British traditions.

2) P: Queen Elizabeth II is the 40th monarch of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. She has been on the throne since 6 February 1952, The Queen is married to Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, the son of Prince and Princess Andrew of Greece and Denmark. (Слайд 9)

When Elisabeth was 13, she met Prince Philip of Greece. He was six years older than her. He came from the Greek royal family, but also had relatives in the Danish, Britain and Russian royal families. During the war he was in the Navy and that was when Elisabeth first saw him. Certainly at the time she was only a schoolgirl, but later they fell in love and in 1947 they got married. The next few years were very happy. They had their first children: a son, Charles, born in 1948, and a daughter, Anne, born in 1950.

6.Викторина”What do you know about the royal family?” T :

1) What is the name of the Queen’s husband?

2) How many children have they got?

3) What are their names?

4) Who is the wife of the Prince Charles?

5) How many children has he got?

6) When was Prince William’s wedding?

7) Where was his wedding held?

8) Who is his wife?

7. Знакомство с Парламентом и премьер-министром Великобритании. (Слайды 10-11)

P: It is the Queen who officially appoints the Prime Minister, but traditionally she always asks the leader of the party with a majority in the House of Commons. Nowadays the Prime Minister of the UK is Teresa May . (Слайд 10)

P: The British Parliament has two houses, or chambers: the House of Commons and the House of Lords. ( Слайд 11) The House of Commons is the most powerful and decides national policy, but the House of Lords can ask the House of Commons to rewrite certain parts of a bill before it becomes a new law. hello_html_7666792f.jpg

There are 651 MPs, or seats, in the House of Commons. The 1203 members of the House of Lords are not elected. Some are life peers: they are members of the House of Lords, but their sons or daughters cannot be members. bishops. The majority (774), however, are hereditary peers, the heads of aristocratic families. 

The Prime Minister appoints the Cabinet. The members of the Cabinet are the leading government ministers. The Prime Minister is the most important person in Parliament (Britain does not have a President). The party who comes second is the Opposition and forms its own Shadow Cabinet.

8. Task 1.

Tick the right answer!( Учащиеся выполняют тест на листочках с индивидуальным заданием.)

1. Big Ben is …



a palace

a bell (clock)

a square

a church

2. The Queen lives in …

Tower of London

Buckingham Palace

Westminster Abbey

3. Nowadays the Tower of London is…

a fortress

a prison

a royal palace

a museum

4. The country’s government seats at…

Buckingham Palace

Houses of Parliament

Hyde Park

The royal church is…

St. Paul’s Cathedral

Henry VII Chapel

Westminster Abbey

6. In Trafalgar Square there is a monument of…

The Queen of England

Sir Christopher Wren

Admiral Nelson

7. Changing the Guard happens every day at…

11:30 a.m.

11:30 p.m.

10:35

Task 2.

Put the names of the British Prime Ministers in the chronological order!

1. Winston Churchill

2. Tony Blair

3. Margaret Thatcher

4. David Cameron

9. Выставление оценок, подведение итогов урока.

T: – Do you like our lesson today? Was it interesting to you?
– Was something new for you? What?
– Do you think it was useful for you? Why?













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