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1. To find out new facts about means of transportation in the tundra;
to make a project
2. To get acquainted with northern folklore and form socio-cultural knowledge of Yamal region
Students’ Level: pre-intermediate, the knowledge of basic region units
Materials Needed: cards with the texts, tasks, instructions and keys (Appendixes 1-7), PPpresentation
Equipment: computer, projector, screen
Teacher preparation: the knowledge of project technology, the knowledge of
problem solving technology, info-communication technology
Hello, my friends! Today we are going to read texts about Nenets nomadic lifestyle and learn some facts about means of transportation in the tundra. By the end of the lesson you should be able to make a northern glossary as a project. (Presentation 1, slide 1)
Have you got any ideas of how people travel in the tundra? Draw a mind-map with the central word "transport". (Presentation 1, slide 2)
How does Yamal differ from other parts of Siberia?
Give suggestions (they use sledges, skis, etc.) and draw a mind-map.(App.1)
Give suggestions (climate and weather conditions, geographical position, people's living conditions)
To get involved in a lesson
To revise the material
Watch the presentation and
say what information was new to you. (Presentation 2)
Now let's see how well you've got the material. Fill in the blanks in task 1.
Get the task 1 and watch the presentation, say what information was new to them.
Do task 1(App.2)
To get the visual information about the subject
To prepare linguistically and conceptually for the following stage of the lesson
Nenets people have many nature signs and wise proverbs. (Presentation 1, slide 3)
Read them in a chain. Choose the ones that tell us about severe tundra conditions.
Which of them illustrate traditional Nenets means of transport?
Get the task 2 (App.3)
Read the proverbs in a chain.
Do the task 2 (App.3)
To get acquainted with northern folklore
Let's find some facts about means of transportation in the tundra.
Let's work in four groups. Each group gets four texts and one common task. Share the questions among the partners. Choose the speaker
Get texts (App. 4), statements and task 3 (App. 5)
Share the questions among the partners.
Read the text (App. 4), do task 3 (App. 5)
Choose the speaker
To practise while-reading, listening and writing skills.
To develop organisation skills.
Now let's listen to the speakers. While one speaker is answering, others make notes and write down the definitions to prepare for the project.(Presentation 1, slide 4)
Thank you very much, speakers!
Now I see you are well-prepared for the project.
Listen to the speakers and make notes.
To develop communicative skills.
To prepare for the project.
For your homework you should have the instructions how to make a northern glossary as a project.
At the next lesson we are going to choose the best glossary and announce the winner. Good luck!
Get the instructions (App.6)
To practise acquired language in a written form
Выбранный для просмотра документ презентация 1.pptx
Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:
What means of transportation in the tundra do you know?
Task 3 Match the statements with the pictures 5 4 3 2 1
What proverbs tell us about severe tundra conditions?
Do a project work “Northern glossary”
Выбранный для просмотра документ презентация 2.pptx
Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:
Tundra transport Rusina Irina Leonidovna Teacher of English, School #2 Noyabrsk, YaNAO
The principal means of transport in tundra has always been the reindeer sledge
There was no better way to get around in tundra
Domestic reindeer has become a universal “transport” animal
Kamus - light and durable skin from deer's legs Kamus skis - wide skis, covered with kamus underneath
It is impossible to live without skis in tundra. “Golitsy” skis are mainly used for hunting
In summer the Nenets travel both by reindeer harness and by boat
The Nenets proverb says: Like Master, like deer-sledge.
Another Nenets proverb says: Getting old make a pair of kamus skis, a sledge, a lasso and a rifle ready for your son.
Reindeer farmers use different tools for catching reindeer and to drive their harnesses
A “khorey” is a long birch pole with a bone tip attached to protect the reindeer from injuries
The main tool of a reindeer farmer has always been “tynzyan” (or “tynyan”) –a long rope (lasso) with one end tied in a circle, used for catching deer
There is a traditional Khanty and Nenets’ competition on Reindeer breeder’s Day. It is called casting the tynzyan on the khorey.
Nowadays Nenets are quite civilized people still keeping their folk traditions and caring for their nature.
http://wap.dvinainform.ru/economy/2013/03/13/13036.html http://misteriya.com/pictures/15700-russkiy-sever.html http://29fishing.ru/viewtopic.php?f=52&p=42301 http://tyumen.rfn.ru/region/rnews.html?id=37273&rid=603 http://www.tumix.ru/news/?page=899957 http://nv86.ru/afisha/event/other/199235/?sphrase_id=276756 http://www.naturewallpaper.net/view-caribou-1280x1024.html http://www.satangel.biz/lj/s/com/all_russia/2005/5/14992.htm… http://news.vtomske.ru/news/81214.html
Выбранный для просмотра документ приложения 1-7.docx
Watch the presentation. Choose the words below and fill in the missing words:
Transport in Yamal
The principal means of transport was the reindeer… .
There was no better way to … in tundra.
Domestic reindeer became a … “transport” animal.
In summer the Nenets … both by reindeer harness and by boat.
The Nenets proverb says: Like Master, like… .
“Golitsy” skis are mainly used for… .
Kamus - light and durable skin from deer's legs .
Kamus skis - wide skis, … with kamus underneath.
Another Nenets proverb says: Getting … make a pair of kamus skis, a sledge, a lasso and a rifle ready for your son.
Nowadays Nenets are quite modern people but still keeping their … traditions.
Nenets people have many nature signs and wise proverbs. Choose the ones that tell us about severe tundra conditions:
Keep your name as high and mighty as a deer keeps his head.
The stronger the snow-storms in the tundra – the warmer the partridges in the snow.
Like Master, like deer-sledge.
Our eyes are narrow because our snows are white.
Don’t be as lazy as the last deer in argish, going along the tramped path.
The Sun puts on red mittens – cold weather is coming.
The stock left in the tundra is for anyone in need.
Getting old make a pair of kamus skis, a sledge, a lasso and a rifle ready for your son.
Which of them illustrate traditional Nenets means of transport?
Texts: Means of transportation in the tundra
Nomadic lifestyle of Yamal Nenets communities was formed in, and perfectly suited to severe Arctic conditions. The tundra - a frozen desert in northern Russia. The principal means of transport was the reindeer sledge there. There was no better way for deer farmers to get around in tundra. Dog sleds were mostly used by those hunters who owned no reindeer. The Nenets used two types of skis: “golitsy skis” and “podvoloki” skis padded with reindeer kamus. Kamus - light and durable skin from deer's legs. Kamus skis - wide skis, covered with kamus underneath. Skis were mostly used by hunters in the wood, and very rarely – when attending to reindeer herds at pasture. No sticks were used. In summer the Nenets travelled both by reindeer harness and by boat. The most ancient type of native boat is a canoe dug in a whole tree trunk. The other later type is a boat made of planks.
Scholars are at variance to the origin of the Nenets reindeer sledge. It is suggested that the reindeer sledge was modified from the dog sledge, the log canoe or cargo sled. Apparently, the original Nenets reindeer sledge had a single runner and looked like a sledge with a boat-shaped body and a single broad runner underneath. One old Nenets explained, “First, our people had no sledges. In summer they would get around by boat; in winter they would attach runners made from split larch trunks underneath the boats and ride them.” This is confirmed by drawings from the old chronicles. The Nenets reindeer sledge could have been created as an imitation of a similar dog sledge.
When the Samoyeds first came to tundra, they were mainly engaged in hunting wild animals. They kept a number of domestic animals as an emergency stock of meat. They hardly used reindeer for transportation. Due to severe climatic conditions the species of northern reindeer is rather small and not suitable for riding. So northern reindeer were used only as harness animals. Domestic reindeer became a universal transport animal while the dog sledge became less popular. As the migrant Samoyeds were too numerous for tundra, the population of wild reindeer gradually declined while the number of domestic reindeer increased in keeping with the needs of human livelihood.
A nomadic caravan – argish – consisted of sledges arranged in a certain order. The owner’s sledge would come first, followed by a sledge laden with sacred articles, a women’s sledge, and several shipping sledges with clothing and other possessions. The last sledges in the convoy carried poles and boards for the teepees. Reindeer drivers used khoreys to drive their harnesses. A khorey is a long birch pole with a bone tip attached to protect the reindeer from injuries. The main tool of a reindeer farmer has always been “tynzyan” –a long rope (lasso) with one end tied in a circle, used for catching deer.
First the Samoyeds hunted wild reindeer and kept a number of them as a stock of meat and later began to use reindeer for transportation.
A teepee (choom) – a Nenets dwelling of conical form made of sticks covered with reindeer skins, used for nomadic life in tundra.
Different kinds of transportation in tundra are connected with nomadic lifestyle and suit to severe Arctic conditions.
Reindeer farmers use different tools for catching reindeer and to drive their harnesses.
The original Nenets sledge looked like a boat with one runner and then was developed as an imitation of a similar dog sledge.
Match the statements with the pictures
Read the text. Underline key words or phrases.
Find which text each statement refers to. There is one extra statement!
Answer the questions on the text:
How many definitions can you find in the text? What are they? Write them out to make a project.
What means of transport in tundra can you name?
Why do the Nenets use reindeer sledge for transportation though there are many other means of transport? (Use: due to climatic conditions; swamps, rivers and lakes cover tundra territory; domesticate wild reindeer; vital necessity; save nature resources, protect environment; keep folk traditions, respect nature; folk wisdom)
What means of transport would you prefer if you had an excursion around tundra? Why?
In what situation can you use this information?
A project work: "Northern glossary"
Decide whether you will work in groups, in pairs or independently.
Discuss what glossary should contain. Use the definitions from the text.
Discuss the glossary format (PowerPoint presentation, a book, a poster, a map, etc.)
If you work in groups deliver the roles: do task 1 in writing; find suitable visual materials; select the materials collected; make a design, etc.
Present it in the class.
Choose the best glossary.
1. Possible answers: 2, 4, 6, 7
2. Possible answers: 3, 5, 8
1. 1E, 2D, 3C, 4B, 5A
3. 1C, 2E, 3A, 4D, B-extra one
4.1) Tundra, kamus, kamus skis, argish, khorey, tynzyan, teepee
2) Possible answers: skis, boat, dog harness, reindeer harness, sledge
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