Тип урока: урок объяснения нового материала и первичной проверки степени его усвоения.
Задачи урока: введение новой лексики по теме “Выбор будущей профессии” и ее осмысление.
The topic of today’s lesson is Choosing your future profession. There are a lot of professions in the world, so it is rather difficult to choose the right one. The choice of the future profession is a very delicate topic. A young boy or a girl has little knowledge about the world of the grown-ups. They should take into consideration many factors.
To help you to make the right decision we will be concerning different aspects of this problem at our lessons, starting with the vocabulary which can be useful for you while speaking on this topic.
We will also discuss various kinds of professions available, their advantages and disadvantages. You will be taught:
how to apply for a job;
how to be the best candidate for this or that job;
how to fill in Job Application Forms;
how to write a Resume;
how to practice for interviews;
and at last how to win at the Job Game.
So, let’s start with the vocabulary. Open your copy-books and be ready to write down new words and expressions with their definitions.
What is a job?
It’s what we do regularly to earn money, especially when you work for a company or for a person. When you ask smb. about their job, you should say:
What do you do?
What do you do for living?
What is your job?
The answer would usually be:
I am a teacher.
I work as a teacher.
My job is a teacher.
There are different types of jobs. First of all, it can be full-time, a job that you do for the same number of hours a week. A part-time job – it is when you work less than the usual number of hours a week.
He works full-time for McDonald’s.
I had a part-time job while I was at college.
Then we have another word – work. It’s an uncountable noun which also means something you do to earn money or the place where you do it.
I’ve got a lot of work to do in the garden.
My Dad is at work.
An occupation is a more formal word than a job. This word is used in official forms.
Please, write your age, address, and occupation in the space below.
A post is an important job in a company or in an organization.
He was offered a post of Marketing Manager at Sony Corporation.
A position is usually used in advertisements and also means a job. To find a position, you should look in newspapers or Internet career sites.
A profession is an area of work such as law, medicine, or teaching, for which you need special training and education.
Now there are a lot of women in the teaching profession.
I’m a doctor by profession.
Now, let’s think of what you should do to get a job. If you have found a post you are interested in, you apply for it. This means you should write a letter or fill in a form that will be sent to your potential employer (a person, a company or an organization that pays you money for the work you do for them).
! Don’t mix up employer and employee (a person who is paid for his work).
You should also send to the employer your CV (Curriculum Vitae) or Resume in American English. This is a document which gives details of your education, the examinations you have passed, your qualifications and the jobs you have already had. Normally, there are special rules for writing a CV, we’ll discuss them later.
Now, let’s imagine you were chosen from among other job seekers or applicants or candidates (somebody who is looking for a job) and you were asked to come for an interview – a meeting with the people you hope to work for, they will ask you questions in order to find out more about you and decide whether you are suitable for a job.
If the employer like you, you will be hired.
! Please, notice the difference between British and American English. In British English you hire something if you pay to use it for a short period of time. But if you want to keep it for a longer period you rent it. You can also hire a person for a temporary job (a job that won’t last long). But you employ somebody for a permanent job. In American English you always hire people and rent things, whether it is for short or long periods.
If you do your job very well, you can be promoted, that means you will be given a more important job than the one you had before. But in case you do your job badly the employer can sack or fire you: tell you that you must leave the post.
If a company lays somebody off or makes somebody redundant that means you are not needed any more.
The two banks formed a single company, and hundreds of workers were made redundant.
! Pay attention, lay somebody off is used in both British and American English, and it can mean either that somebody loses their job permanently, or that they lose it for a short period. Make somebody redundant is used only in British English and means that somebody loses their job permanently.
If you take the decision yourself, you resign or quit (more informal), in other words, you say officially you are leaving the job.
And, finally, you retire when you become old.
At what age do women retire in Russia? – At the age of 55. And men retire at the age of 60. But abroad (in Britain, for example), women retire at the age of 60 and men at the age of 65.
The adjective used for describing someone who is not working because of the age is retired.
You can also be unemployed or jobless, or out of work, which means that someone has no job, but would like to have one. The unemployed are people who are unemployed, they get unemployment benefit (money paid by the government to them). Unemployment is an uncountable noun, it’s the situation when people don’t have jobs.
Unemployment increased by more than 1,000 people last month.
Well, please, learn these words and expressions by heart and be ready to explain their meanings in English and think of the examples to illustrate their meanings.
Let’s repeat them.
Now, let’s have a talk about different professions which exist. Can you name any of the professions you come across every day and explain what people involved in these professions do?
Now, I’ll tell you the statements and you’ll try to guess what these people are going to become.
Natasha loves animals. (She is going to become a vet.)
Sasha likes airplanes. (He is going to become a pilot.)
Peter loves theatre. (He’s going to become an actor.)
Olga paints well. (She is going to become an artist.)
Helen is good at English. (She is going to become an interpreter.)
Boris is good at sports. (He is going to become a sportsman.)
Kate is good at playing the piano. (She is going to become a pianist.)
Oleg is excellent at Maths. (He is going to become an economist, a mathematician, an accountant.)
Now, look at the pictures of a vet (veterinarian), a trapeze artist, and a combat soldier. For which of the jobs you need to be:
Tough = confident, determined, capable to deal with complicated things
Talented = gifted
Courageous = very brave
Caring = kind, helpful
Dedicated = somebody who spends all their time and effort on something.
What are the risks involved in these jobs?
Now, read these texts to yourselves and try to understand the general meaning of them.
How many of us used to dream of joining the circus when we were children? Well, Chris Sayers, a trapeze artist at Zippo’s Circus, did just that. It took him ten years of training before he felt confident enough to perform six metres above the ground. Since then he has become one of the few people in the world who can do four somersaults one after the other. There are many risks involved in this job. Trapeze artists need to work with a partner they can depend on. When flying through the air at 60 miles per hour, they have to be sure their partner will catch them. “Many times in the past, if I hadn’t had a partner I could trust, I would have fallen and probably hurt myself seriously,” says Chris. People who work in the circus love the risks and the thrill of their profession. Broken bones are part of the job. “I just wish they didn’t take so long to mend,” Chris explains. He earns ?500 per week, but it is certainly not easy money.
There are only two hundred combat soldiers in the British Army who can parachute into the sea, dive for hours in freezing waters and then spy in enemy territory successfully. James Rennie is one of them. This isn’t his real name, because his own identity has to be kept secret. “It’s a very exciting job, but it’s also tough and dangerous. You have to be courageous,” says James. It takes five long years of training before such a soldier can go on a special mission. According to James, the toughest part of the business is spying. “I’ve been on a lot of missions that involve this kind of work. If the enemy had caught us, they would have killed us.” ?45,000 per year might sound like a lot, but few people would risk their lives for less.
Most patients are thankful for the care they get from their doctors, but when it comes to animals it’s a different story. Every vet knows that animals are much more likely to turn round and bite rather than thank them. Steve Divers is an experienced vet and has been bitten by countless cats and dogs. With more dangerous animals, though, he takes special care. For example, with poisonous snakes, he keeps them in a cloth bag and uses a metal instrument to keep the head down and the teeth away from his hands. “If I didn’t know how to handle some animals, I would probably have permanent scars by now,” Steve says. Although it takes many years of study to become a vet, it is a very rewarding and well-paid career. “All animals in need must be treated. I would never ignore a sick animal, even if it was dangerous enough to kill me,” says Steve.
Well, let’s discuss the words in bold.
Now, choose any of three words or expressions from each text and make up sentences with them. You may combine all the three into one sentence or you may think of three different sentences. Write them down.
Now, think of the advantages and disadvantages of the professions of a trapeze artist, a combat soldier and a vet.
What positive points can you find in this job?
What negative ones can you mention?
Different jobs usually involve specific types of work tasks. Work tasks can focus on four things:
DATA or information, such as facts, numbers, papers, and files;
IDEAS or finding new ways to express ideas or solve problems;
PEOPLE or helping, teaching and caring for other people;
OBJECTS or machines, tools and different materials.
Most jobs include some of each of these work tasks. For example, most secretarial duties involve working with people. Secretaries may also work with ideas (to solve problems) and with objects (such as dictation machines, computers or word processors). Even though job may include many types of work tasks, most still focus on one. Finding out which work tasks you like best can help you identify jobs that you may enjoy.
The questions below will help you identify which work tasks interest you the most. This will help you pick out the jobs that you might like.
Answer the questions to see which tasks you like the best.
DATA YES NO
1. Do you like to work with facts? ? ?
2. Do you like to work with numbers? ? ?
3. Do you like to keep records? ? ?
4. Do you like to work with papers and files? ? ?
Jobs: bank employer, postal clerk, secretary, statistical clerk, typist.
IDEAS YES NO
1. Do you like to put your ideas on paper? ? ?
2. Do you like to draw, paint or design? ? ?
3. Do you like to solve problems? ? ?
4. Do you like to study nature or investigate the unknown? ? ?
Jobs: artist, florist, painter, photographer, actor/actress.
PEOPLE YES NO
1. Do you like to help people? ? ?
2. Do you like to give information to people? ? ?
3. Do you like to teach? ? ?
4. Do you like to take care of people? ? ?
Jobs: doctor, nurse, teacher, receptionist, shop assistant, travel agent.
OBJECTS YES NO
1. Do you like to take care of machines? ? ?
2. Do you like to handle supplies or equipment? ? ?
3. Do you like to operate or drive equipment? ? ?
4. Do you like to repair machines or equipment? ? ?
Jobs: carpenter, cook, farmer, mechanic, taxi driver.
Look back over your answers.
Which work task had the most yes answers?
Which work task had the most no answers?
Now, I’ll give you out these pieces of paper. Doing these tasks you’ll get to know a bit more about different professions existing and you’ll train the material we were speaking about at the lesson. You may use the dictionaries or ask me questions if you don’t understand anything.
Supply the best word or words.
The person in charge of a business is informally known as the ….
a. chef b. chief c. boss
The person who is in charge of a car is the … .
a. guide b. leader c. motorist d. driver e. conductor
A person who prepares food is a … .
a. cook b. cooker
A person who works in an office is an … .
a. officer b. office worker
A person who takes photographs is a … .
a. photograph b. photographer c. photography
A person who knows how to use a keyboard is a … .
a. typewriter b. typist c. typing machine writer
A woman who looks after other people’s children is a … .
a. nanny b. nurse
The person you work with is your … .
a. college b. colleague c. collaborator
The person who is in charge of a restaurant is the … .
a. patron b. manager
10. The person who would service your car is … .
a. a mechanic b. an engineer c. a technician
11. A person who studies the origins of the universe is a … .
a. physician b. physicist c. physics
12. Another word for ‘a doctor’ is a … .
a. physician b. physicist c. medicine
13. The person who teaches you or taught you at school is a … .
a. teacher b. professor
14. If you are one of the people waiting to be served in a shop you are a … .
a. client b. customer c. patient d. guest
15. If you serve people who come into a shop, you are … .
a. an official b. a shop assistant c. an attendant d. a bank clerk
ANSWERS: 1c; 2d; 3a; 4b; 5b; 6b; 7a; 8b; 9b; 10a; 11b; 12a; 13a; 14b; 15b.
Supply the most suitable words from the list on the right.
1. … is hard to find at the moment.
2. The quality of the food in a restaurant depends on its …
3. I work in a garage as a car … .
4. Nancy has started a new … .
5. Mrs. Wilkinson is the … of this shop, not the owner.
6. If you want to know the way, ask a … .
7. Who’s the … of the London Symphony Orchestra?
8. Brenda Mittens was a university … at the age of 27.
9. He has a car with a uniformed … .
10.His school … has given him a good report.
11.What’s the name of the … of your company?
12.An … designs bridges or roads.
13.The … of our shop is putting up the rent.
14. There had been a burglary, so we called the … .
15. I went into business after I left … .
16. I can’t use a … , never mind a word processor!
17.Jason is a … at the local hospital.
18.Has the nurse given you your … ?
19.Smith is a … of mine at the office.
20.It’s useful to be a good … if you use a computer.
ANSWERS: 1t ; 2c; 3k; 4i; 5j; 6o; 7f; 8p; 9b; 10q; 11a; 12h; 13m; 14n; 15e; 16s; 17g; 18l; 19d;
1. A person who undertakes investigations in order to discover new facts or to get additional information.
a. an actor
2. A man who uses land for growing crops and raising animals.
b. an accountant
3. A workman who makes and repairs furniture.
c. a postman
4. A person whose work is filling, cleaning, taking out our teeth.
d. a hair-dresser
5. A person who trains sportsmen for competitions.
e. a soldier
6. A person whose work is shaving and cutting men’s hair.
f. a dentist
7. A man who acts on the stage, on TV or in films.
g. a farmer
8. A person who writes and keeps accounts.
h. a barber
9. A man who delivers post.
i. a carpenter
10.A member of the army.
j. a coach
11.A person who dresses and cuts women’s hair.
k. a researcher
ANSWERS: 1k; 2g; 3i; 4f; 5j; 6h; 7a; 8b; 9c; 10e; 11d.
Now, let’s check your work.
That’s all for today. Thanks a lot for your work at the lesson.