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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Конспекты / Конспект урока по теме "FAUNA OF OUR EARTH"

Конспект урока по теме "FAUNA OF OUR EARTH"



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Цілі: практична - узагальнити і закріпити лексико-граматичний

матеріал за темою; удосконалити усно-мовленнєві вміння учнів;

освітня - розширити кругозір учнів у межах теми;

розвиваюча - розвивати вміння учнів здійснювати мовленнєву діяльність, розвивати наполегливість у праці.

виховна - виховувати допитливість, спостережливість, увагу; заохочувати до пошуку нових знань, виховувати вміння працювати в колективі.

Тип уроку: комбінований урок

Методично-дидактичне забезпечення уроку: Science PACEs, "Dijest", Vasilyeva M. A. "Phonetics","Английские пословицы". Основні терміни: wild ancestors, a pack, coyotes, jackals, vertebrates, warm-blooded, herbivores, carnivores, mammals.
Обладнання - роздатковий матеріал, малюнки тварин.


  1. The first task will be the following. We shall characterize consonants first.

What consonants do we have in English? (Occlusive, plosive, sonant, affricate, fricative, constrictive consonants.) Well, and now let's guess some words. You should listen to the definitions of the sounds and guess them, and then compose a word.

1) Start

[s] - lingual, forelingual, alveolar, constrictive, voiceless, fricative,

[t] - lingual, forelingual, alveolar, occlusive, plosive, voiceless,

2) Flatter

[f ]— labial, labio-dental, constrictive, fricative, voiceless

[1] - lingual, forelingual, alveolar, constrictive, sonant.

[t] - lingual, forelingual, alveolar, occlusive, plosive, voiceless,

3) Sun

[s] - lingual, forelingual, alveolar, constrictive, voiceless, fricative

[n] - lingual, forelingual, alveolar, constrictive, sonant

And now let's guess a proverb.

I'll characterize sounds & you should figure out them. If we have the same sound, I’ll open them too.



A little bird whispered to me.

[m] - labial, bilabial, occlusive, sonant.

[w] - labial, bilabial, constructive, sonant.

[d] - lingual, forelingual, alveolar, occlusive, plosive, voiced.

[t] - lingual, forelingual, alveolar, occlusive, plosive, voiceless

[1] - lingual, forelingual, alveolar, constrictive, sonant.

[p] - labial, bilabial, occlusive, plosive, voiceless.

[b] - labial, bilabial, occlusive, plosive, voiced

[s] - lingual, forelingual, alveolar, constrictive, fricative.

Well, you did the task perfectly well. So, and now try to explain it. How do you understand the proverb?

(Children explain their understandings)

II. The next task will be the following.

I'll give you a piece of paper for each of you.

You should look through the text. Then we shall read it tor our guests to enjoy it, it's very funny. And then you will find all phonetic phenomena in it. Be very attentive. There are a lot of them there. But first of all let's pay attention to unknown words in the text.

to bandage - перевязывать, бинтовать

a drainpipe - дренажная труба

III. Today we shall speak about our animals, about our pets.

Do you have pets at home?

What pets do you have?

What habits does your pet have?

Do you allow your pet to do everything?

Is it naughty or well-bred?

What makes it to be naughty/well-bred?

Who teaches your pet?

Can a dog or a cat be well-bred without teaching?

Can your pet do some usual things without being taught?

How do animals understand us?

Does your pet have feelings? Can a dog feel something?

How does it show them?

We can study the dogs' behavior looking at these pictures. We can guess what our dog wants to tell us if it has an ability to speak as 'people do.

Have you ever thought about the connection between our pets & those wild dogs which lived many years ago? Do they have something in common? Yes, they do.

In many ways, dogs act like their wild ancestors. They sniff around because their ancestors used their senses of smell to find prey. They chase and retrieve because this is how wild dogs learned hunting skills. And they show affection to their pack - the human family. When you come from school, does your dog ran to greet you? When your family goes out, does your dog howl? These actions can be traced to the lives led by its wild ancestors -and the lives led today by its close relatives (wild dogs, wolves, coyotes & jackals).

In the wild, wolves often work as a team and hunt in packs. When a dog lives with a human family, the family takes the place of the pack. Your dogs run for you when you come home because it's greeting you as a pack member. The dog worries when it if left along, and it howls in the hope that its "pack" will hear and answer - just as wolves do when they are separated. So, even the traits that make dogs so friendly and affectionate are related to natural instincts.

IV. You know besides our domestic animals we also have different kinds of wild animals. They live in forests, rivers, steps, seas, oceans.

What kind of animals do you know?

You may look at the blackboard. Probably the schedule will help you.


Vertebrates


warm-blooded cool-blooded



Mammals

carnivores

  1. flying mammals

  2. rodents

  3. marine mammals

l) jawless fish

  1. cartilage fish

  2. bony fish

  3. amphibians





  4. reptiles

herbivores

1) hoofed 2) primates





Invertebrates


one-celled simple complex

  1. Amoebas a) sponges a) Mollusks

  2. The Paramecium b) Jelly fish & Coral b) Spiny-Skinned


  1. Flatworms c) Segmented Worms

  2. Roundworms d) Arthropods

hello_html_7dd5ab3.jpgMammals are warm-blooded. They also inhale and exhale by means of lungs. All mammals have three characteristics that are common only to mammals and that distinguish them from birds – intelligence, milk – producing glands called "mammary glands", and fur of some type.

There are such types of mammals: flying mammals (hats), rodents (prairie dogs, beavers, rats, mice, squirrels, woodchucks), carnivores & herbivores.

Because the carnivores eat other animals to survive we call them so.

Carnivores' brains are large enabling these mammals to mink fast. As a result carnivores are able to move in quick, coordinated movements. These 2 factors make carnivores good hunters. A carnivore's senses of hearing, smell, and sight are keen. Some other examples of carnivores are dogs, cats, bears, seals, and walruses.

Among marine mammals we can find "cat family" along with such wild cats as lions, tigers, jaguars, and cheetahs. Most of these cats have claws that can be drawn back into their paws.

Very well, children.

And now look at these pictures & try to tell about marine or flippered carnivores. Porpoises live entirely in a water environment. They are streamlined, having front flippers and are powerful tail. These mammals have a layer of buoyant blubber under the skin. This fat protects them and helps them float. They have oil-filled bones that also help keep them buoyant. Their young, called calves, are born in the water. Porpoises have no sense of smell, but they do have a keen sense of hearing. They have a type of echo system that guides them as they swim from place to place. The sounds that all marine mammals make are really types of animal languages by which they communicate with each other. Porpoises appeared to be about 5 feet (1.5 m) long, and they weigh about 100 pounds (45 kg). Though, these animals are large, they also need our protection.

Very nice, children.

V. We've spoken about different features of animals. And now let's speak about another subject. Do animals sleep? What do you think?

All animals must rest, but do they really sleep as we do? The answer to this question seems obvious. If an animal regularly stops its activities & stays quiet & unmoving then why not simply assume that it is in fact sleeping? When we look at the animal, if it (an animal) responds to light or sound. These factors are very important but not enough.

Horses & cows, for example, rarely close their eyes, and fish & snakes cannot close them. Animals do not necessary lie down to sleep either. Elephants often sleep standing up with their tusks resting in the fork of a tree. Animals can sleep with half-closed eyes. Observation of animals behavior alone cannot fully answer the question of whether or not animals sleep.

The answer comes from doing experiments in “sleep laboratories” using a machine called the electroencephalograph (EEG). The machine is connected to animals and measures their brain signals, breathing, heartbeat, & muscle activity. The measurements are different when the animals appear to be sleeping than when they appear to be awake. Using the EEG, scientists have confirmed that all birds & mammals studied in laboratories do sleep. Snakes and turtles do not truly sleep, although they do have periods of rest each day, in which they are quiet & unmoving. They also have discovered that some animals, like chimpanzees, cats, and moles are good sleepers while others, like sheep, goats, and donkeys, are poor sleepers.

VI. You know there were a lot of animals which were found on different lands discovered by various seamen. We shall speak about the country which is situated in the southern hemisphere. Could you guess?

Yes, of course. It's the USA.

Let's recollect the name of the seamen who discovered the USA.

Who were the early explores?

(Amerigo Vespucci, Ferdinand Magellan).

Today well talk about Magellan. Before telling the story of his discoveries, you should complete the text with these words which are given before the text. Be attentive.

VII. Everybody knows that we have a lot of words which sound alike but are spelled differently and have different meanings. Could you help
me to remind how we call such words? (Homophones).

Yes, right you are. To understand the meaning of the sentence we should see the spelling of such words. It will be easier to understand the meaning of the sentences. Your task is to underline the right words.

a. Does a dog have a tail or a tale?

b. Which are surrounded by water, aisles or isles?
с If you were sad, would you shed tears or tiers?

d. Would a telephone wring or ring?

e. I one or won a CD-player in the contest.

f. That's the best movie Cathy had ever scene or seen.

g. The meeting was so long, I was board or bored.

Perfect. So, you'll do the next task now. We did it before. You have a very short text which should be restored.

  1. An old woman/ lived alone іn/ her house, because/ her husband was

dead./

  1. She fell down the/ stairs and hurt her left/ leg very badly. She

telephoned her sister,/ and her sister/ came to her house and/ took her

to the doctor/ in her car.

VIII. I think you worked hard and deserved a rest. Thank you for
participation. See you later.




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Краткое описание документа:

Цілі: практична - узагальнити і закріпити лексико-граматичний

матеріал за темою; удосконалити усно-мовленнєві вміння учнів;

освітня - розширити кругозір учнів у межах теми;

розвиваюча - розвивати вміння учнів здійснювати мовленнєву діяльність, розвивати наполегливість у праці.

виховна - виховувати допитливість, спостережливість, увагу; заохочуватидопошукуновихзнань,виховувативміння працювати в колективі.

Тип уроку: комбінований урок

Методично-дидактичнезабезпеченняуроку:SciencePACEs, "Dijest", Vasilyeva M. A. "Phonetics","Английские пословицы". Основні терміни: wild ancestors, a pack, coyotes, jackals, vertebrates, warm-blooded, herbivores, carnivores, mammals.
Обладнання -роздатковийматеріал,малюнки тварин.

Автор
Дата добавления 25.05.2015
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Конспекты
Просмотров141
Номер материала 291840
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