- углубление и расширение знаний по теме «Спорт»;
- повышение мотивации учащихся к изучению английского языка;
- воспитание уважения к людям своей страны.
- совершенствовать навыки монологической речи;
- формировать мировоззрение;
- развивать навыки аудирования.
Оборудование: тема на доске, афоризм о спорте, карточки с заданиями, фотографии спортсменов, компьютерная презентация по теме «Спорт», листы с надписями “Summer”, “Winter”.
- Dear friends! Today we are going to speak about the history of the Olympic Games. Look at the blackboard. You see a quotation about the Olympic Games: “As in the daytime there is no star in the sky warmer and brighter than the sun, likewise there is no competition greater than the Olympic Games.”
Pindar, Greek lyric Poet, 5th century BC.
The Olympic Games play very important role in the life of the country. Every country wants to have many good sportsmen and to be the best in this great sport event. From ancient times people tried to be strong, brave and of course healthy.
So, let's go to the past to know about the Olympic Games more.
Информация об Олимпийских играх (показ презентации).
The ancient Greeks first had the idea of getting men together every four years to hold sporting events (in those days women did not participate). The idea was to have the best athletes from all over Greece gather in one field and compete every four years. All wars and fighting had to stop while the athletes competed. The first Games were in 776 BC. They lasted until 389 AD.
The idea of having the modern Games was suggested in the mid 19th century but they weren't a world event until 1896. Now they have been held since then every four years in different cities around the world.
The Olympic Games have many important symbols that most people recognize. The five rings that appear on the Olympic flag (colored yellow, green, blue, black and red) were introduced in 1914. They represent the five continents of Africa, the Americas, Australia, Asia and Europe. The flag is raised in the host city and then flown to the next one where it is kept until the next Games. The Olympic torch, a major part of the ancient Games, was brought back in 1928. The torch symbolizes purity, the drive for perfection and the struggle for victory.
The Olympic anthem is the simply named “Olympic Music” by John Williams, who wrote it for the 1984 Olympics, held in Los Angeles. The torch, fanfare and flag are clearly evident in the Opening Ceremony, when everyone formally welcomes the participants and the Games can begin. Here we find the dramatic and colorful March of Nations, in which all the athletes from each country go into the venue to the sound of their country's anthem and marsh behind their flags, thus becoming representatives of their countries.
In the ancient Games only the winner was celebrated. Each winner was given a simple crown of olive leaves to wear on his head. This was the only reward for his victory. Those who came in second or third got nothing. Interestingly, when the Games started again in 1896, silver medals were given to the first place winners. Later in 1904 in the St Louis Games, gold was the top prize. Now, of course we have gold for first place, silver for second and bronze for third.
The Olympics' official motto is “Citius, Altius, Fortius”. This is Latin for “Swifter, Higher, Stronger”. This is said to represent the Olympic spirit and a celebration of brotherhood, sportsmanship, goodwill and peace.
As in ancient times, those who participate in the Games are famous for the rest of their lives. Today, it's estimated that some 100 000 people have competed in the Games. People of different nationalities from the world take part in the Olympic Games. The nationalities you hear of in the Olympics fall mostly into certain suffix groups, for example:
(mostly Middle Eastern)
Виды спорта. (Summer, Winter)
An important song (usually national)
To battle against another player
The country a person is from
A person who does something without payment: not a professional
A gold, silver or bronze award given to a winner or runner up
Unfair judging (usually for political reason)
A person who watches an event
An image that represents something
Someone who plays in a game
A large flame on a stick
Fairness and honesty in sports
A personal belief that one shares, related to life
AB p56. ex.8. Word power
Today you've got much information about the Olympic Games, its history, motto, anthem. You 've also watched a computer presentation about it. You see that sport is very important in our life. You also remembered our Russian sportsmen.
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