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WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE 1564-1616
STRANFORD-UPON-AVON The birthplace of William Shakespeare
Good friend for Jesus sake forbear, To dig the dust enclosed here. Blest be the man that spares thes stones, And curst be he that moves my bones. Друг, ради Господа, не рой Останков, взятых сей землёй; Нетронувший блажен в веках, И проклят — тронувший мой прах.
WORKS OF WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE 10 TRAGEDIES 16 COMEDIES 6 CHRONICALS 4 POEMS 154 SONETS
ROMEO AND JULIET
Who are you Mr. Shakespeare?
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Государственное бюджетное общеобразовательное учреждение
средняя общеобразовательная школа № 327 Невского района Санкт-Петербурга
Конспект урока по английскому языку
«Кто Вы, мистер Шекспир?»
Возраст учащихся – 10 класс
Автор: учитель английского языка – Лобова М.А.
План-конспект урока « Кто Вы, мистер Шекспир?»
Цели урока: Развитие коммуникативных умений в говорении, аудировании, чтении по теме «William Shakespeare»;
- развивать навыки монологической речи;
- развивать навыки аудирования и чтения с полным пониманием.
- развивать навыки самостоятельной работы, познавательного интереса, творческой активности учащихся;
- воспитывать чувство взаимопомощи и внимания друг к другу.
- активизировать речемыслительную деятельность и творческие способности учащихся;
- развивать умение работать в команде.
1. Организационное начало урока.
-Look at the board. Do you know that man? Who is he?
-Today we are going to speak about one of the greatest English poet William Shakespeare. It is impossible to speak about the English literature without speaking about this author. William Shakespeare… The brilliant poet, the marvelous dramatist, the greatest of the great. He was not of an age, but for all time. Every new generation of people find in his works something important. Many people know and like his works.
2. Фонетическая зарядка
Т: -Please, give me your associations with the name of W. Shakespeare.
3. Развитие навыков монологической речи
Т: Two weeks ago you got a task to prepare reports about William Shakespeare, his life in Strartford-on-Avon, the Globe theatre and his works. Now we’d like to see the results of your work.
From the galaxy of talents one man stands out supreme. William Shakespeare was not just a child of his own time, but a writer whose genius has won him an unparalleled position in English literature.
But while Shakespeare's plays are the best known in English literature, remarkably little is known of the writer himself. Certainly there was nothing in the early career of William Shakespeare to suggest his rise to greatness. He was 27 before he wrote anything of promise, and he seems to have gone through a difficult period in his youth.
His father, John Shakespeare, dealt in corn, malt, leather, hides and wool, and became so prominent in local affairs at Stratford-upon-Avon that he was made the mayor. William, the third child of the family, was born at Stratford on April 22 or 23, 1564. Life must have been pleasant for him during the days of his father's prosperity.
William was almost certain to have attended Stratford Grammar School, where the boys were made to learn by heart sections from classical Latin authors.
When Shakespeare was 17, his father's fortune took a downward turn, and the family began to run into debt. A year later William was married.
About 1587 Shakespeare left Stratford. He attracted to the company of poets and actors, and by 1592 had made enough of an impact on the capital to attract enemies as well as friends. By 1599 he was part-owner of a new playhouse called the Globe.
Shakespeare's friends described him as "gentle", "civil", "friendly" and "sweet". He was "honest, and of an open and free nature".
Shakespeare spent the greater part of his life in London, though he paid regular visits to his home. His adult career was a happy one. During 20 astonishingly creative years, Shakespeare's output was enormous. His works can be divided into 4 main phases: his literary work, closing in 1594, resulted in the two long poems, "Venus and Adonis" and "The Rape of Lucrece", historical dramas such as Henry VI and Richard III, the tragedy of "Romeo and Juliet" and such comedies as "Comedy of Errors" and "The Taming of the Shrew". In the second phase, 1594-1599, Shakespeare wrote three of his greatest historical plays — "Henry V" and "Henry IV" and the comedies "Much Ado About Nothing" and "As You Like It". The third period was the period of his great tragedies "Hamlet", "Othello", "Macbeth", "King Lear" and "Anthony and Cleopatra".
About 1611, Shakespeare decided to retire to Stratford. He paid off the family debts, and on April 23, 1616, at the age of 52, he died. As his legacy to mankind he left the fruits of his creative years; 37 plays, 2 long narrative poems and his incomparable sonnets.
William Shakespeare is the most considerable writer in the English period of the Renaissance. The most famous work of the author is his tragedy "Hamlet".
The leading characters of the tragedy are Hamlet — the prince of Denmark, Queen Gertrude — his mother, the New King — Claudius, Ophelia and her brother, Laertes. Hamlet is a morally strong man with a hard character. He loves Ophelia and she loves him. But they don't want to confess to it. Queen Gertrude loved her husband very much, but after his death becomes his brother's wife. Hamlet doesn't trust her after this treachery, because he loved his father very much. The new King Claudius is a very evil man. He married Gertrude in order to become king. (He killed his brother when he was sleeping in the garden.)
When Hamlet found out about Claudius' crime, he wanted to avenge his father's death. Claudius was a very astute man. He pretended to love Hamlet but in fact he wanted to kill him, because he knew about Hamlet's intention. That's why there are some exciting moments in the tragedy.
The play teaches us to tell only the truth, not to lie, because the truth always comes to the surface. This tragedy is about a fight between good and evil. And good usually wins the fight.
Т: Now answer my questions
1. When and where was he born?
2. What was his family? How large was it?
3. What education did he get?
4. When and why did he arrive to London?
5. Name the most famous works of William Shakespeare.
6. Are his woks popular today and why?
4. Работа с названиями произведений
T: You know that Shakespeare wrote a lot of plays for the theatre: tragedies and comedies. A tragedy is a serious play or book that ends sadly, especially with the death of main character. For example, «Hamlet» is one of the best-known Shakespeare’s tragedies. A comedy is a play or film is intended to entertain people and make them laugh. Look at the list of Shakespeare’s great plays. Guess which of them are tragedies and which are comedies. Find out what these plays are called in Russian.
«The Comedy of Errors» (1593)
«All’s Well that Ends Well» (1603)
«A Midsummer Night’s Dream» (1596)
«Twelfth Night» (1600)
«Hamlet, Prince of Denmark» (1601)
«King Lear» (1606)
«Romeo and Juliet» (1595)
5. Развитие навыков аудирования и чтения литературного произведения
Аудирование “To be, or not to be?”
Т: -You are going to watch and to listen to an extract from a famous play
To be, or not to be, that is the question: -
Whether ’tis nobler in the mind to suffer
The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune:
Or to take arms against a sea of troubles,
And by opposing, end them? — To die -; to sleep,
No more; — and, by a sleep, to say we end
The heart ache, and the thousand natural shocks
That flesh in heir to, — ’tis a consummation
Devoutly to be wish ‘d. To die; — to sleep; -
Быть или не быть — таков вопрос;
Что благородней духом — покоряться
Пращам и стрелам яростной судьбы
Иль, ополчасъ на море смут, сразить их
Противоборством? Умереть, уснуть –
И только; и сказать, что сном кончаешь
Тоску и тысячу природных мук,
Наследье плоти, — как такой развязки
Не жаждать? Умереть, уснуть, —
(перевод М. Лозинского)
6. Работа с текстом
Т: Find Russian equivalents to the quotations.
The beginning of the end. — Начало конца.
The whirligig of time. — Превратности судьбы.
There’s the rub. — Вот в чем загвоздка.
All is well that ends well. — Все хорошо, что хорошо кончается.
Life is not all cakes and ale. — Жизнь прожить — не поле перейти.
Much ado about nothing. — Много шума из ничего.
Sweets to the sweet. — Прекрасное — прекрасной.
To win golden opinions. — Заслужить благоприятное мнение.
All the world’s a stage and all the men and women merely players. — Весь мир театр и люди в нём актёры.
7. Развитие навыков монологической речи.
Учащиеся делают подготовленные сообщения о произведениях «Ромео и Джульетта», «Король Лир».
8. Заключительная часть.
Your home task is to write a composition about W. Sh. and his works.
Dear friends, thank you for the lesson. You have learnt a lot of things about Shakespeare’s family, about his native town, about his place and his plays. You have seen an extract from the film «Hamlet». I think it was very interesting you will remember our lesson for a long time. Shakespeare was a great poet. He was “for all time”.
The lesson is over. Good-bye.
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Конспект урока и презентация на тему "КтоВы, мистер Шекспир?" предназначена для работы в 10-11 классах общеобразовательных школ.Основная цель - развитие коммуникативных умений в говорении, аудировании и чтении для получения полной информации. В работе широко представлены факты биографии и творчества великого писателя. В ходе работы учащиеся познакомятся в самыми известными произедениями В.Шекспира "Гамлет","Ромео и Джулбетта","Королль Лир". При подготовке к уроку учитель может сам выбрать формы и методы работы, которые соответствуют уровню подготовки учащихся. Для успешной работы необходима предварительная подготовка : выучить наизусть отрывки из произведений или подготовить выразительное чтение.
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