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Инфоурок / Другое / Конспекты / Конспект урока по теме: "A trip to Britain"

Конспект урока по теме: "A trip to Britain"



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Тема урока: «Видео путешествие по Великобритании».



Вид урока: ознакомление со страной изучаемого языка (урок-лекция).

Цель:

  • Развитие познавательной деятельности на примере изучения страны.

  • Обеспечение благоприятных условий для овладения иностранным языком.

Задачи:

  • Совершенствование лексических навыков по теме »Великобритания» на уровне свободного высказывания.

  • Ознакомление учащихся с некоторыми интересными фактами из истории Великобритании.

  • Развитие и поддержание интереса учащихся к предмету.


Описание урока:

Данная разработка представляет собой конспект урока по теме "A trip to Britain".

Урок проводится в виде лекции и представляет собой интерактивный путеводитель по городам Великобритании. Вместе с учителем учащиеся смогут побывать на экскурсии в Лондоне и посетить Вестминстерское аббатство, Букенгемски дворец, Трафальгарскую площадь, Тауэр, Британский музей и многие другие известные во всём мире достопримечательности.

Затем экскурсионная группа переместится в Оксфорд. После совершит обзорную экскурсию по Эдинбургу, столице Шотландии с посещением замка "The Castle". Также в маршрут туристической группы будут входить: Манчестер, Кембридж, Страдфорд на Авоне.

Завершится экскурсия там же, где начиналась - в Лондоне. Здесь ученики познакомятся с членами королевской семьи.

Заканчивается урок – викториной.

Рекомендуется проводить в 10 - 11 классах при проведении недели иностранного языка.



Конспект лекции.



A trip to Britain.



London .

London is not only the capital of the country, it is also a huge port, a commercial centre, a science city, and a seat of the British Government. London was founded in the time of the Roman Empire. Now the population of London is nearly 9 million people. It is situated on the bancs of the river Thames, spanned by seventeen bridges. The most important parts of London are the City of London, the West End, the East End and Westminster.



The Houses of Parliament and Big Ben. The Palace of Westminster, usually known as the Houses of Parliament, dates from the 19th century. It was used both as a Royal residence and as a parliament house until 1512. There are two towers in the palace: the Victoria Tower and the Clock Tower known as Big Ben. The British flag (called Union Jack),flying from Victoria Tower shows that the Parliament is at session. The light in the clock tower also shows that the Parliament is working. Big Ben is the biggest clock in the country it weighs 13,5 tons. The clock was called Big Ben after Sir Benjamin Hall who looked after the clock. The Clock Tower is 318 feet high there are 374 steps leading to the top of the tower.



Westminster Abbey is a historic building. It was founded in 1050 as a monastery. It the place of coronation of English kings, this tradition was established by William the Conqueror who was crowned on Christmas Day 1066. Queen Elizabeth II was crowned there on June 2, 1953. Many great Englishmen were buried in the Abbey: Newton, Darwin Watt and others. Here we can see a lot of monuments on the tombs of great men. This place is called the “Poet’s Corner”.



Buckingham Palace. It is the official residence of the Queen. It was built in the 18th century. The first Queen to live there was Queen Victoria. Above the State Entrance is the central balcony where the Royal Family appease on important occasions. The flag flying over the palace ia the sign that the Queen is in London. The ceremony of changing the Guard takes place every morning and attracts thousands of tourists. There is Queen Victoria Memorial in front of the palace.



Trafalgar Square. is in the centre of the West End of London. I was named to commemorate the victory in the naval battle of Trafalgar in 1805, in which Admiral Lord Nelson was the commander of the British navy forces. The nelson Column was erected in 1840s. On the top of the Column is a 17 feet statue of Lord Nelson. At the pedestal there are four bronze lions. On the north side of Trafalgar Square are the National Gallery and the National Portrait Gallery. The National Gallery was built in 1824. It contains one of the finest collections of pictures in the world. There are 850 masterpieces of all the European schools of painting.

In the northeast corner is a well known church of St Martin-in-the-Fields. It was built in 1222 and rebuilt in 1726.



The Tower of London. In the year 1066 the Normans built a castle on the edge of London. Ten years later William the Conqueror ordered to build a great stone tower, later called the White Tower. The Tower of London was both a fortress and a palace, later it was also used as a prison. At first prisoners were foreign princes and noble people, captured in war. But later on in Tudor times, the Tower became the place where famous and infamous people were kept and tortured and executed. Now he Tower is simply Britain’s most famous and most visited place. According to tradition the Tower is guarded by Yeomen Warders who still wear their old bright and colorful Tudor uniforms. The Ravens are one of the most famous sights of the Tower 0f London. According to the legend if the ravens leave the Tower the monarchy will fall. All the ravens have names, for example Ronny, Rex, Jackie, Regina, etc. So for over 900 years these unique birds have been guarding the Tower of London.

Not far from the Tower of London is the Tower Bridge built across the Thames in 1891. It was designed so that it could be used by road traffic and by the ships going up the river.



The British Museum was founded in 1753 and has many departments. One of its most interesting sections is the National Library. It has more than six million books. It has the rich collection of old books and manuscripts. There are also some first English books printed by William Caxton the first British printer who lived in the 15th century, and made the first printing press in England. There are also many other collections of different ancient things such as old coins, maps, chess made of ivory and other things.



Piccadilly Circus is the heart of the West End. This is the part of the city which never goes to sleep, at night it is bright with electric signs. In the centre of Piccadilly stands the bronze statue of Eros on a high pedestal above the fountains. North of the Circus the streets shade of into Soho famous for its theatres cinemas cafes and restaurants in which you can meet a lot of famous actors, showmen, poets and singers and to Oxford Street the most famous shopping street.



London No. 10, Downing Street. The Residence of the Prime Minister. It is the most famous house in London. It is a little street on the west side of Whitehall. Whitehall is a broad highway, leading from Trafalgar Square to Westminster. The streets name is a memory of what used to be the Palace of Whitehall which stood here until the 18th century. It was the principal centre of court life in Tudor and Stuart times. Kings and their families lived there. In the centre of the roadway stands the monument to the fallen in two world wars.



St. Paul’s Cathedral is a masterpiece of sir Christopher Wren. It stands on the same place where many years ago in 640 AD a wooden cathedral dedicated to St. Paul was built. Then it was destroyed by the fire and rebuilt a number of times in different styles. But the Great Fire of 1666 completely destroyed the cathedral. The construction of the new cathedral was started in 1675 and finished in 1710. The architectural style of St. Paul’s is English Baroque. It is one of the largest cathedrals in the world, the second in size after St. Peter’s Cathedral in Rome. Many famous Englishmen were buried there, among them Admiral Nelson, the Duke of Wellington, Sir Winston Churchill. It also the place of some happy events such as the silver Jubilee Service for Elizabeth II in 1977, the wedding of the Prince of Wales in 1981.



Oxford

Oxford is situated 54 miles from London. It is famous for it’s university. Though there is no “university” as such, the component parts of the University of Oxford are colleges. Each college is practically autonomous, with its own rules and government. There is a central administration, providing services such as libraries and laboratories. The buildings of the university are situated mainly between Broad and High streets. The most remarkable is the Bodleian Library, founded in 1598. To the west of the library is the Sheldonian Theatre, designed by Christopher Wren. There are also the New Examination Schools, the large university park, and the Botanical Gardens. Oxford is also an important industrial centre. There are some important industries such as printing. The Oxford University Press that is situated on Walton street is one of the memorable institutions of the city and the important part of the university. It’s foundation goes back to 1478. Delegates of the Press are professors of Oxford.



Cardiff

Cardiff is the capital of Wales It is an important industrial centre with many important industries such as coal-mining, steel. As a port it is used to ship coal to other parts of the country. Cardiff is also a tourist centre. There are some places of interest; the Castle, City Hall, National Museum of Wales, New Theatre, Welsh Folk Museum, Institute of Science and Technology and Welsh University. In the National Museum of Wales you can see the panorama of Wales’ geology , botany, zoology, archeology, industry and art. The collection is well planned and easy to understand. There is also a restaurant here. Cardiff has a theatre with an interesting programme. The Welsh National Theatre Company play regular seasons here. The people of Wales have their own language, Welsh, But most of them speak English too. The Welsh people love singing. That’s why Wales sometimes called “the land of songs”. One of the Welsh traditions is festivals where Welsh people wear traditional clothes. At the festival they sing songs and recite poems. The festival ends with the crowning of the best poet and singer.



Edinburgh

Edinburgh is the capital of Scotland, and a very old city. It is called Athens of the North. If you walk around you can touch the history at every step. Practically every building can tell a tale. The two most interesting parts of the city are the Old Town and the New Town. The Old Town lies between the Castle and Holyrood. The Castle is older than the city. Nobody knows when the first people came there and built a castle on the huge rock that stands high above Edinburgh. They used it as a fortress and then as a royal palace. It looks good in any weather but at night when it is floodlit it looks like a castle in a fairy tale. It is not surprising that the Castle attracts a lot of tourists. The city is a very important industrial and intellectual centre. It has one of the oldest universities in Europe. Princes Street is the main street in Edinburgh. It is also the main shopping street in Edinburgh with shops along one side and the beautiful Princes Street Gardens along the other side. There is a special clock made of flowers in the Gardens. Edinburgh is famous for many things; it’s art galleries museums libraries. The capital of Scotland has the population of 400,000 and is a historic city with some of the finest architecture in Europe.

The Royal Family has a home in Edinburgh-the Palace of Holyroodhouse. The street between the Castle and the Palace of Holyroodhouse is called the Royal Mile. The Walter Scott Monument is the best-known monument in Edinburgh. It was completed



Manchester.

Manchester is Britain’s first city of the Industrial Revolution. It is now the leading centre of the chemical and cotton industries. It is situated not far from London. Now it is one of the important producers of computers and electronic equipment. There are a lot of factories ,railway stations, markets, offices and banks, municipal buildings and museums. There are many classical buildings there. It is also the cultural centre. There is Manchester university, the Central Library here. The central Library is situated near the Town Hall and is one of the largest libraries in Europe. One of the most beautiful squares in Manchester is Piccadilly Plaza.



Cambridge.

It stands on the river Cam, which has several bridges over it. That’s why the city is called Cambridge. It was founded by Romans, then it was an Anglo-Saxon settlement and later the Danes set up a base here. In 1278 it was a prosperous town with 534 houses. In 1284 the first college was founded and since then the history of Cambridge has become the history of Cambridge University. When we say Cambridge we mean “University City”. The University consists of twenty-nine colleges and many of them are grouped together. Each group of colleges has its own green court with green lawns and beautiful flowers. There are some unique colleges such as Trinity College, King’s College and St John’s College. Oxford and Cambridge remain the centre of education not only in Britain but in Europe.



Stratford –Upon-Avon.

It is a town 94 miles northwest of London. It is famous all over the world because it is the birthplace of Shakespeare who was born on April 23, 1564. William received his education in the local grammar school. In 1587 Shakespeare went to London where he became a famous actor and a writer of plays. By the standards of his days the poet became wealthy and in 1597 he bought New Place, one of the largest houses in Stratford. But he continued to live and work in London until 1610. Shakespeare died on April, 23,1616 at New Place and was buried in the church at Stratford on the bank of the Avon. Though Stratford remains a small market town, it has become a gathering place of all nations. People show their love for the great writer and every year on April, 23 they come to Stratford to take part in celebrating Shakespeare’s birthday. The Royal Shakespeare Theatre was opened in Stratford in 1932. Only Shakespeare’s plays are performed here.



Glasgow. Glasgow is the important industrial, commercial, artistic and sporting centre of Scotland. It stands on the river Clyde. Glasgow makes ships, locomotives and machines. There are public buildings, stores, shops, movie houses, theatres and restaurants. The Scots say, “Glasgow made the Clyde, and the Clyde made Glasgow.” Glasgow University was founded in 1450. Glasgow Museum of Transport is another place of interest. It has prehistoric sports cars and imperial limousines, bikes and coaches, locomotives and models of ships. Glasgow is a typical product of the Industrial Revolution: the overpopulated city, poor housing the gloomy factory buildings. But the Scots have never lost their passion for beauty, or for sport, or for fun.



Royal London.

The Royal Family plays a very important role in the country. In the history of Britain there were certain Kings and Queens whose names are specially remembered in the country. One of them was King Henry VIII (1491-1547). Most people remember him because he had six wives. But in fact he was a very important monarch. Under him Britain became independent of the Roman Catholic Church, it got richer and more powerful. In 1534 the Parliament named Henry head of the church of England and gave the King all the power in the country.

Henry’s daughter, Elizabeth (1533-1603) became the Queen in 1558. She never married and is remembered as a very popular and strong queen .During her reign England became very important in European politics, the Spanish Armada was defeated, arts and especially theatre developed. Great Shakespeare lived and worked during the reign of Elizabeth I. The country became very strong and powerful.

Another strong queen was Queen Victoria (1819-1901) whose monument you can see in front of Buckingham Palace. Queen Victoria came to the throne as a young woman in 1837 and reigned until her death in 1901. She ruled for the longest period in the English history, for 64 years. Victoria married a German Prince Albert, but he died at the age of forty-two. That was a great tragedy for Queen Victoria. She left London and never lived in the city where she was so happy with her husband and nine children. But there are places in London that remind us about their love one of them is the Royal Albert Hall-a very large concert hall where the best musicians of the world perform classical music. Another place is the Victoria and Albert Museum with its rich collection of paintings. The family life of Queen Victoria touched people’s hearts. But this is not the only reason why Queen Victoria became very popular. During her reign Britain became a rich industrial country with a developed trade, an empire with a lot of colonies.

Queen Victoria’s granddaughter Elizabeth II is on the British throne now. The Queen’s title in the United Kingdom is Elizabeth II, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith, etc. etc. etc.

Queen Elizabeth II was born in Windsor on 21,April 1926. Her full name is Elizabeth-Mary-Alexander Windsor. Her pet name is Lilibet. She was educated at home, taught to read and write by her parents, studied Latin, Geography, Economics, Music, foreign languages. She was good at horse riding, dancing, swimming, she took part in swimming competitions, learned to drive. During the war she wanted to help the army: grew vegetables and knitted socks for soldiers. In 1947 Elizabeth married Prince Philip. Her first son Prince Charles was born in 1948. On 2 June 1953 she was crowned in Westminster Abbey. At present she plays an important role in the country. She travels a lot, likes reading, taking pictures, watching horse races. The Queen has four children; Prince Charles, Princess Anne, Prince Andrew, Prince Edward.



Quiz.

1. What cities are famous for their universities?

2. What does the word Cambridge mean?

3. Why is Stratford-upon-Avon famous all over the world?

4. What is the capital of Wales?

5. What is the oldest building in Edinburgh?

6. What is the home of the Royal Family in Edinburgh?

7. What is the home palace of the Royal Family in London?

8. Why is King Henry VIII remembered in the country and in the whole world?

9. What important event in the history of Britain took place during the reign of Elizabeth I?

10. How long did Queen Victoria rule the country?

11. What places in London are connected with the names of Queen Victoria and her husband?

12. Why do people call Queen Victoria’s reign the “golden age” in the history of Britain?

13. What are the four parts of London?

14. Whose monument is situated in the centre of Trafalgar Square and why?

15. What is the most famous section of the British Museum?

16. What is the name of the first English printer?

17. What famous people were buried in St. Paul’s Cathedral?

18. What birds live in the Tower of London, why?

19. What church is situated to the northeast of Trafalgar Square?

20. What circus is the most famous in London? Where is it situated?



Список используемой литературы.

  1. « О Великобритании вкратце» составители: В.В. Ощепкова, И.И. Шустилова. Москва, издательство «Лист» 1997 г.

  2. «По странам изучаемого языка». Пояснительные тексты к альбому под редакцией Ю.Ф. Гурьевой. Москва «Просвещение» 1999г.

  3. Английский язык, учебник для VI класса школ с углубленным изучением английского языка, лицеев, гимназий, колледжей. О.В. Афанасьева, И.В. Михеева. Москва «Просвещение» 2005г.





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Краткое описание документа:

Данная разработка представляет собой конспект урока по теме "A trip to Britain".

Урок проводится в виде лекции и представляет собой интерактивный путеводитель по городам Великобритании. Вместе с учителем учащиеся смогут побывать на экскурсии в Лондоне и посетить Вестминстерское аббатство, Букенгемски дворец, Трафальгарскую площадь, Тауэр, Британский музей и многие другие известные во всём мире достопримечательности.

Затем экскурсионная группа переместится в Оксфорд. После совершит обзорную экскурсию по Эдинбургу - столице Шотландии - с посещением замка "The Castle". Также в маршрут туристической группы будут входить: Манчестер, Кембридж, Страдфорд на Авоне, Глазго.

Завершится экскурсия там же, где начиналась - в Лондоне. Здесь ученики познакомятся с членами королевской семьи.

Заканчивается урок – викториной.

Рекомендуется проводить в 10 - 11 классах при проведении недели иностранного языка.

Автор
Дата добавления 24.03.2015
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Подраздел Конспекты
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