That Shook the World
контрольная работа по проверке пройденного лексического и грамматического материала к уроку 7 учебника В.П. Кузовлева Английский язык. 10–11 классы
Цель: закрепить активную лексику 7-го урока, проверить усвоение грамматических структур: Simple Past and Simple Present; Present Perfect Passive and Simple Past Passive; Past Perfect Passive; Degrees of comparison of adjectives.
1. Заполните пропуски подходящими по смыслу словами из рамки.
mobile phone, dishwasher, video recorder, gas stove, remote control, sites, cordless telephone, on-line, microwave oven, inventions, e-mail, vacuum cleaner, Internet, mower, computer, electrical
Yesterday was my father’s birthday. My mother asked me to help her with the preparations. When I returned home from school, first of all I decided to watch TV. I jumped onto the couch, took a (1)_________ (this device helps me to change channels without standing up) and was prepared to watch something. But a horrible thing happened, the electricity went off. So all (2)_________ outlets didn’t work. We have a (3)____________ in the house because it is very convenient, you can speak from any place in your flat, but it doesn’t work when there is no electricity. So my mother had to call on my (4)____________. She wanted to make sure that everything would be ready for the party. I didn’t want to disappoint her and started to work. I couldn’t use a (5)____________ to clean the carpet, so I had to take a brush and do it with hands. Mum told me to put what she had prepared into a (6)___________ to heat. Fortunately we had our good old (7)___________, in other way everybody could remain hungry! After the party I washed all the dishes without the help of the (8)____________ but again with my own hands! In the morning I woke up early because of the terrible noise. At first I couldn’t make out what it was but when I looked out of the window I saw our neighbour cutting the grass with his (9)__________. So today everything was in order with the electricity. I rushed to my (10)__________ to check (11)____________ messages and surf the (12)______________. I would like to visit some (13)____________ there and play an (14)__________ game. After that I looked through the TV program and saw that there were two films on different channels I wanted to see, so I had to set my (15)_____________ in order to have the possibility to watch one of the films later. All of a sudden I understood that these (16)___________________ have changed our lives and now we can’t do without
2. Прочитайте текст и пропущенные в нем предложения A–E. Выберите из этих предложений то, которое лучше всего подходит в пропуски.
It was in June of 1956, that the practical television remote controller first entered the American home. Remote control technology was developed for military use (the Germans used remote control motorboats during W.W.I.) and in the late 1940’s the first non-military usage for remote controls appeared (i.e. automatic garage door openers).
Zenith Radio Corporation created the very first television remote control in 1950, called “Lazy Bone.” (1)__________. The Lazy Bone remote control was attached to the television by a bulky cable, which consumers did not like.
(2)_________. The Flash-matic operated by means of four photocells, one in each corner of the TV screen. The viewer used a directional flashlight to activate the four control functions, which turned the picture and sound on and off and turned the channel tuner dial clockwise and counter-clockwise. However, the Flash-matic had problems working well on sunny days, when the sunlight could change channels randomly.
The improved “Zenith Space Command,” remote control went into commercial production in 1956. Zenith engineer, Dr. Robert Adler who based his invention on ultrasonics, designed the Space Command. (3)___________.
(4)____________. In the early 1960s, after the invention of the transistor, remote controls came down in price and size, as did all electronics. Zenith modified the Space Command remote control creating small hand-held and battery-operated remote controls. (5)__________.
Infrared devices replaced ultrasonic remote controls in the early 1980s.
ultrasonics ультразвуковая техника
infrared ультракрасный, инфракрасный
A. Ultrasonic remote controls remained the dominant design for the next twenty-five years, and as the name suggests they worked using ultrasound waves.
B. Zenith engineer, Eugene Polley created the “Flash-matic,” the first wireless TV remote invented in 1955.
C. Over nine million ultrasonic remote controls were sold.
D. Lazy Bone could turn a television on and off and change channels, however, it was not a wireless remote control.
E. The first Space Command units were expensive due to the necessary use of six vacuum tubes in the receiver units that raised the price of a television by thirty percent.
3. Переведите предложения на английский язык, используя активную грамматику и лексику урока.
1. – Ты уже вымыл посуду?
– Как раз перед твоим приходом я положил ее в посудомоечную машину.
2. Многие люди полагают, что самые важные для человечества открытия были совершены в 20 веке.
3. К началу Первой Мировой войны телефон уже был изобретен.
4. Телевизор был уже изобретен, когда моя бабушка была еще молодой.
5. – Какое изобретение по твоему мнению самое важное?
– Дай подумать… Я считаю, что это изобретение пенициллина. Он был открыт в 1928 году Александром Флемингом. Со времени своего открытия это изобретение спасло многие жизни. Я думаю, человечество уже не сможет без него обойтись. Все остальные открытия 20 века менее важные.
– Я абсолютно с тобой согласен.
6. – Я думаю, что автомобиль является самым вредным изобретением человечества.
– С одной стороны ты, конечно, прав, но, с другой стороны, он очень удобен.
– Ты, кажется, не понимаешь, что автомобиль является главным источником загрязнения окружающей среды.
– Да, с этим я не могу не согласиться.
7. – Почему ты выбросил этот фотоаппарат?
– Он был очень старый, я пользовался им с детства.
1. 1. remote control; 2. electrical; 3. cordless telephone; 4. mobile phone; 5. vacuum cleaner; 6. microwave oven; 7. gas stove; 8. dishwasher; 9. mower; 10. computer; 11. e-mail; 12. Internet; 13. sites; 14. on-line; 15. video recorder 16. inventions
2. 1. D; 2. B; 3. A; 4. E; 5. C
1. – Have you already washed the dishes?
– I had just put them into the dishwasher before you came.
2. Many people consider that the most important inventions for the mankind were made in the 20th century.
3. By the beginning of World War I the telephone had already been invented.
4. A TV set had already been invented when my granny was still young.
5. – What invention in your opinion is the most important?
– Let me see … I think it is the discovery of penicillin. It was discovered in 1928 by Alexander Fleming and it has saved many lives since that time. I also think that the mankind can’t do without it any more. I consider the other inventions to be less important.
– I absolutely agree with you.
6. I think that the car is the most harmful invention of the mankind.
– On the one hand, you are certainly right, but on the other hand, it is very convenient.
– You don’t seem to understand that the car is the main source of environmental pollution.
– Yes, with this I can’t disagree.
7. – Why have you thrown out this camera?
– It was very old, I have used it since childhood.
That Shook the World
It is strange to think that one of the richest and most powerful businesses in the world is only 25 years old.
Early in 1975 Bill Gates and his friend Paul Allen, both undergraduates at Harvard University, ordered a “personal computer” called the “MITS Altair 600” from Popular Electronics magazine. When it arrived they had to assemble the different parts and try to make it work.
In less than one month, Bill and Paul had written their first computer language, BASIC, and sold it to the manufacturer MITS. One month later, Paul Allen was appointed Director of Software at MITS.
Bill Gates and Paul Allen formed a partnership under the name Microsoft.
By July 1975, they had already developed version 2.0 of their BASIC software.
Two years later, Microsoft published its second computer language, which was called FORTRAN-80.
For the next few years, Microsoft produced further computer languages including COBOL and Pascal, but their big breakthrough came in 1981 with Microsoft MS-DOS. In 1983, we saw the first Microsoft word processing program, Microsoft Word. In the same year Microsoft announced Windows, an extension of MS-DOS which provided a graphical “point and click” operating environment.
Even though the early version of Windows did not work very well, most computer users were happy with MS-DOS. By 1985, Microsoft was celebrating its tenth anniversary and annual sales of $140 million.
The following year, Microsoft Excel, a spreadsheet package for Windows was published.
Over the following years, Microsoft continued to grow. By 1993 10 million people around the world were using Microsoft Word in its various versions.
Many people in the computer world have pointed out that Microsoft has never been a great innovator in softwares. Most of their best products have been developed from ideas created by others. The success of the company, they say, has been based on the public’s need to use common software and Microsoft has to frequently defend its business practices in the US courts.
I. Answer the questions.
1. How old is Microsoft?
2. Who are the founders of Microsoft?
3. What languages did Bill Gates and Paul Allen invent?
4. What was the most successful product of Microsoft?
5. What did Microsoft celebrate in 1985?
6. What do people say about Microsoft products?
II. Choose the right answer.
1. What was the name of the computer Bill Gates and Paul Allen ordered in 1975?
A. IBM 475;
B. MITS Altair 600;
C. Pentium IV
2. Windows appeared in…
3. The early version of Windows didn’t work well…
A. but computer users were happy with MS-DOS.
B. and computer users were dissatisfied with
4. By 1985 the annual sales of Microsoft were…
A. $ 1million;
B. $ 140 million;
C. $ 354 million
5. Some people say that the best Microsoft products have been developed…
A. very quickly and therefore had many drawbacks.
B. for a long time but were very complicated and user-un-friendly.
C. from ideas created by others.
III. Insert the missing word or a phrase.
1. One of the richest and most ____________ businesses in the world is only 25 years old.
2. In 1975 Bill Gates and Paul Allen were both undergraduates at ___________ University.
3. Some months later they founded a ____________ under the name of Microsoft.
4. Microsoft’s big ____________ came in 1981 with Microsoft MS-DOS.
5. Windows __________ a graphical “point and click” operating environment.
6. In 1983 Microsoft Word ______________.
Краткое описание документа:
Контрольная работа по проверке пройденного лексического и грамматического материала к уроку 7 учебника В.П. Кузовлева Английский язык. 10–11 классы
Цель работы: закрепить активную лексику 7-го урока, проверить усвоение грамматических структур: Simple Past and Simple Present; Present Perfect Passive and Simple Past Passive; Past Perfect Passive; Degrees of comparison of adjectives.
Вторая часть контрольной работы по теме "Inventions that shook the world" - аудирование, то есть подразумевает понимание акцента говорящего, грамматических структур и словарного запаса, которым владеет говорящий, что крайне важно для учащихся 11 класса
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